Imatges de pàgina
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l82. The only adjectives governing an accusative are those formed from desiderative bases; as, खगृहं जिगमिषु:, “ desirous of

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‘‘ unable to build a house, but able to demolish one.'

o. So also other adjectives; as, शस्त्रेषु कुशल:, ** skilled in arms ''; अल्पेषु प्राज्ञ:, ** ucise in trifles'; त्वयि। अनुरक्तो विप्को वा स्वामी, ‘* is your master attached or

oduerse to you ? " अनुजीविषु मन्दादर:, “ noglectful of his dependants."

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D. When it is intended to express “ the better oftwo things” the genitive may be

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'* what griof is greator than this?'' न श्रुताद् अन्यद् विब्रूयात् , “ one ought not to speak differently from what one has heard "; तत्कालाद् अन्यदा, * at another time * Sce, on this subject, IBopp's Comp. Gram. (Prof. Eastwick's Translation), vol. ii. p. 587.

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7. Numerals ifused partitively may take the genitive ; as, अश्वानां शतसहस्राणि, *a hundred thousand of the horses''; and, if comparatively, the ablative ; as,

विवादात् द्विगुणं दमं, “a fine the double of that which is in dispute.”

SYNTAx OR PRONOUNS.

186. The chief peculiarities in the syntax of pronouns have already been noticed in Chapter W., pp. 50-55. It remains to offer one or two remarks with reference more especially to the relative and interrogative.

o. In the use of these pronouns a very peculiar attractiom is often to be observed ; that is, when either a relative or interrogative pronoun has beem used, and an indefinite pronoun would naturally be expected to follow, the relative or interrogative are repeated, as in the following examples: यो यस्य (for कस्यचित्) भावः स्यात्, “ whatever may be the disposition of whom (i.e. any one)"; यद् रोचते यस्मै, “ whatever is pleasing to any one "; यस्य ये गुणाः सन्ति, “ whatever excellencies belong to any one "; यद् येन युज्यते, ** whatever corresponds with any thing "; केषां किं शास्त्रम् अध्ययनीर्यं, “ what book is to be read by whom ? (i.e. by any one),"*

I87. The relative and interrogative are sometimes used together in an indefinite distributive sense ; as, यानि कानि मित्राणि, “ any friends whatever "; or more usually with चित् affixed to the interrogative ; as, यंमे कस्मेचित्, “ to any one whatever.'

a. The neuter of the interrogative is often joined with the instrumental to signify “ what is the use of ? " “ there is no need of "; as, श्रुतेन किं यो न धर्मम् आचरेत् किम् आात्मना यो न जितेन्द्रियो भवेत्, “ of what use is scriptural knowledge (to one) who does not practice virtue, of what use is a soul (to one) whose passions are not kept in subjection ?" किं ते सनेन प्रश्नेन, " what business have you to make this induiry ?'

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vered by the moon-beams." The relative, when followed by a pluperfect tense, may sometimes be expressed by the indeclinable participle ; thus, सिंहो व्याधं हत्बा, ** a lion hawing killed a hunter,' or “ a lion who had killed a hunter.”

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Since, Nonainatire Case affer the Perb. _ l90. Werbs signifying “ to be," " to become," “ to appear," " to

* The writer of these pages is indebted for this couplet to Mr. Scton Karr, of the . Bengal Civil Sorvice. It is in the mouth of all the RTulin IBrahmans of Bengal, and

is that on which they found their claim to prccodence.

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