Imatges de pÓgina


but אני הוא to the Hebrew ones or a repetition of the אנא אנא

The Syriac Version of the of God, because he laid down his New Testament furnishes life for us.” Such is the common with the means of the nearest version of this passage, and al. approximation to the very words though the words of God are adof Jesus Christ. This is one of mitted to be an interpolation, the earliest versions, if not the and give a sense perfectly remote earliest, of the Canon of the New from the design of the Apostle, Testament, and it is a version into and which would never have oca language differing, in the opi- curred to an ordinary reader, yet nion of Michaelis, from that spo- we are modestly assured, that the ken by our Lord chiefly in res- translation, although, “rather free pect of pronunciation. Moreover is substantially correct”! Itis not it ranks, perhaps, the highest in however upon this acknowledged point of accuracy and fidelity.

addition to the words of the What then is the reading of the Apostle, that the Trinitarian interSyriac Version for eyw Elpe? In pretation of this passage is now

made to rest. This is found un. all the passages hitherto quoted in which that expression occurs

tenable, and therefore recourse with only one exception, the

must be had to something else. reading is the same, and that Accordingly we are informed, that reading is, not 11 XIN, which are

although the pronoun he (EKELVOS) the Syriac words corresponding in this verse certainly describes

Jesus Christ, yet on account of

the remoteness of the reference to a

verse 8th, where he has been last first personal pronoun. It is therefore at least more probable

mentioned, it “cannot have here

the usual power of a pronoun that these are the words spoken

according to which it points to a by our Lord, and of which the

noun which had occurred shortly phrase of the Evangelist is a

before;" that“ it must by itself translation. The exception to

designate the Lord Jesus;" that which we have referred is Luke xxi. 8. where the Syriac sup

“nothing can be more likely than

that" the Apostle employed it plies the word Messiah.

" in the same sense in which the We have thus shown that this Hebrew pin is often used;" and pronoun is not used, either in that it “undoubtedly here means Arabic or Hebrew, of itself to God.” One might have hoped, that designate God, and that nei- a sober minded man on reading ther the translators of the Old the words he laid down his life Testament, nor the writers of the would have been deterred, indeNew, understood the phrase pendent of all criticism, from εγω ειμι in the peculiar sense applying them to that Being who which is ascribed to it by the

ONLY hath IMMORTALITY. But anonymous writer in the Asiatic The triumph of implicit Observer.

faith over sound reason and As a sort of Appendix to his

common sense is complete. The remarks on the Hebrew pronoun

death of God would appear to

be an idea as familiar to the R17 he, has also attempted to

mind of the learned and pious force a new meaning on the writer in the pages of the ObGreek pronoun εκεινος in 1 John server, as it was to that of the ¡li. 16, * Hereby we know the love ignorant and presumptuous ca



the pro

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balist, who some months ago filled same pronoun to Moses, to John this city with his clamours. the Baptist, to Peter, to Judas With regard to the remoteness

Iscariot, to a thief and a robber, of the antecedent, and the asser

and even to the devil, who was a tion that the usual power of

murderer from the beginning and

the father of lies. See John εκεινος is to point to a noun,

i. 8. v. 35. 46, 47. viii. 44. x. i. which had occurred shortly be

xiii. 6, 26, 27. fore, it will surprise our readers, to learn that an eminent Trinita

It is instructive to remark the rian commentator, Dr. Macknight,

vacillations of a system which upon whom the late Bishop of Cal

has not truth for its basis. Trinicutta, in his Doctrine of the Greek tarians of the present day find it article, passes so high a eulogium, necessary to contend that EKELVOS takes it for granted in his note " by itself designates God;" and on this passage, that EkelvoS is we have consequently been call“the relative pronoun by which

ed upon to disprove such an unthe Greeks expressed the remote

founded assumption. In former antecedent.” Instead therefore, times, αυτος of the Apostle having done any

noun that had the mark of orthing contrary to Greek usage, thodoxy stamped upon it. Thus in giving this pronoun such a re- we find Glass laying some stress mote reference, it would have on the fact, that this pronoun is been contrary to Greek usage, if applied by the same writer both any other pronoun had been em- to Christ and to God: “in N. ployed. But if, as is asserted, Τ. αυτος de Deo dicitur Ηeb. . “it must by itself designate God," i, 12. et de Christo Heb. xii. then it does so independent of the 3." Accordingly Socinus had

or remoteness of the to reason with those who believantecedent, and therefore it will ed “ab hoc scriptore (Johanne) do so in every other instance in

