Imatges de pÓgina

Hedw. Sm. Cinçlidotus Fontinaloides. Hook. E.) Banks of the Thames, on the walls of Lambeth Palace, and on the banks of the Isis at Oxford. Dill. (Water of Leith below Collinton. Mr. G, Don. Grev. Edin. E.)

P. Aug.-Oct. F. SQUAMO'SA. Capsules lateral : leaves tiled ; awl-spear-shaped. Dicks. H. S.-Hedw. Stirp. iii. 12–(E. Bot. 1861-Musc. Brit. xxii. E.)

Dill. 33. 3-J. B. iii. 778. 3. Leaves sometimes spear-shaped, pointed. Very nearly allied to F. antipy,

retica. Huds. Capsules egg-shaped, sessile. Neck. Long and slender; fertile stem generally forked; barren stem more branched; four to six inches long. Leaves long spear-shaped, partly embracing the stem, so slender as to appear awl-shaped to the naked eye. Hedw. Shoot four to twelve inches long, branched, floating in the direction of the stream;. slender, black, bare near the root. Leaves dark green, smooth, shining, black when dry. Branches three-sided. Capsules on the side of the branches sessile, egg-shaped, immersed in a leafy involucrum. Dill. The lower parts of the stems losing their leaves resemble horse-hairs matted together. Stackh. Capsules usually produced on the shoots of the preceding year, or on the still older branches : never on the young shoots.

Griff. (Greville observes, “one of the most striking characters is the glistening

or shining appearance, which is so evident, especially when dried, that

Bauhin applies to it to the epithet lucens." E.) SCALY WATER-MOSS. Mountain rivulets in Wales, the north of England

and Scotland. In the rivulet by the old castle, near Llanberris. Mr. Griffith. Rivulets near Penzance. Mr. Stackhouse. (Water of Leith, pear Redhall. Dr. Greville. E.)

P. June-Oct. F. PENNA'TA. Capsules lateral: leaves pointing two ways; expanding. Hellw. Stirp. iii. 19-(Grev. Scot. Crypt. 109_Musc. Brit. Sup. iv. E.)Vaill . 27. 4-Hal. Enum. 3. 2, at p. 109, Hist. 46. 2, at iií.

p. 56-Dill. 32. 9-Schmid. 58. 2. Leaves with wavy wrinkles. Capsules sessile; nearly cylindrical. Neck.

Shoots creeping and forming compact patches. Branches one inch long or more. Leaves closely compacted, about a line in length, and one fourth of a line in breadth. Capsules solitary or in pairs, chiefly on one side the branches, one line long and half as broad, smooth, green, changing to reddish. Mouth without a ring, closed with a white fringe. Lid pointed. Veil but half the size of the capsule; smooth. Involucrum composed of spear-shaped, pointed, shining leafits, taller than the capsule and closely embracing it. Pol. Stem thread-shaped, rigid; branches in opposite

directions, decumbent with age. Leaves without veins. FEATHERED WATER-MOSS. Neckera pennata. Hedw. Hypnum pennatum.

Gmel. Trunks of trees, rare. (Beech tree at Fotheringham, near Forfar. Mr. Drummond. Musc. Brit. E.)

A. Aug.-Oct. F. CAPILLA'CBA. Capsules axillary : leaves strap-bristle-shaped, point

ing one way; those of the receptacle very long, convoluted, awla
shaped. Dicks. ii. 1.
(E. Bot. 2432_Musc. Brit. xxii. E.)-Dill. 33. 5.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Shoots five to seven inches long. Branches sometimes divided. Involucrum · long, from the bosom of the leaves, chiefly where branches arise; out of

these come forth Capsules green, small, egg-shaped. Dill. Hair-LIKE WATER-MOSS. Mountain rivulets in Scotland. F. ALPI'NA. Capsules lateral : leaves mostly pointing one way, ellip

tical, bluntish, those of the involucrum spear-shaped, pointed. Dicks. ii, 2.

Dicks. ii. 4. 1. Leaves short, twisted when dry, somewhat curled. Capsule, together with

the involucrum, thrice as large as the leaves. Dicks. (Fringe simple, its fibres twisted. Br. Fruit-stalk nearly as long as the capsule. Foliage

black when dried. E.) Alpine Water-Moss. On rocks and stones in the alpine rivulets of

Scotland. On stones in Balalake, and rivulets about Llanberris, also in many small rivulets about Garn, Denbighshire ; river Clwyd not ten yards above high water mark, in plenty: so that it is not exclusively alpine. Mr. Griffith. (On large stones on the side of Loch Tay which are occasionally under water. Mr. Brown.

