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last respiratory movement, life does not reappear; but if the lungs are insufflated, the apparently dead trunk revives, and becomes endowed with a very energetic reflex power; and that 5, 10, or 15, and in one case 17 minutes afier the last respiration, in insufflated dogs, if circulation is re-established in the encephalon, the functions of the brain proper and of the respiratory nervous centre reappear, and the animal may be restored to full life. In heads separated from the body, injections of richly oxygenated blood may reproduce the actions of the brain proper and of the medulla oblongata many minutes (even 14 or 15) afier decapitation. In a second part of his last paper, Dr. Brown-Sequard points out a radical difference between the two kinds of blood, ihe arterial and the venous, or rather the red and the black. He has ascertained by a great many experiments that red blood—i. e, blood charged with oxygen, whether arterial or venous—never has the power of stimulating or exciting any organ or tissue, while black blood—t. e., blood charged with carbonic acid, has the power of stimulation in a very high degree as regards the nervous centres, and in a lower degree as regards the sensitive and motor nerves, and the contractile tissues. On the contrary, the red blood has the power of regenerating the vital properties, while black blood is hardly able to maintain them at a low degree. Dr. Brown-Sequard calls attention to a peculiar mode of action of black blood, which consists in its producing intermittent or periodical effects, and sometimes perfectly rhythmical actions, even in the muscles of animal life. He finishes his paper by the indication of the danger of employing black blood in transfusion. He relates facts to prove that the blood of an animal acts as a poison when injected in the veins of an animal of another species, only when it is black and charged with carbonic acid. The blood of a rabbit may kill the same individual as well as another animal of the same species, if it is injected black—whether defibrinated or not—in its veins; so it is for doge, for cats, for birds; while, on the contrary, richly oxygenated blood, whether venous or arterial, and defibrinated or not, and taken from birds, turtles, etc., may be, without any ill effect, injected in the veins of a mammal. The great danger of transfusion of blood, after the entrance of air in the veins and the coagulation of its fibrin, is, therefore,
the employment of a liquid containing too much carbonic acid. This danger, and, at the same time, the danger of coagulation, may easily be avoided by employing whipped venous blood, which, during the operation of whipping, loses its coagulating principle, and much of its carbonic acid, and absorbs a good deal of oxygen.—Med. Times and Gaz., Nov. 7, 1857.
Hydrocotyle Asiatica.—This is the name of a new drug which has lately been much used in France in the treatment of certain cutaneous affections. The Hydrocotyle Asiatica is an umbelliferous plant, found in the eastern portion of the Asiatic continent, and was introduced to the notice of the Imperial Academy of Medicine of Paris, by M. Lepine. The action of the drug has been tested by MM. Cazenave and Devergie, of the Hdpital St. Louis, who have, as far as experiments have been made, reported favourably upon its merits. The form of administration is in granules or syrup. An hydro-alcoholic extract is obtained in vacuum, which prevents deterioration by atmospheric influence, as the plant itself rapidly undergoes change. It exercises a particular virtue over various cutaneous affections, particularly those of long standing and dependent on the presence of syphilitic or scrofulous taint. It has been administered with success in cases of leprosy and elephantiasis. M. Cazenave reports that its effects are remarkable and constant. It causes a considerable augmentation in the secretion of the urine, and an increase in the heat of the skin. When given in excess, it produces copious sweats, a sensation of heaviness, uneasiness, and giddiness of the head. We believe that little notice has as yet been taken of this new medicine in this country. Mr. Price, however, has been trying its efficacy at the Great Northern Hospital, and also at the Blenheim Free Dispensary, and has found that benefit has certainly followed its use in some instances of obstinate syphilitic eruptions, and in chronic eczemas. The preparations are to be obtained of Messrs. Savory and Moore, of New Bond Street. Lancet, Oct. 1857.
Pediculi Pubis. — Dr. Hamal recommends the following treatment: After having thoroughly washed the parts covered with hair first with soap and water, and then with clear water, and drying them, j pour chloroform on drop by drop, and rub it in. Then cover the porta with a folded I handkerchief for half an hour, when another washing with soap and water should be performed, in order to detach the debris of; the pediculi.—Med. Times and Gaz., Nov. 7, from Gaz. des Hop., 108.
Eczema of the Face in Children.—Dr. j Benrend recommends the following appli-; cation for the crusts which frequently cover j the face of children: Cod-liver oil fifteen,' and bicarbonate of soda two parts.—Ibid., from Bull, de Therap., Sept., p. 272.
Repeated Induction of Anaesthesia.—A female patient of M. Gosselin, with syphilitic stricture of the urethra, suffered such intense pain during explorations, that it became necessary to administer chloroform whenever these were made. During eight montbs these inhalations have been repeated more than a hundred times, and daily at the beginning of this period. In spite of this frequent resort to chloroform, the patient is just as sensible to its influence, and is sent to sleep as quickly as on the first day, and in two or three minutes the finger or other body can be passed into the rectum, and left there for several minutes. M. Gosselin employs the same means of administering it that he always does—namely, a piece of charpie placed in the hollow of a compress, preferring this to any form of apparatus.— Ibid., from Gaz. des H6p., No. 98.
