Imatges de pàgina

of corn has been injured by the rains ; Within the last few weeks higher prices but the injury is not serious; and though have been obtained in London than the it has prevented the harvest from being staplers could obtain from their customers so splendid as was anticipated last month, in Yorkshire ; which may be ascribed in it will not prevent the enjoyment of part to the small quantity of German abundance, and a comparatively low price wool brought to the market, and in part to of provisions. In any country, but more the activity of the manufacturers in the particularly in one cursed with an un- West of England. At the German Wool natural and oppressive corn law, a plen- Fairs this year, the German, Belgian, tiful harvest is a vast creation of substan. Swedish, and Russian manufacturers were tial wealth. It fills the pockets of the unprecedently bold and eager in their farmer, who soon transfers a large por competition with the English buyers ; tion of his gains to the shopkeeper and and the fact is, that the woollen manu. manufacturer; and, above all, it greatly factures of the continent, and especially ameliorates the condition of the bulk of those of Germany, are rapidly on the inthe population, the working classes. On

That country supplies itself en. the other hand, as the English corn law tirely with superior qualities of woollens, has made the trade in grain little better and only comes to England for the lower than a gambling adventure, the bounty qualities, of which, however, a large quanof Providence will in all probability be tity is still sent. the ruin of many corn-merchants who THE Cotton MANUFACTURE is imhold foreign grain and flour in bond. proving in every branch. There is an The harvest having been very abundant increased demand for goods and yarn of in Holland, Germany, Denmark, Poland, all descriptions. About the middle of the and France, there will be no possibility month, owing to the great consumption of of re-exporting the foreign corn now in the raw material, the price of cotton rose our bonded warehouses, without submit. in the '


markets of Liverpool, Glasgow, and ting to an enormous loss. The quantity London, ls. 4d. per pound; and, to a cer. of foreign wheat in bond at London in tain extent, this advance has been realized the early part of September was 313,852 on goods and yarns, though in some cases, quarters, besides 106,385 cwt. of flour ; not quite to the extent of the advance on and, notwithstanding the falling price, cotton. There is, however, a strong proupwards of 30,000 quarters have been bability, that the manufacturers will be liberated in one week, paying the enor- able to command a price, proportionate to mous duty of 24s. 8d.

A great fall has the cost of the raw material. The cotton taken place in the price of grain within factors of Lancashire are in full work, and the last two months, and especially within the weavers are also generally employed, the last month. In the middle of July though at very low wages; the same may the average price of wheat, according to be said of the cotton trade of Glasgow. the official statement, was 67s. 8d. per The spinners' profits continue to be miquarter ; in the middle of August, it was serably small. At Liverpool, trade has 64s. 7d. ; and in the middle of Septem- been exceedingly brisk. Large arrivals ber, it was 58s. A further decline will have been followed by extensive sales, at no doubt take place before the close of the improving prices. The sale of dyeing month.

wares and woods, which affords a good Since our last, the two great manufac- test of the activity of manufactures, has tures of the country, the cotton and the been slack both in London and Liverpool woollen, have experienced a decided im- for several months past; but during the provement. There is an increased de. last month a considerable improvement mand for goods, and the prices, both of has taken place, at least in the important the raw material and the manufactured article of indigo. On the 13th instant, article, are looking upwards. In London, there was an unusually large sale of intrade continues very dull. The Baltic tim- digo, comprising 729 chests of East ber trade suffers more and more, in conse- India, and 4 serons of Guatimala, and, quence of the absurd preference given by with the exception of only 6 chests, the our legislature to the bad timber of Ca- whole sold with spirit at an advance of nada over the good timber of the Baltic. 3d to 4d per pound on the prices of the The corn market, from circumstances sales on the 20 August. above mentioned, is of course heavy. THE WOOLLEN MANUFACTURE par. The wool market, on the other hand, is ticipates in the general improvement of steady, and prices are looking upwards. the country; though the manufacturers of

Yorkshire are much harassed and fettered The market for colonial produce is very flat. in their operations, by a Trades' Union, Within the last month a fall of from Is. to s. per unprecedented in its extent and power, cwt has taken place in sugar, and there is a simi. lar reduction in Jamaica coffee.

