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shire, and performed his studies at Douay and Rhemes, was made priest at Rhemes, the 25th of March, 1581, said his first mass on the 5th of April following, and was sent upon the mission on the 30th of June. We have just now heard his character from Mr. Rishtou and Dr. Bridge water; and how he was put to death with Mr. Transham, for being made priest by Roman authority, and remaining in this kingdom, contrary to the statute of Elizabeth, 27. What follows is a copy of a relation penned by an ancient missioner, his schoolfellow.
* Mr. Nicholas Devereux, priest, executed at Tyburn, was born at Lemster, a town in Herefordshire, in the Marches of Wales: with whom I was schoolfellow in Lemster, and then he was called Nicholas Wheeler, and held for one of the best scholars in the school. Whom, from that time, I did never sec, until he had taken holy orders beyond the seas, and returned into England. Coming to London, after his return, he was driven to great necessity; and learning that I was entertained by Sir Thomas Tresham's lady, who lived in Tuttle street, in Westminster, (Sir Thomas Tresham, her husband, being prisoner "for his religion" at Hogsdon, "or Hoxton," beyond London) he came to an inn thereby, and sent me a letter. I came unto him; who declared onto me, the tears standing in his eyes,—That he had neither money to buy him any meat, nor scarce any clothes upon his back. I pitied his ease, comforted him, and gave him such money as I had then present; and afterwards acquainted him with catholics in London; and by the help of Mr. Francis Brown, the old lord Montague's brother, I got him apparel, and furnished him in such sort, as he took a chamber in Fleet street, near the conduit, at one Barton, a haberdasher's house, and did much good among the gentlemen of the inns of court, and went in a gown as one of them; where he went by the name of Woodfen. But Korris, the pursuivant, ferreted him out, and forced him from thence. After that, he came to Hogsdon, to me; where, the next day after his coming, he fell into the like danger: for the house was beset and searched by two pursuivants; who, to be the more sure of their prey, brought with them the owner, or landlord of the house; who, finding a certain door closed up, told Sir Thomas of it; who said it was true, that because his serving men lay in that chamber, and his son in the next chamber, to the end that his men should not have access to his son, he barred up that door; wherein, indeed, the secret place was devised, which saved us both at that time: but, as our Saviour said, nondum venit hora mea, so his hour was not yet come, until falling the third time into the pursuivant's hands, he was executed at Tyburn, January 21, 1586, by the name of Nicholas Devpreux. He was a man of a fine complexion of body, affable and courteous: and, therefore, I think, he won the more love.' So far Mr. Davis.
On the 20th of April, following, we find two more priests executed together at Tyburn; of whom, thus writes Mr. Stow, in his annals, 'William Thomson, alias, Blackburn, made priest at Rhemes, and Richard Lee, alias, Long, made priest at Lyons, in France, and remaining here contrary to the statute, were both condemned, and, on the 20th of April, drawn to Tyburn, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered.'
RICHARD SERGEANT, ALIAS, LONG, AND WILLIAM
Richard Sergeant, who sometimes screened himself under the names of Lee and Long, was born in Gloucestershire, of a gentleman's family, and was an alumnus and priest of the English college then residing at Rhemes; though he received the order of priesthood, according to Mr. Stow, at Lyons.t He was a man of learning, and after he had for some time, laboured with fruit in gaining souls to Christ, was apprehended, cast into prison, tried, and condemned, barely for being a priest, and remaining in the kingdom, contrary to the statute of 27 Elizabeth.
And William Thomson, sometimes known by the name of Blackburn, born in the parish of Blackburn, in Lancashire, alumnus an;l priest of the same college, after many labours in the vineyard of his Lord, in administering, in the midst of dangers, the holy sacraments to catholics, and reclaiming heretics from the way of perdition, was, in like manner, apprehended, tried, and condemned, for having been made priest by the authority of the see apostolic, and remaining in England contrary to the statute. They were both drawn, together, to Tyburn, and there happily finished their course, being hanged, bowelled, and quartered, April 20, 1686.
