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Leades with opposite distant serratures. Flower-leaves very entire. Seeds
with four awns, two of which are larger. Woodw. Stem a little hairy, (two feet high, branched. E.) Calyx segments egg-spear-shaped, with black lines. Blossom and summits yellow. Anthers brown. Germen
pyramidal, quadrangular. Nutant DOUBLE-Tooth or BUR-MARIGOLD. (Welsh : Graban ogwydd. E.) Wet ditches, marshy places.
A. Aug.-(Sept. E.) Var. 2. Flowers with radiated florets in the circumference: (and thus dise tinguished from Coreopsis. E.)
Fl. Dan. 841-Barr. 1209-H. Ox. vi. 5. 22. Frequently on the same plant with var. 1. Woodw., as in the lower part of
fig. Fl. Dan. Coreopsis Bidens. Linn. In England, and very frequent in Ireland. R. Syn.
187. n. 2. About Tarporley and other places in Cheshire. Hudson. Norfolk, but not common. At Ditchingham. Mr. Woodward. (Road side between Llanyngenel and Rhyddpont, Anglesey. Rev. Hugh Da.
vies. E.) Var. 3. Dwarf
Fl. Dan. 312, (the left hand fig. and dissected floret.)-Ray 7. 2. Seems to differ in no other respect than in its dwarfish size and wanting the
serratures on the leaves, which probably would appear if the plant acquired a more expanded growth in a moister atmosphere. Var. 2
merely exhibits an unusual degree of luxuriance. B. minima. Linn. In the fish pond on the moor near Somerset Bridge,
Surry. Dill. in R. Syn. In a splashy rivulet at the bottom of Tittensor
Common, Staffordshire; and also near Birmingham. Stokes. B. TRIPARTI'TA. (Leaves tripartite : seeds upright, with two or three
bristles : calyx leafy at the base : bracteas unequal. E.) Curt. 237-Blackw. 519–(E. Bot. 1113. E.)-Pet. 20.7-Dod. 595. 1–
Ger. Em. 711. 1-Park. 595. 7-Á. Or. vi. 5. 20. Leaves, segments deeply serrated, the middle one much the largest. Całyr,
scales oval, fringed with hairs, the inner smooth, with yellow membranous edges. Woodw. Flowers terminal, yellow, (nearly upright, uni. form, tubular, smaller than those of the other species. Stem upright, two or three feet high, branched, expanding, leafy, bluntly four-sided, furrowed, smooth. Leaves opposite, smooth, sometimes with five seg
ments. E.) Trifid DOUBLE-TOOTH. WATER HEMP. (BUR MARYGOLD. Welsh :
Graban cir-rhan. E.) Marshy and watery places. A. Aug.-(Sept. E.)* Var. 2. Dwarf
Fl. Dan. 312, (the right hand figure.) Only a starved plant, but its upright flower, and the incipient divisions on
the leaves, sufficiently shew to which species it belongs.
(A dye may be prepared from this plant, with alum, to staia cloths yellow. Lightfoot states that in chemical qualities it much resenibles the celebrated Verbesina acmela, and therefore infers the probability of its proving serviceable in calculous complaints. E.)
EUPATOʻRIUM.* Recept. naked : Down feathery: Calyr
oblong, tiled : Style prominent, cloven half-way down. E. CANNAB’INUM. Calyx five-flowered : leaves with finger-like divis
sions. (E. Bot. 428. E.)-Fl. Dan. 745—Blackw. 110-Frichs. 265–J. B. ii.
1065. 2— Trag. 491-Lonic. i. 241. 2–Matth. 1015_Dod. 28. 2-1.ob. Obs. 285. 1, and Ic. i. 528. 2-Ger. Em. 453. 2-H. Ox. vii, 13. 1-Park,
595. Slem three or four feet high, branched. Leafits mostly three, sometimes
five, spear-shaped sharply serrated at the base, towards the point very entire. Calyx scales few, strap-shaped. Seeds black, scored, smooth, little more than a line long. Down sessile, hair-like, when viewed with a glass finely toothed, not three lines long. Woodw. Stem reddish, rather cylindrical, slightly woolly. Leaves serrated, slightly woolly. Calyr membranous, coloured, a little hairy. Florets five and six. Blose som purplish red, sometimes white; clefts shallow. Styles and summits
with a tinge of red. Germen covered with minute shining globules. HEMP AGRIMONY. WATER AGRIMONY. (Welsh: Byddon chwerw. E.) Banks of rivers and brooks.
P. July-Aug.t Var. 2. Leaves simple, egg-spear-shaped. This is the seedling plant of early flowers the first year; the second year,
as I bave frequently observed, it has digitate leaves. Woodw. Near Lee, in the road to Eltham. Dillenius. Near Bungay. Mr. Wood
ward. (CHRYSO'COMA. Flowers discoid: Recept. naked : Down
simple : Calyr hemispherical, imbricated: Style scarcely
longer than the florets. E.) (C. LINO'SYRIS. Herbaceous : leaves linear, smooth: scales of the calyx loosely spreading.