and sometimes dictatorial and unreasona


ble in its conduct. The demand for the a great scarcity of manufactured goods at finer kinds of woollens still continues Rio de Janeiro, Pernambuco, and Bahia ; black, both for the home trade and expor- in consequence of which, the exchange tation. There are but few London buyers rose in a few months from 22 up to 43. in the market, and these purchase spa- This favourable turn in the exchanges, ringly. For low qualities of woollens, the continued tranquillity of the country including blankets, flannels, and baizes, under the new Government, and the imthe demand is brisk and steady; in conse- proved demand which the Brazilians had quence of which the price of English for their Coffee in consequence of the parwools is looking upwards. The cloth tial destruction of the Coffee crops in Jahalls of Leeds and Huddersfield are be- maica, combined to give an extraordinary coming rather bare of goods, and the stimulus to exportation ; and great quandomestic manufacturers, by whom the tities of British Manufactures have been coarse woollens are generally made, are sent, and are now going to those markets. actively employed. Preparations are The increased confidence in the stability already making by some of the manufac- of the Brazilian Government, is mani. turers to avail themselves of the New fested by the improved price of Brazilian American Tariff; which will admit the bonds on London, which were at 43ļ at lowest qualities of woollens into the the beginning of June, and are now at 52. United States, after the 3d of March next, Trade has also revived at Buenos Ayres, at the trifling duty of 5 per cent, ad valo- in consequence of the cessation of the civil

At Rochdale, Bury, and Rossen- wars, by which the Argentine Provinces dale, where flannels and baizes are chiefly have, for years been afflicted. On the made, there is considerably more activity conclusion of peace very few goods were than there has been for the last six months; found, and there was speedily a great deone of the best proofs and fruits of which mand for them; the natural effect of which is an advance of wages voluntarily made has been a large exportation from this by the masters.

country. In consequence of our excessive THE WORSTED STUFF TRADE is un. and depreciated paper currency, the exusually active, and a great amount of change at Buenos Ayres, was gradually business is weekly done at the Bradford depressed from 47d. down to 7d. ; and, market. A slight advance has taken place the cause not having been removed, the in the price of some kinds of goods, and effect still continues. The good state of the rise is expected to become general. the South American markets, has, of The demand is both for home consump- course, produced considerable activity at tion and exportation.

Liverpool, and been a relief to the ma. In the United States, trade has been nufacturing districts of England, brought to a stand, in the great commer- The prospects for the trade of the councial cities of New York and Philadelphia, try, are, on the whole, satisfactory. A by the ravages of the Cholera. So great heavy load of taxation, and an abominawas the terror of the inhabitants of the ble system of Corn Laws are the main obformer city, that no less than one hundred stacles to mercantile and manufacturing thousand persons, nearly one-half of the prosperity. So long as the present Corn population, quitted their occupations and Laws continue, there can be no reliance on homes, and spread themselves over the a satisfactory and steady intercourse with agricultural districts. The shops and the United States; and our manufactu. stores were closed, and the whole city rers will find the competition of their Eu. wore the aspect of gloom and mourning. ropean rivals becoming every year more By the last accounts it appears that the formidable. The abolition of the Corn disease was subsiding, and that commerce Laws, or even such an alteration of them was beginning again to be attended to. as would allow the importation of corn at The existence of this disease will, no all seasons, on the payment of a moderate doubt, continue greatly to depress trade duty, would give a great stimulus to the for several months; and no material revic industry of the country. A reduction of val can be expected until the Spring, taxation, and an improvement on the then there will, no doubt, be an extensive moule of levying it, would be attended importation of goods from England. with the same beneficial results. The

