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whether it may not be advisable ner. I recommend to the consito revise the laws, with a view deration of Congress, whether to this desirable result.
further prohibitory provisions, in “ It is submitted, also, whether the laws relating to this interit may not be advisable to desig- course, may not be expedient. nate, by law, the several ports or It is seen with interest, that places along the coast at which, although it has not been practionly, foreign ships of war and cable, as yet, to agree in any arprivateers may be admitted. The rangement of this important difficulty of sustaining the regula- branch of their commerce, such tions of our commerce, and of- is the disposition of the parties, other important interests from that each will view any regulaabuse, without such designation, tions, which the other may make furnishes a strong motive for this respecting it, in the most friendly measure.
light. “ At the time of the negotia- « By the 5th article of the tion for the renewal of the com- convention, concluded on
the mercial convention between the 20th October, 1818, it was stiUnited States and Great Britain, pulated that the difference which a hope had been entertained that had arisen between the two goan article might have been agreed vernments, with regard to the upon, mutually satisfactory to true intent and meaning of the both countries, regulating upon 5th article of the treaty of principles of justice and recipro. Ghent, in relation to the carcity, the commercial intercourse rying away, by British officers, between the United States and of slaves from the United States, the British possessions, as well after the exchange of the ratiin the West Indies as upon the fication of the treaty of peace, continent of North America. should be referred to the deciThe plenipotentiaries of the two sion of some friendly sovereign governments, not having been or state, to be named for that able to come to an agreement purpose.
The minister of the on this important interest, those United States has been instructed of the United States reserved to name to the British governfor the consideration of this go. ment a foreign sovereign, the vernment, the proposals which common friend to both parties, had been presented to them as for the decision of this question. the ultimate offer on the part of The answer of that government the British government, and to the proposal, when received, which they were not authorized will indicate the further meato accept. On their transmission sures to be pursued on the part here, they were examined with of the United States. due deliberation, the result of “ Although the pecuniary emwhich was, a new effort to meet barrassments which affected the the views of the British govern- various parts of the union during ment. The minister of the United the latter part of the preceding States was instructed to make a year, have, during the present, further proposal, which has not been considerably augmented, been accepted. It was, how. and still continue to exist, the ever, declined in an amicable man- receipts into the treasury, to the
30th of September last, have tablishments, in several sections amounted to 15,000,000 dollars. of the union. After defraying the current ex
“ The great reduction of the penses of the government, including the interest and reim currency which the banks have bursement of the public debt, order to continue specie pay
been constrained to make, in payable to that period, amount
and the vitiated chaing to 18,200,000, there remain
racter of it where such reduced in the treasury on that day tions have not been attempted, more than 2,500,000 dollars, instead of placing within the which, with the sums receivable reach of these establishments, during the remainder of the year, the pecuniary aid necessary to will exceed the current demands avail themselves of the advantupon the treasury for the same
ages resulting from the reducperiod.
tion of the prices of the raw “ The
which have tended to diminish the public compelled the banks to with
materials and of labour, have receipts, could not fail to have draw from them a portion of a corresponding effect upon the the capital heretofore advanced revenue which has accrued
to them. That aid which has upon imposts and tonnage, dur- been refused by the banks, has ing the three first quarters
not been obtained from other the preceding year. It is, however, ascertained that the duties individual confidence, from the
sources, owing to the loss of which have been secured during failures which have recently octhat period, exceed 18,000,000, curred in some of our principal and those of the whole
“ An additional cause of the of the next year, I refer you depression of these establishto the statements which will be ments, may properly be found transmitted from the treasury, which have recently affected
in the pecuniary embarrassments which will enable you to judge whether further provisions be those countries with which our necessary.
