Budapest Scientific: A Guidebook
This guidebook introduces the reader to the visible memorabilia of science and scientists in Budapest - statues, busts, plaques, buildings, and other artefacts. According to the Hungarian-American Nobel laureate Albert Szent-Györgyi, this metropolis at the crossroads of Europe has a special atmosphere of respect for science. It has been the venue of numerous scientific achievements and the cradle, literally, of many individuals who in Hungary, and even more beyond its borders, became world-renowned contributors to science and culture. Six of the eight chapters of the book cover the Hungarian Nobel laureates, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the university, the medical school, agricultural sciences, and technology and engineering. One chapter is about selected secondary schools from which seven Nobel laureates (Szent-Györgyi, de Hevesy, Wigner, Gabor, Harsanyi, Olah, and Kertész) and the five "Martians of Science" (von Kármán, Szilard, Wigner, von Neumann, and Teller) had graduated. The concluding chapter is devoted to scientist martyrs of the Holocaust. A special feature in surveying Hungarian science is the contributions of scientists that left their homeland before their careers blossomed and made their seminal discoveries elsewhere, especially in Great Britain and the United States. The book covers the memorabilia referring to both émigré scientists and those that remained in Hungary. The discussion is informative and entertaining. The coverage is based on the visible memorabilia, which are not necessarily proportional with achievements. Therefore, there is a caveat that one could not compile a history of science relying solely on the presence of the memorabilia.
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2 István SzéchenyiLearned Society
3 Loránd EötvösUniversitas
4 Ignác SemmelweisMedicine
5 Pál KitaibelAgricultural Science
6 Theodore von KármánEngineering and Innovation
7 László RátzSchools of Creativity
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Academy of Sciences agricultural Albert Szent-Györgyi András architect Avenue National Necropolis Bartók became Békésy Béla Buda Budapest Technical University Budapest University building bust career Chapter chemist chemistry commemorates communist Courtesy Danube District VIII District XI Edward Teller Erdo˝s Faculty Ferenc Fiume Avenue National Frigyes Gábor George de Hevesy Germany Géza graduated György Gyula Hargittai Hevesy high school Holocaust honoring Hungarian Academy Hungary Ignác Imre Varga Institute István Széchenyi János Jeno Jewish John von Neumann József Kármán Károly Ko˝nig Lajos László Loránd Eötvös Lutheran Gimnázium Martians mathematician mathematics Medicine membership memorial plaque Mihály Miklós Nobel laureate Nobel Prize Olah Pál Pál Turán Pest Péter physicist physics pioneer Polanyi political professor Raoul Wallenberg Rátz relief Sándor scientists Semmelweis University spherical aula Square statue Street Szabó Szilard Theodore von Kármán Tivadar tombstone Tóth Trefort Garden University of Budapest veterinary school Vienna Wigner Zoltán