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In the application of the above terminations, the finals of the
crudes must first be rejected.
Thus, taking depa, and rejecting
the final, we have det; ; and adding the terminations, we have the
nom. depah, &c.
The four examples are now declined in full.
50. Weater Crades in a, like दान, " a gift " (donam, 00poy),
The rest like the masculine deoa. _ Observe, that since the voc. dual and plural of the Sanscrit noun coincides with the nom., it will, in future, be omitted.
+ When a feminine noun, like.jiodi, is taken to form the last member of a compound adjective, it is declined like depa for the masculine, and dina for the neuter. Thus, taking the feminine noun ridya, “learning ; '' from this is formed the compound alpacidi/ā, “ little learning:'' and when this is used as a compound adjective it becomes, in the nom. masc. fem. and neut., alpatridyah, ulptutpidi/ti, alparidyum, * possessed of little learning.' On the same principle, a masculine noun takes the feminine and neuter terminations when forming the last member of a compound
adjective ; and a neuter noun, the masculine and feminine.
To convince the student of the absolute necessity of studying attentively the declension of this first class of nouns, he is recommended to turn back to r. BS. He will there find given, under fifteen heads, the various forms of nouns, Substantive and adjective, which follow this declension. All the maseuline Substantives in this list are declined like deca ; all the feminine either like jorā or madā ; all the neuter like dana. Again, all the adjectives in this list follow the same three examples for their three genders. Again, according to deca masculine,.jipā feminine, and dāna meuter, are declined all regular comparative and superlative degrees of the form panyatara, punyatama (r. 71.) ; all irregular Superlatives of the form Dalishtha (r. 71.); all present participles of the forms /karcāna, kriyamāna (r. l24.); all passive past participles of the form krita, &c., which are the most common and useful of all verbal derivatives (r. l25. 1. 2. 3. 4.) ; all indefinite future participles, which are of constant occurrence, of the forms kārya, Karapāya, kartarya (r. l20.); all participles of the second future, of the form karishyamana (r. l30); many ordinals, like prathama (r. ?4.), Lastly, according to nada feminine, are also declined the feminines of adjectives like tamu। (r. 40.); the .feminimes of innumerable adjectives like dhanara/, dhāmat (r. 42.), dhanin, and medhārin (r. 43.) ; the Jreminines of nouns of agency like kārin (r. l3l. 3.); the feminines of nouns of agency like kartri (r. l3l. 2) ; the feminines of irregular comparative degrees like baliyas (r. 72. 69.f); the feminines of present participles like Kurcat (r. l23. and 03.); the feminines of active participles of the third preterite like kritarat (r. l27. and 62.) ; the feminines of active participles of the second preterite like ciridicas (r. l27. and 60.+); the feminines of many ordinals like panchama (r. 74.) Hence it is evident, that although we have arranged Sanscrit nouns under eight classes, the last seven classes contain but a small proportion of nouns and participles compared with the almost innumerable number embraced by the first. The student, therefore, ought not to advance a step further in the Grammar till he has made himself thoroughly master of this declension.
52. Feminine Crudes in i, like मति, " the mind."
53. Neuter Crudes in i, like वारि , “ foater " (mare),
Although there are few substantives declined like kati and pāri, yet adjectives like shachi (r. 39.), and compound adjectives ending in i, are declined like Kagi in the masc. ; like mati in the fem. ; and like cārā in the neuter.
# When a feminine noun ending in i is taken to form the last member of a compound adjective, it must be declined like kubi in the masc., and odiri in the neut.
Thus the compound adjective alpamati in the acc. plur. masc. would be alpamatin ;
* The dat. may also be matyai ; the ab. and gen. matyah ; the loc. mat/tim.
fem. alpamatih s neut. alpamatini. The same holds good if a masc. or neut. noun
be taken to form the last member of a compound.
The declension of the neuter of this class follows the analogy of nouns in im. Hence, pārā serves also as the model for the neuters of adjectives and nouns of agency in in, like dhamin and kārin (r. 66.); and the neuters of nouns of agency in tri, like kartri (r. 57.),