Effect of Town Life on Martality.—Dr. Letnerv, in his late annual report on the "Sanitary Condition of London," states "the mean age at death of adult males in the city, is 51, and of females, 55. In all England it is 60 and 61; so that, in one case, about 9 years is taken from the lifetime, and, in the other, about 6. And again, if we examine the longevity of adults at other ages, it will be seen that the contrast is equally great. At 45 and upwards, the mean age at death of the male citizen is 62, and of the female 65. In all England it is 68 and 69. At the age of 65, a man with us may expect to live to the 72d year, and a woman to the 75th; but in the whole of England the expectancy is to the 76th and 77th. These are the numerical exponents of the strain upon a city life, and they testify of the penalties that are paid to ex
cessive civilization." — Med. Times and Gaz., Nov. 7, 1857.
Cholera in England. — An outhreak of cholera has occurred in a row of cottages at West Ham, on the river Lea, near the Thames. The first case appeared on the 29th of September, and between that and the 14th of October there were fourteen cases, of which seven were fatal. After this late date the epidemic seems to have died out.
"This outhreak of cholera," says Dr. Elliot, the officer of health of the dis'rict, "cannot be traced to infection nor to communication with any person from an infected place. The only circumstance that can give any ground for suspicion of infection is, that herds of cattle and flocks of sheep imported by the steamboats from Hamburgh have been from time to time driven direct from the ships up to the marshes in the neighbourhood, and are there pastured. But I cannot connect that fact with the occurrence and limitation of the disease in that row of cottages."
The Sanitary Commission on the Seat of War in the East —A thick blue book, of 300 pages, issued on Saturday, contains the report of the proceedings of the Sanitary Commission dispatched by Lord Panmure to the seat of war in the East (1855-6). As the result of their whole experience, the commissioners express their opinion that, inasmuch as the neglect of military hygienr, whether as regards the soldier personally, or the sanitary state of camps, barracks, and hospitals, has hitherto, in all countries, climates, and seasons, been the cause of the largest amount of loss in armies, the whole subject demands, in future, a practical development commensurate with its importance to the public service. The appendix to the report contains papers on the topography and geology of the seat of war, and on cooking and clothing, with abstracts of diaries and journals from the pens of Dr. Milroy, Dr. Sutherland, Mr. Walling, Dr. Smart, and Messrs. Newlanda, Freeney, and Aynsley.—Med. Times and Gaz., Nov. 7, 1857.
The Weather in England in July, August, and September, 1857.—From Mr. GltisnEr's account of the meteorology of the late remarkable season, it appears that the tem pcrature of July, August, and September was-considerably above the average of the same months in the last 86 years. Since the year 1771 the temperature of July has only been somewhat exceeded 13 times. Since 1771, a date as far back as trustworthy records extend, the temperature of the month has never been so high as it was in August last, and the temperature of the month of September was only exceeded six times. In one year only (1818) out of 86 years did the temperature exceed the temperature of the three summer months. July and August were less, September was more humid than usual. Little rain fell in July; the average amount fell in August; the rainfall in September was above the average As a general rule the temperature of a thermometer with its bulb on the grass falls in every month below the freezing point (32°); but it is a remarkable fact that at Greenwich the thermometer so placed never fell below 30 degrees in the last three months. The Register-General adds, "A summer of unusual warmth in our European climates not only promotes the growth of orn and wine, but is probably salutary to the human frame where the land is drained, decaying refuse is buried in the earth, and cleanliness is ohserved. But in England these conditions are not yet complied with; hence fever, ague, and diarrhea have prevailed extensively in the last hot summer."—Med. Times and Gaz., Nov. 7. 1857,
Sanitary Customs of the Jews.—It is noticeable that in poor neighbourhoods which have been attacked by cholera, fever, smallpox, and similar diseases, the Jews living there have in an extraordinary manner escaped visitation. The apparent causes of this sanitary fact are worthy of attention. 1. As regards food, it seems that even the poorest Jews are most particular in the food they eat. In obedience to the law of Moees, they use none of the blood or offal of animals; they are also particular in the choice of fi-h, and avoid both animals and fowls which are grossly or unwholesomely: fed. 2. Intemperance in drink is rare amongst them; and even the very poor Jews are remarkable for their attention to moral family ties There are, of course, exceptions, but this general characteristic is certain. 3. Their religion directs them to use great personal cleanliness. A blutions
are made before visiting the synagogues, and on other occasions. Their houses are also thoroughly cleaned at certain periods from top to bottom. All the above acts are important to health, and the good effect of attention to them is evident. The rules are so simple, that they might be readily observed by the chief parts of the masses of people in the large towns amongst whom this ancient race are scattered. — British Med. Journ., from the Builder.
