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A. (4) Branched, winged with leaves: capsules drooping.
H. TAXIFOLIUM. Unbranched: fruit-stalks from the base: capsules oblong: lid taper-pointed: leafits oblong, acute.
(E. Bot. 426—Musc. Brit. xvi. E.)-Dill. 34. 2-Vaill. 24. 11-Fl. Dan.
Leafits about twelve pair on each shoot, when young; more in the older shoots. Capsules nearly cylindrical, drooping, broadest at the mouth. Veil turned up at the end. Weis. Leaves spear-shaped, with a point at the end. Web. Shoots several from one root, not branched; dark green. Fence at the base of the shoots, composed of a few scales. Lid scarlet, beak pointed, crooked. Veil pale. Dill.
(YEW-LEAVED FEATHER-MOSS. Fissidens taxifolius. Hedw. Dicranum taxifolium. Sw. Turn. Sm. Hook. E.) Woods, hedges, and moist banks. Feb.-May. Branched, fruit-stalks lateral: capsules egg
E. Bot. 2553-Scop. 62. 1333, at ii. p. 321.
Shoots slender, hardly one inch long, not numerous. Leaves thinly set. Capsules reddish; mouth with two rows of fringe. Lid with a slender beak. Veil white, chaffy. Scop.
(ROUND-LEAVED FEATHER-MOSS. H. læte-virens. E. Bot. E.) At the roots of trees, and on walls.
H. LU'CENS. Shoots branched; branches winged with leafits: fruitstalks lateral: capsules drooping: leafits egg-shaped, dotted.
Dicks. H. S.-Dill. 34. 10-(Schmid. 57. 2-E. Bot. 1902-Musc. Brit. xxvii. E.)
Trailing. Branches brittle, blunt. Leaves egg-shaped, pointed, flat, shining as if wet with dew. Fruit-stalks one inch and a half long, lateral. Capsules nutant. Scop. Shoots about two inches long, sometimes branched. Leaves large, thin, soft, pellucid, pale green, placed alternately in two or three rows. Capsules small for the size of the plant, egg-shaped, more or less nutant, dark brown. Lid spit-pointed. Veil straight, sharp, whitish. Dill. (The shining aspect of this Moss is perhaps more likely than any other species to occasion that almost luminous appearance, remarked by the Rev. Palk Welland among the dark, cavernous rocks of Dartmoor. E.)*
(Since writing the above, we perceive a like phenomenon has been observed by Mr. J. E. Bowman in the shady recesses of Rowter rocks, a mile or two north of Winster, Derbyshire; as reported in Mag. Nat. Hist. vol. ii. p. 407, fig. 106. Mr. B. attributes this "golden green light, perfectly phosphorescent, seen to the greatest advantage at the distance of a few yards, and losing its resplendent character when brought into the full light," to some minute vegetable furnished with a peculiar organisation. Nothing was visible upon the surface of the stone but a filmy irregular network of green, scarcely perceptible from its delicacy of texture, when highly magnified having the habit of a Conferva, and approaching nearly to C. veluting. Mr. B. adds," its splendour is, doubtless, enhanced by the surrounding twilight gloom; but it is caused by rays of light concentrated by, and reflected from, the innumerable and inconceivably minute lenses of the leaf.” It is denied that this light can be emitted either from the more obvious interspersed Musci, or reflected from the silicious particles of the gritstone. Were it not presumptuous to
(SHINING FEATHER-MOSS. H. lucens. Linn. Hedw. Huds. Lightf. Dicks. Sm. Hookeria lucens. E. Bot. Hook. Woods, wet ditches, moist banks, and among rocks. E.) P. April-June.
B. (1) Branches irregular : leaves irregular: capsules upright. H. STELLA'TUM. Shoots upright: leaves egg-shaped, ending in long points, rather expanding, coloured.
Dicks. H. S.—Dicks. 1.7—(E. Bot. 1302-Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.)—Dill. 39. 35-Vaill. 28. 10.
