Imatges de pÓgina
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* Th' extravagant and erring Spirit hies i vod il To his Confine: And of the truth herein Toron? This present object made probation of sodi 1.

Mer. It faded on the crowing of the cock./6.00 150T
Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes og ligne
Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated, TE
The bird of Dawning fingeth all night long: danes
And then, they say, no Spirit can walk abroad,
The nights are wholecome, then no planets strike,
3 No fairy takes no witch hathe power to charm;
So hallowłd and fotgracious is the time.

Hor. So have I heard, and do in part believe it.
But look, the morn, in ruffet mantle clad,
Walks o'er the dew of yon + high eastern hill.
Break we our watch up; and, by my advice,
Let us impart what we have seen to night
Unto young Hamlet; for, upon my life,

This Spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him :
Do you consent, we shall acquaint him with it,
As needful in our loves, fitting our duty?
Mar. Let's do't, I pray; and I this morning

know Where we fall find him most conveniently. [Exeunt.

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WARB.

-] No

out of their element, whether ae- neceffary; and being unnecessary, rial spirits visiting earth, or earthly should not be made against auspirits ranging the air, return to thority. their station, their proper li Íb' extravagant

trava -] iii. mits in which they are confined, got out of its bounds. We might read,

? Dares ftir abroad. Quarto. And at his warning 3 No fairy takes, TB extravagant and erring Spie fairy strikes, with lameness or rit pies

diseases. This sense of take is Te his Confine, whether in fea frequent in this authour. upar, ail, a

4 -high eastern hill-] The Or earth, or fint. And of, &c. old quarto has it better east-ward. But this change, tho it would

WARBURTON, {mooth the construction, is not jer i sto 91571 ganism? $ gatebas gauses to my?

SCENE

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politiw Changes to the palace.

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Enter Claudius King of Denmark, Gertrude the Queen,

Hamlet, Polonius, Laertes, Voltimand, Cornelius,
Lords and Attendants, 13:

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death

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The memory be green, and that it us be fitted
To bear our hearts in grief, and our whole Kingdom
To be contracted in one brow of woe;
Yet so far hath Discretion fought with Nature,
That we with wiseft forrow think on him,
Together with remembrance of our felves.
Therefore our sometime sifter, now our Queen,
T'imperial jointress of this warlike State,
Have we, as 'twere, with a defeated joy,
With one auspicious, and one dropping eye,
With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in marriage,
In equal scale weighing delight and dole,

:0 Taken to wife. Nor have we herein barr'd Your better wisdoms, which have freely gone thr! With this affair along. For all, our thanks. Now follows, that you know, young Fortinbras, I Holding a weak supposal of our worth ;

WALATT Or thinking by our late dear brother's death Our State to be disjoint and out of frame;

Colleagued with this dream of his advantage, He hath not fail'd to pester us with message

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s Colleagued with this dream that he has no allies to support

of his advantage,] The him büt a Dream, with which he meaning is, He goes to war so is colleagued or confederated. indiscreetly, and unprepared,

WARBURTON.

Importing

Importing the surrender of those Lands
Lolt by his father, by all bands of law,
To our most valiant brother. So much for him.
Now for ourself, and for this time of meeting:
Thus much the business is. We have here wric
To Norway, uncle of young Fortinbras,
Who, impotent and bed-rid, scarcely hears
Of this his nephew's purpose, to suppress
His further gate herein ; in that the Levies,
The Lifts, and full Proportions are all made
Out of his Subjects; and we here dispatch
You, good Cornelius, and you

Voltimand,
For bearers of this Greeting to old Norway;
Giving to you no further personal power
To business with the King, more than the scope
Of these dilated articles allows.
Farewel, and let you hafte commend your duty.

Vol. In that, and all things, will we shew our duty,
King. We doubt in nothing. Heartily farewel.

[Exeunt Voltimand and Cornelius.
And now, Laertes, what's the news with you?
You told us of some fuit. What is't, Laertes?
You cannot speak of Reason to the Dane,
And lose your voice. What would'st thou beg,

Laertes,
That shall not be my offer, not thy asking?
6 The head is not more native to the heart,
The hand more instrumental to the mouth,
Than to the throne of Denmark is thy father.
What wouldst thou have, Laertes ?

