Imatges de pÓgina

(H. CERINTHOIDES. Stem solid, bearing a corymb, with leaves

hairy, slightly toothed: stem-leaves oblong, semi-amplexicaul : root-leaves inversely egg-shaped : leaf-stalks bearded with long


E. Bot. 2378Gouan. Ill. t. 22, f. 4Villars Dauph. v. 3, t. 32. Herb rather glaucous, one to one foot and a half high ; stem nearly smooth,

stout, slightly angular. Flowers rather large, pale yellow, on bristly stalks. Cal. covered with shaggy, but short, hairs. Radical-leaves besprinkled, though often slightly, with dots, a little like those of Cerinthe.

Sm. HONEYWORT-LEAVED HAWKWEED. Near the head of Clova, &c. An

other discovery of Mr. G. Don, who states it to be by no means a scarce plant in the Highlands of Scotland, growing upon rocks.

P. Aug. E.) (H. AMPLEXICAU'LE. Glanduloso-pilose: stem corymbose : leaves

toothed; radical ones oblongo-ovate, petiolate ; cauline ones

cordate at the base, amplexicaul. Has inany points in common with the last species, but is every where

covered with brownish glandular hairs, most thickly on the peduncles and involucre. Lower cauline leaves more or less oblong; upper ones

truly cordate. AMPLEXICAUL HAWKWEED. Walls the castle of Cleish, Kinross-shire.

Mr. Arnott. Clova mountains. Mr. G. Don. Hook. Scot. Said likewise to have become naturalized on the walls of Magdalen College, Oxford. Purt. Mid. Fl.

P. Aug. E.) H. SYLVATICUM. (Stem solid, many-leaved, simply racemose: leaves

egg-spear-shaped, toothed chiefly about the base : teeth pointing

forward. Sm. E.) (E. Bot. 2031. E.)-Allion. 28. 1-Lob. Obs. 517. 2, and Ic. i. 517. 1-Ger.

Em. 304. 2-Park. 801. 2-Tabern. 505. 1-J. B. ii. 1034. 3. (Flowers bright yellow, smaller than those of H. maculatum, and much

fewer, often but two or three in the panicle. Sm. E.) (Woop HAWKWEED. Welsh: Heboglys y goedwig. E.) H. murorum a.

Fl. Brit. H. sylvaticum a. Hook. H. sylvaticum. With. Sm. Grev., Chalky woods, or old park walls. E.) Old Roman Camp at Sidmonton, near Newberry. On the side of the lake Llyn y Cwn. Ray. (Epping Forest, near Highbeach. Mr. E. Forster. Coal-pit heaps, near Gateshead, and on the town walls of Newcastle. Mr. Winch. "Walls in Warwick. Perry. Arthur's Seat, and Braid Hill. Dr. Graham. Grev. Edin. E.) On Dudley Castle Hill, Staffordshire.

P. Aug. H. villo'sum. Stem tubular, branched: leaves rough with hair :

root-leaves egg-shaped, toothed : stem-leaves heart-shaped, am

plexicaul. Jacq. Austr. 87Clus. 141–J. B. ii. 1027 - H. Ox. vii. 5. 58–(E. Bot.

2379. Root-leaves very variable in size, the smaller ones on very long leaf-stalks.

Stem-leaves sometimes strap-shaped, and not embracing the stem. The

whole plant woolly, and when cultivated rising to the height of four feet. (The copious long shaggy hairs of the stem, leaves, and calyx ; and lemon

coloured flowers, nearly two inches over, distinguish this species. Sm. E.)

(SHAGGY ALPINE HAWKWEED. E.) Found by Mr. Dickson amongst wet

rocks on Ben Nevis, Scotland. Linn. Tr. vol. ii. 286. On rocks near Loch Callater, north of Clova. Mr. T. Drummond. Eng. Fl. Clefts of Rocks near Meer Gill, at the foot of Ingleborough, Yorkshire. Mr. Caley, (who since conjectures his plant may prove a new species, unless it be H. alpinum. E.)

