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Caledon, Lord, 5 Carlton House Terrace.
lection. Eardley, Sir Culling, Bart., Belvidere, near Erith. Garvagh, Lady, 31 Portman Square. Here is a chef d'ouvre of
Raphael, a Madonna and child. Hertford, Marquis of, Hertford House, 105 Piccadilly-a very
valuable collection, to which the owner frequently adds. Here is Sir Joshua Reynolds' picture of Mrs. Hoare and child, for which the Marquis gave the largest sum ever paid for a
work of this master, viz., 2550 guineas. Holford, R. S., Esq., Dorchester House, Park Lane-a large and
very handsome mansion, containing a collection of very good
pictures, brought together by Mr. Holford. Hope, H. T., Esq., M.P., Piccadilly, corner of Down Street. The
house is new, and cost £30,000. The collection of pictures and sculptures divided between this mansion and Deepdene,
Surrey, Mr. Hope's country seat, is very valuable. Londonderry, Dowager Marchioness of, Holdernesse House, Park
Lane-a handsome mansion, containing statuary, pictures, and
articles of vertu. Morrison, Charles, Esq., 57 Upper Harley Street. Munro, H. A. J., Esq., Hamilton Place, Piccadilly. Norfolk, Duke of, 21 St. James' Square. Overstone, Lord, 2 Carlton Gardens-principally Dutch, very
choice. Peel, Sir Robert, Bart., 4 Whitehall Gardens, Whitehall—a collec
tion of Dutch paintings, formed by the late baronet, the premier ;
“not only is there not one mediocre picture in the collection, but there is not one which is not of celebrity, and first rate.”—Mrs. Jameson. Here is the Chapeau de Paille, by
Rubens, which cost 3500 guineas. Rothschild, Baron Lionel, Piccadilly, near Apsley House collec
tions of china, carved ivory, mediæyal curiosities, besides
pictures. Wynn, Ellis, Esq., 30 Cadogan Place. Yarborough, Earl of, Arlington Street, Piccadilly,
CHAPTER THE FIFTEENTH.
Army and Navy Club—Athenæum Club-Carlton Club-City Club
Conservative Club-Garrick Club-Guards' Club-Junior United Service Club—Oriental Club-Oxford and Cambridge Club— Reform Club-Travellers' Club-Union Club, United Service Club—University-White's Brooks'—Boodle's—Chess Clubs.
THE CLUBS form a peculiar feature of London life, and their houses as peculiar a feature in London architecture, not to be paralleled in any foreign city. They consist no longer of a small number of persons meeting at a tavern or coffee-house to spend a social evening, and talk eloquently over their cups. They are large assemblages of gentlemen, who, adopting one bond of union or another, have subscribed their guineas, and built themselves handsome houses, splendidly decorated, and luxuriously furnished, where they can take their meals, read the papers, and discuss the news of the day with their fellow-members. Some of the houses are amongst the finest edifices in the metropolis. They are intended chiefly for bachelors ; and a man of moderate income may enjoy comforts in them only otherwise to be commanded by a large fortune. The two principal rooms on the ground-floor are the morning room, where the members find a spacious sitting room supplied with newspapers, and the coffee-room, in which meals are served. On this floor is frequently a house diningroom where set dinner parties can meet. On the upper floor will be found a splendid drawing-room, a card room, and the library well stocked with books. In some part of the building, generally on the floor above the drawing-room, are billiard and smoking rooms. It will thus be seen that all the appliances for a comfortable existence are supplied, except as regards sleeping, no beds being provided. The affairs of a club are in the hands of a committee of management, appointed by the members out of their own body. This committee acts in all respects as masters of the house, appointing the servants, receiving subscriptions, paying bills, and making regulations for the orderly ongoing of the household. A complete establishment will embrace a secretary and librarian; a steward and house-keeper ; groom of the chambers, butler, hall-porter ; clerk of the kitchen, chief cook, under-cooks, with waiting and other servants of various kinds. Viands are supplied at cost rice, the general charges of the establishment being defrayed from the fund arising from entrancefees and annual subscriptions. At some of the clubs a member may entertain his friends at dinner, there being a strangers' room provided for the purpose. Another convenience is that members can have their letters addressed to them at their club. Gambling is not permitted ; and deep drinking has long gone out of fashion, moderation in wine being happily the order of the day. In order to procure admission to a club, a gentleman must be proposed by a certain number of members, and must then submit to the ordeal of the ballot-box, in which the presence of a regulated number of black balls will exclude the candidate. The entrance-fee varies from nine guineas to thirty-one guineas, but it is usually about twenty-five guineas. The annual subscription also varies, ranging from six to ten guineas.
The club-houses congregate in Pall Mall and the neighbouring streets, and Pall Mall derives its palatial aspect altogether from them, for the real palace of St. James' is but a poor affair by the side of the noble structures erected by the subscriptions of a few gentlemen. The “city” possesses only one club. We shall proceed to give a few details respecting the principal clubs, and it will be seen that the bond of union has been furnished by various circumstances : sometimes it is political, sometimes derived from the universities, and sometimes professional.
