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THE FINE ARTS.
FINDEN'S ILLUSTRATIONS OF Byrox. STONE, from the sketch of an amateur. -PORTRAITS OF THE PRINCIPAL FE- Part II. contains a view of the Palace of MALE CHARACTERS IN THE WAVERLEY Ali Pacha, Constantinople ! a delicately Novels. These periodicals of the Fine finished vignette ; a view of Corfu from Arts claim notice from their connexion the Sea, with a splendid range of mounwith the works they illustrate, though we tains; the Franciscan Convent at Athens, are not in the habit of devoting space to an effective picture of an old building ; pictorial criticism. Of FINDEN's Illus Lisbon from Fort Almeida, which rather trations of Murray's complete Edition disa ppoints, as views of modern cities, from of the Works of Byron, there are now their hard outline, and rigid angularity, six Numbers published, each containing must very often do. The foreground of seven pictures. In this galaxy of the bril. this view is more within the line of liant and the beautiful, it is not easy to painting, and consequently more attracsingle out for notice each “ bright peculiar tive. The Ruins of the Temple of Jupistar;" and our remarks must be brief ter Olympus at Athens are not liable to and cursory on a work which unites, in these objections. The ruins are finean unrivalled degree, cheapness, with talent the sky glorious. A portrait of Ali in art, and beauty of imagination. Most Pacha might do for a head of Wolsey. of the engravings are executed by the It represents the ample and furrowed Findens, which may often mean under brow, the bold broad hook-nose, and retheir superintendence. The drawings are solute expression of countenance, imagiby different artists and amateurs ; a few nation assigns to this redoubtable persongems of art are by TURNER. We can. age; but not in the least the mild mealynot even mention all the names of artists mouthed gentleman whom Byron has de. without unduly extending the notice. scribed.
In Part I., we have Byron as a sailor The illustrations improve as the numlad, at the age of nineteen-an attractive bers advance. Part III. gives us Marapicture; a View of Cadiz, by Stanfield, thon, a lovely vignette ; and a Street in and one of Lochin-y-gair, that scene on Athens, an agreeable picture. Geneva, the Highland Dee, celebrated by the minor Chamouni, and a View on the Lake of poet. Belem Castle, Lisbon, is a clear and Como, are all good prints, and, along distinct print; Yanina is a fine subject, with them, we have the early love of with somewhat of the charm of oriental Byron, Miss Chaworth, at the age of costume, and of the picturesque in archi- seventeen. Though the face looks not tecture, which is more elaborately de- more than thirteen, it is full of latent veloped in subsequent views of the series. character. This head is beautifully enIn this part is an exquisite girlish head, graved by Mote, as are all the portraits. Pred.], the Maid of Athens, drawn by On the head of Ada, the daughter of Byron, gieat pains have been bestowed : and glancing scimitars. Noble action, and there is an expression of thought in the majestic repose, are the grand elements of sweet little face, not common to child- this splendid specimen of Turner's pencil. hood, and deeply affecting. The face of Santa Maura possesses vearly the same the little girl (now a young lady of seven- character as the view on the Hellespont. teen) possesses beauty of the kind which The stretch of mountains rising sheer grows as we gaze upon it. This portrait from the water, is hard and stiff; the is in Part IV., which contains two charm- bridge not unlike the jagged edge of a ing vignettes ;—the Coliseum from the small saw; but the foreground is rich and Orto Farnesa, and view of the Wengen pictorial. The Piuzzetta of St. Mark's Alps, by HULMANDELL; in which bare Place, Venice, in this number of the pine trees, log-houses, felled timber, pea. illustrations, is an effective picture in its sants and cattle, and “ Alps on Alps," tell own style. It is by Prout. There is a that intelligible story which gives a pic- distant view of the churches beyond the ture its stirring vital interest. Cintra Lagune. The enriched surface of the forms one of the most delightful views of pillars, and the fret-work of that old artist the series. In delineating that
Time, are spiritedly engraved. Ithaca . variegated maze of mount and glen,
and Delphi are interesting subjects. In
the latter the rocky gulf is boldly given ; the poet has inspired the painter. We the scanty waterfall is very bald and very have here
stiff. The horrid crags, by toppling convent crowned, The Sixth Part of the illustrations The cork-trees hoar, that clothe the shaggy steep, abound in beauty. There are four home The mountain-moss by scorching skies embrowned, views; three of them by Westall,—NewThe sunken glen, whose sunless shrubs must weep, The tender azure of the unruffled deep,
stead Abbey ; the Old Fountain at NewThe orange tints that gild the greenest bough, The torrents that from cliff to valley leap,
stead ; and Hucknall Church. These, The vine on high, the willow branch below, the two first especially, are charming unMixed in one mighty scene, with varied beauty pretending pictures. The foliage in the glow.