Shoots somewhat branched, rather tawny at the base, yellowish at the end. Leaves spear-awl-shaped, the ends standing out. Fruit-stalks few, lateral, nearly an inch long, almost upright, red. Capsules egg-shaped, but bulging on one side. Lid short, pointed, distinguishable at first sight from H. cuspidatum, by the leaves at the ends of the stems not being rolled in, but expanding. Dicks.
(Hooker discriminates var. a. majus ; yellow brown, not rare in fruit: in
Var. 6. minus; less upright, greener; with leaves more recurved: on walls and rocks. H. squarrulosum. E. Bot. 1709.
YELLOW STARRY FEATHER-MOSS. H. stellatum. Schreb. Hedw. Turn. Sm. Hook. H. protensum. Dill. Turfy bogs, marshes, stone walls, and rocks. March. E.) H. HALLERI. Stem creeping, pinnate: the branches short, erect: all the leaves recurved, cordate, acuminate, obsoletely two-nerved at the base, subserrulate towards the apex: lid obtusely conical. Grev. Scot. Crypt. 174.
Plant creeping closely on the rocks in diffused tufts, of a rich yellowish, or reddish brown colour. Stems two or three inches long, with erect branches. In general habit resembling the smaller varieties of the preceding species.
HALLERIAN FEATHER-MOSS. Rare. Discovered by Dr. Greville on Ben
H. SCIUROI'des. Shoot upright, somewhat branched, bent: leaves tiled, egg-spear-shaped, hair-pointed: capsules oblong, lid conical.
(E. Bot. 1903—Musc. Brit. xx. E.)—Dill. 41. 54—Vaill. 27. 12—Kniph. 6-H. Ox. xv. 5, row the last, 27.
Shoots two inches long, cylindrical. Involucrum rising half way up the fruit-stalk. Neck. Stem creeping, three or four inches long. Shoots from one to one and a half inch; seldom branched. Leaves closely tiled, egg-spear-shaped, pointed, ending in hairs. Fruit-stalks lateral, upright, half an inch high. Involucrum slender, scaly. Capsules cylindrical-egg-shaped. Lid conical, pointed. Fringe white. Veil yellow at the end. Weis. Creeping, interwoven, fixed to the bark of trees.
venture a conjecture without having seen the identical specimens, we should be disposed to consider this questionable production might prove to be var. Conferva gelatinosa, or some analogous species. Consider also Note, vol. iv. p. 70. E.)
Branches numerous, upright, simple or divided, but generally bent like the tail of a squirrel. Involucrum at the base of the branches, slender, scales narrow, ending in short hairs. Capsules upright, dark brown when ripe. Lid very small. Fruit-stalk's twisting when dry. Dill. (SQUIRREL-TAIL FEATHER-MOSS. H. sciuroides. Linn. Dill. Huds. With. Relh. Dicranum sciuroides. Sw. Sm. Leucodon sciuroides. Schwaegr. Hook. Pterogonium sciuroides. Turn. E.) Trunks of old trees. Bungay. Mr. Stone. (New Forest, Hants. Mr. Lyell. In Scotland rare. Near Invermoriston; the most northern habitation known for this plant. Musc. Brit. E.) P. Feb.-April. H. RUFES CENS. Branches compressed: leaves hair-pointed, shining: capsules upright: lid conical. Dicks.
(E. Bot. 2296—Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)—Dicks. 8. 4.
But little branched; branches cylindrical but flatted, entirely covered with the tiled leaves, which are slender, straight, spear-shaped, ending in a hair, seldom a full green, but generally yellowish or reddish. Capsules nearly cylindrical, slender, upright. Fringe white. Lid crimson, conical, acute. Hal. Has been confounded with H. nitens, but differs from that in having upright capsules, a very short involucrum, and few, but long branches. Dicks. Fasc. iii. p. 9.
