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a grand filting before the court, for joy or grief, it produces fiuin queen Mary's reign, 1554, pefaction and fainting. fays, from an old journal, that Othello, in broken sentences king Philip and the challengers, and fingle words, all of which entered the lists, preceded by have a reference to the cause of “ their whifflers, their footmen, his jealousy, shews, that all the “ and their armourers." Ecclef. proofs are present at once to his Memor. iii, p. 211.
This ex- mind, which fo overpowers it, plains the use of the word in that he falls in a trance, the naShakespeare, where it is also li- tural consequence. terally applied. Henry V. act
Mr. REYNOLDS. iv. sc. ult.
P. 461. Line 2. Gone to burn-"Behold, the English beach ing bell.-1 Against the “ Pales in the flood with men, authority of all the editions, I
“ with wives and boys, think, we might venture to read, " Whose shouts and claps out- burn in bell. REVISAL. “ voice the deep-mouth'd P. 469. Like the base Judean
threw a pearl away, " Which, like a mighty wbif Richer than all his tribe.] I
“ fler 'fore the king, cannot join with the learned cri. " Seems
prepare his ticks in supposing this passage to 66 way.”.
refer either to the ignorance of By degrees, the word whiffler the natives of India, in respect of hence acquired the metaphorical pearls or the well known story of meaning which it at present ob- Herod and Mariamne. tains in common speech, and be Othello, in deteftation of what came an appellation of contempt. he had done, seems to compare Whiffier, a light trivial cha- himself to another who had racter, a fellow hired to pipe at thrown away a thing of value, Joows and proceffions.
with some circumstances of the Mr. WARTON. meanest villainy, which the epi. P. 424. Nature could not in- thet base seems to imply in its veji berself in such skadowing general sense, though it is somepassions without some instruction.) times used only for low or mean. However ingenious Dr. Warbur- The Indian could not properly ton's note may be, it is certainly be termed base in the former and too forced and farfetch'd. Othello molt common sense, whose fault alludes only to Callio's dream,' was ignorance, which brings its which had been invented and own excuse with it, and the told him by lago, when many crime of Herod surely deserves a confused and very interesting more aggravated distinction. For ideas pour in upon the mind all though in every crime, great as at once, and with such rapidity, well as small, there is a degree of that it has not time to shape or bafeneji, yet the furiis agitatus digest them, if the mind does amor, such as contributed io that not relieve itself by tears, which of Herod, seems to ask a stronger we know it often does, whether word to characterize it, as there
was spirit at least in what he did, When Falftaf is juftifying himthough the spirit of a fiend, and self in Henry IV. he adds, If the epithet bafe would better fuit what I have faid be not true, I with petty larceny than royal guilt. am a Jew, an Ebrew Jew, (i.cn Besides, the fimile appears to me one of the most fufpected chaçoo apposite'almost to be used on racters of the time) and the via the occasion, and is little more gilance for gain which is dethan bringing the fact into com- fcribed in Shylock, may afford as parison with itself, Each through reason to fuppofe the poet was jealousy had destroyed an inno. alluding to a ftory of fome Jew, cent wife, circumstances so paral- wko rather than not have his lel, as hardly to admit of that own price for a pearl of value, variety which we generally find bafely threw that away which was in one allusion, which is meant fo excellent in its kind, that its to illustrate another, and at the fellow could hardly ever be exfame time to appear as no super- pected to be found again. fluous ornament.
Neither do I Richer than all his tribe, seems believe the poet intended to make to point out the Jew again in a it coincide with all the circum- mercantile light, and may mean stances of Othello's situation, but that the pearl was richer than all merely with the single act of the gems to be found among a set having bafely (as he himself terms of men generally trading in them. it) destroyed that, on which he Neither do I recollect that Othello ought to have set a greater value. mentions many things, but what As the pearl may bear a literal he might fairly have been allowas well as a metaphorical sense, I ed to have had knowledge of in would rather chufe to take it in the course of his peregrinations. the literal one, and receive Mr. Of this kind, are the fimilies to Pope's rejected explanation, pre- to the Euxine sea flowing into Supposing some ftory of a Jew al- the Propontick, and the AraLuded in, which might be well bian trees dropping their gums. underitood at that time, though The rest of his speeches are more now totally forgotten.