Old Fountain, and the ivy embowering The Mosque of St. Sophia, from the the windows of the Abbey are delicately Bosphorus, is a superb architectural sub- handled. Lochin-y-gair, the second, is a ject, but too stifly and precisely given to true Highland landscape ; groups of deer inspire that feeling of the majestic for scattered over a rough heath in the forewhich we seek in views of this nature. ground, with a few broad-topped pineThe water and the vessels lighten and re- trees; a castle smoke rising peacefully in lieve the view. Mafra, a stately and the middle distance, and the vale opening magnificent edifice, is more interesting on a view of wild and dreary Scottish to the architect than the lover of paint- mountains. Malta, though the artist is ing, who may turn to the Castle of Chil- Turner, does not steer clear of the pastelon—a fresh life-like portrait of a place, board hardness of surface and outline, inwith which all the readers of Byron are separable from a view of rows of houses. familiar. The “massy waters " of Lake Cadiz, by Colonel Batty, though otherLeman are holding their troubled coil wise a fine picture, is liable to the same around its foundations, heaving and pitch- insuperable objection. The Maid of ing the boats, as if they were about to Saragossa, an imaginary portrait, we descend to the dark dungeon vaults over presume, is not taken in her softer which they are rocking. Part V., which hour.” It is, however, a fine, unexaggeris the most splendid in the series, contains ated, dark, female countenance; exprestwo drawings from the magic pencil of sive of strength of character, but of no Turner. One a lovely vignette, of which passion. Lady Byron's picture is in this the subject is the Church of Santa Maria number. From an incidental, but it may Della Spina at Pisa, Italian groups in be an incorrect source, we learn that her boats in the foreground ; and towers, and ladyship sat on purpose for this portrait, turrets, and enriched buildings, springing that her picture might go among the other from the water, like the creations of en- embellishments of this edition of her huschantment. This, decidedly, is the most band's works. Apart from the knowledge brilliant vignette of the whole, yet bril. of the fact, that this is the portrait of the liant is not the term. The Hellespont wife of Byron, of a lady mixed up with Sestos and Abydos, is a clear, truth-telling so many calamities and mysteries, there is picture. The Acropolis is another mas- nothing noticeable in the countenance, ter-piece of Turner ;-sunset behind the one way or another.
It is a neutral phydark temple-crowned mountain, and ruin- siognomy; the face of a person likely to clad steeps rising boldly from the wide hold on the even tenor of her way, if once plain, over which parties of Turkish fairly set out upon it; of a quiet, calm, troops are careering, with flying banners unpretending woman, without one strik
ing feature, or any indication of a character traits which a vivid preconception rejects beyond the common-place. The pleasure as counterfeits, must not wonder if he fails, with which we have gone over this work though his works should even transcend of art, marks a high opinion of its merits. previous imaginations. Every man has a It is beautiful in itself, unrivalled in Flora Macivor of his own, hung in cheapness, and, from its connexion with fancy's gallery. We all know the anthis new edition of Byron, will be always tique style of the classic features of the interesting and valuable, and in a few high-souled and enthusiastic maiden, years rare.
whose beauty was but the softened re
flection of her heroic brother. CHALON ILLUSTRATIONS OF MODERN SCULP- has given us, for Flora, a beautiful young TURE, No. I., with Descriptive Prose female; but one who, we can swear, we and Illustrative Poetry. By J. K. HER- never saw before, and wholly disclaim as VEY.-.We hope the periodicals of the the sister of Vich lan Vhor. The same Fine Arts, which are becoming so plenti, thing holds throughout.
