Imatges de pàgina

feems to me no need of emenda-
tion. The meaning is, that fe-
nators and plebeians are equal,
when the highest taste is beft pleafed
with that which pleases the lows

P. 555. Read,
What may be forn by, both
divine and human,

Seal, what I end withal.

I think rightly.


P. 562. Clean kam] The Welch word for crooked is kam.

P. 578. My first fon.] The Revifal reads, my fierce fon; but furely first may stand for firft in excellence: Prima virorum.

P. 601. As is the ofprey to the

fif.] We find in Mich Drayton's Poly-Olbion, Song 25. a full account of the ofprey, which fhews the juftnefs, and the beauty of the fimile, and confirms Theobald's correction to be right: "The ofpray oft here feen, though feldom here it " breeds,

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"Which over them the fish no "fooner do espy,

"But, betwixt him and them, "by an antipathy, "Turning their bellies up, "as though their death they faw,


"They at his pleasure lie to " ftuff his gluttonous

"maw." Mr. LANGTON.

P. 472. To confirm the just nefs of May of life for way in Macbeth. Mr. Colman's quotation from Much ado about Nothing,

"May of youth and bloom of "luftyhood."

And another paffage, Henry V. p. 292. "My puiffant liege is in the 46 very May-morn of his 66 youth."

Mr. LANGTON. P. 478. I pull in refolution.] Mr. Johnfon in the room of this would read, I pall in refolution; but there is no need of change; for Shakespeare, who made Trincalo in the Tempeft fay, I will let loofe my opinion, might have written, I pull in my refolution. He had permitted his courage (like a horse) to carry him to the brink of a precipice, where feeing his danger, he refolves to pull in that, to which he had given the rein before.

P. 519. I'll potch at him fome

way.] The Revifal reads
peach, but potch, to which the
objection is made, as no English
word, is used in the midland
counties for a rough violent
P. 553.
eft tafte
Moft palates theirs-] There

when the great


NOTES to the
P. 27. Brutus. The genius
and the mortal inftruments,
Are then in council, and the
ftate of man,

Like to a little kingiom, Luffers then

The nature of an insurrection.] Inftead of infiruments, it should, I think,

I think, be inftrument, and explained thus ;

"the common oath of the Scy"thians was by the word, and "by the wind; and that the


Irifh used commonly to fwear "by their fwords: and that they "do at this day, when they go out to battle, fay certain

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prayers, and charms to their "fwords, making a cross there" with on the earth, and thruft"ing the points of their blades

"thereby to have better fuccefs

The genius, i. e. the foul, or fpirit, which fhould govern; and the mortal inftrument, i. e. the man, with all his bodily, that is, earthly paffions, fuch as, envy, pride, malice, and ambition, are then in council, i. e. debating upon the horrid action that is to be done, the foul and rational powers diffuading, and the mortal" into the ground, thinking inftrument, man, with his bodily paffions, prompting and pushing" in the fight." on to the horrid deed, whereby the ftate of man, like to a little kingdom, fuffers then the nature of an infurrection, the inferior powers rifing and rebelling against the fuperior. See this exemplified in Macbeth's foliloquy, and alfo by what King John fays, act iv. p. 453..

"Nay in the body of this "fleshly land,

This kingdom, this confine "of blood and breath, "Hoftility and civil tumult "reigns, "Between my confcience, and my coufin's death."



P. 122. Ant. Now by my fword.] An expreffion ufed by Shakespeare, Winter Night's Tale, act ii. fc. laft. Leontes to Anti


Leo."Swear by thy fword, "Thou wilt perform my bid"ding." See act iii. fc. ii. And in allufion to the Danish customs, Hamlet, act i. fc. ix. See Titus Andronicus, a&t iv. fc. i.

Spencer obferves (in his View of the State of Ireland, Works, 12mo, 1564) from Lucian's DiaLogue, intitled Toxaris, "That

To this cuftom Spencer alludes in other places.

"So fuff'ring him to rife, he "made him fwear,

"By his own fword, and the "cross thereon,

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"To take Briana for his loving Fere." Fairy Queen, book 6. canto 1—53. Dr. GRAY.