(REDDISH SHINING FEATHER-MOSS. By error of the press H. refuscens of With. Ed. 3. 4 and 5. E.) Cryb y Ddeseil, though rarely with capsules. Mr. Griffith. (On wet rocks in the Highlands of Scotland. Mr. Dickson. Covering the perpendicular rocks by the falls of Moness, in fructification. Mr. W. Borrer. This very beautiful Moss, with stems four or five inches long, is not uncommon in Scotland. Musc. Brit. E.) H. CRISPUM. Shoots ascending: fruit-stalks lateral: capsules oblong: beak of the lid bent: leaves oblong, blunt, wrinkled, in two
Dicks. H. S.—(E. Bot. 617. E.)—Dill. 36. 12—Hall. Enum. 3. 5, at p. 109, Hist. 46. 5, at iii. p. 56—Happ. ii. Hypn. 5—H. Ox. xv. 5, row 3. 10, p. 625.
The most elegant of the genus. Grows in dense broad strata. Shoots a span long, flat, a little raised. Leafits closely tiled, alternate, in two rows, spear-shaped, blunt, shining, wrinkled. Fruit-stalks half an inch long, lateral. Involucrum, leaves paler. Capsules nearly upright, eggshaped. Lid with a long beak. Veil long. Weis. From two to twelve inches long, crowded and lying one upon another, branches compressed, blunt, undivided, alternate or in pairs. Leaves crisped, transversely waved. The whole plant is pale green in winter, yellowish in summer. Dill.
(CRISPED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) On chalk hills near Gravesend, and on the banks of the Thames above the reach of the tide. On St. Vincent's Rocks, Bristol; and on the Welsh mountains. About Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmoreland. Sir J. E. Smith. On rocks in Garn gingle, three miles from Denbigh. Mr. Griffith. (Stony banks in the vale of Dudcombe, Painswick; in fruit. Mr. O. Roberts. E.) P. March-April.*
(M. Parmentier has published some observations on this Moss, proposing it as a substitute for wool for stuffing mattresses and furniture. When beaten and properly prepared, it is said not to retain moisture, nor form into lumps. It is little liable to decay, and is
H. MEDIUM. Shoots creeping: leaves broad, spear-shaped, pointed, tiled but open: capsules cylindrical, fringed.
(E. Bot. 1274-Musc. Brit. xxiv. E.)—Dill. 42. 65. Crowded together. Leaves pressed to when dry. Fruit-stalks less than half an inch in length. Dill. (Of a very lurid colour. Musc. Brit. E.) LONG-HEADED FEATHER-MOSS. Trunks of trees near the ground, and on P. Jan.-Feb. E.)
H. PULCHEL'LUM. Shoots crowded, upright: branches somewhat fasciculated, strap-shaped: fruit-stalks long: capsules upright, somewhat oblique. Dicks. ii. 13.
Dicks. H. S. and Fasc. 5. 6—(E. Bot. 2006-Musc. Brit. xxv. E.) Shoots short, crowded in close tufts. Branches nearly equal, expanding. Leaves near together, egg-spear-shaped, shining. Involucrum short. Fruit-stalks as long again as the shoot, rising from its base, upright. Capsules inversely egg-shaped. Fringe toothed. Lid pyramidal. Veil none on the specimens. Dicks. (A small species, rarely exceeding an inch in length. Musc. Brit. E.)
(FINE-TUFTED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) Shady woods, and among rocks in mountainous countries.
H. VITICULO'SUM. Shoots branched, prostrate: leaves oblong, acute, expanding: capsules oblong: lid conical.
Dicks. H. S.-Dill. 39. 43—(E. Bot. 265-Musc. Brit. xxii. E.)-—H. Or. xv. 5, row 1. 7-Vaill. 23. 1-Pluk. 47. 4.
Covering trunks of trees in large patches. Stems fibrous, creeping, very long, branched. Branches upright, when dry cylindrical, and twisted like a rope. Leafits nearly triangular, the upper ones largest. Fruitstalks about an inch high, rising from the bosom of the branches, out of small hairy scaly fences. Capsules small, shining. Lid very short, conical, pointed. Mouth appearing fringed when magnified, smooth to the naked eye. Weis. Fruit-stalks and capsules upright. Crisp when dry. Leaves triangular, keeled, pointed, but not hairy. Dill. (CYLINDRICAL FEATHER-MOSS. H. viticulosum. Linn. Dill. Sm. Neckera viticulosa. Hedw. Turn. Anomodon viticulosum. Musc. Brit. Hook. E.) On trunks of trees, and sometimes on the ground. P. March-April.