The sweet, ful, will drive half the Annuals to the baby-faced girl, with her golden locks wall, and that we shall have works which fantastically arranged, whom Leslie has are one thing or another. This is a painted, is not Rose Bradwardine,-cansplendid publication. The Specimens of not be: this is a simple pretty girl, whose Sculpture are selected from the finest soul has not yet been awakened. In the works of the best modern artists. They sweet composure, and nun-like beauty of are beautifully drawn by Corbould, and Mary of Avenel, one is more disposed to engraved with great care and delicacy. recognize an original ; probably, because There are three plates in the Number. this quiet character is less one of the The Happy Mother, from a work of haunters of imagination than Rose or Westmacott, is exquisitely soft; the pic. Flora. Mysie Happer is another failure, ture of maternal atfection in beautiful from the same unconquerable cause. repose
Here is a pretty girl with a pleasing ex
pression of face. She may be a milliner Patient as the brooding dove.
girl ; or one who would hand ices or A Dancing Girl, Canova, forms the se- jellies charmingly over a counter, or cond subject. There is some dispute twenty other things, but it is impossible about the idea intended to be conveyed she can be that rustic Juliet, the Miller's by this sculpture. In the Illustrations, Daughter. We will not have ber palmed it is called the Dancing Girl in Repose. off upon us; and positively deny her “ Nothing," says Mr. Hervey, “can ex- identity, even to that small parcel of her ceed the grace of attitude, or the sweet- charms, the “very seducing dimple."ness of expression, in this figure. The And who shall venture to present the gentle inclination of the head to meet the world with a Rebecca, an Amy Robsart, raised forefinger; the chaplet loosened a Minna Troil ? that world which has from the hair, and hung carelessly over its mind made up on the subject, and its the arm, which supports the languid imagination full of them, each a distinct frame; the relaxation and abandonment image. Why, then, attempt impossibili. of the limbs; and the sweet and voluptu. ties? But this is an objection which, beous expression of the face, speak at once sides closing the Sir Walter Gallery, of the past excitement and toil, and would put an end to half the business of life, the present weariness and repose; while shut up the theatres, arrest the printing the drapery is arranged in folds, which press, suspend the operations of gravers are made to exhibit the richest contours and pencils. Such attempts must be of form, and produce lines of infinite made, whether they wholly succeed or beauty.” The third groupe is from a not. Many imaginations are still a carte basso relievo by Flaxman, Mercury and blanche on which any image desired may Pandora. It is somewhat heavy, whe- be traced ; others are so ductile as easily ther the fault lie with the painter or en- to receive new impressions; and many, graver. The verses descriptive of this under the power of habit, will feel the print possess great beauty. We shall first painting of their own fancy becoming watch the progress of this beautiful work dim, and flitting from memory, as they with interest; and can assure such of our contemplate the newer portrait ; as a readers as may not have seen it, that it second love in sight insensibly supplants will well repay the trouble of examina. a first, removed in time and place. tion.
