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CHRISTIAN BIOGRAPHY.

Castle, which was taken by the Parliamentary forces. Here he fell ill through exertion, and was removed to Chichester, where be died, 1644. He is said to bave been a man of little statore, but of great soul. Cheynell, a fanatic olergóman,molested bim in his last moments, and at bis intermept insalted his memory. He threw a copy of bis famous. book into his grave, as full of carnal reason and damnable heresy. Tillotson and Locke, however, were sensible of his incomparable merits, and will send bis eologium dowo to pos. terity.- Evans's Sequel to the Sketch,

William Chillingworih, A. M.

Chancellor of Salisbury, and Prebend af Brixworth, Nore thamptonshire.

William Chillingworth was boro 1602, at Oxford, baving for his godfather Laud, Archbishop of Canterbary. Edacated at a private grammar. school in his native city, be was admitted of Trinity ColJege, where be distinguished bimself by an application to Matbematics and Theology. But be was soon converted to Popery by the noted Joba Fisher, and went to Douay; bat in 1631, returned to England. From his intercourse with Laud be came back to Protestantism, wrote several defences of it, but above all, his greatwork entitled, The Religion of Protestants, or sufe Way to Salvation. Prefer. ment now poored in upon him; but be for a time refased promo. tion, objecting to the Articles and the dampatory clauses of the Athapasian Creed. He at length, bowever, accepted of the chancellorship of Salisbury, with the prebend of Brixworth, in Nor, thamptonshire. In the civil wars he atiached himself to the Royal party; took a leading part in the siege of Gloucester, whence be retired to Arundel.

ESSAYS, EXTRACTS. &c.

Truth and Unity. The presomptuous imposing of the senses of men apon the general words of God, and laying them upon men's consciences together ; tbis vaio con. ceit, that we can speak of the things of God better than in the words of God; tbis deifying our ounioterpretations, aod epforoiog them upon others; this restraining of the word of God from that latitude and generali. ty, and the understandings of men from that lüberty whereia Christ and his Apostles left them, is, and bath been, the only fountain of all the schisms of the church, and that which makes them immortal, Tako away these walls of separation, and all will quickly be one. Require of Christians only to believe in Christ, and to call no man master bat him only : let those leave claiming infallibility that bave no title to it; and let them, that in their words disclaim,it, (as Protestaots do) dis. claim it likewise in their actions. In a word, restore Christians to their jast and fall liberty of cap. tivatiog their understanding to Scripture only; and then, as ri. vers when they have a free passage run all to the ocean, so it may well be hoped, by God's blessing, tbat aniversal liberty, thus moderated, may quickly re. duce Christeodom to TRUTH and UNITY.-Chillingworth.

which an answer bas been roa ceived, promising future moro ample communications. To this answer, which contains much pleasing information, we hope to give insertion vext month : and in the mean time present our readers with a translation of part of the original tract which exhibits at once a clear, and concise view of the doctrines of Unitarianism, and of the evidence, both from Scriptore and Reason, by which they are supported. The translation is taken from the Christian

Register, an American

publica

Doctrines of Unitarianism.

w We have just received a higbly interesting Tract in La. tin entitled “ Unitariorum in Anglia fidei, historia, et statius præsentis brevis expositio," or

A brief view of the opinions, history, and present state of Uoitarians in England." This is one of the publications of the London Unitarian Fond Society, and along with other religious tracts, has been widely circulated among the learned by Mr. Bowring in bis late visit to the continent. A copy of it was addressed to the Professor of Theology in the Unitarian College at Clausenberg or Colosvar, Transylvania, to

tion. -ED.

The great and venerablo men who gave to the Reforma. tion its peculiar features, ear. Destly laboured to bring to light and establish these two princia ples; that the boly scriptores are the only gaide of our faith, and rule of practice; and that every man possesses the sacred and analienable right of interpreting them for himself. Proceeding opon these principles, they expunged many errors and corruptions, by wbich the sim. plicity and beauty of Christiania ty had been deformed,

The sect of which we treat, in forming for themselves their particolar system of faith and disciplino, have kept in view the principles, and followed the ex. ample of these reformers. They have pot, however, been such scrupulous imitatorsas toshrink from farther advances in any case where these mer, either through fear of too macb in.

povation, or false notions of demonstrate, that the Author of piety, or the weakness of human the Universe is One, " great in patare, left the work of refor. counsel and mighty in working." mation unfinished.

This doctrine is also sanctioned Unitarians particularly claima by revelation ;-gea, it is not the lawful use of reason in inter- only sanctioned by revelation, preting the word of God: bat both the Jewish and Christian, they do not, as is often unfairly butis again and again inculcated objected to them, place reason as the first principle and most before revelation. Since eacb is approved source of all pare regiven by God, they deny tbat ligion. With one consent Moses any essential variance caq arise andCbrist declare, “ The first of between them; althougb reason all the commandments is · Hear, may pot always fully compre- O Israel; the Lord our God is bend what revelation teaches. one Lord: and thou shalt. lovo Tr' y believe it to be the pro- the Lord thy God with all thy vince of reason to decide con- heart, and with all thy soul, and cerning the evidences of revela. with all thy mind, and with all 11.0"; to distinguish between the thy strength. This is the first sparious and the genuine parts commandment.'' of the sacred writings; apd io Faithful to this opinion, Uni. bine, to determine the sense of tarians reject every idea of the true text. W batever appears plorality in the divine patare, as to them to have been revealed repugnant to the word of God. by God, that they receive witb In the sacred scriptores, they the highest reverence; nor are find neither the word Trinity, there any duties, except those of aor any intimation of the doc, piety and charity, wbich they tripe. On the contrary, they deem more sacred than that of anderstand them to teacb, that defending openly and constantly the Father is greater than the but with good temper, the opini- Son," and that the Holy Spirit, ons they may bave formed from is not a person having a separate the diligent and anbiassed exa- existence but is the power or mination of the scriptores. inflacnce of God, or some gift

