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46) complex relative compound (p. 171. 6.), the whole being the relative form of descriptive, involving a dependent and an aggregative. 47) p. 145. g. root gam, with prep. upa and ā. 48) loc. case, dual of charana, p. 31., see p. 195. c. 49) 2d pret. of root 7, p. 74. 50) Vis. to s by r. 25. a. 51) r. 171. b. 52) p. 143. a. 53) p. 52. 54) p. 139. h. 55) r. 219. a. the final changed to y by r. 7. 56) p. 145. i. root char, with prep. vi and negative prefix a. 57) p. 142. root pad, with vi and ā. 58) r. 8. 59) p. 144. a. 60) p. 107. and p. 199. c. 61) p. 70. d. 62) Vis. to s by r. 25. a. 63) p. 107. 64) Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 65) r. 143. 66) p. 145. f. root rūp, with ni. 67) r. 159. a.
Translation. There lives in Oujein,* a Brahman, named Mādhava. His wife bore him (a son). She having stationed the Brahman (her husband) to take charge of the young child, went to perform ablution. Meanwhile a message came from the king for the Brahman to perform the Pārvaņa Shrāddha. On hearing which the Brahman, from his natural neediness, thought to himself, “if I do not go quickly some other Brahman will take the Shrāddha. But there is none here (that I may leave) as a guardian to the child,—what then can I do? Come, having stationed this long-cherished weasel, dear to me as a son, in charge of the infant, I will go." Having so done, he went. Presently a black serpent silently approaching the child was killed by the weasel and torn in pieces. By and by the weasel seeing the Brahman returning, quickly running to meet him, his mouth and feet smeared with blood, rolled himself at the Brahman's feet. Then that Brahman seeing him in such a condition, hastily concluding that he had eaten the child, killed him. Afterwards no sooner did he come up than he beheld the infant slumbering safely and the black serpent lying dead. Then looking at his benefactor the weasel, and bitterly repenting (of his precipitation), he experienced exceeding grief.
* The oldest city in India.
† The Shraddha is a funeral ceremony, consisting of oblations of water and fire to the gods and manes, and gifts to the officiating Brahmans, performed at various fixed periods, in behalf of a deceased parent or ancestor, to secure the happy condition of his soul. The Pārvana is a particular form of Shraddha, in behalf of three ancestors.
IN PROSE AND VERSE.
OBSERVE, that the greater number of the words in the following Selections will be found in the Vocabulary to Professor Johnson's edition of the Hitopadesha. And whenever a word does not occur in that Vocabulary, it is given at the foot of the page.
The words of the text have been printed separately from each other, as it is imagined that the permutation of final and initial letters is of itself a difficulty, unknown in other languages, sufficient to retard the progress of the beginner in his first effort at translation. It seems, therefore, wholly unreasonable and unnecessary to increase this difficulty by an useless conformity to the practice of the natives, in joining together all the words in a sentence, until the student has attained a certain degree of proficiency. When, however, a final and initial vowel blend into one sound, and when crude nouns are associated to form compounds, separation is impossible, and in such cases a dot placed underneath marks the division.
The substance of the following simple story of the Brahman Vedagarbha and his pupils, is taken from a little book, printed in Calcutta, called the Sanskritamālā.
r. 28. a. p. 101. 6) p. 14. note t. ) p. 167. b. p. 171. c. The Vedanta is the theological part of the Vedas contained in those chapters called Upanishads; the Vedāngas are the sciences subordinate to the Vedas; such as Grammar, Prosody, Astronomy, &c., see Manu II. 105. 8) p. 54. r. 87. 9) lit. “seeing to the opposite bank,” i.e. “ thoroughly acquainted with,” r. 43. 1. 20) p. 152. a. Vis. remains by r. 29. and 24. a. 11) acc. case of 76 SUIT, “a school,” lit. “ą readingroom," r. 147. 12) p. 143. a. 13) p. 35. r.54. 4) acc. case pl. of विद्यार्थिन्, “a seeker of knowledge," "student,” p. 43. r. 147. 15) acc. plur. neut. p. 32. i changed to y by r. 7. ) p. 87. note *, and r. 192. a. ) p. 154. b. 18) p. 149. a. p. 171. b. 19) p. 49. 20) nom. case pl. Vis. remains by r. 24. a.. 21) p. 140. 0. root gam with prep. d (p. 174.) and sam (175). 22) p. 152. d. 23) p.144. p. 174. 4) p. 51. 25) p. 163. a. 26) पृष्ठा, “ having asked," p. 143. a. The final ā of this word blends with the initial ā of the next by r. 4. १) आगमन, "arrival,” प्रयोजन, “ cause," r. 147. 26) “he asked,” p. 142. a. 20) Vis. to s by r. 25. a. 30) p. 76. d. p. 175. 31) p. 54. r.84. 32) “a teacher of the Vedas,” r. 147. See Manu II. 140. 141. for the difference between an āchārya and an upādhyāya. 33) p. 171. b. Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 34) r. 219. 35) पाण्डित्य, “learning" (p. 23. vii.), ख्याति, “fame" (p. 24. ii.) r.147. 3) p. 50. 37) p. 153. a. 151. d. 8) p.143. a. 3) "from another school," affix tas, p.152. a. Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 40) p. 153. g., the final a blends with the initial à of āyātāh. 41) p.138. b. p.174.