The markets on the eastern coast of country looks to a reformed Parliament South America, have, within the last few for the realization of these advantages. months, experienced a wonderful improve- Much as the press of England has done ment. Owing to the want of confidence in correcting vulgar errors on commercial in the new Brazilian Government, few subjects, much still remains to be done ; goods were sent out to that country for for not only amongst persons altogether many months after the expulsion of unacquainted with trade, and amongst the Emperor. There became, therefore, those who know nothing of it beyond its manual operations, or the set routine of surdity. It is astonishing that any mau the counting-house or counter, but amongst capable of even the lowest operations of extensive merchants, who are also authors reason should not see the folly of acting and members of Parliament, the grossest on such a principle ; yet is there a conignorance is still displayed of the very ele. siderable party, both in Parliament and mentary principles of commerce. A not- the country, who gravely propound and able example of this was given the other zealously support it. day at Leeds, where Mr. Michael Thomas It is too well known that France will Sadler, formerly a linen-draper, but now not admit “ the woollens and stuffs of a linen-merchant, and one of the Duke of En d.” By Mr. Sadler's advice, then, Newcastle representatives in the House of we ought to prohibit the “silks, wines, Commons, whilst soliciting the suffrages and brandies of France." And how of that great mercantile town, uttered a would this mend the matter? It would sentiment which alone ought to induce not induce France to admit English the electors to reject him as the represen- woollens ; for we have tried the system tative of their interests. Mr. T. B. of high duties on “ silks, wines, and Macaulay, M.P., a Commissioner of the brandies ” long enough, in all conscience, Board of Control, who, with Mr. John without in the smallest degree influen. Marshall, jun. is to represent the borough cing, except perhaps to confirm, the French of Leeds in the next Parliament, had de- absurd anti-commercial policy. We must clared

then either forbid the introduction of “ As I am for freedom of discussion and French articles altogether, or at least forof worship, so I am also for freedom of bid their importation direct from France. trade. I am for a system under which In the former case, if the smuggler would we may sell where we can sell dearest, allow the prohibition to be of any effect, and buy where we can buy cheapest. I the English nation would be precluded firmly believe that, by just legislation on the use of the only good brandies, and of commercial subjects, a great part of that fine and wholesome wines, for which there distress which the people of this country is a growing taste in this country. Would labour under may be alleviated or re- this be an advantage ? In the latler case, moved."

the only effect of the restriction would We rejoice to find a member of the be, that the brandies and wines of France Board of Control so plainly declaring this would be imported from Holland, at a important principle of free trade. Let higher price, in order to pay the expense Mr. Macaulay apply the principle to the of two voyages. Perhaps this may seem India and China trade, as we have no to Mr. Sadler's judgment the greater doubt he will, and the gigantic monopoly national benefit; though we are at a loss of the East India Company will be anni. to conjecture which branch of the alterhilated in the first session of the reformed native would appear to so perverse and Parliament. A man holding this enlarged eccentric a mind the more eligible. view of the true interest of British com- It is most evident that this system of merce, is worthy to represent a town commercial retaliation is not merely inwhose manufactures can only flourish in flicting punishment upon others, but upon the atmosphere of freedom; and we re. ourselves ; a practice to which revenge joice to learn, from what we consider the may urge a child or an idiot, but which best authority, that his return for Leeds, one would think no grown man, in posand that of his liberal colleague, are se- session of the reasonable faculty, much cure. Mr. Sadler, who addressed the less any great and wise government, could electors after his honourable competitor, by possibility countenance. made the following remark on the sub- It is Coubtless highly desirable, for the ject of free trade :

sake of extending the commerce of Eng“ As to free trade, he thought it ought land, to form commereial treaties with to be reciprocal ; that if we took the other nations on the principle of “recisilks, wines, and brandies of France, that procity.” Such a system Mr. Sadler seems country ought to take in return the woollens to recommend ; yet who so fierce as he and stuffs of England.

in denouncing the “reciprocity treaties " Of course Mr. Sadler leaves it to be in- of Mr. Huskisson ? Reciprocity, in the ferred that if the trade is not reciprocal, ordinary meaning of the word, implies it ought not to exist at all ; that if France something to be done by both parties ; will not “ take the woollens and stuffs of but the “ reciprocity” Mr. Sadler deEngland,” neither ought England to take mands is one which he must have learnt “the silks, wines, and brandies of France!" in his journeys to buy Irish linens, and This is one of the most vulgar errors of which consists in the granting of advanthe opponents of free trade, and an error tages and facilities by other nations to which Mr. Sadler exhibits in naked ab. England, but by no means requires that England should give advantages to them in return. A treaty stipulating that English vessels should be received into Prussian ports on certain advantageous terms, would answer to Mr. Sadler's no. tion of “reciprocity ;" but if it went on to provide that Prussian vessels should be admitted on equally favourable terms into English ports, it would be worthy of all execration!

