Imatges de pÓgina

Leaves with opposite distant serratures. Flower-leaves very entire. Seeds with four awns, two of which are larger. Woodw. Stem a little hairy, (two feet high, branched. E.) Calyx segments egg-spear-shaped, with black lines. Blossom and summits yellow. Anthers brown. Germen pyramidal, quadrangular.

E.) Wet ditches, marshy places.
A. Aug.-(Sept. E.)
Var. 2. Flowers with radiated florets in the circumference: (and thus dis-
tinguished from Coreopsis. E.)

Fl. Dan. 841-Barr. 1209-H. Ox. vi. 5. 22.

Frequently on the same plant with var. 1. Woodw., as in the lower part of fig. Fl. Dan.

Coreopsis Bidens. Linn. In England, and very frequent in Ireland. R. Syn. 187. n. 2. About Tarporley and other places in Cheshire. Hudson. Norfolk, but not common. At Ditchingham. Mr. Woodward. (Road side between Llanyngenel and Rhyddpont, Anglesey. Rev. Hugh Davies. E.)

Var. 3. Dwarf.

Fl. Dan. 312, (the left hand fig. and dissected floret.)-Ray 7. 2. Seems to differ in no other respect than in its dwarfish size and wanting the serratures on the leaves, which probably would appear if the plant acquired a more expanded growth in a moister atmosphere. Var. 2 merely exhibits an unusual degree of luxuriance.

B. minima. Linn. In the fish pond on the moor near Somerset Bridge,
Surry. Dill. in R. Syn. In a splashy rivulet at the bottom of Tittensor
Common, Staffordshire; and also near Birmingham. Stokes.

B. TRIPARTITA. (Leaves tripartite: seeds upright, with two or three bristles: calyx leafy at the base: bracteas unequal. E.)

Curt. 237-Blackw. 519-(E. Bot. 1113. E.)-Pet. 20. 7-Dod. 595. 1—
Ger. Em. 711. 1-Park. 595. 7—Ĥ. Ox. vi. 5. 20.

Leaves, segments deeply serrated, the middle one much the largest. Calyx, scales oval, fringed with hairs, the inner smooth, with yellow membranous edges. Woodw. Flowers terminal, yellow, (nearly upright, uniform, tubular, smaller than those of the other species. Stem upright, two or three feet high, branched, expanding, leafy, bluntly four-sided, furrowed, smooth. Leaves opposite, smooth, sometimes with five segments. E.)

Graban cir-rhan. E.) Marshy and watery places. A. Aug.-(Sept. E.)*
Var. 2. Dwarf.

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Fl. Dan. 312, (the right hand figure.)

Only a starved plant, but its upright flower, and the incipient divisions on the leaves, sufficiently shew to which species it belongs.

(A dye may be prepared from this plant, with alum, to stain cloths yellow. Lightfoot states that in chemical qualities it much resembles the celebrated Verbesina acmela, and therefore infers the probability of its proving serviceable in calculous complaints. E.)

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Recept. naked: Down feathery: Calyx oblong, tiled: Style prominent, cloven half-way down. E. CANNAB'INUM. Calyx five-flowered: leaves with finger-like divi


(E. Bot. 428. E.)-Fl. Dan. 745-Blackw. 110-Fuchs. 265–J. B. ii. 1065. 2-Trag. 491-Lonic. i. 241. 2-Matth. 1015-Dod. 28. 2-Lob. Obs. 285. 1, and Ic. i. 528. 2-Ger. Em. 453. 2-H. Ox. vii. 13. 1—Park, 595.

Stem three or four feet high, branched. Leafits mostly three, sometimes five, spear-shaped sharply serrated at the base, towards the point very entire. Calyx scales few, strap-shaped. Seeds black, scored, smooth, little more than a line long. Down sessile, hair-like, when viewed with a glass finely toothed, not three lines long. Woodw. Stem reddish, rather cylindrical, slightly woolly. Leaves serrated, slightly woolly. Calyx membranous, coloured, a little hairy. Florets five and six. Blossom purplish red, sometimes white; clefts shallow. Styles and summits with a tinge of red. Germen covered with minute shining globules. HEMP AGRIMONY. WATER AGRIMONY. (Welsh: Byddon chwerw. E.) Banks of rivers and brooks. P. July-Aug.†

Var. 2. Leaves simple, egg-spear-shaped.

This is the seedling plant of early flowers the first year; the second year, as I have frequently observed, it has digitate leaves. Woodw.

Near Lee, in the road to Eltham. Dillenius. Near Bungay. Mr. Woodward.


Flowers discoid: Recept. naked: Down simple: Calyx hemispherical, imbricated: Style scarcely longer than the florets. E.)