A series of fine female portraits, like The Scott Gallery of Beauties com- these, are worth having, (when they can mences under many disadvantages. The be obtained so cheaply,) although they may artist who assumes the nearly impossible not do that impossible thing, realize a task of passing off as the real persons, por. million differing fancies of their fair prototypes. There is dogmatism in our first along with them a rare Cicerone, Mr. Allan opinion. Though this splendid creature Cunningham, telling us their story, and may not be our Flora, she may be many the history of their makers, and how to a man's Flora ; and though this is not our look at them. The printed illustrations Mysie Happer, we never saw a fairer. of this number make sixteen pages of ele.
gant letter-press. It is like the prints THE ALBUM WREATH.-A weekly royal size, and will, with them, make a
with which it is stitched up, of super periodical intended for ladies and young splendid volume. Is it judicious in the persons, consisting of original poetry, expositor to tantalize provincials with his select sentences, and so forth; printed on tinted paper, with blank pages, and Me- eloquent eulogium on the colouring of the dallion borders, for appropriate illustra. original TITIAN? Do not his just criti
cisms on the GUERcino intimate that this tions and sketches. It is too cheap. Luxuries in printing, as in every other is not the sort of subject for a popular seart, must be paid for. The design is bet. lection? The GAINSBOROUGH will please ter than the execution, which is not very
Of it the illustrator says,
every body. effective, nor can be at such price. Some truth, airiness, and beauty; all is home
“ The picture before us is one of singular of the verses are pretty.
bred about it. The stamp of Old Eng
land is impressed upon it every where." MAJOR'S CABINET GALLERY OF Pic. Those late agreeable works of Mr. Allan TURES, No. I., With Critical and His. Cunningham’s_his somewhat embellished torical Descriptions, by ALLAN Cun. LIVES OF BRITISH Painters have given NINGHAM.—The plan of this publication him ease, fulness, and facility in handling is excellent. It is to give in monthly. this subject; but besides his ability in this numbers a series of pictures from the department, we are certain he could give finest specimens of paintings, by the old professional people most useful hints in and modern masters, which are to be making a popular selection from the best found in the public or private galleries of paintings, for English purchasers. Mr. Britain. Nor is there any law, we pre. Major deserves praise for his attempt; and sume, to limit the selections to pictures is safely entitled to our best wishes for his within the four seas. There is no rea. success, since nothing short of continuing son why transcripts of the beauties of the to combine the same degree of talent and Italian galleries may not be brought to beauty, with cheapness, can, now-a-days our own fire-sides. Mr. Major's first ensure prosperity to his work. number contains three prints, Bacchus Pyne's POCKET SKETCHING COMand Ariadne, by Titian, from the Na- PANION.- Many of these little sketches tional Gallery. Christ in the Sepulchre, possess character, spirit, and freedom. by GUERCINO, and the Market Cart, a Those in No. I. are capital. Our cheapcharming English composition by GAINS. ness in prints will soon be, if it be not BOROUGH. These pictures, fair trans- already, as wonderful as in needles, pins, cripts of the valuable originals, may be and cottons. We shall beat the globe, brought to any table in the three king- which some of our first publishers have doms, at the cost of half-a-crown; and already challenged.
EVERY body says, and consequently of fashion, to the capricious disfavour every body believes, that the palmy days of the press—the straightened purses of of the Drama are for ever gone, and its pleasure-hunters,—the misguidance of glory utterly shadowed; the fact, waive managerial monarchs,-public apathy, ing its melancholy attire, is interesting monopolies,—the absence of general tawere it only for speculation's sake; as there lent, as well among histrionic artisans, as stands not, perhaps, out of Euclid, a pret- in dramatic composition,—and a crowd tier problem for solution, than an inquiry of minor suppositions, any one of all into the causes of the present degraded which, were sufficient to have wrought, state of theatricals. We are not about in a greater or less degree, to the sore to work it, but will content ourselves prejudice of the acted drama. Now with simply naming, for the edification of fashion may have done much, but fashion, the thoughtless, a few of those which have though a leader, is itself led; managerial been enumerated. Ingenuity is ever most influences may have accomplished much, fertile, where uncertainty prevails, and for they are as omnipotent as they have accordingly this lamentable consequence been, allegedly deleterious; but (to pass has been severally ascribed