This, or the next month, we find two more priests of the same college, (whose histories are given below,) executed for the same cause, in the Isle of Wight.
ROBERT ANDERTON AND WILLIAM MARSDEN, PRIESTS.*
Robert Anderton, born of an honourable family in the county palatine of Lancaster, and William Marsden, born in the parish of Goosenor, in the same county; both performed their studies in the college of Rhemes: and Mr. Anderton, in particular, has the character, in the manuscript history, of having been a man of great learning, vir doctissimus. Being advanced to the dignity of priesthood, they were together sent over to labour in the vineyard. But, going on shipboard, whilst they were sailing for some other part of the kingdom, a storm arising, drove them upon the Isle of Wight. Where, being suspected to be priests, they were apprehended, and carried before a justice of the peace; and, upon examination,' they not denying their character, were committed to prison. When they were brought upon their trial, they made it appear, that they were east upon the shore against their will, and had not remained in the kingdom, before their commitment, the number of days mentioned in the statute; and therefore could not be guilty of the treason, or liable to the punishment of-that statute. But this plea, how just soever, was overruled, and they were found guilty by their jury, and had sentence to die, as in cases of high treason; and this barely for their being priests, made by authority derived from Rome, and coming over into this kingdom. In consequence of this sentence, they were executed in the Isle of Wight, on the 25th of April, according to a manuscript catalogue kept in Douay college, which I believe to be the same as was drawn up by order of the bishop of Chalcedon, to be presented to the pope. The constancy and cheerfulness with which these two holy confessors offered themselves to the worst of deaths, and their behaviour on this' occasion, gave great edification to the catholics, and astonishment to their adversaries.
• From the Diaries and Catalogues of Martyrs of Douay College, and from a manuscript history, kept in the same college, of affairs relating to the catholics during the reign of queen Ehzabeth, by Dr. Champney.
f It appears by the college journal, that he was ordained, not at Lyons, but at Iaon.
t From the Diaries, Catalogues, and Manuscript History, above .|uoted.
FRANCIS INGOLBY, PRIEST.*
Francis Ingolbv was son of Sir William Ingolby, knight. He was born at Ripley, in Yorkshire; was an alumnus, and priest of Douay college, durinir its residence at Rhemes, and was ordained and sent upon the English mission, anno 1584. He laboured with greatfruit, in the northern parts of this kingdom, in the worst of times; where, at length, he was apprehended, tried, and condemned, barely for being a priest, ordained by authority derived from the see of Rome, and remaining in this kingdom. He suffered at York, on the 3d of June, 1586.
JOHN FINGLOW, OR FINGLEY, PRIEST.t
John Finoxow, or Fingley, was born at Barneby, near Houden, in Yorkshire; had his education in the English college, then residing at Rhemes; where he was ordained priest, March 25, being Easter Eve, 1581; and was sent upon the English mission, the 24th of April following. After many labours, in gaining souls to Christ, in the northern parts of the kingdom, he was apprehended and committed to York gaol; and being brought upon his trial, was condemned, for high treason,
* From the Douay diary, catalogues, and MS. history.
t From the diary, catalogues, and manuscript history, above quoted.
for being a priest, made by Roman authority, and for having reconciled some of the queen's subjects to the church of Home. He was hanged, bowelled, and quartered, at York, August 8, 1586. Some say, 1587. He suffered, says Molanus, in his catalogue, p. 14., with that generous courage, which seems to have been natural to the seminarists, from the very beginning, and with an ardent zeal for the confirmation of religion. Ingenita seminaristisjum inde ub initio generositate, and ardore in religione confirmanda.
