Strength of Materials and Theory of Elasticity in 19th Century Italy: A Brief Account of the History of Mechanics of Solids and Structures
This book examines the theoretical foundations underpinning the field of strength of materials/theory of elasticity, beginning from the origins of the modern theory of elasticity. While the focus is on the advances made within Italy during the nineteenth century, these achievements are framed within the overall European context. The vital contributions of Italian mathematicians, mathematical physicists and engineers in respect of the theory of elasticity, continuum mechanics, structural mechanics, the principle of least work and graphical methods in engineering are carefully explained and discussed. The book represents a work of historical research that primarily comprises original contributions and summaries of work published in journals. It is directed at those graduates in engineering, but also in architecture, who wish to achieve a more global and critical view of the discipline and will also be invaluable for all scholars of the history of mechanics.
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19th century Accademia dei Lincei bars beam Beltrami Betti calculation Castigliano Cauchy Cerruti Clebsch coefficients components considered constraint reactions continuum mechanics coordinates corpi corpo costruzioni Cremona Culmann deformation derivatives displacements distortions elastic body elasticità élastiques engineering Enrico Betti equazioni equilibrium equations expression external forces formulas forze function funicular funicular polygon Gabrio Piola geometry graphical statics infinitesimal Intorno isotropic l’équilibre Lagrange Lagrange multipliers lavoro Lincei linear elastic matematica mathematical Maxwell Maxwell’s Meccanica memoir Menabrea method Milan minimum Mohr molecular molecules Navier nodes obtained paper Paris Piola plane Poisson polygon of forces potential principio problem projective geometry può reciprocal figures redundant Saint Venant School of Application sistemi elastici Statica grafica statically determined statique strain strength of materials stress structures surface tensions teoria theorem theory of elasticity Torino translation truss Turin variation vector calculus Volterra