commerce has been principally “ The great reduction in the prosecuted. price of the principal articles of “ Their manufactures, for the domestic growth, which has oc- want of a ready or profitable curred during the present year, market at home, have been and the consequent fall in the shipped by the manufacturers price of labour, apparently so to the United States, and in favourable to the success of many instances, sold at a price domestic manufactures, have not below their current value at shielded them against other the place of manufacture. Al causes averse to their prosperity. though this practice may, from The pecuniary embarrassments its nature, be considered temwhich have so deeply affected porary, or contingent, it is not the commercial interests of the on that account less injurious nation, have been no less ad- in its effects. Uniformity in verse to our manufacturing es- the demand and price of an article, is highly desirable to cupy a station at the mouth of the domestic manufacturer. the St. Peter's, on the Missis
“ It is deemed of great im- sippi, have established them. portance to give encourage- selves there; and those which ment to our domestic manu- were ordered to the mouth of factures. In what manner the the Yellow Stone, on the Misevils adverted to may be re- souri, have ascended that river medied, and how far it may be to the Council Bluffs, where they practicable in other respects, will remain until next Spring, to afford to them further en- when they will proceed to the couragement, paying due regard place of their destination. I to all the other great interests have the satisfaction to state, of the nation, is submitted to that this measure has been exethe wisdom of Congress. cuted in amity with the Indian
“ The survey of the coast for tribes, and that it promises to the establishment of fortifications produce, in regard to them, all is now nearly completed, and the advantages which were conconsiderable progress has been templated by it. made in the collection of mate- “ Much progress has likewise rials for the construction of for. been made in the construction tifications in the gulf of Mexico of ships of war, and in the coland in the Chesapeake Bay, lection of timber and other maThe works on the eastern bank terials for ship-building. It is of the Potomac, below Alexan- not doubted that our navy will dria, and on the Peapatch, in be soon augmented to the numthe Delaware, are much ad- ber, and placed in all respects, vanced; and it is expected that on the footing provided for by the fortifications at the Narrows, law. in the harbour of New York, “ The board, consisting of enwill be completed the present gineers and naval officers, have year. To derive all the advant- not yet made their final report ages contemplated from these of sites for two naval dépôts, fortifications, it was necessary as instructed according to the that they should be judiciously resolutions of March 18th, and posted and constructed with a April 20th, 1818, but they have view to permanence. The pro- examined the coast therein degress hitherto has therefore, signated, and their report is exbeen slow; but as the difficul- pected in the next month. ties, in parts heretofore the least “ For the protection of our explored and known, are sur- commerce in the Mediterranean, mounted, it will in future be along the southern Atlantic coast, more rapid. As soon as the in the Pacific and Indian oceans, survey of the coast is completed, it has been found necessary to which, it is expected, will be maintain a strong naval force done early in the next Spring, which it seems proper for the the engineer employed in it will present to continue. There is proceed to examine, for like much reason to believe, that if purposes, the northern and north- any portion of the squadron western frontiers.
heretofore stationed in the Me. The troops intended to oca diterranean should be withdrawn,
our intercourse with the powers of November, 1767, and was con. bordering on that sea would be sequently in the 53rd year of his much interrupted, if not alto- age at the time of his death. He gether destroyed. Such, too, was educated in part under the has been the growth of a spirit present bishop of Salisbury; but of piracy, in the other arters in the 18th year of his age went mentioned, by adventurers from to Germany for the completion every country, in abuse of the of his studies, and resided sucfriendly Aags which they have cessively at Lunenburgh and Haassumed, that not to protect our nover, until October, 1787, when commerce there, would be to he removed, by his Majesty's abandon it as a prey to their command, to Geneva, and there rapacity. Due attention has remained until he completed his likewise been paid to the sup- 22nd year. In January, 1790, pression of the Slave Trade, in his royal highness re-visited Eng. compliance with a law of the land, but for a few days only, last session. Orders have been proceeding immediately, in a migiven to the commanders of all litary character, to Gibraltar. our public ships, to seize all ves- With the rank of colonel, he sels navigated under our flag, commanded the 7th Fuzileers, engaged in that trade, and to which formed part of the garrison bring them in, to be proceeded of Gibraltar, under general against in the manner prescribed O'Hara, in 1790 and 1791. In by that law. It is hoped that that subordinate military station, these vigorous measures, sup- his royal highness soon became ported by like acts by other na- remarkable for the exact distions, will soon terminate a com- charge of his own duties, and for merce so disgraceful to the civi- demanding a similar punctuality lized world.
