Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: The Clerical Establishment and Its Social Ramification
Oxford University Press, 1999 - 817 pàgines
This, the first volume, begins with a Section on Church and State, the theology and political theory justifying their alliance, the wealth of the Clergy and their Assemblies voting taxation, their role in the official life of the nation, from the Court at Versailles to army barracks, warships,and prisons. Then comes a presentation of the complex structure of dioceses and parishes, and the vast variety of monastic institutions (where the enjoyment of misapplied wealth contrasted with the austere dedication which ensured the education of the children and the care of the sick throughoutthe land). There is an evocation of the life-style of the clergy from the palaces of the aristocratic bishops and the cathedral closes of comfortable canons to the humblest tumbledown nunnery, with a gallery of portraits analysing clerical motives and vocations. A multitude of lay folk come ontothe scene, aristocrats battening on monastic revenues, lawyers threading the labyrinth of benefice law, estate managers, musicians, vergers and officials of every kind; many families' whole way of existence was postulated on the assumption of the availability of ecclesiastical offices for theirchildren--the differential privileges of the classes in the hierarchy of society being reflected in an institution devoted to spiritual and unworldly ends.
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Reflections on the Allegiance of the Clergy
The Working of the ChurchState Alliance
The Wealth of the Church
Social Origins Incomes Mentality
I3 Collaborators of the Curé
I4 Canons and Chapters
Architecture and Music
I6 Monastic Wealth and the Social Order
2O Vocation and the Art of Obtaining a Benefice
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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: The Clerical Establishment ...
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