» JOHN SANDYS, PRIEST.*
John Sandys was born in the diocese of Chester, was educated in Douay college, during its residence at Rbemes, were he was made priest, and sent upon the English mission, anno 1584. After having, for some time, diligently applied himself to his missionary functions, he was apprehended, tried, and condemned, for being a priest; and was drawn, hanged, bowelled, and quartered at Gloucester, August the 11th, (some say 2d,) 1586.
In October following, I find three priests executed together at Tyburn, of whom, thus writes Mr. Stow, in his chronicle. 'The 8th of October, John Lowe, J. Adams, and Richard Dibdale, being before condemned for treason in being made priests by authority of the bishop of Rome, were drawn to Tyburn, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered.'
JOHN LOWE AND JOHN ADAMS, PRIESTS .f
John Lowe was born at London, and was, for some time, a protestant minister; but, being converted, he went abroad, and was first an alumnus of Douay college, and afterwards sent from Douay to Rome, in 1576, where he was made priest; and from thence returned upon the English mission. Here he was apprehended and cast into prison, and, at length, tried, condemned, and executed, as in cases of high treason, barely for his priestly character and functions.
He suffered at Tyburn, October 8, 1586.
John Adams was born at Martin's Town, in Dorsetshire, and performed his divinity studies in the English college, then residing at Rhemes; from whence he was sent priest upon the mission, anno 1581. He was one of those priests that were banished in 1585, and, upon that occasion, returned to the college; but, after a short stay, went again
* From the diary, catalogue, and manuscript history, above stated.
into the vineyard, where he was again apprehended. Other particulars relating to him I have not found, only Molanus signifies,'that his constancy was proof against the artifices and promises, by which many sought to divert him from his generous resolution of laying down his life for his faith. Multorum elusis artibus, qui constautiam de more catholicorum variis promissis mollire conantur.
He was condemned barely for being a priest, and was executed at Tyburn, October 8, 1586.
RICHARD DIBDALE, PRIEST.*
Richard, or as he is called in most catalogues, Robert Dibdale, was born in Worcestershire, was an alumnus and priest of the English college, then residing at Rhemes, and from thence, anno 1584, was sent to labour in the English vineyard, which he diligently cultivated for some years, till, falling into the hands of the persecutors, he was tried and condemned to die for his priestly character and functions. And, in consequence of this sentence, was, together with Mr. Lowe and Mr. Adams, drawn to Tyburn, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered, October 8, 1586.
Of him thus writes Mr. Davies, an ancient missioner, in a manuscript relation sent over to Douay, anno 1626. 'Mr. Richard Dibdale, priest, was executed with Mr. John Lowe. I met him once at Sir George Peckham's, of Denham, besides Uxbridge, where he practiced the oflice of an exorcist; for there were three persons bewitched and possessed, two maids and one man. Out of one of the maids he brought forth a great needle at her cheek, and two rusty nails, and pieces of lead; her name was Ann Smith. The other was called Fid, who, after the apprehension of Mr. Dibdale, became concubine to Bancroft, called archbishop of Canterbury, and had a child by him, as 1 have heard. I left him there upon Ascension Eve, and coming to London, 1 was apprehended by Newal and Worseley, two pursuivants, on Ascension Day, in the morning, saying my prime, bound and sent to the compter, in 'Wood street, and two gentlemen that were taken with me; the third gentleman who brought me a missal, escaping, by giving the pursuivants 31. The same Mr. Dibdale I also met twice or thrice at the old Lord Vaux's house, who then lived at London. More of him I cannot say of my own knowledge.'
Of the same Mr. Dibdale, and his exorcisms, thus writes the learned and pious Diego de Yepez, confessor to Philip II., king of Spain, and bishop of Tarasona, in his Spanish history of the persecution of England, 1. 2., chap. 13. 'Wonderful, says he, were the things that happened in the exorcisms of certain persons possessed by the devil, made by Mr. Dibdale, priest, who was since martyred, and by others, in the
* From the same memoirs, and from a manuscript in my bands.