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errand to my brother the parson of day (the) Decollation, (29th of A**
By you well-willing, you and from you by this bringer,
ABBOT of LANGLEY. which man I felt right well and fa. Langley, vourably disposed to you ward, and Sunday, 4th of September, more favourably will be than
1463. 3 E. IV
any other gentleman living, the will of the dead performed, and his con
LETTER XLVIII, science saved, and more things faid To my right good master, sir John Palton, favourably for you, which I entitled
knight (). in a scroll to have certified to your My right special good master, I fervant Calle, if he had come, as ye recommend me to you, thanking fent me word he should have done, you right heartily of your gently and should as ye behefted (promised) letter late sent to me; and as to me, have brought me our ferm for Pinchester's matter, &c. I would I Hellesdon, which not done, causeth were your nigh kinsman if it pleased me to write, praying your gentle- God, and then should I know if it ness that I send no more therefore, should grieve your heart as much as for it is unpaid for the year afore the it doth other of my kin and friends Hallowmass that my master Fastolf to see me thus cowardly hurt and died, and for the same year that he maimed by Pinchester, causeless ; died in, and since for two years, and and of mine intent in that matter, five shillings unpaid of a year, and William Rabbes Mall tell you more come Michaelmas' next shall be an- also I beseech you to recoinmend me other year unpaid, thus is four years to my lord's good grace, as to him unpaid and five shillings, and at whom of earthủy cstates next my Michạelmas next shall be five years duty į most love and dread, and and five shillings.
that should he well know and it lay This thuskept from Holy Church, in my power, praying you heartily that is Holy Church's good may not to declare (to) his lordship such matbe without great peril of foul; where ter as William Rabbes shall inform the peril is God knoweth, I pray you, and to send me my lord's an, God amend it, and give them grace swer, that have his goods fo to dispose Alfo in as much as I understand by them, that they and the dead both you that money should cause you may be out of peril, and the Trinity conclusion in your matter this next have you in his merciful keeping. term, and ye would be at London on Written at Langley, on Sunday at Monday at night or Tuesday by even late, next after Saint John's noon, I trust that I have studied such that fir John Pafton?s memory feemed to (f) It is very difficult to fix any date to this want a little refreshing, and the bringer of letter, as not only the writer of it, but the this letter appears to have received his in- persons mentioned in it, are new to us. structions accordingly.
The injury sustained by T. Dayerse from The abbey of Langley was founded in Pinchester is likewise inexplicable. the time of Richard I. about the year 1198. Who is lady Anne P, apd how are we Nicholas occurs abbot in 1428 and 1463, to explain the expression": "95 white ac. and Nicholas Wamerton in 1467 and 1474; whale's bone ?" it was most probably the first Nicholas, who The mention of Ovid's works is curious, was the writer of this letter, as Wamerton and the application humorous and witty.. can scarcely be supposed to have been the The family of Davers are of considerable abbot fo early as 1428, unless he lived to a standing in the county of Suffolk, and ads yery old age.
vanced to the dignity of baronet in 1682.,
mean, that, upon furety as ye may the rafters, which were supported make, to get you an hundred pounds at the ends, and in the middle, by or two hundred marks (1331. 6s. 8d.) gigantic images, carved out of huge to be lent unto you for an half year, blocks of timber. The same kind without any chevisance or loss of of broad planks covered the whole, goods by you, as Williain Rabbes to keep out the rain; but they were mall tell you more, &c.
so placed as to be removed at pleaAnd as to Ovid " de Arte Aman- sure, either to receive the air of di,” I shall send him you the next light, or let out the smoke. week, for I have him not now ready; In the middle of this spacious but me thinketh Ovid “de Reme. room were several fires, and beside dio" were more meet for you, but them large wooden vessels, filled if (unless) ye purposed to fall hastily with fin soup. Large flices of in ту.
lady Anne P's lap as white as whale's flesh lay in a Itate of prewhale's bone, &c. ye be the belt paration, to be put in fimilar inachooser of a gentlewoman that I chines, filled with water, into which know, &c. and I pray you to re- the women, with a kind of tongs, commend me to my lady of Oxford, conveyed hot stones from very fierce and to my.good masters, Needham, fires, in order to make it boil. Heaps Richmond, Chippenhamn, Staveley, of fish were strewed about, and in Bloxham, Stuard, and Ingulton in this central part of the place, which special, and all other good masters might be very properly called the and friends in general, &c. And, kitchen, stood large seal-lkins, filled fir, mistress Gaydade recommend me with oil, from which the guests were (q? her) to you and said bussing fare served with that delicious beveragė. for charity, and she said (to) me the The trees which supported the would fain have a new fillet, &c. roof were of a fize which would
Written at London the 29th day render the mast of a first-rate man in January,
of war diminutive, on a comparison With heart and service with them ; indeed our curiosity, as
Your well as our astonishment, was on its
THOMÁS DAVERSE. utmost stretch, when we considered London, 29 January,
the ftrength that must be necessary Between 1463 and 1469.
