Imatges de pÓgina

shaped, numerous, opposite, surrounded on every side by small dull yellow green leaves. Dill. No fructification yet found in this country. (FIR-BRANCHED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Mountainous places. On hills near Hinksey, Oxfordshire. Dillenius. In shady places, and on chalk hills about Northfleet. P. March.

H. PRÆLON'GUM. Shoots somewhat winged, trailing, fibrous: branches remote: leaves egg-shaped.

Hedw. Stirp. iv. 29—(E. Bot. 2035—Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)—Dill. 35. 15— Vaill. 23. 9-Buxb. iv. 63. 3.

Leafits serrated. At first sight distinguishable from all other Hypna by its shoots being very long, very closely crowded together, covering the trunks of trees, in broad patches and hanging down. Shoots trailing, very tender, brittle when dry, a span long, or more, clinging to the trees by means of numerous brown, woolly fibres. Leafits small, triangular, ending in a hooked hair, alternate, in a double row. Weis. From a span to a foot in length, doubly winged. Leaves very small, triangular. Fruit-stalks an inch long, purple. Capsules dull green, brown when ripe, short, nodding. Veil pale green, straight. Dill.

(A very variable species, under which Hooker and Taylor comprehend H. Stokesii, E. Bot. 2036; and H. Swartzii. E. Bot. 2034. E.) (LONG TRAILING FEATHER-MOSs. E.) Trunks of trees, decayed wood, and in wet ground. P. Oct.-Feb.

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D. (1) Leaves bent back: capsules upright.

H. RUGO'SUM. Shoots scattered, rather upright: leaves pointing one way, wrinkled at the base: fruit-stalks axillary.

Dicks. H. S.-(E. Bot. 2250. E.)—Dill. 37. 24.

Leaves spear-shaped, narrow, sharply pointed, closely tiled. Pol. Shoots seldom more than three inches long, thick, lying on the ground, crowded together, irregularly branched. Leaves exceedingly crowded, dry, crisp, their points in one direction, yellow green, when old or dry quite yellow. The fruit-bearing plants grow a little distant from the others, and have a different appearance. They are thinner, more pointed, the leaves more uniform, and less yellow. Involucrum open, scaly, at the origin of the branches. Fruit-stalks three quarters of an inch high. Capsules cylindrical, straight, slender, red when ripe. Dill.

(YELLOW WOLF'S-CLAW FEATHER-MOSS. (H. rugosum. Linn. Dicks. Sw. Sm. H. rugosum. Hedw. is quite a different plant, represented as H. rugulosum in Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.) In bogs in Scotland. Near Loch Rannoch. Dickson. (On Prestwick Carr, Northumberland. Mr. Winch. E.)

H. FLAGELLA'RE. Shoots creeping: branches upright, rarely divided: leaves spear-shaped, taper-pointed, the ends reflexed.

Dill. 39. 42-(Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)

Leaves small, smooth, not very pellucid; produces its capsules in Sept. Dill.

H. umbratum. E. Bot.


2565? E.) On stones near rivulets in the Highlands of Scotland. (On dripping rocks in the upper part of Westerowe Dene, west of Wolsingham, Durham. Mr. Winch. E.)



D. (2) Leaves bent back: capsules leaning.

H. SCORPIOIDES. Branches waved, trailing, hooked: leaves pointing one way, tapering to a point.

Dicks. H. S.-(E. Bot. 1039-Musc. Brit. xxvii. E.)-Dill. 37. 25. Branches brown, hooked, and yellow at the ends. Linn. Shoots trailing, cylindrical, one to three inches long. Branches rising upwards, thick, bent and thicker at the ends, about one inch long. Leaves spearshaped, often ending in hairs, wrinkled at the base. Fruit-stalks half an inch to one inch high. Capsules cylindrical, slender, leaning. Lid pointed. Mouth with a white fringe. Web. Barren plants longer and thicker than the fertile ones, colour dark red, the ends purple and green. Fertile plants entirely green, except here and there a little purple. Dill. (One of the largest of British Mosses; with leaves generally nerveless; but, according to Schwaegrichen and Mr. Tozer in Musc. Brit., occasionally two nerved; which shows how liable this, like most aquatic plants, is to vary. E.)

