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It is proposed to use smoke-consuming engines for the purpose of bringing trains into and out of the tunnel and depot. By deadening the floors and operating the trains with signals, no noise will be created, and the occupants and guests above will suffer no inconvenience from that cause.
This is a gigantic scheme involving a large expenditure, but it is more comprehensive in its objects, more thorough in its arrangements, and will command greater capabilities than any passenger depot ever before devised; and now is the fitting time for all the important interests concerned to secure its manifold advantages.
Before the buildings included in the design can be finished, the bridge across the Mississippi, opposite Washington avenue, will be completed, and the twelve railroads enumerated will be pouring into the city a vast amount of trade and travel, which will require corresponding facilities for their proper accommoda
From the opening of the bridge will date the most rapid growth of railroad business consequent upon the continuity of the tracks across the river, and the disappearance forever of all the annoyances and expenses of ferrying, which are now unavoidable. At all hours of the day and night trains will then arrive and depart from the Union Passenger Depot, in every direction, without impediment, with perfect convenience to the traveling public. St. Louis will then at once take rank in public estimation as the most attractive railroad city of the interior.
No railroad now constructed, or that may hereafter be constructed, across the continent can fail to contribute its share of trade and travel to this point.
A city thus situated, which in fifteen years, with its railroad system yet in its infancy, has grown from a population of 80,000 to more than 300,000, may with certainty anticipate a further rapid augmentation of population and business, demanding extraordinary efforts on the part of her enterprising citizens. St. Louis will soon be one of the largest, if not the largest, iron and steel manufacturing points in the United States, which will add immensely both to the river and railroad traffic, and demand greater facilities for its commercial exchange. In fact, the entire business interests of the city demand a great Union Depot as an adjunct or complete provision for the business of the bridge.
In submitting this pamphlet to the public, I take this opportunity of recording a personal word, which I design more particularly to be read by my fellowcitizens of St. Louis.
It is well known to many of you that during the past three years I have, in an humble but earnest way, advocated the 'development of the material interests of the Mississippi Valley and of St. Louis, and, as I believe, in perfect justice to every part of my country.
In the prosecution of my work I have given to the public, including this one, five pamphlets, containing arguments and statistics in vindication of the causes for which I have labored; and whether I have done much or little, I have had no personal interest to serve beyond the ordinary wants of a man, no ambition to satisfy, no pecuniary gain which I expected to realize. "I have no wife nor children, good or bad, to provide for a mere spectator of other men's fortunes and adventures, and how they play their parts, which, methinks, are diversely presented unto me, as from a common theater or scene."
Born and reared in the Valley of the Mississippi, and in a country and government, in extent and kind, unequaled in the history of mankind, and sharing a little of that human nature which is instinctively and keenly alive to every step toward individual and national greatness, has been the motive by which, with a tenacious zeal, I have been actuated in my efforts. Nor does time lessen the incentive for continued work. The material growth marked by each succeeding year upon the broad and bounding progress of the country, tends to increase rather than to lessen a zealous effort to accomplish the highest triumphs and rewards of industry possible to the American people. Yet my work is done in this distinctive field of labor.
Therefore, in presenting this pamphlet, which I hope will be read with some interest by this people, I submit it as the last I shall prepare and publish upon the material interests of the country and St. Louis. Notwithstanding our present census will reveal an array of new facts infinitely greater than those with which I have had to deal, others, with more gifted pens, will turn the new facts to the best account for our national progress. There is a higher field of work than that which the material plane affords; and though I shall not cease to do all that I can in assisting to remove the National Capital to the Mississippi Valley, I shall in the meantime look forward to a new and broader field of action wherein the great problems cf the world are to be solved, and man's highest life on earth attained.
"What profit hath a man if he gains the whole world and loses his own soul?"
The National Capital will be a poor achievement to the people of the great Valley States, unless protected by one Constitution, over-arching one continental Republic, under whose power and protection succeeding generations of men will pass on in universal relationship, as
Nations step into rank
At Time's loud bugle sound.
Its removal is no more a question of statesmanship than is the necessity of cultivating in the hearts of the people an abiding faith and devotion for the 'union of these States.