THE ARMY AND Navy CLUB-HOUSE, a very handsome building, stands in Pall Mall, at the corner of George Street. It was commenced in 1848 from designs by Messrs. Parnell and Smith, who took for their models, to a considerable extent, two Venetian buildings, Sansovino's Palazzo Cornaro, and the Library of St. Mark. The entrance is in St. James' Square, by a loggia of three arches, leading to a spacious hall, where hang an equestrian portrait of the Queen by Grant, which cost 400 guineas, and a piece of Gobelin tapestry presented by the Emperor Louis Napoleon, an honorary member. The coffee-room is 814 feet by
304 feet; the morning room 71 feet by 274 feet. The site cost £52,000 ! and the building £35,000. The number of members is limited to 1450. The entrance-fee is £30 ; the annual subscription £6:11s.
THE ATHENÆUM CLUB, Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, was instituted in 1823 by Sir Walter Scott, Sir Humphrey Davy, Sir T. Lawrence, Sir F. Chantrey, and others, for the association of individuals known for their literary or scientific attainments, artists of eminence, and noblemen and gentlemen, distinguished as liberal patrons of science, literature, and the arts. The clubhouse was built in 1829 from the designs of Decimus Barton. The building cost £35,000; the furniture, plate, linen, and glass, £7500 ; the library £4000. The library contains the best collection of books of any club-house in London. In it is a portrait of George IV., on which Lawrence was working only a few hours before he died. On the principal front is a frieze copied from the Panathenaic frieze of the Parthenon ; and over the portico is a colossal statue of Minerva by Baily. The club is limited to 1200 members ; the entrance-fee is 25 guineas; the annual subscription 6 guineas.
THE CARLTON CLUB-HOUSE, Pall Mall, is the head quarters of the Conservatives. The building was originally in the Grecian style, after designs by Sir R. Smirke, but was subsequently enlarged and refronted in a totally different style by his brother Sydney Smirke. The present design owes much to Sansovino's Library of St. Mark at Venice. The façade is 130 feet long, in two orders—the lower Doric, the upper Ionic. Polished red granite columns and pilasters adorn the Caen-stone front, and catch the eye at once.
The interior contains some splendid rooms, one of which, the coffee-room, is 92 feet long by 37 feet broad. The number of members is limited to 800, exclusive of peers and members of the House of Commons. The entrance-fee is 15 guineas, the annual subscription 10 guineas.
THE CITY CLUB is established at 19 Old Broad Street. It was built in 1833, from Ph. Hardwick's designs, upon the site of the old South-Sea House. Merchants, bankers, and professional men, constitute the members, who pay an entrance-fee of 25 guineas, and an annual subscription of 6 guineas.
T: CONSERVATIVE CLU SE stands on the west side, and near the bottom of St. James' Street. It is a handsome Palladian building, erected in 1845, from the designs of Sydney Smirke
and G. Basevi. The morning-room is 92 feet long by 289 feet wide. The splendid drawing-room is of the same size, and its coved ceiling is supported by 18 Scagliola columns. The coffeeroom has a length of 80 feet, and a width of 28} feet, and the library has the same dimensions. The hall and staircase are richly decorated with encaustic embellishments by Sang. A gallery runs round the hall. The expenses of building and furnishing amounted to £73,000. Members limited to 1500. The entrance-fee is 25 guineas, the annual subscription 8 guineas.
THE GARRICK CLUB meets at No. 35 King Street, Covent Garden, and derives its name from the celebrated actor. instituted in 1831, and consists of members of the histrionic art and patrons of the drama. Clarkson Stanfield, David Roberts, and Louis Haghe, have adorned the walls of the smoking-room with paintings. Members limited to 350. Entrance-fee 30 guineas ; annual subscription 6 guineas. Here is a collection of theatrical portraits, brought together principally by Charles Matthews. Strangers must be personally introduced by a member, and the pictures can only be seen on a Wednesday between eleven and three.
THE GUARDS' CLUB-HOUSE, 70 Pall Mall, has the external appearance of a private house. Officers of the household troops alone can be members.
THE JUNIOR UNITED SERVICE CLUB-HOUSE is a handsome edifice at the corner of Charles Street and Regent Street. It was rebuilt in 1857, from the designs of Messrs. Nelson and Innes. The members are limited to 1500. The entrance-fee is £30, the annual subscription £6.
THE ORIENTAL CLUB, 18 Hanover Square, was instituted in 1824 for the convenience of gentlemen officially connected with our Indian empire, or who have travelled in Asia or Egypt, or at the Cape of Good Hope. It is limited to 800 members, who pay an entrance-fee of £21, and an annual subscription of £8.
THE OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE CLUB, Pall Mall, for members of the two universities. It was erected, 1835-8, from designs by Sir Robert Smirke and his brother. The façade is 80 feet in length, and 75 feet in height. Over the window of the upper floor are bas-reliefs in panels. The members are limited to 585 from each university. The entrance-fee is 25 guineas, the annual subscription 6 guineas.