P. Aug. (H. Halleri, thus characterised: “Stem erect, with one or two flowers,

slightly leafy ; leaves hairy ; lower ones obovate-oblong, stalked, toothed; upper lanceolate, much' diminished; calyx shaggy.” Considered by Smith as decidedly distinct both from H. villosum and alpinum, for which latter it has sometimes been mistaken; but it appears to be a somewhat taller plant; with the calyx, according to Hooker, having “ long silky hairs, principally near the margins of the scales,"_" by no means shaggy like H. alpinumwith a flower of a full golden yellow, not lemon-coloured like H. villosum ;" Sm., is said to have been found by Mr. G. Don on Clova mountains, in the Highlands of Scotland.-In a recent number of that most accurate, elegant, and, as far as merit can establish such a title; truly national work, the Flora Londinensis, Professor Hooker gives a representation of H. Halleri, (t. 215,) but considerable discrepancy may still be detected in the different accounts of this plant. The above learned author remarks, “ This, however, like all the other species of the genus, is liable to much variety in the size of the plant and especially in the breadth and toothing of the leaves ;” and, in allusion to H. Lawsoni, murorum, villosum, and alpinum, admits that he “can find no

limits to any of the characters.” E.) H. MOL'LE. Leaves soft, spear-shaped, nearly entire, (semi-amplexi

caul: E.) lower ones on leaf-stalks : flowers on fruit-stalks nearly forming a corymb.

Dicks. H. S.-Jacq. Austr. 119–(E. Bot. 2210. E.) Stem upright, unbranched, one or two feet high, scored, purplish, leafy,

somewhat hairy. Fruit-stalks terminal, few, one or two-flowered, one inch and a half long. Leaves oval, blunt, hairy on both sides, soft, the upper sitting, the lower tapering into leaf-stalks. Calyx not tiled. Leafits dark green, hairy, uniform. Flowers deep yellow. Seeds reddish, scored. It approaches H. murorum, and sometimes grows along with it, but it differs in the colour of the flowers, the number of leaves on the stem, and is truly distinct. Jacq. (Remarkable for obtuse radical leaves, which taper gradually into a long foot-stalk. Scales of the invo

lucre (calyx) with a few black glandular hairs. Hook. E.) (SOFT-LEAVED HAWKWEED. H. molle. Jacq. Willd. Sm. Hook. Found

by Mr. Dickson in the south of Scotland. Linn. Tr. vol. ii. 286. Lower fall of the Tummel, Glen Luss. Mr. Borrer. Hook. Scot. E.)

P. July-AugH. UMBELLA'TUM. (Stem erect, somewhat umbellate, nearly solid :

leaves strap-shaped, somewhat toothed, scattered: but slightly

hairy. E.) Curt.-Kniph. 9—(E. Bot. 1771. E.)-Pet. 13. 10 and 11-Clus. ii. 140

Dod. 638. 2-Lob. Obs. 120. 3, and Ic. i. 240. 1-Ger. Em. 298. 5-Park.

801. 1-J. B. ii. 1030.1-Fl. Dan. 680–Ger. 234. 6. Stem two to four feet high, simple, cylindrical, scored, hollow, (pithy

with a small cavity in the centre, Sm. E.) nearly smooth. Leaves numerous, without order, decreasing in size upwards, sessile, strap-spear

shaped, with a few pointed teeth towards the base, edges and ribs slightly hairy. Flowers large, yellow. Fruit-stalks branched, cottony. Floralleaves awl-shaped. Calyx scales strap-spear-shaped, the outer somewhat cottony, the inner smooth. Seeds cylindrical, smooth, furrowed. Doun

as long as the calyx. Woodw. NARROW-LEAVED HAWKWEED. (Welsh: Heboglys culddail. E.), Hedges

and dry shady places. Ditchingham, Norfolk. Mr. Woodward. Ditch banks near Birmingham. Stokes. (Woody hills at the back of Thorpe, near Norwich. E. Bot. Sea coast at Rooker's Gill, near Monk Wearmouth, Durham. Winch Guide. Dartmouth Castle. Rev. J. Pike Jones. On the walls of Warwick Castle ; and at Hord's Park, Salop. Purton. On south east side of Anglesey. Welsh Bot. King's Seat, Dunkeld.

Lightfoot. E.) Var. 2. Leaves smooth, very entire, dark green ; Dill. in R. Syn. truly linear.

Pel. 13. 12. About London, but not common. Near Bungay, frequent. Mr. Wood ward.

P. Aug.* CREʻPIS.+ Recept. naked, (very slightly hispid : Fl. Brit. E.)

Calyx double, outer one deciduous : Down hair-like,

somewhat pedicellate. I C. FÆTIDA. (Leaves between notched and winged, with reversed

teeth, hirsute: leaf-stalks toothed: stem hairy: calyx downy.

E.) (E. Bot. 406. E.)-Col. Ecphr. 242--Park. 794. 3Dod. 641. 3Lob. Obs.