free from mythological and hisShakespeare's seeming averfion torical allusions, than almost any to the Jews in general, and his to be found in Shakespeare, for constant desire to expose their he is never quite clear from them, avarice and baseness as often as though in the design of this chahe had an opportunity, may racier, he seems to have meant serve to strengthen this supposi- it for one who had spent a greation; and as that nation in his ter part of his life in the field, time, and since, has not been fa. than in the cultivation of any mous for crimes daring and con other knowledge than what Spicuo's, but has rather content would be of use to him in his ed itself to thrive by the meaner military capacity. It should be and more successful arts of baseo observed that most of the flou. nesi, there seems to be a particu- rishes merely ornamental were lar propriery in the epithet. added after the first edition, and
this is not the only proof to be others which may not be thought met with, that the poet in his al- to bring conviction with them) terations, fometimes forgot his that the true sense of a passage original plan.
has frequently remained undeterI be metaphorical term of a pearl mined, till repeated experiments for a fine woman, may for ought have been tried on it, when one I know be very common; but commentator, making a proper in the instances Dr. Warburton use of the errors of another, has brought to prove it so, there is has at last explained it to univer. a circumstance that immediately fal satisfaction. When mittakes shews a woman to have been have such effects, who would remeant.
gret having been mistaken, or " There she lies a pearl : be sorry to be the means of di“ Why she is a pearl of recting others, by that affinity
which a wrong reading or interIn Othello's speech we find no pretation sometimes has to, the fuch leading exprellion, and are right, though he has not been so therefore at liberty, I think, to lucky to produce at once authotake the passage in its literal rities which could not be quesmeaning,
tioned, or decisions to which noTo this note, should be fub- thing could be added ? joined (as an apology for many
I have endeavoured to enumerate the Editions of
Shakespeare's Plays, but finding that I have paid too much regard to inaccurate catalogues, I think it necessary to fubjoin the following list given me by Mr. Steevens.
The Editions marked with Afterisks are in no former Tables.
1 know no one who has feen those in the Italic Characters, but find
them in Mr, Pope's and Mr. Theobald's Tables, and in Dr, Warburton's, which is compiled from them.
1. Midsummer Night's Dream, William Shake.
speare, 1600, for Thomas Filher.
1. Merry Wives of Windsor, William Shake
speare, 1602, T. C. for Arthur Johnson.
speare, 1600, V. S. for Andrew Wise, and
1. Merchant of Venice, William Shakespeare,
1600, J. K. for Thomas Heyes.
1. Love's Labour loft, William Shakespear, 1598,
W. W. for Cuthbert Burley.
1. Taming of the Shrow, 1607, V, S. for Niche
Ling. 2. D'. Will. Shakespeare, 1631, W. S. for John
1. King Lear, William Shakespeare, 1608, for
Nathaniel Butter. 2. De. William Shakespeare, 1608, for Do. 3. Do. William Shakespeare, 1655, Jane Bell. 1. King John, 2. p. 1591, for Sampson Clarke. 2. Do. W. Sh. 1611, Valentine Simmes, for
John Helme. 3. D. W. Shakespeare, 1622, Aug. Mathewes,
for Thomas Dewe.
1. Richard II. William Shakespeare, 1598, Valen
tine Simmes, for Andrew Wise.
2. D!. W. Shakespeare, 1608, W. W. for Matheru IX.
Law. 1 3. Do, William Shakespeare, 1615, for Mathew
4. DO. 1608. for Mathew Law.
5.Do W. Shakespeare, 1613, W. W. for D'.
Sold by William Sheares.
Sold by Hugh Perry.
Henry IV. 2nd pf. William Shakespeare, 1600,
V.'s, for Andrew Wise, and William Afpley. 1. Henry V. 1600, Tho. Crede for Tho. Millington. S
2. Do. 1602, Thomas Creede, for Thomas XII.
1. Henry VI. William Shakespeare, 1600, W.W. XIII, XIV. for Tho. Millington. 2 2. Do, William Shakespeare, no date, for T. P.