These are the politicians who would sell to every body, and buy from nobody ; who would make the English nation eat gold and clothe themselves with gold, seeing that they would fain receive nothing but gold from abroad ; who would subject every article which it is worth while to have free, to the fetters of mono. poly; who would exclude foreign com

modities, and yet call themselves the friends of the shipping interest; who would shut out foreign vessels from our ports, and yet boast themselves the protectors of the manufacturing interest ; who would compel the colonies to buy dear English provisions, and yet pretend to be especial friends to the colonies; who would restrict us at home to the consumpof high-priced sugar and bad timber, and yet boast of their kindness to the mother country ; who would give a monopoly to every interest, and then boast themselves general benefactors; forgetting, meanwhile, that there were at least as many consumers in the nation as producers, and that a system of all-pervading monopoly is an all-pervading oppression and curse.


THE NATURAL Son." _This CANTO I. and resolves to leave his aged tutor. Before of a plebeian Don Juan, is put forth, we we get this length in the adventures of are told, as a pilot-boat or schooner, to as- George, we meet with enough that is strikcertain how the trade-winds set in. We ing to tempt us onward. The journey to hope they may blow favourably ; as London leads to many stanzas of vigorous we shall be glad to see the full-freighted and beautiful description; and proves vessel come up

The Natural Son, with that with all his waywardness and pera hundred faults, blemishes, extrava. versity, one has a true man to deal with. gancies, slovenlinesses, indecorums, and de- A day of good walking brings our hero to liberate and wilful offences against good the Greyhound Inn, where taste, is a work to pause on the pro

Calling lustily for lights and supper, duction of a vigorous mind in a state of he is ministered to, by a mysterious fermentation; and possessed, if we do not

damsel, who stoops to conquer, in guise of flatter ourselves, of strength sufficient to

the bar-maid; and informs him that work off its own feculence. As if in con

“ He should have both his supper and his bed." tempt of all conventional ideas and habitudes, and of the theory of Mr. Shandy

And then she gathered up her silk attire,

And placed the lights upon the polished table; senior, the writer names his six-feet

Her well-turned form the sculptor might admire, hero, George Selwyn Short; brings him And choose it for a model ; soft as sable into life with the brand of bastardy on

Was the black lash that veiled her glance of fire,

Flashing forbidden beams; would I were able his forehead, and places him as a serjeant, To trace those subtle shades, half-love-half. wearing a blue uniform, in the London hopePolice! His history and adventures are

Deep, fond, and melting as an antelope, taken up from, and before his birth. His Roaming, with its young mate, the desert wide :

The soft, voluptuous swimming of the eyes, father is a Scottish Peer, his mother, an The small white hand, the lip like scarlet dyed, Irishwoman, (we presume) who dies in The circling breast, formed to engender sighs her twentieth year, leaving George

In man's stern being : have ye seen a bride,

Led to the altar, in her virgin dyes, About the age when boyhood learns to spell.

When her becoming blushes, like a star made

Light for her lover's heart so beamed the bar. The peer is seized with remorse and deli

maid. rium, and follows her

to the grave.

Her wild romantic features had a shade George is brought “ to a pastoral home,'

Of classic Grecian beauty-such as gleams

From the Medici marble : band nor braid near the town of Lynn, is educated with Fettered her silken hair, that fell in streams, the sons of the neighbouring gentry, and And o'er her neck in rich profusion strayed becomes “ a master-spirit of the place,”

A cloud of glossy curls-enriched with beams

Of living light ; tresses that seemed to sparkle, excites the envy of his companions, is up- Now black-now bright-and then again to braided by them for the stigma of his birth,


The damsel's character is as changeful in • Simpkin and Marshall, p. 80.

hue as are her tresses, and George, though

he had studied woman's countenance Next morning George mounts the box before now, is rather perplexed. His of the Red Rover, guitar lures back this tassel-gentle. She Booked“ outside” for the British Babylon; warns him against enchanting one“ to Sappho near allied,” and next tells him,

is set down at the Bolt-in-Tun; and being

backed by good interest, is enrolled in the " When first we met,-for mirth I did intend, Your handmaid to have been at this night's nie's sour applause,” is promoted to the

Force, gathers laurels, wins “ testy Birrevel, But now, in sooth, I sue to be your friend : dignity of sergeant, and yet languishes in

Touch me that note again, that I may feel the civil service.
The rush of sound upon my soul, and blend
My spirit with the music.”

