Imatges de pàgina

And hence, if on examination we should find any of the received doctrines or usages among the churches, dissonant to the sacred oracles,-if we only judge so,-if this on deliberation be our opinion, we may freely enjoy and profess our judgment and oppose such doctrines or customs by alleging from the scriptures only; without appealing to human tests of divine truth, or encountering the civil and ecclesiastical hostilities with which they have been too generally enforced.

The present bounds of New England, the greater part of which is yet a wilderness, permit an increase of seven millions. If Providence should complete the reduction of Canada and an honorable peace annex it to the British crown, we may extend our settlements into new provinces, or to the western part of those provinces which by the charters cross the continent to the Pacific ocean. With pleasure we anticipate the rapid settlement of new towns and provinces around us, and filling them up with millions of inhabitants. We transport ourselves to the distance of a hundred years forward, look over the wide spread wilderness, see it blossom like the rose, and behold it planted with churches and temples consecrated to the pure worship of the most Highwhen our present plain edifices shall be succeeded with a nobler species of building not indeed with temples whose colonades are decked with the gilt busts of angels winged ; but temples adorned with all the decent ornaments of the most sublime and august architecture—when divinely resplendent truth shall triumph, and our brethren of the congregational communion may form a body of seven millions! A glorious and respectable body this, for Truth and Liberty. Well might our fathers die with pleasure, and sacrifice their lives with joy to lay the foundation of such a name, of such a peculiar people whose numbers so soon increase like the sand of the sea, or the stars of heaven, and what is more, whose God is the LORD.




TUNE to joy the sprightly measure,

Utter not a note of woe,
Give a loose to mirth and pleasure,

Bid the generous feeling flow.
Lo! the bounties of creation

To whatever side we turn,
Still convey this intimation,

Man was never made to mourn.

Flowers that deck the earth with glory,

Birds that warble in the grove,
Tell the same unvaried story

Of our great Creator's love.
This should clear the heart of sadness

And to pure devotion raise,
Sorrow is ungrateful madness,

Cheerfulness is silent praise.

Though the clouds of dark despair

Often gather round the soul,
Mirth should scatter them in air

And dispense its sweet control.
While the bounteous hand of Heaven

Pours its gifts from plenty's horn,
Though some transient ties are riven,

Grateful hearts should briefly mourn.



An Institution, I conceive, may be devised, of which, at present there is no model either in this country or in Europe ; giving such a course of education and discipline as would give to the faculties of the human mind an improvement


power far beyond what they obtain by the ordinary systems of education; and far beyond what they afterwards attain in any of the professional pursuits. Such an Institution, as to its principle, suggested itself to the sagacious and far-seeing mind of Bacon, as one of the greatest importance. But while his other suggestions have been followed out with such wonderful success in extending the boundaries of physical science, this has been overlooked and neglected. One reason is, that the other suggestions were more elaborately explained by him; there, too, he not only pointed out the path, but he led the way in it himself. Besides, those other suggestions could be carried out by individual exertion and enterprise, independently of the existing establishments. But this required an original plan of education, and a new foundation for its execution ; where the young mind would be trained by a course of education and discipline that would unfold and perfect all his faculties ; where the genius would plume his young wings, and prepare himself to take the noblest flights. The idea, however, was not entirely original with Bacon; for it would be in effect but the revival of that system of education and discipline which produced such wonderful improvement and power of the human mind in Greece

In its pro

and Rome, and especially in Greece. Its effects here, I am persuaded, would be many and glorious. Of these I shall now indicate only one ; but that one whose importance all must admit. gress, and ultimately, it would give to our country, I have no doubt, a national literature of a high and immortal character. However mortifying to our national pride it is to say it, it must be confessed that we have not a national literature of that character; nor is it possible we ever should have, as it appears to me, on our present systems of education. Not that our literature, such as it is, is inferior to that of other nations produced at the present day. No; mediocrity is the character of all literary works of the present day, go where you will. It is so in England, it is so in France, the two most literary nations of Europe. It is true, learned men and great scholars are every where to be found; indeed, they may be said to abound more than ever; the whole world has become a reading world ; the growth of the press is prodigious; but it is all ephemeral and evanescent—all destined to the grave of oblivion. Nor is it that our countrymen have not the gift of genius for literary works of that high and immortal character. Probably no people were ever blessed with it in a greater degree-of which every where

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