to the frown by the other attributed reasons as of less comparative force) much more in the very soul, (let him consult his conscience) opinion of many whose thoughts are worth and though he jauntily turn his countenthe having, has been effected by the hearty, ance contemptuously from it, his latent unqualified, and concurrent censure in attachment is firm and faithful, and its which the press has, for some years past, interests are still dear to him. Much as indulged. If there be one power of easier it is decried, few subjects are more at. achievement, and of more general exercise tractive; and, had he common penetrathan another, it is the power to find fault; tion, he would see that the vivid eagerand that disposition is of prescriptive ness he unconsciously manifests for all right, exhibited upon all fitting occasions kinds of theatric intelligence, (which, beby the critics of this favoured land, in a cause he clothes his thoughts in hard and peculiar degree, for grumbling is the birth- unpleasant words, he fancies he despises) right of every Englishman. Undeniably betrays but his unconquered regards. one unceasing growl, most untowardly It is partly on account of the univerfor the dynasty of the drama, has issued sality of this feeling, denied as it may be, from the sensorial throats of our literary partly because our purpose is not altoguardians, the primum mobile of which gether unsolicited, and partly from reait were now difficult to discover. All our sous which are not the less cogent for bescribes, it is quite certain, have long con- ing unmentioned, that we have come to curred, with most felicitous unanimity, the intention of directing our profundity in smothering it under the cumuli of their towards the drama, and those of its col. rancorous hostility. Fierce as fighting- lateral branches which form the source, cocks in their general inter-enmity, they if not of amusement, of animadversion have united in accordant fraternity to to thankless multitudes. We have there. pour upon it the phials of their aggregat- fore invested ourselves with all proper ed wrath, or to use in commonality, as parental attributes, and shall straightway the waste-pipe for the escape of their un- exercise our important functions, by watch. lovely humours;—that there has been ing over its doings, directing its steps, fair reason for much of this acerbity, no pointing out the course of duty, and, so one can doubt, and no one can doubt, far as our authority shall extend, enforcemoreover, that it has necessarily increased ing its fulfilment. Publicity is a mighty the evil it sought to redress.
incentive to good behaviour, and we shall The continued strain of this unrelent. record its advancement to, or retrogression ing vituperation could not fail ultimately (if further be possible) from the propriety to induce a corresponding tone among of excellence with even-handed impartithose who were its warmest supporters; ality, lamenting for the error of its ways; and the public, a sad weak-minded in its well-doing rejoicing. monster, enjoying a grunt to the full as As our remarks will be based upon as well as his betters, rose of course en masse much liberality as is consistent with truth and followed in the merciless desecration, in its nudest state, and an indifferently till at length every seventeen-year-old fair share of comparative honesty, we frequenter of the two shilling galleries shall be sore wounded if our sagacity do began to babble forth second hand itera. not supply such a monthly commentary tions, touching the decline of the drama as shall at least show our desire to serve and the pervertion of its legitimate objects, the interests thus taken under the wings with as much confident flippancy as any of our protection, and prove to the outerlearned Theban of them all.
most ends of the earth, the rigorous The public, however, still cherishes to- equity of our decisions, tempered, as wards the drama feelings of greater fond. they ever are, with clemency in this, as in ness than he cares to avow, or has shrewd all other matters, submitted to our decreness to suspect. He loves a play to his tal judgment.
MUSIC. The only publications that have reach. structed compositions, in the anthem style ed us for notice this month are three vo- The subjects are simple and melodious; cal sacred quartetts, composed by the late and the harmony is uniformly accurate and C. W. Bannister, and edited by his son effective. Although not, perhaps, exactly Mr. H. J. Bannister, who has added to calculated to gratify the scientific amaeach a separate piano-forte accompani. teur, these compositions well deserve the
The late Mr. Bannister's compo- extensive circulation they have obtained. sitions are, we believe, much esteemed by They are the productions of a tasteful and the dissenting congregations in England. well-informed musician, ard are well fitThe quartetts before us, entitled Nebo, ted to inspire devotional feeling. Shirley, and Consummation, are well con