The Evolutionary History of Nematodes: As Revealed in Stone, Amber and Mummies
BRILL, 5 de març 2011 - 429 pàgines
Nematodes are one of the most abundant groups of invertebrates on the face of the earth. Their numbers are estimated to range from 1000 per cm2 in the sand-covered hydrogen sulphide black zone beneath the ocean floors to 1.2 billion in a single hectare of soil. Estimates for their species diversity range from 100 000 to 10 million. The past history of nematodes is a mystery, since very few fossils have been discovered. This book establishes a solid base in palaeonematology with descriptions of 66 new fossil species and accounts of all previous fossil and subfossil nematodes from sedimentary deposits, coprolites, amber and mummies. It shows how nematode fossils can be used to establish lineages at various locations and time periods in the earth s history and when nematodes entered into symbiotic and parasitic associations with plants and animals.
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Types of preservation
Systematic treatment of fossil nematodes
Nematodes from the Precambrian
Nematodes from the Palaeozoic
Nematodes from the Mesozoic
Nematodes from the Tertiary
Nematodes from Pleistocene and Holocene deposits
Nematode time lines
Functional morphology and the behaviour of fossil nematodes
Altres edicions - Mostra-ho tot
adjacent adult allantonematid amber collection accession Amber mines located aphelenchoidid Baltic amber Baltic amber accession body cavity Carboniferous chironomid chironomid midge Coleoptera collective genus coprolites Cordillera Septentrional cranefly Cretacimermis cuticle dauer juveniles dauer stages diam diplogastrid Diptera Dominican amber accession Dominican Republic Early Cretaceous eggs emerged epithet is derived ETYMOLOGY The specific female fig wasps fossil nematodes fossil record free-living fungus gnat genera habitat insects invertebrates larvae length lineages LOCALITY Amber mines located between Santiago maintained at Oregon Menge mermithid parasites Mexican amber mothfly mycetophagous Nematode parasites nematodes nematodes associated northern portion Oligaphelenchoides Oregon State University Palaeoallantonema parasites Parasitic juveniles parasitised phoretic Plate platypodid beetle Poinar Poinar amber collection POINAR JR Puerto Plata Railliet resin Rhabditidae rove beetle Santiago and Puerto Scale bar sciarid species is based specific epithet stylet Superfamily tail termite tetradonematids Travassos TYPE HOST TYPE LOCALITY TYPE LOCALITY Amber TYPE MATERIAL Deposited vertebrate Vetus