to raise there enormous beams to 3 and 9 E. IV.
their present elevation ; and how [To be continued.]
such strength could be found by a
people wholly unacquainted with INTERESTING ACCOUNT
the mechanic powers. OF THE HABITATION OF A CHIEF
The door by which we entered RESIDING NEAR NOOTKA, AND this extraordinary fabric was the
mouth of one of these huge images, MR. MEAR'S, AND
which, large as it may be supposed,
was not disproportioned to the other (From Mears's Voyages, just published.]
features of this monstrous image's ON entering the house, we were visage. We ascended by a few steps absolutely aftonished at the vast area on the outside, and after pafling this it enclosed : it contained a large extraordinary kind of portal, desquare, boarded up close on all sides seended down to the chin into the to the height of twenty feet, with heusc, where we found new matter planks of uncommon breadth and for aitonifhment, in the number of length. Three enormous trees, men, women, and children, who rudely carved and painted, formed composed the family of the chiet,
OF A FEAST GIVEN BY HIM TO
THE SHIP's COMPANY.
which confifted of at least eight hun- a more cultivated fociety, met us dred persons : these were divided half way from the entrance, and into groups, according to their re. conducted us to a seat neat his own, fpective offices, which had their on which we placed ourselves, and distinct places assigned them. The indulged our curiofity during the whole of the building was surrounded remainder of the banquet, in views by a bench, about two feet from the ing the perspective of this fingular ground, on which the various in- habitation. habitants fat, eat, and flept. The The feast being ended, we were chief, who was called Wicaninish, defired to fhew the presents which appeared at the upper end of the were intended for the chief : a great room, surrounded by natives of rank, variety of articles, brought for that on a Anall, raised platform, around purpose, were accordingly displayed, which were placed several large among which were several blankets ehells, over which hung bladders and two copper tea kettles. The of oil, large Nices of whale's flesh, eyes of the whole assembly were riand proportionable goblers of blub- verted upon these unusual objects, ber.
Feftoons of human fkulls, and a guardian was immediately arranged with some attention to uni- affigned to the two tea kettles, who, formity, were difpofed in almost on account of their extraordinary every part where they could be value and beauty, was ordered to placed,' and were considered as a place them, with great care, in the very splendid decoration of the royal royal coffers, which confifted of large apartment.
chefts rudely carved, and fancifully When we appeared, the guests had adorned with human teeth. made a considerable advance in their
About fifty men now advanced in banquet. Before each person was the middle of the area, each of them placed a large slice of boiled whalé, holding up before us a sea otter which, with small, wooden dishes, fkin, of near fix feet in length, and filled with oil and filh soup, and a the most jetty blackness. As they farge muscle-shell, by way of spoon, remained in this pofture, the chief composed the economy of the table. made a speech, and giving his hand
The servants were bufily employed in token of friendship, informed us in preparing to replenish the several that these skins were the return he dishes as they were emptied, and the proposed to make for our present, women in picking and opening the and accordingly ordered them to be bark of a tree, which served the immediately sent to the fhip. purpose of towels. If the luxury Our royal host appeared to be en of this entertainment is to be de- cirely satisfied with our homage ; termined by the voraciousness with and we, who were equally pleased which it was eaten, and the quan- with his magnificence, were about rity that was swallowed, we must to take 'our leave, when the ladies consider it as the most luxurious feast of his family advanced towards usy we had ever beheld. Even the chil- from a distant part of the building, dren, and some of them were not whither they had retired during the more than three years old, possessed entertainment. Two of them had the same rapacious appetite for oil passed the middle age, but the other and blubber as 'their fathers : the two were young, and the beauty of women, however, are forbidden from their countenances were so power. eating at these ceremonials. ful as to predominate over the oil
Wicaninish, with an air of hof- and red ochre, which, in a great pitality which would have graced measure, covered them : one of the
DIANS ON THEIR CAPTIVES,
latter, in particular, displayed so by custom, as if they were disciplin sweet an air of diffidence and modesty, ed in their grief, upon the fignal for that no disgust of colour, or deform- rejoicing, in a moment all tears are ity of dress, could preclude her from wiped from their eyes, and they rush awakening an interest even in minds into an extravagance and phrenzy cultured to "refinement. We had of joy for their victory. In the not, very fortunately, disposed of mean time, the fate of the prisoners all the treasure we had brought on remains undecided, until the old fhore, and a few beads and ear-rings men meet, and determine concern that yet remained, served to give ing the distribution, It is ufual to our visit a concluding grace, by offer a flave to each house that has presenting them to these ladies of lost a friend, giving the preference the court.
according to the greatness of the
loss. The person who took the B A R BARITIES captive attends him to the door of EXERCISED BY THE AMERICAN IN
the cottage to which he is delivered, and with him gives a belt of wam
pum, to fhew that he has fulfilled [Copied, and transmitted by T. W, of the purpose of the expedition in Cheshunt.]