B. (2) Branches irregular: leaves irregular: capsules leaning.
H. RUSCIFOLIUM. Stem elongated, somewhat branched: leaves heartshaped, concave, finely serrulated, diverging: lid convex, beaked. Hedw. Stirp. iv. 4—E. Bot. 1275-Musc. Brit. xxvi. E.)—Dill. 38. 31. Adhering to stones under water, in broad patches, one or two inches or more in length, according to the rapidity of the stream. Branches upright, cylindrical below, flat above. Leaves egg-spear-shaped, closely tiled, two-rowed, and less compacted upwards. Fruit-stalks on the stem
reported to be free from the property of imbibing and communicating contagion, which animal substances possess. Some other Mosses may be found still better adapted to such purposes. E.)
between the shoots, and from the bosom of the leaves. Capsules short, thick, drooping. Lid beaked. Mouth, fringe long. Weis. Leaves deep dull green. Fruit-stalks half an inch high. Dill. (The stems often exceed a span in length; and the leaves, in certain situations, attain a greater size than in any other species. Musc. Brit. E.)
(LONG-BEAKED WATER FEATHER-MOSS. E.) H. riparioides. Hedw. H. rutabulum d. Huds. and With. Ed. ii. (Recent authorities have decided H. prolixum, Dicks. to be only an elongated var. of this species. E.) (On woods and stones in pools and rivulets. E.) The shoots are often incrusted with calcareous earth, which in time accumulates thereon so as to form masses of twenty or thirty pounds weight. Weis. P. March-Sept. H. LUTES'CENS. Shoots trailing: fruit-stalks lateral: leaves eggspear-shaped, scored.
Dicks. H. S.-(E. Bot. 1301-Musc. Brit. xxv. E.)-Hedw. Stirp. IV. 16 -Dill. 42. 60.
Differs from H. sericeum in the shoots being longer, more slender, and limber; the branches more distant and less crooked, the fruit-stalks longer, the leaves and the involucrum longer; the capsules rather shorter, and bent; the lid also bending. Fruit-stalks from the shoot as well as from the branches. Dill. Plant of a pale yellow green.
(YELLOWISH FEATHER-MOSS. E.) H. sericeum y. Huds. Ed. ii. 506. (Banks, and trunks of trees, not uncommon. E.) P. Jan.-April. H. CASSU BICUM. Leaves spear-shaped, scored, hair-pointed: capsules cylindrical, leaning. Dicks.
Vaill. 27. 1.
Nerves on the leaves more than three. Capsules never upright. Scop. (STRIATED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) On trees, in moist shady places. H. INTRICA'TUM. Shoots creeping: branches short: fruit-stalks lateral: capsules urn-shaped, beak bent: leaves spreading, spearshaped, taper-pointed.
E. Bot. 202-Vaill. 28. 2.
Forms a close green mat on the Shoots several inches in length. cylindrical, whitish. E. Bot.
decayed bark of trees in damp woods. Branches short, slender. Veil slender,
(MATTED FEATHER-MOSS. E.) First found by Mr. Teesdale, and since by Sir J. E. Smith, in woods on the south east side of the river at Matlock.
Shoots branched: branches somewhat winged:
leaves waved and folded: fruit-stalks lateral and axillary.
Dicks. H. S.-(E. Bot. 1181-Musc. Brit. xxiv. E.)—Dill. 36. 11—H. Ox.
XV. 6. 33.
A span long, lying flat. Leafits closely tiled, in a double or triple series. Weis. Fruit-stalks long, slender, reddish. Veil straw-coloured, with a brown spot at the end. Capsules oblong. Lid spit-pointed. Mouth fringed. Involucrum, leaves narrow, short, bent back. Shoot not always branched; its rib yellowish. Leaves tender, pellucid, smooth, shining, pale green, not changing colour when dry. Involucrum lateral, and in