(SCORPION FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Turfy bogs and marshes. Near Bishop's
Castle, Shropshire, and about Penter, near Bangor. Near Norwich,
and in the north of England; and at Corriattachan in Strath Swandie in
the Isle of Sky. Turf pits on Ellingham and Geldestone fens. Mr. Stone.
On Snowdon and Cader Idris. Mr. Griffith.
P. Nov.-April.
H. SQUARRO'SUM. Branches straggling: leaves spear-shaped, acute,
bent back in five different directions.

(E. Bot. 1593-Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.)-Fl. Dan. 535. 1-Dill. 39. 38-H. Ox. xv. 5, row 2. 2-Fl. Dan. 648. 3.

Often six inches long, creeping, rib a beautiful purple, shining through the
interstices of the leaves. Leaves ending in a sharp point, as fine as a
hair. Fruit-stalks one inch to one inch and a half high, straight, spring-
ing from a cylindrical, scaly and hairy fence. Capsules egg-shaped,
leaning. Lid blunt. Mouth wide open, fringe yellow. I have found
capsules in July. Weis. Dill. Capsules rarely met with. Ray. Fruit-
stalks solitary or in pairs. Lid not large enough to cover the mouth of
the capsule, but joined to it by a kind of groove. Stackh.
(DROOPING-LEAVED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Moist meadows, pastures and
P. Feb. May.


Var. 2. Smaller. Leaves triangular, open, reflexed. Dill.

Vaill. 27. 5-Dill. 39. 39.

Not much different from var. 1, except in the leaves being smaller, paler, closer set, and more bent back. Weis. The capsules too are smaller, and the lid sharper. Dill.

Wet places.

H. PALUSTRE. Shoots creeping: branches crowded, upright, on one side the shoot: leaves egg-shaped, pointing one way: capsules nearly upright.

(E. Bot. 1655-Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.)-Dill. 37. 27.


Branches upright, compressed, from half an inch to one inch high, nume
Leaves in a double or triple series, sharp, hooked. Web.
slender, creeping, with few leaves, and those shrivelled. Branches gene-
rally simple, short. Leaves dull green, hooked at the end. Fruit-stalks

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.from the base of the branches, red, longer than the branches. Capsules oblong, a little inclining, brown when ripe. Lid larger in diameter than the capsule. Veil straight, pale. Dill.

(CREEPING MARSH FEATHER-MOSS. H. luridum. Hedw. Crypt. 38, and with this variable species Messrs. Hooker and Taylor also include H. fluviatile, E. Bot. 1303, (not Hedw.) and H. adnatum, E. Bot. 2406, (not Hedw.) neither of which are properly British, according to the above authorities. E.) In wet places, and banks of rivers, not uncommon. P. Jan.-April.

H. LO'REUM. Shoots creeping: branches waved, upright: leaves pointing one way: capsules roundish, egg-shaped.

Dicks. H. S.-(E. Bot. 2072-Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.)-Dill. 39. 40-Vaill. 25. 2—H. Ox. xv. 5, row the last, 24, p. 626-Buxb. iv. 64. 1—Ger. 1370. 1.

Fruit-stalks from the base of the branches. Neck. Fruit-stalks more than an inch high, from the stem between the branches upright. Capsules eggshaped, leaning. Shoots near a foot long or more, the rib rigid, brittle, surrounded by pale green leaves, those towards the end bent back. Dill. (RAMBLING MOUNTAIN FEATHER-MOSS. E.) On mountains, in woods and heaths, in various parts of Britain. P. April.

H. ADUN'CUM. Shoots nearly upright, somewhat branched: leaves pointing one way, spear-awl-shaped, curled: branches hooked.

(E. Bot. E.)-Hedw. iv. 24-Dill. 37. 26.

