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That on the supervize, 8 no leisure bated,
No, not to stay the grinding of the ax,
My head should be struck off.

'Hor. Is’t possible?
Ham. Here's the Commission, read it at more lei

fure;

But wilt thou hear now, how I did proceed ?

Hor. I beseech you.

Ham. 2. Being thus benetted round with villains, Ere I could make a prologue to my Brains, They had begun the Play : I sate me down, Devis'd a new Commisiion, wrote it fair :

to my

* U0 leisure bated, 1 Batel, logue, is abfurd: Both as he had for allowed. To abate signifies no thoughts of playing them a to deduct; this deduction, when trick till they had played him applied to the person in whose one, and because his counterplot favour it is made, is called an could not be called a prologue to allowance. Hence he takes the their Plot. WARBURTON. liberty of using bated for allowed. In my opinion no alteration is

WARBURTON. neceffary. Hamlet is telling how 9 Being thus beneited round with luckily every thing fell out; he Villains,

groped out their commiffon in (Ere I could MAKE a prologue the dark without waking them; BRAINS,

he found himself doomed to imThey had begun the Play :-] mediate destruction. Something The second line is nonsense, was to be done for his preservaThe whole mould be read thus, tion. An expedient occurred, Being thus benetted round with not produced by the comparison Villains,

of one method with another, or Ere I could MARK THE Prologue by a regular deduction of conseto my Bane,

quences, but before he could make They had begun the Plar. a prologue to bis Brains, they had 1. e. they begun to act to my begun the play. Before he cculd destruction, before I knew there summon his faculties, and prowas a Play towards. Ere I could pose to himself what should be mark the Prologue. For it ap- done, a complete scheme of acpears by what he says of his fore- tion presented itself to hiin. His biding, that it was that only, and mind operated before he had exno: any apparent mark ofvillany, cited it. This appears to me to which fet him upon fingering their be the meaning. packet. Ere I could make the Pro.

I once did hold it, as our Statists do,
A baseness to write fair, and labour'd much
How to forget that Learning; but, Sir, now
It did me yeoman's service. Wilt thou know
Th' effect of what I wrote ?

Hor. Ay, good my Lord.

Ham. An earnest conjuration from the King,
As England was his faithful tributary,
As love between them, like the palm, might flourish,
* As Peace should still her wheaten garland wear,
And stand a Comma 'tween their amities;

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As Peace foould still ber in his Novels, uses the word

wheaten garland wear, Commere to fignify a the-friend.
s ni And fand a COMMA 'tween Atous ses gens, chacun une Com-

pratheir amities;} Peace is here mere. : And Ben Johnson, in his
properly and finely personalized Devil's an Afs, englishes the
as the Goddess of good league word by a middling Gofap.
and friend thip; and very clalli Or what do you say to a mid.
cally dress’d out. Ovid says, dling Goffip
Pax Cererem nutrit, Pacis de To bring you together, WARB.
lumna Ceres.

Hanmer reads,
And Tibullus,

And stand a cemene
At nobis, Pax alma! veni, Iam again inclined to vindicate
fpicamque teneto.

the old reading. That che word
But the placing her as a Comma, Commere is French, will not be
or ftop, between the amities of denied; but when or where was
two kingdoms, makes her father it Englip?
stand like a cypher. The poet The expression of our authour
without doubt wrote,

is, like many of his phrases, suf-
And stand a COMMERE 'tween ficiently constrained and affected,
our amities.

but it is not incapable of explaThe term is taken from a traf- nation. The Comma is the note ficker in love, who brings people of connection and continuiry of together, a procuress. And this - sentences; the Period is the note, Idea is well appropriated to the of abruption and disjunction. satirical turn which the speaker Shakespeare had it perhaps in his gives to this wicked adjuration mind to write, That unless Eng. of the King, who would lay the land complied with the mandate, foundation of the peace of the war Jould put a period to their two kingdoms in the blood of amity; he altered his mode of the heir of one of them. Periers diction, and thought that, in an

opposite

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And many such like ? As's of great charge ;
That on the view and knowing of these contents,
Without debatement further, more or less,
He should the bearers put to sudden death,
Not shriving-time allow'd.

Hor. How was this feal'd?