113. 1, and Ic. i. 226. 1-Ger. Em. 279-H. Ox. vii. 14—Pet. 12. 8 and 9

-Magn. Bot. 129. Unopened flowers nutant. Leaves gmelling like bitter almonds. Linn.

rather like opium. Relh. Flowers small, yellow. (Stems spreading, branched, leafy, cylindrical, hairy; the central one only upright, about a foot high. Calyx hairy or woolly. Blossom reddish at the back. Receptacle honey-combed. Seeds slender, yellowish, furrowed, roughish.

Fl. Brit. Down on a long rough stalk. Herb lactescent. E.) Fetid Hawk's-BEARD. Dry meadows and pastures. About Cambridge.

Ray. Banstead Downs, by the side of the road to Dorking. Charlton chalk pits, Kent. Petiver. Near Greenhithe. Barton, near Swaffham, Norfolk. Mr. Pitchford. Near the sixth mile stone from Bury to Newmarket; and Great Saxham. Sir T. G. Cullum. Willington Ballast Hills, Durham. Mr. Winch. E.)

B. June-July. C. TECTO'RUM. Leaves spear-shaped, notched, sessile, smooth; the

lower ones (runcinate, amplexicaul. E.) Curt. 327—(E. Bot. 1111. E.)Walc.-Fl. Dan. 501-Pet. 12. 6-Gmel.

ii. 6-Lob. Ic. i. 239 Ger. Ém. 297. 4-Park. 194. QH. Ônvii, 7. 99

(In Scania, the Narrow-leaved Hawkweed is said to furnish an elegant dye for iroollens. E.)

+ (From xpenis, a shoe ; the blossom bearing some resemblance to the form of a slipper. E.)

# (It bas been attempted to limit the present genus to such as bave the down of the seed sessile, the others being denominated Barkhausia and Prenanthes; but the dowo, being far from invariable in this respect, affords no positive criterion. E.)'

-j. B. ii. 1024. i-Dođ. 636. 3-Lob. Obs. 113. i, and rc. 1. 229. 2_

Ger. Em. 281. 2-Park. 777.2J. B. ii. 1024. 2-Gér. 228. 2. Plant of an ash-coloured green. Śtem angulár, furrowed, (one to three feet high. - E.). Branches as long as the stem. Root-leaves resembling those of Leontodon Taraxacum; stem-leaves those of L. autumnale, but with the teeth at the base upright and longer; branch-leaves entire, strap-shaped, somewhat arrow-shaped and rolled back at the edge. Flowers of the appearance of those of Lapsana Communis, never drooping. Calyx furrowed, sprinkled longitudinally with clammy hairs. The plant, in most other respects, liable to great variations of structure and appearance, when growing in a rich soil as figured in Ger 228. 2, when in a poor soil more slender, about a foot high, with strap-shaped leaves somewhat toothed, resembling those of Plantago Coronopus, (as in Gmel. . 6. St.) or å hand’s breadth high. Linn. Root very long and taper. Stems purplish, often twisted, smooth. Calyr with black or brownish white hairs, terminating in small transparent globules ; outer leares five to ten, not deciduous; inner keeled towards the bottom. - Florets yellow on both sides. Down sessile, rather longer than the seeds, or the tubé of

the blossom. Smooth SUCCORY HAWKWEED or Hawk's-BEARD. (Welsh : Gwalchlys

Nyfn. E.) Meadows, pastures, walls, roofs, road sides. A. June-Sept. Var. 2. Leaves tapering to a fine point.

Pet. 12. 7. Pastures about London.

July-Aug. Var. 3. Leaves entire, toothed, either spear-shaped or egg-shaped,

Pet. 12. 7. Pastures about London. Sometimes the leaves are very entire, scarcely producing a single tooth. Var. 4. Stems trailing, leaves strap-shaped, very narrow, appárently from

the stem having been bitten off in the spring. C. BIEN'NIS. Leaves notched, wing-cleft, rough, toothed above the

base: calyx bristly. E. Bot. 149–Kniph. 6J. B. ii. 1025. 3C. B. Pr. 64-Park. 793H.

Or. vii. 4. 46-Pet. 12. 10. Stem angular, rough, four to six feet high, brittle. Leaves, all between

hre-shaped and winged, bristly underneath, (especially on the mid-rib. E.). Calyx furrowed, beset lengthwise with soft prickles. Flowers closing early. Linn. Leaves at the base of the lowermost flowering branches similar to the leaves below, those at the base of the upper flowering branches strap-spear-shaped. Flowering branches spreading, with several flowers. Flowers on separate fruit-stalks. Floral-leaves spear-shaped. Blossom yellow, (large, reddish underneath. E.) Seeds furrowed. Down sessile, hair-like, extending a little beyond the calyx.