fupplying the lofs of a citizen. THE barbarity practised by the They view the present which is pative Americans to some of their made them for some time; and, acprisoners of war is sufficient to make cording as they think of him or her human nature fhudder at the bare --for they do not determine in pre"Tecital. During the greatest part of portion to the service his labours -their journey homewards, they suf- may render the family-or as they -fer no injury; but when they arrive take a capricious liking or displeaat the territories of the conquering sure to the countenance of the vicftate, or at those of their allies, the tim, or in proportion to their natupeople from every village meet them, ral barbarity, or their resentment and think they flew their attach- for their losses, they determine conment to their friends by their bar- cerning him, to receive him into barous treatment of the unhappy the family, or sentence him to prisoners; so that, when they come death. If the latter, they throw to their station, they are wounded away the belt with indiguation. and bruised in a most terrible man- Then it is no longer in the power
The conquerors enter the of any one to save the devoted victown in triumph. The war captain tim. The nation is assembled as waits upon the head men, and, in a upon fome great folemnity; a scaf. low voice, gives them a circumstan- fold is raised, and the prisoner tied tial account of every particular of to the stake. 'Instantly he opens his the expedition, of the damage the death-long, and prepares for the enemy has suffered, and his own ensuing scene of cruelty with the loffes. This. done, the public ora- moft undaunted courage. On the tor relates the whole to the people. other fide, i his enemies --prepare Before they yield to the joy which to put it to the utmost proof with the victory occasions, they lament every torment which the mind of the friends they have lost in its pure man, ingenious in mischief, can-infuit. The parties most nearly con- vent. They begin at the extremi. cerned are afflicted apparently with ties of his body, and gradually apa deep and real forrow; but, by proach the trunk--one plucks out one of those strange turns of the hís nails by the roots, one by one; human mind, fashioned to any thing another takes a finger into his mouth, and tears off the flesh with naked fkull; they once mote amid his teeth; a third thruits the finger, bind the wretch, who, blind and mangled as it is, into the bowl of a staggering with pain and weakness; pipe made red hot, which he smokes affaulted and pelted on every side like tobacco; then they pound his with clubs and stones, now up, now toes and fingers to pieces between down, falling into their fires at every zwo stones; they cut circles about step, runs hither and thither, unti his joints, and gafhes in the fielhy one of the chiefs, whether out of part of his limbs, which they fear compassion, or weary of cruelty, puts immediately with red hot irons, cut- an end to his life with a club or sing and fearing them alternately; dagger. The body is then put into they pull off this fiefh, thus mangled the kettle, and this barbarous em. and roasted, bit by bit, devouring it ployment is succeeded by a feast as with greediness, and sinearing their barbarous. faces with the blood, in an enthu- The women, forgetting the hufialm of horror and fury. When man as well as the female nature, they have thus torn off the flesh, and transformed into something they twist the bare nerves and ten- worse than furies, act their parts, dons about an iron, tearing and and even outdo the men, in this Snapping them; whilft others are scene of horror.
The principal employed in pulling and extending persons of the country fit round the the limbs themselves in every way itake, smoking, and looking on withthat can increase the torment. This out the least emotion. What is most continues often five or fix hours to- extraordinary, the fufferer himself, gether. Then they frequently un- in the little intervals of his torbind him, to give a breathing to ments, smokes too, appears uncon-, their fury, to think what new tor- cerned, and converses with his tora ments they shall inflict, and to re
turers about indifferent matters. fresh the strength of the sufferer, - Indeed, during the whole time of who, wearied out with such uns his execution, there seems a contest heard-of torments, often falls in between him and them which thall mediately into fo profound a sleep, exceed, they in inflicting the most that they are obliged to apply the horrid pains, or he in enduring fire to awaken him, and renew his them with a firmness and constancy sufferings. He is again faftened to almost above human. Not a groan, the stake, and again they renew their not a sigh, not a distortion of the cruelty; they stick him all over countenance, escapes him; he por with small matches of wood that fesses his mind entirely in the midst cafily take fire, but burn slowly; of his torments, he recounts his they continually run sharp reeds own exploits, he informs them what into every part of his body; they cruelties he has inflicted on their drag out his teeth with pincers, and countrymen, and threatens them thrust out his eyes; and lastly, after with the revenge that will attend having burned his flesh from the his death; and, though his rebones with now fires; after having proaches exasperate them to a pero so mangled the body that it is all fect madness of rage and fury, he but one wound; after having muti- continues his reproaches even of lated his face in such a manner as to their ignorance in the art of tor. carry nothing human in it; after menting, pointing out himself more having peeled the skin from the exquisite methods, and more fenfihead, and poured a heap of red hot ble parts of the body to be afflicted. coale or boiling water upon the The women have this part of cou