pronomine autos Christum powhich it is used. But to what

tissimum significari, etiamsi ilcontradiction and absurdity will

le proxime nominatus non fuenot this lead? The Apostle John

rit.” Such are the inconsisten“ whose mind,” we are informed, cies of those whose object ra“ seems to have been very deep

ther is to support a system than ly impressed with that fundamen

to discover truth. tal truth of Christianity, the divinity of the Lord Jesus,” and We have replied to this new who, to convey this impression to argument with greater minutehis readers, “used the pronoun

ness than it deserves, and perEKELVOS here, in


haps at greater length than may in which the Hebrew be pleasing to our readers. We 811 is often used, intending trust, however, that they will to magnify thereby the infinite perceive the propriety of our love of the Lord Jesus, who, be- showing the untenableness of ing God, equal to the Father, i every position that may be taken emptied himself for a time of his in defence of a doctrine which Divine glory, took our nature up- as alike opposing the authority of on him, and in this nature suffer- Scripture and outraging human ed and died for us on the cross," reason will soon be rauked, by this same Apostle applies this all serijus and impartial men who




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examine it, with the kindred doc. | by a great majority of the Christrines of Transubstantiation and tian world. It is appointed to Consubstantiation. We cannot be sung or said,” in the Engin the mean time conceal our sur- lish Churci, thirteen times a prise that any one who pretends year, at morning prayer,

instead to real learning, and professes a of the Apostles' Creed. sincere reverence for the records

The Episcopal Church of Ameof inspiration should have employ rica, at a Convention from seven ed in support of it an argument of the States, held in Philadelso little consistent with either.

phia, in the year 1785, had the

wisdom to exclude this confession Athanasian Creed.

from their Prayer-book; and notWe will commence our account withstanding the exhortation of of this confession of faith, with a the archbishops of Canterbury few notices of its history. In and York, to receive it again into the first place, it is pretty evident the service, they persisted in its that it was not composed by the exclusion. bishop, whose name it bears. The

We will now copy entire, this principal reasons on which the

celebrated Creed from the English learned found this conclusion are

Book of Common-Prayer; withthese. It is not contained, nor even alluded to, in any of the ge. that any of our readers will be

out entertaining the least fear nuine works of Athanasius. It

converted by it. is not mentioned by any of the writers who immediately succeed

The Creed of St. Athanasius. ed him. It was not appealed to,

"Whosoever will be saved, bein the controversies between the fore all things it is necessary that Eastern and Western Churches, he hold the Catholick Faith. in the seventh and ninth centu

Which Faith, except every one ries. It was not cited till about do keep whole and undefiled, the year 800, nor received into without doubt he shall perish the church till about the year everlastingly. 1000, although Athanasius died as " And the Catholick Faith is early as the year 373. The learn- this; that we worship one God in ed Fabricius is of opinion that it | Trinity, and Trinity in Unity ; was composed in Latin long after neither confounding the Persons, the fifth century, and subsequent- nor dividing the substance. For ly translated into Greek. It is there is one person of the Father, probable therefore, that it was not another of the Son, and another in existence till some centuries of the Holy Ghost. after the death of Athanasius;

“But the Godhead of the Faand that it received his name, on account of his having been, Ghost, is all one'; the glory equal.

ther, of the Son, and of the Holy thoughout his life, the staunch

the majesty co-eternal. Such as champion of the doctrine of the

the Father is, such is the Son, Trinity.

and such is the Holy Ghost. The The Athanasian Creed is either Father uncreate, the Son unauthorized or allowed by the create, and the Holy Ghost unGreek Church, the Roman Ca- create.

The Father incompretholic Church, and the Estabilsh- hensible, the Son incomprehened Church of England; that is, / sible, and the Holy Ghost incom




prehensible. The Father eter- “Furthermore, it is necessary nal, the Son eternal, and the to everlastiug salvation, that he Holy Ghost eternal; and yet also believe rightly the incarnation there are not three eternals, but of our Lord Jesus Christ. For the one eternal. As also there are right faith is, that we believe and not three incomprehensibles, nor contess that Lord Jesus three uncreated; but one Christ, the Son of God, is God created, and one incomprehensi- and man. God of the substance ble. So likewise the Father is of the Father, begotten before Almighty, the Son Almighty, and the worlds; and man of the subthe Holy Ghost Almighty; and stance of his mother, born in the yet there are not three Almigh- world. Perfect God and perfect ties, but one Almighty.