AWK's-BEARD. Meadows and pastures in a calcareous soil. Road from Sittingbourne to Rochester ; and about Northfleet and other places in Kent and Essex. Hudson. Near Bury St. Edmund's. Mr. Mathew. Fl. Brit. (Sunderland Ballast Hills. Mr. Winch. Coast south of Sunderland. Mr. Waugh. On the Wolds, west of Bishop Burton, Yorkshire, Teesdale. On the Downs near Ewel,


Surry. Mr. T. F. Forster, jun. About Boxhill, near Dorking. Mr. J. Woods, jun. Bot. Guide. E.)

B. July-Aug. (C. PUL'CHRA. Leaves downy, toothed ; radical ones obovate ; those on

the stem somewhat arrow-shaped and amplexicaul : stem panicled, corymbose : calyx pyramidal, smooth.

E. Bot. 2325 Col. Ecphr. t. 249H. Ox. vii. 5. 37. Root small, taper, branching. Stem one to two feet high, upright, downy,

slender, cylindrical, hollow. Root-leaves inversely egg-shaped, thin, downy, toothed most in their lower part, the rest few, small, arrowshaped, clasping the stem with their toothed base. Flowers small, yellow, closing about noon. Anthers and stigmas brownish. Scales at the base of the calyx not deciduous. Down of the seed nearly sessile, very slender, minutely toothed. Like its congeners said to vary much in

luxuriance. E. Bot. Vid. also Linn. Tr. vol. x. p. 345. SMALL-FLOWERED HAWK's-BEARD. Hieracium pulchrum. Bauh. Hist.

Prenanthes Hieracifolia. Willd. P. pulchra. De Cand. Found wild by Mr. G. Don, in 1796, amongst crumbling rocks on the hill of Turin, near Forfar.

A. June-Sept. E.) HYPOCHARIS.* Recept. chaffy : Calyx somewhat tiled :

Down pedicellate, feathery. H. MACULATA. Stem solitary, almost naked : leaves egg-oblong, entire,

toothed. E. Bot. 225Fl. Dan. 149Hall. Enum. 24. 1, at p. 740, and. Hist. 1. 1, at

p. 24-Clus. ii. 139. 2-Ger. 301. 1-Park. 799. 13–J. B. ii. 1027. 1–

H. Ox. vii. 5. 53– Pet. 13. 1-Ger. 237. 1-Hall. 1. l, at p. 24. Leaves spreading on the ground in a circle, oval, toothed at the base, very

entire towards the end, fringed, with reddish angular spots, and scattered hairs. Stem naked, with one or two strap-shaped scales. Calyx outer scales blackish, fringed; the inner smooth, yellowish, half as long as the florets, hairy, composed of large scales. Woodw. Stalks generally simple, but sometimes with one, iwo, or three branches. Relh. Blossoms yellow: (large, terminal. Down feathery. E.) Spotted Cat's-EAR. Mountainous meadows and pastures. Gogmagog

Hills, between Triplow Heath and Foulmire ; Newmarket Heath ; banks of the Devil's Ditch near Reche ; and Bartlow, Cambridgeshire. Relhan. Bernack Heath, Northamptonshire, (but since the time of Ray sought for there in vain, says Morton. E.) On Omperhead, by Cartmel Wells, very plentiful, with Veronica hybrida. Mr. Hall. (About Malham Cove, Yorkshire. Sir J. E. Smith. At the end of Risby Heath, Suffolk, on a chalky bank close to the plantation of firs. Sir T. G. Cullum, in Bot.

Guide. In dry woods east of Forfar. Mr. G. Don. E.) P. July.t H. GLA'BRA. Smooth : stem branched, nearly leafless : leaves toothed

and indented: calyx oblong, tiled: '(down of the marginal seed sessile. E.)

(From uno and xeufos; because swine are supposed to delight in certain species. E.) + The leaves are boiled and eaten like cabbage. Horses are fond of this plant wben green, but not when dry. Cows, goats, and swine eat it. Sheep are not fond of it. Linn. The country people believe it a cure for tetters, and other cutaneous eruptions, possibly through a vulgar prejudice, founded on its spotted leares, Mr. Wood.

« AnteriorContinua »