Resembles the H. cupressiforme, but the shoots are more straight, less branched; leaves longer, hooked, their ends pointing one way; fruitstalks twice as long, rising as well from the middle of the shoot as from the bosom of the branches. The shoots are remarkably rigid. Fruitstalks two inches long, rising out of a slender, short, scaly involucrum. Capsules egg-shaped, distended, leaning. Lid conical, short, blunt. Weis. Plant yellowish or tawny when growing out of the water. Ray. Involucrum oblong, slender, scaly. Veil straight. Lower leaves less hooked than the upper ones. Dill.

(UPRIGHT HOOKED FEATHER-Moss. E.) Marshy and watery places, bogs, and wet pastures. Turf pits on Ellingham and Geldestone fens. Mr. Stone. P. April-Aug.


(Leaves closely imbricated, more or less falcatosecund, lanceolate, acuminated, entire except at the points, which are usually serrated, very faintly two-nerved at the base: capsule cylindrical, erecto cernuous: lid conical, with a point.

Hedw. Stirp. iv. 23-E. Bot. 1860-Musc. Brit. xxvii.—Fl. Dan. 535—Dill. 37.23 and 41. 53.

So sportive is this plant that it is scarcely possible to define in a few words the marks belonging to any of the varieties. y at first sight is totally unlike the more usual state of H. cupressiforme; but we have seen the one run completely into the other. ß is now universally acknowledged to belong to our plant; and we are equally satisfied of Dickson's nigroviride being no other.

a. vulgare. Stems broad, semi-cylindrical; leaves falcato-secund

H. cupressiforme. Linn. (With. E.) Hedw. Turn. Sm. Hook. H. nigroviride. Dicks. Turn.

B. compressum. Stems slender, compressed; leaves falcato-secund.

H. compressum. Linn. (With. to Ed. vii. E.)

7. tenue. Stems very slender; leaves very slightly curved, narrow, lanceolate, quite entire.

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H. polyanthos. E. Bot. 1664. (not Leskea polyanthos. Hedw.) Turn. (CYPRESS-BRANCHED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) On banks and trunks of trees, Musc. Brit. E.)*



(Stems pectinated: leaves falcato-secund, cordate, much accuminated, serrated not striated, faintly two-nerved at the base: capsules oblongo-ovate, curved, cernuous: lid conical. Hedw. Stirp. iv. 22—(E. Bot. 1327—Musc. Brit. xxvii. E.)—Dill. 36. 210. (COMPRESSED FEATHER-MOSS. H. molluscum. Hedw. Turn. Sm. Hook. H. compressum. With. to Ed. vii. H. crista-castrensis. Dicks. On the ground, common. March-April.

E. Plant shrub-like; branches fasciculated.

H. DENDROI'DES. Shoot upright, naked below, above with bundles of leafy branches: leaves strap-spear-shaped, tiled: capsules nearly cylindrical, upright: beak bent.

Dill. 40. 48-(E. Bot. 1565—Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)-Fl. Dan. 823. 2— H. Ox. xv. 5, row 5. 31-Tourn. 326—Vaill. 26. 6—Happ. 1. Hypn. 1. Readily distinguished by its stems closely compacted together, its shrublike appearance, from two to four inches high, terminated by a bush of branches. Branches upright, cylindrical, smooth, pointed at the end. Leaves egg-spear-shaped, pointed, flat, closely tiled. Weis. Fruit-stalks more than an inch long, from the base of the branches; upright. Capsules slender, upright. Lid conical, short. Veil slender. Dill. Fruitstalks longer than the shoots. Veil covering the whole capsule. Leaves a little serrated. Leers. (The columella in dry weather raises the lid spirally, and allows the escape of the seeds; moisture contracts the columella in the same spiral manner, and again closes the capsule. Gray. E.) (TREE-SHAPED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Moist woods and shady places, about the roots of trees, and in moist pastures. P. Feb.-March.

