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Wich Charm of earliest Birds, nor rising Sun
Nor grateful Ev'ning mild, nor silent Night With this her solemn Bird, nor Walk by Noon, Nor glittring Star-light without thee
is fweet *
This beautiful Figure makes People attentive; and when it is perfect, as here, amply rewards the closest Attention. Great Care must be taken, that the Expectation which is rais’d, be not disappointed: For nothing is more vain and contemptible than to promise much, and perform nothing; to usher in an errant Trifle with the Formality of Preface, and folemn Preparation.
* Milt. Par. Loft, IV. ver. 641, &c.
Inverson is a Branch of this lively Figure: Which is when the plain Ora der of a Sentence is advantageously transpos’d, to give Vigour and Variety to it; and to keep the Mind in an agreeable Suspense, and Expectation of a marvellous Turn and Conclusion,
It is a considerable Beauty and Grace of Speech, either in Verse or Profe, when we have it from an able Genius.
That Inversion, in the Beginning of Virgil's eighth Pastoral, is brought in by the excellent Archbishop of Cambray as complete:
Pastorum Mufam, Damonis & Alphesiboei, Immemor herbarum quos est mirata juvenca, Certantes; quorum ftupefactæ carmine lynces; Et mutata suos requierunt Alumina cursus; Damonis Mufam dicemus, & Alphesiboi.
away this Inversion, fays that great and good Man, and place the
Words in the Order of Grammar, and you'll take away all their Motion and Majesty, their Grace, and their Harmony.
S. 8. INTERROGATION is when the Writer or Orator raises Questions, and returns Answers; not as if he was in a Speech, or continu'd Discourse, but in Dialogue or Conference with bis Reader, Auditor, or Adversary.
“ Tell me, will you go abour, and « ask one another what News? What “ can be more astonishing News than
this, that the Man of Macedon “ makes War upon the Athenians, “ and disposes the Affairs of Greece “ Is Philip dead? No; but he's sick. " What signifies it to you, whether - he be dead or alive ? For if any
thing happen to this Philip, you'll immediately raise up another *.'
* Demoithenes quoted by Longinus.
All this, deliver'd without Interrogation, had been faint and ineffectual; but the Suddenness and Fervor of Question and Answer iinitates the Transport of Paffon; makes the Difcourse to found with Probability, and to be heard with Attention. What is said after such a warm and eager Manner, does not seem the Effect of Study and Premedication, but the natural Result and Effusion of a Man's unfeign'd Concern.
The Orator conceals his Art and Design, and so gains the Esteem of the Audience for his Sincerity and Heartiness; they lie open to him, and are carry'd along with the Torrent of his Pasion, and refiftless Eloquence. Scarce any Pasion can be nam'd but may be put into the Form of Interrogation, and may appear with Beauty and Advantage in it.
Expostulation is nearly related to this vigorous and pressing Figure :
Whereby the injur’d Person
the Offender with all the proper Questions he thinks can be propos'd, and pleads with him from all the Topics of Reason; that he
convince him of his Injustice, and make him asham'd of his Folly and Ingratitude; that he may beat him off his Excuses, and Pleas of Abatement; that he may reduce him to an ingenuous Promise, and steady Resolution, for the future to observe his Duty.
« For what have you left unat“ tempted, what have you esteem'd “ sacred these late Days? What Names « shall I bestow on this Assembly ? “ Shall I call you Soldiers, who have
besieg’d your General, and Empe“ ror's Son, with Trenches and Arms? " Citizens, who fo contemptuously « insult the Authority of the Senate?
Nay more, you have even violated " the Right of Enemies, the Sacred“ ness of Embassadors, and the Law