(C. LINO'SYRIS. Herbaceous: leaves linear, smooth: scales of the calyx loosely spreading.

PLATE XXXV.-E. Bot. 2505.

Root creeping, with long, stout fibres. Stem erect, round, rigid, simple, smooth, leafy, a foot high, or not so much. Leaves numerous, scattered, linear, acute at each end, entire, rather fleshy, rough with minute white points. Flowers few, terminal, corymbose, of an uniform yellow; their stalks hardly scaly in our specimens. Florets about thirty, uniform, Seeds hairy. Down minutely rough. Cells of the receptacle with a slight jagged border, not amounting to scaliness. E. Bot. FLAX-LEAVED GOLDYLOCKS. Linarea aurea Traji. Ger. Em. This rare plant, new to the British Flora, was discovered in the autumn of 1812,


* (Eunalwρion, of Dioscorides, a surname of Mithridates, king of Pontus, by whom the plant was introduced as an alexipharmic. E.)

+ An infusion of a handful of it vomits, and also proves a strong cathartic. An ounce of the root in decoction is a full dose. In smaller doses the Dutch peasants take it as an alterative, and antiscorbutic (the turf-diggers especially, being peculiarly subject to swellings and ulceration of the legs. E.) Goats eat it. Cows, horses, sheep and swine refuse it. (Dr. Swediaur recommends the root as a diuretic serviceable in dropsy. E.)

(From xpucos, gold; and xou, hair; not inapplicable to the general colour of the flower; but probably applied by Dioscorides to plants of which that circumstance was more obviously characteristic. E.)

by the Rev. Charles Holbech, of Farnborough, Warwickshire, (by whom we have been favoured with specimens,) whilst exploring the rocky promontory of Berry Head, Devon. It grows in great plenty, amongst coarse grasses, about two hundred paces from the westernmost battery, on the Dartmouth side. It has more recently been observed by Dr. Wollaston on the south-western extremity of the Mendip Hills, Somersetshire, P. Aug.-Sept. E.) SANTOLI'NA.* Recept. chaffy: Down none: Calyx tiled, hemispherical.

S. MARITIMA. Flowers forming a corymb: leaves oblong, blunt, scolloped, very downy. E. Bot.

Dicks. H. S.-(Hook. Fl. Lond. 137. E.)-E. Bot. 141-Mill. 135—J. B. iii. a. 157. 2-Pet. 20. 8-Lob. Adv. 201, and Ic. i. 480. 1-Ger. 516Clus. i. 329. 3-Dod. 65-Ger. Em. 640. 3-Matth. 860-H. Ox. vi. 4. 47.

(Root descending to a great depth, branched. Stems recumbent at the base, brittle, cylindrical, leafy; branches upright. Leaves numerous, alternate. Stigma protruding. Fl. Brit. E.) Whole plant white and cottony. Leaves spear-shaped, scolloped, blunt. Chaff as long as the calyx. Seeds two-edged, downless, whence it should seem to be rather a species of Santolina. Linn. Blossom bright yellow. (Florets remarkably prolonged down the sides of the germen, forming two ear-like appendages, whence the novel generic distinction, Diotis, of Desfontaines. E.) SEA COTTON-WEED. (Irish: Liah Luss beag. Welsh: Llwyd boneddig; Moredafeddog. S. maritima. Huds. With. Willd. Fl. Brit. E.) Athanasia maritima. Linn. (Diotis maritima. Hook. Sm. E.) On the sea shore. Near Abermeney Ferry in Anglesey; and between Penzance and St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall. Ray. Isle of Shepey; and near Poole, Dorsetshire. Hudson. On the Devonshire coast. (On the beach just above high-water mark, one mile north of Landguard fort, Suffolk. Sir J. E. Smith. On the Burton and Bridport sands. Rev. Palk Welland. E.) P. Aug.-Sept.


TANACETUM. Recept. naked: Down none: Calyx hemispherical, tiled: Florets of the circumference trifid, narrow-strap-shaped, sometimes wanting.

T. VULGA'RE. Leaves doubly winged, cut, serrated.

Woodv. 115-Kniph. 2-(E. Bot. 1229. E.)-Ludw. 22-Fl. Dan. 871— Dod. 36. 1-Lob. Obs. 432. 1, and Ic. 749. 1-Ger. Em. 650. 1-Park 81. b.-H. Ox. vi. 1, row 1. 1, f. 1-Pet. 20. 9-Blackw. 464-Fuchs. 46— J. B. iii. a. 131. 2—Ger. 525. 1-Trag. 158-Matth. 908-Lonic. i.

151. 3.

(Supposed to be derived from a district of Gaul, near the Alps, wherein it abounds. E.)

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