Aug. E.) F. SEcun'da. Branched, creeping: capsules leaning one way : leaves

egg-shaped, taper-pointed, tiled. Hedw. Stirp. 3. 15—(E. Bot. 1180-Musc. Brit. xxii. E.)-Dill. 32. 6–

Vaill. 27. 17. Deep green. · Branches sometimes subdivided. Leaves short, numerous,

triangular, concave. Capsules oblong, on very short fruit-stalks, on every part of the stem, pointing one way, nearly enclosed by an involucrum of narrow leafits, ending in hairs, very numerous. Lid spit-pointed, brown. Dill. An inch high, stiff, but not upright, more or less branched

at the base. (LATERAL WATER-MOSS. E.) Neckera heteromalla. Hedw. Hypnum

heteromallum. Gmel. Sphagnum arboreum. Huds. (Phascum repens. With. to Ed. vii. Daltonia heteromalla. Musc. Brit. E.) On trees in orchards. (On apple trees in Cornwall. Mr. Stackhouse. On the root of a tree in a thicket at Alcester mill, Warwickshire. Purton. Trees near Forfar. Hooker. E.)

P. Dec.-Feb. BUXBAU’MIA.* Capsule on a fruit-stalk : outer fringe with

sixteen teeth ; inner membranous, plaited.

Barr. Fl. bud circular. B. Folio'sa. Stemless: capsules nearly sessile, surrounded with leaves. Dicks. H. S.-(Hook. Fl. Lond.-E. Bot. 329—Musc. Brit. viii. E.

Schmid. Buxb. 2, lower part of the plate, consisting of the figures distinguished by Roman numerals--Hal. Enum. 3. 3, at p. 109; Hist. 46. 3, at iii.

P 56Dill. 32. 13--Fl. Dan. 249. 1Happ. ii. Phascum 1, the central plant-Hal. It. Helv. 2. 3, in Opusc. p. 308. Leaves of the involucrum awned. Willd. Leaves, the lowermost open,

oblong, the uppermost upright, spear-shaped, taper-pointed. Capsule sessile. Huds. 466.

(Named by Linnæus in honour of Dr. Buxbaum, a German, author of " meration of the Plants around Hal," and other works. E.)

an Enu

(LEAFY BUXBAUMIA. E.) Phascum montanum. Huds. P. maximum.

Lightf. (Diphyscium foliosum. Mohr. Hook. E.) On Hartfell mountain near Moffat. Sheffield in Huds. Cwn Cennog Rocks, also about Craig du, by the road side near Llanberris. Mr. Griffith. (By the road side on the mountains between Patterdale and Ambleside. Dr. Hooker. On Bridge Rocks, and the lower part of Harrison's Rocks, near Tunbridge Wells. Mr. Forster. E.)

A. Sept.--Oct. Dill.-May-Aug. Huds. (B. APHYL'LA. Stem none : base bulbous, surrounded with minute


Hook. Fl. Lond.-E. Bot. 1596–Musc. Brit. xxii. Hooker observes : “This most singular of Mosses can scarcely be said to

have any stems. All that might be so called, (or perhaps more strictly a perichætium) resembles a small bulb covered with hair-like processes, but which, when highly magnified, are found to be true leaves, membranous, reticulated, laciniated, and so narrow and minute, that they were either entirely overlooked or described only as hairs till lately. Whole plant not an inch high, of a red colour when quite ripe. Theca large, ovate, oblique, gibbous, flattish above, convex beneath. Lid conieal,

obtuse. LEAFLESS BUXBAUMIA. On the ground. Rare. In a Fir wood at

Sprowston, near Norwich. Among Fir trees below Roslin Chapel. Mr.

E. Maughan. Georgetown Hill, near Kinross. Mr. Arnott. E.) SPLACH'NUM.*

Capsule cylindrical, veil and receptacle very large : fringe with eight teeth.

Barr. Fl. a bud on a different plant: circular, terminal. S. SPHÆ'RICUM. Receptacle globular: leaves spoon-shaped but tapering

to a slender point.