from every man and officer under “ In the execution of the duty him. His attention to the apiniposed by these acts, and of a pearance and discipline of his high trust connected with it, it regiment was altogether exemis with deep regret I have to state plary and unremitting ; but as the loss which has been sustained he could not inspire all the miliby the death of commodore Perry. tary with an equal sense of the His gallantry in a brilliant ex- solid value of the uninteresting ploit, in the late war, added to duties which employ so large a the renown of his country. His portion of military life, the colodeath is deplored as a national nel of the 7th Fuzileers was for misfortune.
some time an unpopular com- James Monroe. mander. He frequently issued “ IVashington, Dec. 7. 1819." orders on points which were of
inferior moment, and enforced Memoir of his Royal High- issued them. By this system, by
them rigorously, because he had LATE Duke
a scrupulous discharge of his own KENT.
duties, an inexorable enforceHis royal highness was the ment of similar strictness upon fourth son and fifth child of his others, and an anxious interposiMajesty: he was born on the 2nd tion on behalf of every individual
who had wrongs to be redressed return, and he arrived in England or claims to be recommended, he in the autumn of 1800. In March at length carried the discipline of 1802, his royal highness was aphis regiment to the highest pitch, pointed governor-in-chief of the and established for himself the important fortress of Gibraltar, most respectable military reputa- which office he held till the time tion. From Gibraltar his royal of his decease. In May, 1802, highness was removed to Canada he went to preside there in perin 1791. From this station he son, and exerted himself very proceeded, in December 1793, laudably to suppress the licenthrough the United States to the tiousness and dissipation of the West Indies, to join the army wine-houses. The honourable atunder the late lord Grey, and was tempt was made; but with doubtpresent at the reduction of St. ful success. The wine licences Lucie on the 4th of April fol. were withdrawn; and for a time lowing. On the expedition the the peaceable inhabitants of Gi. impetuous bravery of his royal braltar could carry on their highness was manifested at St. ness, and walk the streets, and reLucie, with too little considera- pose within their dwellings, at tion for his own safety, and too less risk of insult, or outrage, much disregard for the enemy's than before ; drunkenness disapposition. The troops were re- peared from among the soldiers; pulsed; but the Duke of Kent's cleanliness and discipline were high personal courage obtained restored, while military punishhim the applauses of the soldiers, ments were reduced in frequency, and a flattering rebuke from the the hospitals emptied of their nucommander-in-chief.
merous inmates, and the sexton At the close of the campaign disappointed of his daily work. of 1794, the Duke of Kent, pur- But the liquor merchants were suant to his majesty's commands, driven from the enjoyment of their returned to British North Ame- enormous profit, and instigated the rica, and served at Halifax as unreflecting soldiery to vengeance major-general till 1796, and as for the loss of those indulgences lieutenant-general till 1798, when, which devoured their pay and in consequence of a severe fall destroyed their health. Insuborfrom his horse, he was obliged dination broke out on all sides ; to return to England.
the governor was not supported In April 1799, his royal high- by the local authorities; and after ness was created a peer by the receiving the grateful and unatitle of duke of Kent and Strath- nimous acknowledgments of the ern, and earl of Dublin, and ob- civil population of Gibraltar, he tained a parliamentary establish. returned from a post in which his ment adequate to the support of efforts for public good were more his new dignities. The following zealous than fortunate. His royal month he was promoted to the highness thought it advisable to rank of general in the army, and return to England in May, 1803, appointed commander-in-chief in where be continued to reside till North America, to which desti. August, 1816, when economical nation he proceeded in July ; but views led him to the continent. ill-health again obliged him to Here he continued, residing prin.