« AnteriorContinua »
FULHAMS, (Vol. 1. 225.) a Cant-word for falfe Dice both high and low, taken probably from the name of the firit Inventor or the Place where they were firft made. The word is used and hath the fame fenfe in Hudibras, Part. 2. Cant. 1. v. 642. And in Don Quixot fol. ed. 1687. tranflated by Philips, part 2d book 3d chap. 16. I am no Paumer, no high and low-Fulham-man. See also North's Examen. p. 108.
A GABARDINE, the coarfe frock of a fhepherd, or fisherman, or any peafant: thence alfo any loofe Caffock. Ital. Gavardina. GAIN GIVING, (Vol. 6. 428.) the fame as mifgiving, a givingagainst as gain-faying, which is ftill in ufe, is faying against or con. tradicting.
A GALLIMAUFRY, (Vol. 2. 575.) an hoch-poch or hash of
GALLOWGLASSES, (Vol. 4. 175.) Soldiers among the wild
GARBOILS, (Vol. 5. 289.) diforders, tumults, uproars.
GEAR or GEER, ftuff.
A GECK, a bubble eafily impos'd upon. To GECK is to cheat. GERMIN, the firft fprouting of feed or of a branch. Lat. Germen. GESTS, noble actions or exploits: a word fo ufed by Chaucer and
Spencer. Lat. Res gefta or Gefta.
GESTE, (Vol. 2. 514.) the roll or journal of the feveral days and ftages prefix'd in the progreffes of our Kings; many of them being ftill extant in the Herald's office. Fr. Gifte or Gite. A GIBBE, any old worn-out useless Animal. GIGLETS or GIGLOTS, wanton Women, Strumpets. GIMMAL or GIMBALD or JYMOLD, this word Skinner interprets only as applied to a ring confifting of two or more rounds, and thence derives it from the French Gemeau and the Latin Gemel lus: a fymold bitt therefore (Vol. 3. 536.) may well be taken in that fenfe from the little rings often annex'd to bitts to play in the horfe's mouth: but Gimmals (Vol. 4. 12.) carries a more general fignification, fuch as the word Gimcracks has now, viz. fome little quaint devices or pieces of Machinery.
A GLAIVE, a cutting Sword, a Cimeterre; used also by Spencer :
To GLEEK, to joke, jeer or fcoff.
To GLOSS, (Vol. 3. 479.) to interpret, to comment upon. Fr. Glofer.
GODILD you! God fhield you!
GOSSOMÉR or GOSSAMOUR, the long white cobwebs which fly in the air in calm funny weather, especially about the time of Autumn. GOUJERES, the French difeafe (lues venerea) from the Fren word Gouje, which fignifies a common Camp-Trull, as Goujer figni fies a man who deals with fuch Prostitutes. These words Goaje and Goujer being used as common terms of reproach among the vulgar, and becaufe that loathfome disease was first brought from the nege ! of Naples about the Year 1495. by the French Army and the We men who followed it, and was by them dispersed over all Earep, therefore the first name it got among us was the Goujeries; the difeafe of the Goujes. GOURD, (Vol. 1. 225.) a large fruit fo call'd, which is of fcoop'd hollow for the purpose of containing and carrying wine and other liquors from thence any leathern bottle grew to be call'd by the fame name, and fo the word is ufed by Chaucer. GOUTS, (Vol. 5. 488.) Drops. Fr. Gouttes. GRATULATE, (Vol. 1. 385.) Fit for Gratulation. GRICE or GRISE, or GRIECE, or GREEZE, Stepi,
Stairs. Fr. Grez.
GRIMALKIN, a name given to a Cat.
GRIME, dirt, filth.
A GROUNDLING, (Vol. 6. 373.) a fish which keeps at the
GUERDON, Reward: an old French word now difufed.
To HACK, (Vol, 1. 232.) to hackney, to turn Hackney or Proftitute.
An HAGGARD, (Vol. 1. 479.) a wild Hawk.
To HARP, (Vol. 5. 516.) to feize, to lay hold of. Fr. Harper. HARPER, (Vol. 5. 514.) a name given by the Witches to feme of their mifchievous Imps.
To HARRY, (Vol. 5. 328.) to hare, to ruffle. Fr. Harer. To HATCH, (Vol. 6. 22.) a term in drawing, to fhade off and finish with the fine ftrokes of a Pen.
A HAVING (a fubftantive) is very frequently used for a poffe fion in any thing.
HEFTS, (Vol. 2. 529.) the fame as Heavings.
A HENCHMAN, (Vol. 1. 89.) a Page.
To HEND, to feize, to lay hold of: alfo, to hem in, to furround.
1 HILDING or HINDERLING, bafe, degenerate, fet at nought. To HOCKLE, to hamftring, to cut the linews about the ham or hough.
HOLDING fometimes fignifies the burthen or chorus of a fong.
water without Sails or Rudder.
