Imatges de pÓgina


"saved by faith, by works, by inquire, what its natural tenden. the word of God, by baptism, by cy ought to be on practical morals grace," and by many other things, and religion? Does it encourage as well as by the death of Christ, to harbour a single evil yet no one supposes, that we can thought, purpose, or desire, to be saved by either of these sing- neglect a single duty of piety or ly, but by all combined.

charity ?

Does it hold out any

substitute for personal holiness, Tillotson has well described the offices of Christ in procuring

or any incitements to the vicious

propensities? salvation. “By all he did and

Does it conceal

the odiousness of sin and its dreadsuffered for us in the days of his flesh, and in the state of his hu

ful consequences, or relax the miliation, and by all that he still

obligations of moral duty, or

weaken the sense of accountacontinues to do for us, now that

bleness to God for every thought he is in heaven at the right hand

and action? Does it degrade of God, he hath effected and brought about the great work of

the majesty of the law, or enfee

ble the authority of the divine salvation. His doctrine and his life, his death and sufferings, his

commands, or lessen the certainty resurrection from the dead, and

of a future judgement and righte

ous retribution? his powerful intercession for us

Not one of those questions can at the right hand of God, have all

be answered in the affirmative. a great influence in reforming

The view above described has and saving mankind; and by all

not even this negative tendency; these ways and means he is the author and cause of our salva

and in truth, it is remarkable for tion.”* Thus Jesus redeems inen

nothing more, than its positive or takes away their sins, by all his

moral and religious bearing; that actions and doctrines together,

is, if you will allow morals and and by the power and influence

religion to consist in good prac

tice. It finds no efficacy in any of his religion to reform the wick

scheme of redemption, nor any ed, regenerate their depraved hearts, and convert them to holi

hope for the sinner, without reness of life and temper.

pentance and obedience, devout Such is the view of many

submission to the will of God, and Christians concerning the mode

profound reverence of his holy

character. Nor does it take reof salvation through Christ; and now it may be permitted to

pentance for an empty name, nor look for its value alone in emo

tions of sorrow, and remorse of * Tillotson's Works, vol. vii. p. conscience for past guilt. To re2069. The opinion of Tillotson on pent is to reform, to forsake sin, the atonement seems to have re- to do good where evil has been sembled those of Butler, Price, done before. It is to make our and Magee; yet, perhaps, he faith a purifying principle, to -speaks more explicitly than they amend the heart, subdue the pashave done respecting the death of sions, banish evil desires, to love Christ as in some way affecting where we have hated, and to divine justice. See his Sermon return kindness for injury. To entitled, Christ the Author, and repent is to examine and watch Obedience the Condition of Salva- our own hearts, love God supremetion.

ly, and our neighbour as



selves. Whoever sincerely obeys, | divine forgiveness, 80 far will sincerely repent. Obedience human merit exalted by the ensures repentance. The latter above views of the manner of sale is turning from evil, the former vation, and no farther. is doing good; the one inspires Finally, the comparative moral respect for the divine laws, the tendency of the Calvinistic and other applies them to practice. | Unitarian schemes of atonement, Both are absolutely essential to may be expressed in few words. salvation through Christ.

Calvinists ascribe salvation to a Can that opinion, which re. cause, which puts all human agengards a good life as the founda

cy out of the question, renders tion and means of final acceptance personal holiness unnecessary, with God, and of eternal felicity, and personal responsibility im. can such an opinion be charged possible. Vnitarians, the with having an unfavourable in. contrary, refer the original cause fluence on morals? The charge of salvation to the mercy of God, is equally absurd, and ill found. and dare not indulge any hope of ed, and demands no refutation immortal glory, which does not It is enough to have stated facts; rest on a faithful obedience to the the conclusion is self evident. divine laws, as revealed and con

Nor is it a just inference, firmed by Jesus Christ. Calvi. which some have drawn, that this nists inculcate morals, it is true, but view unduly exalts human merit. they have found out a way of sal. The truth is, that in relation to vation, which does not require God, no merit on the part of good morals, or rather in which man is supposed. The whole is they can be of no service. The of divine mercy, it is the exclu- more rigid principles of Unitari. sive work of God, the merit is ans demand perfect obedience his, and to him belongs all the without any such discouragement praise. By his compassion alone to virtuous and holy living. Calhe was inclined save and bless

vinists to be religious, must behis creatures; he sent his Son to lieve one thing and practice anredeem them from their sins by other ; with Unitarians, faith and publishing the conditions of par- practical religion are in harmony. don, and performing works to aid their restoration to holiness, A Parallelbetween the Editors of which could not have been per- the Friend of India and the Jesuits. formed without light, guidance, It was intended in the present and support from heaven. The number to have noticed the late actions of men have no merit, ex- rude attack which the “ meek" cept as the testimony of obedi- Editors of the Friend of India have ence. They are of no value as a made upon Rammohun Roy, in an pree of salvation.