Hedw. Stirp. ii. 16—(Musc. Brit. ix.-E. Bot. 785. E.) Fruit-stalk very long, greenish and reddish brown. Capsule very small

Lid blunt. Receptacle green. Linn. Stem upright, hardly one inch high, seldom branched. Leaves distant, alternate, spoon-shaped, but tapering to a point. Fruit-stalk very long, (three or four inches) upright, terminal, tawny at bottom, green above. Receptacle large, globular, green. Capsule cylindrical, blunt. Lid blunt. Fringe eight pair of teeth,

yellowish. Hedw. Fruit-stalks sometimes four or five inches high. (GREEN GLOBULAR GLAND-M08s. On the ejesta of animals, in mountainous

countries frequent. E.) (Under S. sphæricum Messrs. Hooker and Taylor comprehend S. gracile.

Dicks.; S. ovatum. Hewd.; and S. rugosum. Dicks. E.) S, VASCULO'sum. Receptacle nearly globular: leaves battledore-shaped,

distant. (Grev. Scot. Crypt. 179-Musc. Brit. Sup. i. E.)-Hedw. Stirp. ii. 15. Barren stems two inches, fertile ones one inch long, upright, unbranchei l.

* (A name adopted by Linnæus from Dioscorides, whose on haxvor is synonymous with his Bpuos, (Bryan,) and belongs to Mosses in general, or rather perhaps to Licbens, grot ia ing upon trees, E.)


Leaves spatula-shaped, bluntish, alternate, distant. Fruit-stalk one and a half inch high, upright, red. Receptacle large, spear-shaped, blood red. Capsule cylindrical, upright, brownish yellow. Fringe simple, composed of eight teeth, in pairs. Hedw. (This is perhaps the finest and most beautiful of all the British Mosses. We have seen it covering a spot of ground many feet in diameter with its brilliant green foliage, and spotted with its large, deep rich brown, shining capsules. Hook. E.) (BLOOD-COLOURED or OBTUSE-LEAVED GLAND-moss. E.) Phascum pedun

culatum. Huds. Ed. i. adopted by Linnæus. (Smith associates this plant with S. gracile. E.) Upon bogs, and on the points of rocks on the tops of the Highland mountains, as Ben Lomond, and in the Isle of Skye and elsewhere. .Lightfoot. 697. On Scarbrae Moss in the parish of Kirke michael. Dr. Burgess. On mountainous moist heaths in Yorkshire, Westmoreland, and Wales. (Whether the plants of Hedwig and Hudson be the same, may be questionable ; but Dr. Greville appears to have found the former in similar situations, and in extended patches, as on Ben

Lawers, and the Clova mountains. E.) A. June-Oct. Huds.-P. Hedw. Var. Acutifolia of that author, “ distinguished by much shorter stems, a

dingy, almost black colour, and, above all, by the acute termination of

the leaves,” is represented in the same work, Pl. 311. E.) S. AMPULLA'CEUM. Receptacle inversely bottle-shaped : leaves spear

shaped, acute, generally serrated. E. Bot. 144-Hedw. Stirp. ii. 14-(Musc. Brit. ix. E.)-Fl. Dan. 822

Dill. 44. 3-Vaill. 26. H. Or. XV. 6. 10-Buxb. ii. 1. 1. Receptacle empty, transparent, an extension of the fruit-stalk. Linn. Stem

single or forked, from one to two inches high, upright, but feeble, and supported by other collateral stems. Leaves spear-shaped, acutely pointed. Stamens and pistils on the end of the same shoot. Veil bellshaped. Capsule slender, cylindrical, upright. Receptacle large, shaped like an inverted decanter. Lid convex. Fringe single, of eight pair of teeth. Hedw. Fruit-stalks crimson, one to three inches long. Veil very

small, deciduous. (One of the finest of Splachna. Grev. E.) Purrle Bottle or GLAND-MOSS. Bogs and marshes, and often upon

cow-dung. Bogs about Hitchin Ferry near Southampton, and by W. Wickham, and Addington near Croydon. Ray Syn. Geldestone Fen, near Bungay, Suffolk. Mr. Stone. (In a turbary north of Tyfry, between that and Hendref, Anglesey ; a spot which Mr. Davies indicates as well worthy the inspection of the Botanist in each season of the year. At Preswick Carr, Northumberland ; and on the Durham moors. Mr. Winch. E.) According to Hedwig, P., and ripening its capsules in July.