To save the Republic of our fathers in all its parts-to purify and perfect it by the struggles through which it passes-to make it wiser and better-to give it a grander and loftier mission among the nations of the earth, and to perpetuate its existence to the remotest time, is the chief end of this and future generations. And, in so declaring, I have an abiding faith in the future-a future which will most surely bring a just and bountiful reward to the earnest, the industrious, the frugal and righteous millions of the generations yet to come, a complete triumph of the human race in its efforts to solve the great problems of the world, a moral and intellectual development of our people commensurate with the material growth of the country.
"We walk the wilderness to-day,
The Promised Land to-morrow."
The conception of the future great city would be a vagary if we fail to maintain one government and one law all over this land we love so well. It is the future hope of the world, and let us be of that faith, that "no other government can exist here." "I am confident that this Union of our fathers-a union of intelligence, of freedom, of justice, of industry, of religion, of science and art," will through succeeding generations of men grow stronger and stronger as time moves on. "This Union has not yet accomplished what good for mankind was manifestly designed by Him who appoints the seasons, and prescribes the duties of States and Empires. Woe! woe! to him that madly lifts his hand against it."
There are still other duties equally binding upon all whose power it is to do; there is a royal commission for all to fill. Poverty still stalks abroad; ignorance still depraves; vice still brutalizes, and crime still entails its miseries. There is work yet to be done, rules yet to be prescribed, wants to be satisfied, and wisdom to be supplied, and "whoso does it to the least of these, does it also unto me."
Then let us hail the present wonderful growth of our country and her cities as a bright heraldry of a more glorious future, and hope for the royal rule of righteousness.
In presenting this pamphlet to the public, as an argument in favor of an into pass organized hope of the race of man as being inherent in the preconceived future great city of the world, I have the full assurance that copies of it will our libraries, and be read by inquisitive and earnest minds of other generations, long after we of this generation shall have passed on through the gates of the eternal world, to take our places
"With patriarchs and prophets, and the blest,
In testimony whereof I have spoken, and of having been faithful to my work, I offer the following from the Missouri Democrat, as one of many witnesses:
"Our hearts ought all to warm to this patient, hard-working, unselfish man, who accomplishes more than the most of us for the community about him, and looks for and reaps a more slender reward than falls to the lot of many who never lift a finger for their fellows."
As for me, I see no path of ambition marked out over the slain of my countrymen, nor can I hail with delight a land rent with feuds and despoiled by political factions. I can only pray for the great Republic to be a sublime achievement, "over which humanity will eternally shed its blessings and God His benedictions."
Sr. LOUIS, November 1, 1870.
L. U. REAVIS.
Since the body of this book went to press, many important facts relating to the growth and prosperity of St. Louis have been collected, and it has been thought worth while to give some of them brief mention in an appendix. It is useless to stereotype a description of St. Louis, for a few weeks or months will render it necessary to revise the text or eke it out with pages of addenda.
The domestic trade of the city for 1870 has been far in advance of any preceding year. The item of wheat is not a fair example, because it falls far below the increase of other articles; but as the statistics for wheat, and flour reduced to wheat, are known up to the last week in December, this item is selected to show that our city is making "no backward steps."
The following table exhibits the receipts of wheat, and flour reduced to wheat, during the last six years:
Bushels. 23,115,022 20,170,422 15,444,731
Inquiries amongst leading merchants lead to the conclusion that the domestic trade of St. Louis for 1870 is largely in advance of that of any preceding year. Our import trade, as exhibited by the statistics of the Custom House, indicates a similar increase in the commercial operations of the city. The augmentation of banking capital, and of loans and deposits, shows plainly the same general fact. The amount of duties paid on imported merchandise at the St. Louis Custom House for 1870 will vary but slightly, more or less, from $2,000,000. they wong of Leks
MANUFACTURES OF ST. LOUIS.
The industrial interests of St. Louis have received a grand impulse during the past year, and the general result shows a large increase over any preceding year. The following statement will show the advancement of St. Louis, as a manufacturing city, during the last ten years:
Capital invested in manufactures in 1860.................
in 1870................................................... Making a clear gain of 284 per cent. in ten years, or 24 4-10 per cent. per annum. The value of raw material used in 1860 was........
66 in 1870 was...................................
Making a gain of 269 per cent. in ten years, or 26 9-10 per cent. per annum. The value of products in 1860 was............................
66 in 1870 was.........................................
A gain of 296 per cent. in ten years, or 29 6-10 per cent. per annum.