God saves article on the Atonement professfreely. Every act of obedience ing to be a Review of his Final is an act of duty, and is so far Appeal. This we have been obmeritorious, as to deserve the liged to defer to a future opportuprom'sed reward, because God nity; bnt, to correct, in some meahas promised it, and not because sure, that prostitution of Scriptural any benefit is conferred on him. language in defiance of all ScripAs far as there is any merit in tural ideas, in which the tortuous complying with the conditions of mind of the Reviewer renders

him a thorongh adept, we beg to 4. Both embrace the doctrine refer our readers to the preceding of the Atonement, perverting the remarks extracted from the Uni- scheme of the New Testament, tarian Miscellany, illustrative of that man is reconciled to God by rational Views of Atonement. a moral change, into the wild and

The stale and borrowed slan. mischievous conceit that God is der that Mohummudans and Uni- changed from wrath to grace by tarian Christians are on a level in virtue of the sufferings which every respect, because - they hap. he caused his innocent Son, equal pen to agree in one thing,-be- with himself in power and glory, cause both coincide in maintaining to undergo in the room and stead the doctrine of the Divine Unity of sinners; although at the same in opposition to that of a Triune time that the Son was sinking, Deity-is scarcely deserving of crying out under agonies, and any serious notice. We therefore expiring on the cross, he was the quote the following Parallel from Ever-blessed God, Omnipresent the Christian Reformer, after read- and Omnipotent, and incapable ing which we trust that the Seram- of change or suffering. pore Missionaries will perceive the 5. Both talk strangely and propriety of claiming kindred with dangerously of the imputation of the lately renovated order of the others' merits as the means of salJesuits ; or at least that they will vation. henceforth have better manners and 6. Both set up human ereeds, better sense than to call names articles, and covenants, as the instead of using arguments. The standards by which the Scripture only liberty we have taken is to

is interpreted. substitute “ Friend of India” for 7. Both agree in the use of wathe name of the periodical from ter ceremoniously for certain mys. which the Editors of that work, “in

tical holy purposes. language consonant with the meek- 8. Both resort to the “pious ness of wisdom” seem to have fraud” of misrepresenting their retailed the calumny.-ED. theological opponents, and of as1. Both are

strenuous advo- serting concerning them that cates for the Trinity, thereby mak

which if they do not know it to ing of none effect the plain doc- be false, they do not know, at trine of both the Old Testament | least, that it is true, for the sake and the New, that“Jehovah our

of keeping their admirers in the God is one Jehovah.”

safe state of ignorance, prejudice, 2. Both agree in the unscriptu

and uncharitableness. ral and contradictory representa

9. Both are equal in the contion of Jesus as a God-man or

tempt and abuse of one another, Man-God.

though in zeal for ceremony, in 3. Both assert that Jesus was eagerness for making proselytes, the Eternal Jehovah, thus in fact

and in strict adherence to certain denying his proper humanity, and

doctrinal points, the traditions by consequence teaching that he

and commandments of men, it is was not the true Christ, who was

difficult to say which is entitled to be of the seed of David, and

to precedence. to come out of the loins of Abra. 10. Both, finally, are of one ham, and to be a prophet like

mind and one language, in throwonto Moses.

ing out suspicions and insinua


tions, heaping up angry charges, thought to lay too much stress and passing sweeping sentences upon the criticism of a word, in of final condemnation, against their the translation, who would theretellow-christians, who after the by force from the word, in the way which they call heresy worship original, a necessary sense, which the God and Father of their Lord it is plain it hath not.