A. March-May. (Messrs. Turner and Hooker concur in opinion that Dickson's S. Tur

nerianum, E. Bot. 1116, (S. sagittifolium, With.) is only a var. of S.ampullaceum. The whole plant is smaller, and the apophysis of the capsule

narrower than in the common appearance. E.) S. ANGUSTA'TUM. Receptacle egg-shaped : fruit-stalk very short : leaves

serrated upwards, hair-pointed.

Hedw. Stirp. ii. 12–(E. Bot. 1132—Musc. Brit. ix. E.) Upright, not branched, nearly one inch high. Leaves larger towards the top

of the plant, sometimes a little toothed towards the end. Fruit-stalk hardly rising above the leafy involucrum. Capsule cone-shaped, but

lopped, leaning a little. Mouth fringed with eight pairs of teeth. Veil

oblique. Hedw. (NARROW-LEAVED GLAND-moss. È.) In moist alpine situations in Scot

land. Dicks. ii. 3, (On the side of Lochawe, Scotland. Mr. Don. E.) P. S. OVA'TUM. Receptacle inversely egg-shaped : leaves egg-spear-shaped :

stem none. (Hedw. 8. 4. 6-E. Bot. 1590. E.)- Dill. 44. 4-Ray. 3. 2, at p. 128. Leaves broad, shining. Fruit-stalk golden yellow. Dill. A different plant

from the S. vasculosum. Linn. to which Hudson improperly referred it.

Dicks. II. 2. (Ovate GLAND-MOSS. E.) Rotten spongy ground, as in the pastures

called Emott Moor, Lancashire. Also in Montgomeryshire. Dill. On

Ben Nevis. Dickson. S. MNIOI'DES.. Receptacle inversely conical : capsule egg.cylindrical :

leaves spear-shaped, very entire, ending in a long taper point,

Hedw. Stirp. ii. 11—(Musc. Brit. ix. E.)-Fl. Dan. 192. Fertile shoots upright, undivided. Barren shoot generally branched.

Leaves very entire, ending in a long point. Fruit-stalk upright, terminal, about half an inch long. Capsule upright, egg-shaped. Receptacle an inverted cone. Lid flat, bluntly pointed. Fringe eight pair of teeth, broad, united. Veil slender. Hedw. In the star-bearing shoots the edges of the leaves are sometimes set with hairs. Griff. The capsule is larger than the inversely conical receptacle, but in S. Breweri the receptacle is egg-shaped and larger than the cylindrical capsule. In both, the leaves are with or without hair-like points, but in 8. Breweri the leaves

are narrower and the points longer. (GREEN TAPERING GLAND-MOSS. E.) Mountainous places. Dicks. I. 2.

Near Llyn Idwell, Carnarvonshire. ' It frequently occurs upon the ejesta of foxes and badgers, which are very numerous about Snowdon. Mr. Griffith.

P. (Drs. Hooker and Taylor comprehend under the present species, 4. Minus, of a deeper colour and with shorter stems. S. Mnioides. Linn.

Hedw. E. Bot. 1539. S. urceolalum. Dicks. E. Bot. 2417. B. Majus, of a paler colour, and with elongated stems. S. fastigiatum.

Dicks. E. Bot. 786. S. purpureum. With. S. Brewerianum. Hedw. ü

38. Dill. 44. 5. E.) S. TEN'UE. Capsules inversely conical: leaves egg-oblong, serrulated

upwards, awn-pointed. PLATE XVIII. f.3Dicks. 4. 2–(E. Bot. 1133-Musc. Brit. ix. E.) Fertile shoots half an inch high. Leaves concave, inversely egg-shaped,

entire, bordered, reticulated, the meshes confluent, keel curved, serrulated, ending abruptly in a serrulated awn-like point. Fruit-stalks one to one and a half inch high, the lower half bright pink, the upper half and the capsule dark purple. Capsule a continuation of the fruit-stalk, inversely conical, a little leaning to one side; teeth sixteen, in pairs. Veil extinguisher-shaped, but blunt, as if lopped. Barren shoots terminated by rosaceous cups;, all the leaves spear-shaped, serrulated, ending in fine points; the sides approaching. Griff. (Approaches tery

« AnteriorContinua »