The substance of the faith of bestowed by bim. Unitarianism,id relation to God, Attributiog every perfection seems to be this " God is ope, to God, they adore him as the and God is love." They assert, possessor and original of all ex. as their name denotes, the real, cellence aod benevolence, with entire, and proper ooity of God. out any equal ; and though it They believe, as they afirm, that appears that the sacred scriphe is one essence, one person, tures, alluding to the cause of one sabstance. The barmony and evil, bave sometimes spoken of oneness of porpose manifested in it as thougb it were some evil the divine works, does' indeed' Genias or Demon, yet they are

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unwilling to believe that any part of creation is subjected to the control of a malignant spirit so powerful that he may contend with Deity for the mastery, and frustrate his counsels. It is said, moreover, tbą“his mercy is over all his works," wbich seems to be entirely contrary to the opinion of those who believe that God has by his irrevocable degree predetermioed the eter. pal wickedness and misery, of a great part of mankind,

Since“transgression is sin” (I Joho, iij. 4.), and obedience is righteousness; since the precepts of the laware, that's he who doetb righteousness, is righteous”' (1 John, iii, 7.), and “ the soul that sinpeth, it shall die"(Ezek. xviii. 4.), and "every one shall bear his own borden;" Taitarians believe that the im. putatiop of sin to the righteous, or of righteouspess to transgres. sors, cannot be reconciled either' with the law of nature, with the laws of civilized socie. ty, or with the sacred writings.

They conceive tbat the appel. lation of Father is not to be tak. en as expressiveof a metaphysi. cal distinction between bim and certain other persons, botin apo ther and more dignified seose;as plainly indicating the relation between him and his offspring, “the work of his bands,” as well as his beperolence to the human race; and at the same time as pignifying that the Supreme God is alone worthy the adoration of mankind. Christ, indeed, our Lord, gave God this appella.

tion, as an illastration of the divine nature, and as a copsolation to bis disciples, on ao. count of his approaching separation. His language shows that he and his disciples are alike the sons of God.

Unitarians moreover believe " that Jesus of Nazareth is the Christ, the son of the living God;" " that he is in all things made like to his brethren" (Heb. ii. 17.) of the human race. But on accont of the entire pa. rity of his life, bis extraordinary bepevolence, the weight of the duties be performed, the severity of the sufferings be endured, and lastly on account of the splendid pame which God gave him, that he is worthy of the highest reverence and honour.

In the sacred scriptures, as Unitarians believe, Christ is manifestly distinguished from God;since God is the Fatber who sends, gives, anoints, sanctifies and rewards bim ; whilst Christ is the son who is sent, who receives, is anointed, is sanctified and rewarded. Nevertheless they believe, that be is one with God by a mutual agreement in will and counsel, in the same manner as it becomes us to be one with bim and with God bis Father,

As the iniquity of the world was ibecause of the persecution and death of the Saviour, so his affliction (inasmuch as they confirmed the truths he taoght, ren. dered bis example perfect, prepared the way for the oniversal spread of the Gospel, and mado

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bis resorrection from the dead, administers his Government a pledge and earnest of our re- apon the same principles. surrecuon,) are a powerful mo- The worship of Unitarians, sive to shuniniquity and to prac. particularly recommends itself tise righteousness. Io this sense by its simplicity. They admit Unitarians think these words of with entiregoodwill a difference Scripture are to be received ; of rites and cerimopics in their " he died for our sins," and “bis chorobes. The liberty they claim blood cleansetb us from all sio." | to themselves in religious con

Unitarians are firmly per- cerns, they readily grant to soaded, that salvation does not others; pot uomindful of the depend upon a belief in obscore commands, 66 those who are and mystical symbols, Paul de- weak in faith receive; but not to clared, “if thou shalt confess doubtful disputation;" and "let with thy mooth the Lord Jesus,

every man be fully persuaded in and shalt believe io tbipe heart bis own mind." They take thai God hath raised bim from cbarity therefore as their bond the dead, thou shalt be saved.', of union, instead of faith; and

They have a bope, modestin. they receive with readiness and deed, but steadfast, clearly re. satisfaction, as a brother, any vealed in the word of God, that good man who desires to anite he, through his mercy, will ac- with them in the services of cept sincere onedieoce, and will religion. To as there is one pardon the sins of those who are God the Father, of whom are all troly penitent.

thing, and we in him; and one Furthermore, Unitarians think Lord Jesus Christ, by whom aro tbat puo

înents are awarded all things and we by him.” to the wicked according to the magpitode of their offences; RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. that to whom much is given, of him will much be required;'' Unitarian Association for Proand that all will be punished tecting the Civil Rights of with few or with many stripes, Unitarians. according to the measure of The General Meeting of this their goilt. Since it is the part of Association was held on Thurs. a wise Legislator to institute pn. day, the 30th day of May, (1822) pishments, not so much for the at the Londoo Tavero : Mr. Ratt purpose of retaliation as of cor. in the Chair. rection; and to seek not only Owing to the Treasurer's ab. the safety of the state, but the sepce, his account could not be reformation of offenders,- it is finally made up, but the balance the opinion of most Unitarians in hand appeared to be about that God, “who is not willing £ 250. that any should perish, but that The report was received, and all should come to repentance," ordered to be printed and circa.

ENGLAND.

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