That reJesus Christ, and endeavour by deeming in the sacred scripture sincerity of profession and con- language, signifies not precisely sistency of obedience to approve paying an equivalent, is so clear, themselves in his sight when he that nothing can be more. I shall shall come to frown bigotry into refer my reader to three or four shame and contempt, to put down places amongst a great number, the usurpers of his prerogative as Exod. vi. 6. Deut. vii. 8. and sole Lord of Conscience, and to 12. and xxiv. 18. But honour and reward such as through if any one will, from the liteevil report have borne their humral signification of the word in ble but persevering testimony to English, persist in it, against the pure and simple doctrine once Paul's declarations, that it nedelivered to the saints by himself, cessarily implies an equivalent “ the True and Faithful Witness.” price paid, I desire him to consi

der to whom: and that, if we Locke on Redemption by Christ. will strictly adhere to the meta

Redemption signifies deliver- phor, it must be to those, whom ance, but not deliverance from the redeemed are in bondage to, every thing, but deliverance and from whom we are redeemfrom that, to which a ed, viz. Sin and Satan. If he will is in subjection or bondage. not believe his own system for Nor does redemption by Jesus this, let him believe St. Paul's Christ import, there was any words, Tit. ii. 14. “Who gave compensation made to God, by himself for us, that he might repaying what was of equal value, deem us from all iniquity." Nor in consideration whereof they could the price be paid to God, were delivered; for that is incon- in strictness of justice (for that is sistent with what St. Paul ex- made the argument here ;) unless pressly says here, viz. that sin

the same person ought, by that ners are justified by God gratis, strict justice, to have both the and of his free bounty. What thing redeemed, and the price this redemption is, St. Paul tells

paid for its redemption. For it us, Eph. i. 7. Col. i. 14. even is to God we are redeemed, by the forgiveness of sins. But if St. the death of Christ; Rev. V. 9. Paul had not been so express in “Thou wast slain and hast redefining what he means by re- deemed us to God by thy blood." demption, they yet would be



If a man be once out of the use of reason, there are no bounds to unreasonableness.

It had been better for the Christian Church, if that which

calls itself Catholic had been less employed in creating pretended faith, and more employed in maintaining universal charity. Dr. Whichcot.



Christian Tract Society. The Anniversary Meeting was people over whom he presides. holden, April 24th, 1823, at the Port-au-Prince having been nearly Old London Tavern. The Trea- destroyed by fire just at the time surer presented his report, which the vessel which carried out the stated that he was in advance Tracts arrived, the Committee did £22. 128. 9d.

not know whether the President Two new Tracts have been had received them; but the Sociprinted during the last year, viz. ety was gratified with the intelliMrs. M. Hughes's second part of gence which arrived on the day of The Family Dialouges; and The its meeting, contained in the GoConduct of the Elder Brother, on vernment Diary, that the PortuAccount of the Father's Treatment

guese Cortes had had the Tracts of the Lost Son, by the Rev. R. formally presented by a member Wright. The latter Tract con- of its own body, and a resolution cludes Mr. Wright's series on the was passed by that magnanimous interesting parable of the Pro- assembly, that the present was digal Son. Of each of these

gratefully accepted, and that the Tracts 2000 copies were printed, Tracts should be entrusted to the and of the nineteen reprints care of the Committee of Public 39,500, making a total of 43,500 Instruction, that such of them copies printed since the last anni- might be translated as were judgversary. The Society was stated

ed likely to benefit the public. A to have printed altogether set had also been forwarded to 360,500, to have circulated William Roberts at Madras, and 298,856, and to have on hand to the Rev. William Adam of Cal61,644. From this large stock cutta, with an expression of the the Subscribers had to be supplied Committee's hope, that the enlightwith their allotments for the cur- ened Rammohun Roy might deem rent year.

some of them worthy of being During the past year the Com- translated into the languages of mittee have found channels for Hindoostan, and as calculated to sending sets of the Tracts to se- second his benevolent efforts to veral public bodies at Paris, and spread among his countrymen a to a Lady who wanted them

knowledge of the pure morals and because most of the cheap publi- universal philanthropy inculcated cations there circulated among the by the Christian religion. The poor were of a mystical nature; to Committee had also embraced the libraries of the Spanish and an opportunity of sending out to Portuguese Cortes; to Tripoli, his India 50 sets of the Tracts under Excellency Al Cheriff Hassuna the care of John Cumming, Esq., D'Ghies, the Ambassador from late of Exeter, who is going to that kingdom, kindly engaging settle at Calcutta, and who has to translate some of them for the kindly undertaken to use his best improvement of his countrymen; efforts to get a depôt established and to M. Bowyer, the President in that city, and to promote the of Hayti, who is also very desir- circulation of the Tracts. On ous of improving the mental and the whole, the Committee felt moral habits of the interesting authorized in congratulating the

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