Imatges de pàgina

lor door. To her great astonishment, she found her guest quietly sleeping in his chair. She now began to feel sorry for her suspicions. Awaking him with a cheerful good morning, she inquired how he had rested, and invited him to partake of her breakfast, which was always served before that of the boarders. 19. 66

Pray, sir," said the old lady, as they were sipping their chocolate at the breakfast table, “ as you appear to be a stranger here, to what distant country do you belong ?

20. Franklin put a little more sugar into his chocolate, and, helping himself to a slice of toast, replied, that he belonged to the city of Philadelphia. At the mention of this word, the old lady, for the first time, exhibited emotion. " Philadelphia ?" said she—“ if you live in Philadelphia, perhaps you know our Ben ?

21. “Who, madam ?” replied Franklin, in the same cool and undisturbed manner that he had put on ever since he entered the house.

Why, Ben Franklin," said the mother; "my Ben--oh! he is the dearest child that ever blessed a mother !"

What," said the stranger, " is Ben Franklin, the printer, your son? Why, he is my most intimate friend : he and I lodge in the same room.” “O! Heaven forgive me!" exclaimed the old lady; " and have I suffered an acquaintance of my Benny to sleep on this hard chair, while I myself rested on a good bed !”

23. We can well imagine that the mother was



very much astonished when she found that it was not an acquaintance of her son, but her son himself, whose countenance and person had been so much changed, that she had even been on the point of turning him out of doors! She was delighted to embrace him once more before she died, and was quite pleased that the members of the council had found him so agreeable a fellow as to insist that he should remain all night in the house.


Congress at Albany. Plan for a Union of the Colonies.

Arrival of General Bruddock. Franklin sent to him by the Assembly. Want of Wagons. Franklin undertakes to procure them. His Advertisement. Anecdote of Braddock. Battle with the Indians. Retreat.

1. In 1754, there was again a prospect of war with France. A congress of commissioners from the different colonies was ordered to be assembled at Albany, to confer with the chiefs of the Six Nations of Indians, in respect to the defence of the country. The governor of Pennsylvania communicated this order to the assembly, and nominated Franklin, with Mr. Norris, Mr. Penn, and Mr. Peters, to act as commissioners. Presents were provided for the Indians, and they all met at Albany about the middle of June.

1. Why were commissioners from the colonies crdered to as. semble at Albany? Who were sent from Pennsylvania ?

2. On his way thither, Franklin projected and drew up a plan for the union of all the colonies under one government, so far as might be necessary for defence and other important services. This plan was shown to two or three of his friends, and, having met with their approbation, was submitted to congress. It then appeared that several of the commissioners had formed projects of the same kind. A committee was appointed to consider the several plans, and report. That proposed by Franklin was finally adopted with a few alterations : copies of it were sent to the British government and to the assemblies of the several provinces.

3. The British government were unwilling to permát the union proposed at Albany, from a fear that the colonies would become too military and feel their own strength. They accordingly sent over General Braddock, with two regiments of regular English troops, for the purpose of protecting them. This officer, with his forces, landed at Alexandria, and marched thence to Fredericktown in Maryland, where he halted for carriages. Franklin was sent by the assembly to wait upon him at this place, in order to arrange some matters which had occurred to excite serious misunderstanding.

2. What plan did Franklin draw up ? 3. Why did the British government disapprove of the proposed union ? What course did they pursue? Why was Franklin sent to Fredericktown?

4. His son accompanied him upon


journey. They found the general at Fredericktown, waiting, impatiently, for the return of those whom he had sent through the back parts of Maryland and Virginia to collect wagons. Franklin staid with him several days, dined with him daily, and had full opportunity of removing his prejudices. When he was about to depart, it had been ascertained that only twenty-five wagons could be procured, and not all of them fit for use.

5. The general and all the officers were very much surprised, and declared that the expedition was entirely at an end. They exclaimed bitterly against their government for sending them into a country destitute of the means of carrying their stores and baggage, for which no less than one hundred and fifty wagons were necessary. Franklin remarked that it was a pity they had not been landed in Pennsylvania, as in that country almost every farmer had his wagon. The general caught at his words, and eagerly said—“Then you, sir, who are a man of interest there, can possibly procure them for us; and I beg you will undertake it.”

6. Franklin asked what terms were to be offered to the owners of the wagons; and he was desired to put on paper the terms that appeared to him necessary. This he did; and they were accepted. He

5. What impeded the progress of the expedition ? How did General Braddock obviate this difficulty ? 6. What step did Franklin take to procure the wagons ?

soon after published an advertisement, offering to contract for certain wagons and horses, on specified terms; and to this added an address to the inhabitants of the counties of York, Lancaster and Cumberland. The address was in the following words:

7. Friends and Countrymen,-Being occasionally at the camp at Frederick, a few days since, I found the general and officers exceedingly exasperated on account of their not being supplied with horses and carriages, which had been expected from this province, as most able to furnish them ; but, through the dissensions between our governor and assembly, money had not been provided, nor any steps taken for that purpose.

8. “ It was proposed to send an armed force immediately into these counties, to seize as many of the best carriages and horses as should be wanted, and compel as many persons into the service, as would be necessary to drive and take care of them.


9. - If you are really, as I believe you are, good and loyal subjects to his majesty, you may now do a most acceptable service, and make it easy to yourselves; for three or four of such as cannot separately spare, from the business of their plantations, a wagon and four horses and a driver, may do it together; one furnishing the wagon, another one or two horses, and another the driver, and divide the pay proportionably between you.

10. “But if you do not this service to your king

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