man; of a reasonable soul, and hu“So the Father is God, the Son

man flesh subsisting. Equal to the is God, and the Holy Ghost is Father as touching his Godhead; God; and yet they are not three

and inferior to the Father, as Gods, but one God. So likewise touching his manhood. Who al. the Father is Lord, the Son Lord,

though he be God, and man, yet and the Holy Ghost Lord; and he is not two, but one Christ; one; yet not three Lords, but one

not by conversion of the GodLord.

head into flesh, but by taking of “For like as we are compelled

the manhood into God; one alby the Christian verity to acknow

together; not by confusion of ledge every person by himself to substance, but by unity of Perbe God and Lord; so are we

For as the reasonable soul forbidden by the Catholic Reli

and Aesh is one man, so God and gion to say, There be three Gods man is one Christ. or three Lords.

“Who suffered for our salvati“The Father is made of none; on, descended into hell, rose again neither created nor begotten.

the third day from the dead. He The Son is of the Father alone;

ascended into heaven, he sitteth not made, nor created but begot

on the right hand of the Father, ten. The Holy Ghost is of the God Almighty; from whence he Father, and of the Son; neither shall come to judge the quick and made, nor created, nor begotten, the dead. At whose coming all but proceeding. So there is one men shall rise again with their Father, not three Fathers; one

bodies; and shall give account Son, not three Sons, one Holy for their own works. And they Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts. that have done good shall go into “And in this Trinity none is

life everlasting; and they that

have done evil into everlasting afore, or after other; none is great- fire. er or less than another; but the

“This is the Catholick Faith; whole three Persons are co-eter

which except a man believe faith. nal together, and co-equal. So that in all things, as is aforesaid, fully, he cannot be saved.” the Unity in Trinity, and the Tri- There! that is the Athanasian nity in Unity, is to be worship-Creed ;-à long, antithetical, ped.

damnatory chapter of contradic. “He therefore that will be sav. tions and absurdities, laid down ed must thus tikink of the Trinity. | as an infallible exposition of the

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Gospel of peace, pardon, and much less for those forms and love.

minutes, it had not been amiss if It has been remarked of it, that the final judgment had been left in its primary principles, it con- to Jesus Christ; and indeed to sists of two parts, of doctrines, me it seems very hard to put unand of curses ; the former of charitableness into the creed, and which are not intelligible, and the so to make it become as an artilatter are.

“ If it were the re- cle of faith.-Unitarian Miscelverse," says Dr. Jortin, “it would

lany. have been more for the credit of the writer.” For our own parts, we read these same curses with

Letter from President Adams. the excited, and not unpleasant The following letter emotions, with which we should written by John Adams, the sucread a high flight of imaginative cessor to Washington in the Prepoetry. Not that we invariably sidency of the United States, and peruse them with this feeling; for was addressed to Dr. Bancroft of we are filled with sorrow and Woroester in Massachussets, the indignation, when we revert to author of the sermons which it those dark times, in which an ec- so highly eulogizes. The Library clesiastical curse was no matter of of the Unitarian Society in Calpoetry, but a very serious thing ; cutta contains a copy of these and we thank God, that although sermons. The letter, from the diswe are not even now in the full | tinguished character and varied light, yet the palpable darkness experience of the writer, will, we of those ages has past away. think, prove interesting to our When unoccapied by such reflec. readers.-- ED. tions, however, we cannot help

Quincy, Jan. 21, 1823. being amused with the highhanded DEAR SIR, and daring confidence of what are called the “damnatory clauses"

I thank you for your kind of this composition. Let us just letter of the 30th December, and look back to the second clause.

above all for the gift of a precious “ Which Faith," that is, the string monds set in links of gold.

volume. It is a chain of dia

I of mysticisms which follows,

have never read or heard a vocept every one do keep whole, and

lume of sermons better calculated und.filed,—what will be the con

or adapted to the age and country sequence ?-Why, “

in which it was written. How DOUBT he shall perish everlasting

different from the sermons I heard ly." We call that, the sublime of

and read in the town of Worcestheological impudence.

ter, from the year 1755 to 1758. “ If it were considered con

As my destiny in life has been cerning Athanasius' Creed,” says somewhat uncommon, I must beg Jererny Taylor, in his ' Liberty pardon for indulging in a little of Prophesying,' “ how many egotism.--I may say, I was born people understand it not, how and bred in the centre of theolocontrary to natural reason it. gical and ecclesiastical controverseems, how little the Scripture sy. A sermon of Mr. Bryant, says of those curiosities of expli- minister of the parish, who lived cation, and how tradition was on the spot now a part of the farm not elear for the article itself, on which I live, occasioned the



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