PLATE XXXV.-E. Bot. 2505. Root creeping, with long, stout fibres. Stem erect, round, rigid, simple,
smooth, leafy, a foot high, or not so much. Leaves numerous, scattered, linear, acute at each end, entire, rather fleshy, rough with minute white points. Flowers few, terminal, corymbose, of an uniform yellow; their stalks hardly scaly in our specimens. Florets about thirty, uniform, acute. Seeds hairy. Down minutely rough. Cells of the receptacle with
a slight jagged border, not amounting to scaliness. E. Bot. FLAX-LEAVED GOLDYLOCKS. Linarea aurea Traji. Ger. Em. This rare
plant, new to the British Flora, was discovered in the autumn of 1812,
(Eun alwpror, of Dioscorides, a surname of Mithridates, king of Pontus, by whom the plant was introduced as an alexipharmic. E.)
† An infusion of a handful of it vomits, and also prores a strong cathartic. An ounce of the root in decoction is a full dose. In smaller doses the Dutch peasants take it as an alteratire, and antiscorbutic (the turf-diggers especially, being peculiarly subject to sweile ings and ulceration of the legs. E.) Goats eat it. Cows, horses, sheep and swine refuse it. (Dr. Swediaur recommends the root as a diuretic serviceable in dropsy. E.)
† (From xpugos, gold; and wount, hair ; not inapplicable to the general colour of the flower; but probably applied by Dioscorides to plants of which that circumstance was more obviously characteristic. E.)
by the Rev. Charles Holbech, of Farnborough, Warwickshire, (by whom we have been favoured with specimens,) whilst exploring the rocky promontory of Berry Head, Devon. It grows in great plenty, amongst coarse grasses, about two hundred paces from the westernmost battery, on the Dartmouth side. It has more recently been observed by Dr. Wollaston on the south-western extremity of the Mendip Hills, Somersetshire.
P. Aug.-Sept. E.) SANTOLI'NA.* Recept. chaffy: Down none: Calyx tiled,
hemispherical. S. MARIT'IMA. Flowers forming a corymb: leaves oblong, blunt,
scolloped, very downy. E. Bot. Dicks. H. 9.–(Hook. Fl. Lond. 137. E.)-E. Bot. 141--Mill. 135–J. B.
jii. q. 157. 2-Pet. 20. 8-Lob. Adv. 201, and Ic. i. 480. 1-Ger. 516Clus. i. 329. 3- Dod. 65—Ger. Em. 640. 3—Matth. 860-H. Ox. vi. 4.
47. (Root descending to a great depth, branched. Stems recumbent at the
base, brittle, cylindrical, leafy ; branches upright. Leaves numerous, alternate. Stigma protruding. Fl. Brit. E.) Whole plant white and cottony. Leaves spear-shaped, scolloped, blunt. Chaff as long as the calyx. Seeds two-edged, downless, whence it should seem to be rather a species of Santolina. Linn. Blossom bright yellow. (Florets remarkably prolonged down the sides of the germen, forming two ear-like appen
dages, whence the novel generic distinction, Diotis, of Desfontaines. E.) Sea CottoN-WEED. (Irish : Liah Luss beag. Welsh : Llwyd boneddig;
Moredafeddog. S. maritima. Huds. With. Willd. Fl. Brit. E.) Athanasia maritima. Linn. (Diotis maritima. Hook. Sm. E.) On the sea shore. Near Abermeney Ferry in Anglesey; and between Penzance and St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall. Ray. Isle of Shepey; and near Poole, Dorsetshire. Hudson. On the Devonshire coast. (On the beach just above high-water mark, one mile north of Landguard fort, Suffolk. Sir J. E. Smith. On the Burton and Bridport sands. Rev. Palk Welland. E.)
TANACEʼTUM. Recept. naked : Down none: Calyx hemis
pherical, tiled : Florets of the circumference trifid,
narrow-strap-shaped, sometimes wanting. T. VULGA'RE. Leaves doubly winged, cut, serrated. Woodv. 115–Kniph. 24(E. Bot. 1229. E.)-Ludw. 22—Fl. Dan. 871–
Dod. 36. 1-Lob. Obs. 432. 1, and Ic. 749. 1-Ger. Em. 650, 1-Park 81. b.-H. O.r. vi. 1, row 1.1, f.1-Pet. 20. 9-Blackw. 464-Fuchs. 46J. B. iii. d. 131. 2-Ger. 525. 1-Trag. 158—Matth. 908Lonic. i. 151. 3.
(Sapposed to be derived from a district of Gaul, near the Alps, wherein it abounds, B.)