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General Plan of London, Map of Environs,
Plans of Public Buildings, Museums and Gardens, Railway Stations,

Views of Public Buildings, and Places of Resort.

Plan of London, engraved expressly for this work from the most recent

and best authorities.

Map of the Environs, extending from Windsor to Greenwich, etc.

Index Map of London.

Do. Do. Environs.

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81

82

91

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View of St. Paul's Cathedral
Ground Plan of Ditto
View of Westminster Abbey
Ground Plan of Ditto
Ground Plan of British Museum, Area

Galleries
Ground Plan of the South Kensington Museum
Ground Plan of the Zoological Gardens

147

156

189

182

THE ENVIRONS.

341

Map of the Environs of London— Windsor, Gravesend, Crystal

Palace, Richmond, Hampton Court, etc., etc.
Greenwich Hospital
Crystal Palace, Sydenham
Epsom Race Course
Richmond .

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358

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LONI
CONDON, the capital of the British Empire, lies upon both

banks of the river Thames, some fifty miles from its mouth. Its latitude may be roughly taken at 51° 31' N. It extends into four counties, but the largest portion is in Middlesex. It returns sixteen members to the Commons' House of Parliament, four elected by the City of London proper, two by the City of Westminster, and two each by the boroughs of Marylebone, Finsbury, Tower Hamlets, Southwark, and Lambeth, the two last of which are on the south side of the river.

POPULATION.—According to the census returns of 1861, the population of the metropolis amounted to 2,803,921 persons, living in 360,237 houses, spread over 78,029 acres of ground, or about 121 square miles.

The following table shews the population of the different districts of the metropolis :

DISTRICTS OF LONDON.

Inhabited
Houses.

Population in

1861.

MIDDLESEX.
Kensington
Chelsea
St. George's, Hanover Square
Westminster
St. Martin-in-the-Fields
St. James, Westminster
Marylebone
Hampstead
Pancras
Islington
Hackney
St. Giles
Strand
Holborn
Clerkenwell
St. Luke
East London
West London
London City
Shoreditch
Bethnal Green
Whitechapel
St. George-in-the-East
Stepney
Mile-end Old Town
Poplar

SURREY.
St. Saviour, Southwark
St. Olave, Southwark
Bermondsey
St. George, Southwark
Newington
Lambeth
Wandsworth
Camberwell
Rotberbithe

KENT.
Greenwich
Lewisham

25,854

8,318 10,421 6,880 2,283 3,331 16,370

2,653 21,928 20,676 13,412 4,662 3,815 4,125 7,086 6,368 4,495 2,616 6,367 17,231 14,812 8,667 6,187 7,465 10,768 11,163

186,463
63,423
87,747
67,676
22,636
35,324
161,609

19,104
198,882
155,291
83,295
53,981
42,956
44,861
65,632
56,997
40,673
27,144
45,550
129,339
104,905
78,963
48,878
56,567
73,064
79,182

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With the local government of this vast body, 7000 persons are connected. During the ten years between 1851 and 1861, the population has annually increased at the rate of 1.722 per

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