Weeks waned ! months waned! and Selwyn's

soul grew tired George cannot do less than comply. Of dogging sin, and the street-harlot pale. He sings and plays “ My heart and lute." One of his adventures we give, which, This scene will be more approved by the in truth and pathos, justifies more than admirer of poetry than the moralist. The we have said in praise of this singular effects of music on this susceptible maiden, work :of duets in particular, are highly inflamma.

“One bitter night he paced near Whitehall Stair : tory and dangerous. The whole scene is The bridge looked" lone and tenantless; the an exhibition of abused power. The lady lamps who has been parleying with our hero in

Cast o'er the murky stream a fitful glare,

Paling the gathered gloom ; the vapoury damp this dangerous sort, is singing this Condensed upon his brow; whilst lonely there, closing stanza, when a carriage wheels are

In dirt-bedabbled drapery, that stamps heard :

The carnal sinner, some poor straggler roved

Heart-struck and faint-a victim that had loved. Go-go to the halls of light, stranger,

It was a bitter night-a bleak March night, Where woman's breast is free ;

Rainy and raw the fog crept to the bone : Where eyes that are sunny bright, stranger,

In the dim haze, she faded from his sight, Are far more meet for thee,

Leaning her head in anguish on the stone Then away to the festal scenes of men,

of the cold granite block; her brow-how whiteBut cast not thy spells in the Haunted Glen.

How marble pale! why droops she there alone

Sad and forlorn ? moaning as one in dread,She springs away, leaving our friend

Her clouded eyes fixed on the river-bed. George in a trance, from which he is re

Sullen and glazed, and bloodshot,-with the tear

Quenched in their sockets; such a look of care, called by the real bar-maid,

So wild and wo-begone, seemed past all fear

Of mortal sufferance; for black Despair Who tended briskly with the supper-tray,

Coiled round her bosom, desolate and drear, Square, squab, and fat, and clad in russet grey. Blasting the founts of hope: she staggered And now


Struck by an icy pang, and bowed her knee,
The sad gaze he cast upon the chicken,

And gasped and shuddered in her agony.
Were early symptoms that the deer was stricken. The veins upon her brow rose purple deep,

Yet ghastly pallid was her lip and skin, However, by certain appliances he re- As if her gore grew stagnant: then the steep cruits, for

She clomb, and strove the parapet to win:

The last cold shivers through her bosom creep ;Eftsoons, he swallowed, like a dolphin, down She shrinks-she hides her face, down plung, A little sea of ale, from Scotia good ;

ing in :

A stifled shriek, a plash upon the river, and Berwick's cordial does not, in his A struggle, and her breath is quenched for ever. case, belie its quality and character. We

The gushing waters carried her away, do not choose to follow George through

And whirled her, in an under-current, strong his haunted slumber, “ tossing in its

Beneath a stranded barge: there, wbite she lay,

Fretting for weeks: in vain the exploring tantal web," but rather long to see one throng, who has the power to compose verses like

The men of the Humane, the livelong day,

Dragged for the sunken corse with their lifethe following, subject all his dreams,

prong: whether sleeping or waking, to thorough One arm was fiercely driven by the flood

Under the keel and fetaered in the wood. purification.

They dragged another day-yet vain the searchThere are deep caves where souls long lulled That sand-bank was her burial-place : then reside,

darted Peopling the busy chambers of the brain Forth from their gulfy pools the pike and perch, With quick events, that on the stirring tide And glanced in circles round the corse, then Of mernory are límned; and voices vain,

started Lone sounds and shapes, of earth dilate and glide, Back to the glassy depths-till, with a lurch, And the night-fiend clanks loud her bone-knit The river-shark dashed at it, and disparted chain,

A portion from the breast-and bit away,

A finny glutton, at the human prey.
Pale visioned forms-with lips that have no breath, Then slime, and mud, and shells, fast settled o'er
Up from the void eternity of sleep,

The decomposing body, and the scent
Float dimly round us, like a misty wreath- Gathered together, from the sewer and shore,

A mountain vapour white; and reptiles creep, The land.rats fierce, and down the element And dumb toad-crawling creatures, imps of death, Greedy they dived, and with their keen tusks tore Bask brown in our dream paths; then terrors The clotted eyeballs, and the nostrils rent; steep

And fish, and vennin, and the conger eel,
The brow with moisture.

Fed ravenous, and daily made their meal."


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