H. ALOPECU'RUM. Shoot upright: branches fasciculated, terminal, subdivided capsules rather drooping.

(E. Bot. 1182-Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)-Dill. 41. 49–Vaill. 23. 2 and 5— H. Ox. xv. 5, row the last.

In its tree-like mode of growth it resembles H. dendroides, but the shoots are longer, the trunk is taller, the branches expand more, and are more frequently branched again; the extremities are not straight, but hanging down, and the leaves expanding. When dry the leaves bent back at the points, but in H. dendroides they lie closely adpressed. Weis. Stem four

* (Well adapted for packing whatever requires a soft elastic covering. E.)

or five inches high, covered with whitish pointed scales. Leaves serrated. Fruit-stalks shorter than the branches, bent. Capsules egg-shaped. Lid beak bent. Leers. Stems light red, rising from a trailing root. Leaves broad at the base, tapering to a point, alternate. Involucrum scales ending in hairs, compact. Dill.

(FOX-TAIL FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Moist woods and shady places at the roots of trees, and by the sides of rivers. A. March-April.

F. (1) Shoots nearly cylindrical: capsules upright.

H. GRACILE. Shoots creeping: branches cylindrical, nearly upright: capsules egg-shaped.

Hedw. Stirp. iv. 6-(E. Bot. 1085-Musc. Brit. xiv. E.)-Dill. 41. 55Fl. Dan. 649. 2.

Hangs suspended from the bark of trees in numerous cylindrical-pointed branches bending upwards, and somewhat resembling the claw of a bird. Fruit-stalks from the base of the branches, half an inch high. Capsules upright, pointed, ochrey colour when ripe. Dill.

(SLENDER FEATHER-MOSS. H. gracile. Linn. H. ornithopoides. Huds. Pterogonium gracile. Sw. Sm. Hook. Pterigynandrum gracile. Hedw. Trunks of trees and rocks. On beech trees in Enfield Chase. On the masses of stone called Grey Wethers, in Wiltshire. Forms great patches on rocks or trees, in subalpine countries frequent, but the fructification has rarely been observed in Britain, though common in France and Italy. P. Feb.-April.


Shoots branched: branches bowed in, sometimes tapering, sometimes thickening: leaves egg-shaped, pointing one way: capsules upright, tooth fringed. Dicks. ii. 13.

Hedw. Stirp. i. 12-(E. Bot. 2420. E.)-Dill. 42. 66. Fruit-stalks upright, lateral. Veil slender, twisting. Capsules cylindrical. Beuk blunt. Fringe double, outer row of teeth sixteen. Hedw. Rather thick, much branched, yellow green, tawny when dry. In large patches on the trunks of beeches, particularly on the northern side. Dill. (ATTENUATED FEATHER-MOSS. With this species Hooker and Taylor assimilate H. atro-virens. Dicks. Sm. and H. filamentosum, of the sanie authors. E.) Woods, on trunks of trees, Scotland.

H. STRAMINEUM. Shoots upright, thread-shaped, somewhat branched: leaves egg-spear-shaped, without a mid-rib, tiled. Dicks. 6. Dicks. H. S. and Fasc. i. 9—(E. Bot. 2405—Musc. Brit. xxiv. E.) Shoots nearly upright, strap-shaped, slender, when dry very brittle, o inches and more in length, straw-coloured, sometimes simple, or with one or two branches. Leaves convex and concave, glittering, pressed to. Fruit-stalks lateral, upright, red, one and sometimes two inches long, solitary or two together. Capsules egg-shaped, upright, bulging on one side. Lid short, somewhat pointed. Dicks.

(STRAW-LIKE FEATHER-MOSS. E.) In a marshy place on the west side of Hampstead Heath, near London. (Near Yarmouth. Mr. Turner. Abundant on Breadalbane mountains. Mr. Drummond. Musc. Brit. E.) (Nearly allied to the preceding, and by some Botanists considered a variety of that species, is H. trifarium. Grev. Scot. Crypt. 279. therein charac

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