« AnteriorContinua »
In the Stanzas of Three Verses, or Triplets, the Verses of each Stanza rhyme to one another; and are either Heroick; as,
Nothing, thou Elder Brother een to shade.!
And, (well-fix’d) art alone of ending not afraid. Roch. Or else chey consist of 8 Syllables ; as these of Waller, of a fair Lady playing with a Snake.
Strange that such Horrour and such Grace
A Fury's Arm, an Angel's Face.
Love have oft fo cunning grown,
Can no Arts or Disguises find, But thinks none sees it, 'cause it self is blind. Cowl. In the Stanzas of Four Verses the Rhyme may be intermix'd in Two different Manners; for either che ift and 3d Verse may shyme to each other, and by consequence the ad and 4th, and this is callid Alternate Rhyme; or the įst and 4th may rhyme, and by consequence the 2d and 3d.
But there are some Poems in Stanzas of Four Verses, where the Rhymes follow one another, and the Verse differ in Number of Syllables only; as in Cowley's Hymn to the Light, which begins thus,
Firft-born of Chaos! who fo fair didft come
From the old Negro's dárksom Womb :
Which, when it saw the lovely Child, The melancholy Mass put on kind Looks and smild. But these Stanzas are generally in Alternate Rhyme, and the Várfes'confift either of 10 Syllables; as,
She ne'er Saw Courts, but Courts could have undone
With untaught Looks and an unpraktis'd Heart :
Or of 8; as,
Had Echo with so sweet a Grace,
Narcissus loud Complaints return'd :
But of his voice the Boy had burn'd.
Or of jo and 8, that is to say, the rst and 3d of 10 ; the ad and 4th of 8; as,
Love from Time's Wings has ftol'n the Feathers Sure,
He has, and put them to bris owon :
Or of 8 and 6 in the like Manner; as,
Then ask not Bodies doom'd to dyė,
To what Abode they go:
'Tes better not to know,
Or of 7 ; as,
Not the silver Doves that fly,
Toak'd in Cytherea's Car;
And convey ber Son fo far;
Are so lovely sweet and fair,
Wall. Note, Thar it is absolutely neceflary that both the Construction and Sense should end with the Stanza, and not fall into the Beginning of the following one, as it does in the latt Ex. ample, which is a Fault wholly to be avoided.
Of the Stanzas of Six Verses.
HE Stanzas of Six Verses, are generally only one of the
before-mention'd Quadrans or Stanzas of four Verfes, with Two Verses at the End that rhyme to one another ; as,
A rural Judge dispos'd of Beauty's Prize,
A limple Shepherd was prefer'd to Jove ;
Came Juno, Pallas, and the Quecn of Love,
To the bright Carlisle of the Courts of Heavin. Where the 4 first Verses are only a Quadran, and confift of 10 Syllables each in Alternate Rhyme.
The following Stanza in like manner is compos'd of a Quadran, whose Verses consist of 8 Syllables; and to which z Verses that rhyme to one another are added at the End; as,
Hope waits upon the flowry Prime,
And Summer, tho it be less gay,
Of Declination and Decay ;
Wall. Sometimes the Quadran ends the Stanza, and the two Lines of the same Rhyme begin it ; as,
Here's to thee Dick, this whining Love despise :
It sparkles brighter far than she ;
Cowt Or as in there, where the first and last Verses of the Stanza consist of 10 Syllables;
When Chance of cruel Bus'ness parts us two,
What do our Souls, I wonder, do?
Content with Dreams, but boldly fly
Abroad, and meet each other half the Way. Cowl. Or as in the following Stanza, where the 4th and sth Verses. rhyme to each other, and the 3d and oth;
While what I write I do not see,
(Written in Juice of Lemon. But in some of these Stanzas the Rhymes follow one another; as,
Take Heed, take Heed, thou lovely Maid,
Nor be by glitt'ring Ills betray'd:
The Price of Beauty fall’n fo low.
What Dangers ought'st thou not to dread
Lastly, Laftly, some of these Stanzas are compos'd of 2 Triplets; as,
The Lightning, which tall Oaks oppose in vain,
To strike sometimes does not disdain
Her Podo'r by this does greater shove,
of the Stanzas of 8 Verses.
Have already said, that the Italians compose their Heroick
Poems in Stanzas of 8 Verses, where the Rhyme is difpos'd as follows; the ift, 3d, and sth Verses rhyme to one another, and the ad 4th, and 6th; the Two last always rhyme to each other. Now our Translators of their Heroick Poems have observ'd the fame Stanza and Disposition of Rhyme; of which take the following Example from Fairfax's Translation of Taffo's Goffredo, Cent. 1. Stan. 3d.
Thither thou know'st the VV/orld is best inclin'd
VVbere turing Parnass most his Beams imparts ;
To read sometimes, will move the dulleft Hearts;
Anoint with Sweets the Vessel's foremost Parts,
They drink deceiv'd, and so deceiv'd they live. But our Poets seldom imploy this Stanza in Compositions of their own; where the following Stanzas of 8 Verses are most frequent. Some others
may with Safety tell
Dang rous to tell her that I love.
Cowl. Where the Rhymes follow one another, and the 6 first Verses confift of $ Syllables each, the 2 laft of 10.
We have another fort of Stanza of 8 Verses, where the 4th rhymes to the ift, the 3d to the 2d, and the 4 laft are Two Couplets; and where the ift, 4th, 6th and 8th, are of to Syllables each, the 4 others but of 8; as,
I've often wisb’d to love : What shall I do?
Mé fill the cruel Boy does Spare;
And I a double Task must bear,
Come at last, and strike for same,
I'll think thee else no God to be,
But Poets, rather, Gods, who first created thee. Cowl. Another, when the 2 first and 2 laft Verses consist of 10 Syllables each, and rhyme to one another, the 4 other but of 8 in Alternate Rhyme.
Tho' you be abfest hence, I needs must say,
As ever they were wont to be :
As if they sung to pleasure you.
The blufhing Morning open'd not more fair. Cowl. Another, where the 4 first Verses are Two Couplets, the 4 last in Alternate Rhyme; as in Cowley's Ode of a Lady shas made Posies for Rings.
I little thought the Time would ever be,
As all VVords in few Letters live,
VVbo all the Good she did impart
Of the Stanzas of 10 and, of 12 Verses.
HE Stanzas of ro and 12 Verses are seldom employ'd in
our Poetry, it being very difficult to confine our selves to a certain Disposition of Rhyme, and Measure of Verse, for