Laer, My

6 The HEAD is not more native a flagrant instance of the first to the heart,

Editor's stupidity, in preferring The hand more inftrumental to found to sense. But head, heart the mouth,

and hand, he thought mult needs Tban'is the Throne of Denmark go together where an honest man to thy father.] This is was the subject of the encomi

um;

Laer. My dread lord, Fortyog a 108 Your leave and favour to return to France; int From whence, though willingly I came to Denmark To Thew my duty in your Coronation, *.033 Yet now I must confels, that duty done, 10 My thoughts and wishes bend again tow'rd France : And bow them to your gracious leave and pardon. King. Have you your father's leave? what says

Polonius? . 1911 sido 10 Pol. He hath, my lord, by laboursome petition, ! ! Wrung from me my flow leave; and, at the last is? Upon bis will I seald my bard confent. A I do beseech you, give him leave to go.

King. ? Take thy fair hour, Laertes, time be chine; And thy best Graces spend it at thy Will.

But

um ; tho' what he could mean ratory where that vital liquor is by the bead's being Native to digelted, distributed, and (when the heart, I cannot conceive. weakened and debilitated) again The mouth indeed of an honeft restored to the vigour necessary man might, perhaps; in some for the discharge of its funcions. fenfe, be said to be native, that

WARBURTON, is, allied to the heart. But the Part of this emendation I have Speaker is here talking not of a received, but cannot difcero why moral, but a physical alliance. the bead is not as much native to And the force of what is faid is the beart, as the blood, that is, supported only by that distinc- natural and congenial to it, born tion. I suppose, then, that with it, and co-operating with Shakespear wrote,

it. The relation is likewife by The Blood is not more native this reading better preserved, to the beart,

the Counsellor being to the King Than to the Throne of Den. as the bead to the beart. mark is thy father.

7 Take thy fair hour, Laertes, This makes the sentiment juft time be thine, and pertinent. As the blood is And thy fair graces ; spend it formed and sustained by the la at thy will.] This is the bour of the heart, the mouth pointing in both Mr. Pope's edie supplied by the office of the tions; but the Poet's meaning is hand, so is the throne of Den. loft by it, and the close of the mark by your father, &c. The sentence miserably flatten'd. The expression too of the blood's being pointing. I have restored, is that nutive of the heart, is extremely of the best copies; and the sense, fine. For the heart is the labo- this: “ You have my leave to

go,

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But now, my cousin Hamlet, and my fon

Ham. 8 A little more than king and less than kind. tot smo?

(Afde. King. How is it, that the clouds still hang on you? Ham. Not fo, my lord, I am too much i'th' Sun.

Queen. Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted colour off, And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Do not, for ever, with thy veiled lids, Seek for thy noble father in the dust; Thou know't, 'tis common: all, that live, must die; Passing through nature to eternity,

Ham. Ay, Madam, it is common.

go, Laertes; make the fairest coufin Hamlet. Kind my son, (or ** use you please of your time, as we now say, Good my fon) lay " and spend it at your will with aside this clouded look. For thus TE

the faireft graces you are maf- he was going to expoftulate genter of."

THEOBALD. tly with him for his melancholy, ? 'n I rather think this line is in when Hamlet cut him short by re. 4. 'Want of emendation. "I read, flecting on the titles he gave him; 5:26 Time is thine,

A little more than kin, and less 79619And my best graces; Spend it at

than kind, anot thy will.

which we now see is a pertinent TOT& Ham. A little more than kin, reply...

WARBURTON. arba I randiless than * kind.] The A little more than kin, and less Yo King had called him, cousin Ham. than kind.] It is not un. 01 lertherefore Hamlet replies, reasonable to suppose that this i A Pisite more sban kin,

was a proverbial expression, *43. A liecie more than cousin; known in former times for a redrvpecable, by marrying his mo-lation fo confused and blended, Vd ther; he was become the King's that it was hard to dehne it. „b9 Ton-in-law; So far is easy. But

HANMER. sa whát means the latter part,

Kind is the Teutonick word for and lefs than kind? Child. Hamlet therefore answers ***The King, in the present read- with propriety, to the titles of

ing, gives no occasion for this caufin and fon, which the King feflection, which is sufficient to had given him, that he was spt thewit to be faulty, and that we fomewhat more than coufir, and

bs thould read and point the first less than fon. *' line thus, 07

too much i' th' Sun.] He 9 to Barl now, my coufen Hamlet - perhaps alludes to the proverb, 38T .haKind my fonto

Out of heaven's blessing into the JENI e. But now let us turn to you,

warin luna 903i bac adjon fears wit ' 47891 ya 41 Con

Ixeen.

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