Ham. Why, even in that was heaven ordinant; 30
I had my father's signet in my purse,
Which was the model of that Danish feal: 981
I folded the writ up in form of th' otherz wsi I
Subscrib'd it, gave th’ impression, plac'd it safely,
3 The changeling never known; now, the next day
Was our fea-fight, and what to this was sequent I »
Thou know'st already.

Hor. So, Guildenstern and Rofincrantz go to't. I
Ham. Why, man, they did make love to this

employment.”
They are not near my conscience; their defeat
4 Doth by their own insinuation grow.
'Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes
Between the pass, and fell incensed points,
Of mighty opposites.

Hor. Why, what a King is this!
Ham. Does it not, think it thou, stand me now

..
He that hath kill'd my King, and whor'd my mother,
Popt in between th' election and my hopes,
Thrown out his angle for my proper life,
And with such cozenage; is't not perfect confcience,

upon?

opposite sense, he might put, A changeling is a child which the
That Peace should fitand a Com- fairies are supposed to leave in
ma between their amities. This the room of that which they
is not an easy style; but is it not fteal.
the flyle of Shakespeare ?

4 Dorb by their own insinua-As's of great charge ;] tion grow:] Infinuation, for Alles 'Sea ily loaded

corruptly obtruding themselves The changeling never known;] into his service. WARBURTON.

« To

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« 5 To quit him with this arm? and is't not to be

damn'd, " To let this canker of our nature come 66 In further evil? Hor. It must be shortly known to him from

England, " What is the iffue of the business there.

Ham. It will be fhort. « The Interim's mine; and a man's life's no more “ Than to say, one.. “ But I am very forry, good Horatio, 6. That to Laertes I forgot myself ; " For by the image of my cause I see « The portraiture of his; I'll court his favour; “ But, fure, the bravery of his grief did put me 6. Into a tow'ring paflion.

Hor. Peace, who comes here?

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Ofr. Your Lordship is right welcome back to Dein

mark. Ham. I humbly thank you, Sir, 6 Dost know this

water-fly? Hor. No, my good Lord.

Ham. Thy state is the more gracious ; for 'tis a vice to know him. He hath much land, and fertile. Let a beast be Lord of beasts, and his crib shall stand at

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5.5To quit him). To requite upon the surface of the water, him ; to pay him his due. without any apparent purpose or

Dot know whis waterfly?] reason, and is thence the proper A. waterfly. Ikips up and down emblem of a busy trifler.

the

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the King's messe. :? It is a chough; but, as I say, spa . cious in the possession of dirt.

Ofr. Sweet Lord, if your Lordshipswere at leifure, I should impart a thing to you from his Majesty.,"3

Ham. I will receive it with all diligence of spirit. Your bonnet to his right use, 'tis for the head.

Osr. I thank your Lordship, 'tis very hot.

Ham. No, believe me, 'tis very cold, the wind is northerly.

Ofr. It is indifferent cold, my Lord, indeed. 1 :

Ham. But yet, methinks, it is very fultry, and hot for my complexion.

Ofr. Exceedingly, my Lord. It is very sultry, as 'twere, I cannot tell how.--My Lord, his Majesty bid mé signify to you, that he has laid a great wager on your head. Sir, this is the matter Ham. I beseech you, rememberin

[Hamlet moves him to put on his bat. Ofr. Nay, in good faith. For mine ease. In good faith.--Sir, here is newly come to Court Laertes ; believe me, an absolute Gentleman, * full of most excellent Differences, of very soft society, and great fhew : indeed, to Speak feelingly of him, he is the card or kalendar of gentry; for you shall find in him the continent of what part a gentleman would fee.

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7 It is a chough;] A kind of may be both excellent and fea. jackdaw,

fonable. full of most excellent Differ for you foall find in him the erces,] Full of diftinguishing ex. continent of what part a gentlecellencies.

man would fee.] You shall find 2 the card or kalendar of gen- him containing and comprising try ;] The general preceptor of every quolity which a gentleman elegance ; lhe card by which a would desire to contemplate for gentleman is to direct his course; imitation. I know not but it the calendar by which he is to should be read, you shall fina chule his time, that what he does him the continent.

Ham,

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