Berlin Medical School.—Drs. Trauri and Barexsfrung, who had acquired such high reputations in Berlin as privat docens (that is, teachers unconnected with official position, the raw material from whence some of the best professors have been selected), have just been appointed extraordinary professors in the Berlin faculty; and there can be no doubt that, with such men as Virchow, Langenbeck, Grafe, and Traube, acting harmoniously together, the Berlin School will soon recover its former high position. It may be remarked that, in contrast with the bigotry of Austrian regulations, prohibiting Protestants in future to hold professorships, Professor Traube is a member of the Jewish persuasion, no question ever being asked of any candidate as to the nature of his religious belief.
Medical Students in Landon.—It is stated in a recent number of the Lancet (Nov. 7), that there are fewer students than usual registered, this season, in the different metropolitan schools. The total number is about 1,050; the number last season was upwards of 1,100. In the provincial schools there is a still greater deficiency; and the same is said to be the case in Scotland and Ireland.
Mr. Trovers.—This distinguished surgeon has just been appointed Serjeant Surgeon to the Queen of England, in place of the late Mr. Keate.
American Quachs in Landon.—Since the adventure of Dr. Fell, several American quacka have arrived in England, evidently impressed with a belief in our extreme gullibility. We cannot deny that one 'cute Yankee has made a good harvest amongst our simple ones, but do not think the process will be soon repeated.
"Putk't hrce opprobria nobis! Et tllcl potuisso et uou potuisse rot'Ellt." i
One of these newly-arrived men styles! himself Dr. Watson, of the "Reformed! Medical College," United States, and is now distributing a pamphlet, entitled " Remarks on the Rational Treatment of Sper- i matorrhoea, and its Concomitant Complaints, by means of the American Curative Instrument," price £3 3s. in silver. This precious production is the very type of unblushing! impudence, ignorance, and quackery. Persons are cautioned against "applying to country practitioners, who too often not only protract the cure to a longer period '. than necessary, but not unfrequently per-; manently damage the constitution of the; patient by improper treatment." Such as-i surance is almost sublime : the wolf caution-: ing the sheep against their shepherd. All the artifices which the vulpine nature of
quackery can suggest are brought intoplaj:
In the present number is concluded Part I. of "west's Lectures On Diseases Of Women," forming a complete treatiso on the affections of the Uterus. The second Part, which will comprise the diseases of the Bladder, Vagina, Externa/ Organs, &c., is promised by the author for the latter part of next year, when, it is hoped, its publication may be resumed in the " News." In the meanwhile the work selected for the Library Department for 1857 is "harersnon Or DisEases Of Tne Alimentary Canal ((esopnagus, Stomacn, Cecum, and IntesTines)."
The author's position as assistant physician in Guy's Hospital, and the recent appearance of the work in London, are a sufficient assurance that it will be found up to the hour, while the practical character of the volume is shown by the very large number of cases upon which it is based, no less than one hundred and sixty-three being carefully analyzed in all their details throughout its pages. Covering as it does the whole subject of affections of the digestive organ*, which constitute so very large a portion of the daily practice of the physician, the publishers trust that it will be found to fully maintain the rery high practical character of the works which have heretofore appeared in the "news."
Subscribers to the "american Journal Of Tne Medical Sciences" are re" minded that remittance in advance of their annual suhscription, Five Dollars, is necessary to secure the "medical News And Lirrary" as a premium, and the prepayment of postage on both periodicals.
Jgp" In the present deranged condition of the currency, the publishers beg leave to repeat that funds at par at suhscribers' places of residence we received in payment of all suhscriptions.
Philadelpnia, Dec. 1, 1857. BLANCHARD & LEA.
Cancer and cancer curers, 143 caustics, 56
glossal, sulphate of copper in, 166
hospital, cases under treatment, 126
inoculation for, 110
modern treatment of, 107
new remedy for, 43
; of testicle in infant, 62
of tongue removed by the ecraseur, 77
spontaneous sloughing of, 126
treatment of, by dilute solutions of
j chloride of zinc, 77
, Cataract, extraction versus depression, 45
upper and lower section of cornea
in sea-sickness, 43, 163
> in surgical operations, 139
, mortality before and after intro-
\ duction of, 29
; poisoning by, 10
; Cholera, 176, 184
: Churchill, cause and cure of consumption,
Clark, chloroform in surgical operations, 139
j substitute for, 24
'Collodion, covering pills with, 11
5 Common carotid, ligature of, 181
■ Compression in aneurism, 46
'Congress of oculists at Brussels, 60 of German naturalists and physi-
Conical cornea, removal of lens for, 179
Consumption, cause and specific remedy for,
Cooley trade, 28
Copper in tissues of plants, 172
Crawford's case, 134
Cruveilhier, exploration by commotion, 43
< Dartmouth College, 19