To HURTLE, to skirmish, to clash, to run against any thing, to justle, to meet in fhock and encounter. Fr. Heurter. Ital. Ur
An HYEN, (Vol. 2. 231.) or HYENA, an Animal of which many wonderful things are told, among which one is, that it can imitate the voice and laughter of Men.
JESSES, a term in falconry: fhort ftraps of leather tied about the legs of an Hawk, with which fhe is held on the fift.
IMBOST, (Vol. 2. 392.) a hunting term; when a Deer is hard run and foams at the mouth, he is faid to be imboft. A Dog alfo when he is ftrained with hard running (especially upon hard ground) will have his knees fwell'd, and then he is faid to be imboft: from the French word Boffe which fignifies a tumour. IMPORTANCE, (Vol. 2. 506.) the fame as Importunity. IMPORTANT, the fame as Importunate.
An INDIGEST, (Vol. 3. 185.) a Chaos, (rudis indigeftaque
INDUCTION. (Vol. 3. 322.) the fame as introduction: alfo,
To INSCONCE. (Vol. 1. 257.) to cover as with a fort,to fecure.
KAM, "Clean kam," (Vol. 5. 142.) crooked, athwart, awry, crefs from the purpose. Ital. a.jebembo. Clean kam is by vulgar pronunciation brought to kim kam.
To KEEL, (Vol. 2. 167.) feems here to mean to drink so deep to turn up the bottom of the pot; like turning up the keel of a ship A KERN, an Irish Boor.
A KESTREL, (Vol. 2. 436.) a little kind of bastard hawk.
difdain of a Wife.
KINDLED, (Vol. 2. 216.) to kindle is the word for rabbits bring ing forth their young.
A KIRTLE, a woman's gown.
LABRA, (Vol. 1. 217.) a lip; an Italian word. TO LAND-DAMM, (Vol. 2. 533.) probably this expreffion in the cant-ftrain formerly in common ufe, afide and forgotten, which meant the taking away a man's lift. For Land or Lant is an old word for Urine, and to mon paffages and functions of Nature is to kill. LATTEN, (Vol. 1. 217.) a factitious metal.
ftop the com
Fr. Letan s
LAUND, the fame as Lawn, a plain extended between woods. Fr. Lande.
was a coar but fince laid
LAVOLTA, an old dance, in which was much turning and much capering. Fr. La volte.
A LEASH, a leathern thong, by which a Falconer holds his Hank or a Courfer leads his Greyhound. Ital. Laccio.
To LECH, (Vol. 1. 106.) to lick over.
LEER or LEAR, Earth, Mold.
A LEMAN, a fweet-heart, a gallant, or a miftrefs. Fr. L'aimant, L'aimante.
A LIBBARD, (Vol. 2. 156.) a Leopard.
LIEF, dear, beloved.
A LINSTOCK, a ftaff of wood with a match at the end of it ufed by Gunners in firing Cannon.
LITHER, (Vol. 4. 71.) foft, mild.
A LOB, (Vol. 1. 86.) a lubber, a looby. LOCKRAM, a fort of coarfe linnen. LOGGATS, (Vol. 6. 417.) the ancient name of a play or game, which is one among the unlawful games enumerated in the Stat 33. H. 8. It is the fame which is now called Kittle-pins, in which Boys often make ufe of bones inftead of wooden pins, throwing at them with another bone instead of bowling.
LOZELL, a lazy lubber.
A LUCE, (Vol. 1. 214.) a Pike or Jack.
a Man who is but fantastical and whimfical, Il a des lunes.
The French fay of
LUSH, (Vol. 1. 24.) of a dark deep full colour, oppofite to pale and faint. Fr. Loufche.
LUSTICK, (Vol. 2. 366) lufty: a Dutch word. ELUSTRUS, (Vol. 2. 357.) full of luftre.
LYM, (Vol. 3. 67.) a lime-hound: J. Caius derives the name from Lyemme, which is an old word fignifying a ftrap or thong with which Dogs are led.
MAIL'D, (Vol. 4. 127.) cloath'd or cover'd as with armour. MALICHO, (Vol. 6. 377) a wicked act, a piece of iniquity.
To MAMMER, (Vol. 6. 487.) to hefitate, to ftand in fufpence. The word often occurs in old English writings, and probably takes its original from the French M'amour, which men were apt often to repeat when they were not prepared to give a direct answer. A MAMMET, a puppet, a figure dress'd up. MAMMUCCIO, (Vol. 2. 117.) the fame as MAMET. Ital.
MANOUR or MAINOUR or MAYNOUR, an old Law-
MAPPERY, (Vol. 6, 25.) the art of planning and defigning.
A MAUKIN or MALKIN, a kind of Mop made of clouts for
A MAZZARD, (Vol. 6. 417.) a jaw. Fr. Mafchoire.
A MEINY, (Vol. 3. 44.) a retinue, domeftick fervants. Fr. Mefnie.
old fabulous hiftory of Dr. Fauftus.
A MICHER, (Vol. 3. 318.) a lazy loiterer, who fculks about in