This note, which is referred to this place by its authour, may deserve more confideration to the reader of Hamlet, where the friends of Hamlet are required to fwear upon his fword.

P. 155. Cleo. Go to the fellow, good Alexas; bid them to report the feature of Octavia, her years, her inclination; let them not leave out the colour of her bair.] This is a manifeft allufion to thequeftion put by Queen Elizabeth to Sir James Melvil, concerning his mistress, the Queen of Scots. "She de"fired to know of me what co"lour of hair was reputed beft? "And whether my Queen's hair "or her's was beft? And which " of them two was fairest? I "anfwered, The fairness of them was not their worst faults. Dr. GRAY.

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ENTWINE his root with that of the vine [patience,] and in the end patience muft out-grow grief. This I take to be the fenfe, and that therefore we should read ENTWINE. Mr. HAWKINS.

P. 354-thy fluggish carrack.] Mr. Simpson reads, thy fluggi crare. A crare was a fmall trading veffel, called in the Latin of the middle ages, crayera.


This I think is right. P. 355. The robin-red-breast called ruddock, by Chaucer and Spenfer.

"The falfe lapwinge, all full "of trecherie,

"The ftarling that the coun"fails can bewrie,

"The tame ruddock, and the "coward kite."

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Dr. GRAY. P. 382. Or to take upon yourfelf,] Read, Or take upon yourfelf. REVISAL. P. 444: Thou fool for a witch. In one way of trying a witch, they used to place her upon a chair or ftool, with her legs tied acrofs, that all the weight of her body might rest upon her feat; and by that means, after fome time, the circulation of the blood, in fome hours, would be much stopt, and her fitting would be as painful as the wooden horse.

P. 172. Char. Three in Egypt Cannot make better note.] Alluding to the old catches, which were in three parts.

-When I

P. 197. Ant.
try'd, Hoa!
Cry'd boa! like boys unto a mufs,
kings would

Start forth, and cry, Your will.]
Mufs, a fcramble. So ufed by
Ben Johnson. See the Magnetic
Lady, act iv. fc. iii. p. 44.

Bias. "I keep her portion
"fafe, that is not scatter'd,
"The moneys rattle not; nor
"are they thrown
"To make a mufs, yet 'mong
"the game fome fuitors."

P. 260. In the note, for
Don Belliarus, read Don Bellia-


P. 286. What both you Spur and fop.] I think Imogen means to enquire what is that news, that intelligence, or information, you profess to bring, and yet withhold: at leaft, I think, your explanation a mistaken one, for Imogen's request fuppofes Iachimo an agent, not a patient.

Mr. HAWKINS. P. 347. Untwine his perishing rcot, &c.] The attribute of the elder in this place is perishing, that of the vine encreafing. Let therefore the flinking elder grief


P. 1. Gregory. On my word, I will not carry coals.] An expreffion then in ufe, to fignify the patient bearing of injuries.

Shakespeare ufes it in this fenfe, Life of King Henry V. act iii. fc. iii. p. 360.

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Boy Nym and Bardolph are


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Ergo, will hold my dog." And again, act v. fc. iii. "Take heed, Sir Puntarvolo, "what you do;

engages with a fpider, will fortify herself with fome of the plant; and that if she comes off wounded, the cures herself afterwards with it. Dr. GRAY,

P. 25. Merc. If thou art Dun, we'll draw thee from the mire.] A proverbial faying ufed by Mr. Thomas Heywood, in his play, intitled, The Dutchefs of Suffolk, act iii.

"A rope for Bishop Bonner, "Clunce run,

"Call help, a rope, or we 66 are all undone.

"Draw Dun out of the ditch."

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braham Cupid, be that fhot So true,

When King Cophetua lov'd the beggar maid,] I rather think that Shakespeare wrote,


Young Adam Cupid.”Alluding to the famous archer Adam Bell. P. 37. fon and beir, Young Adam Cupid, be that foot fo true

"He'll bear no coals, I can "tell you, (o' my word.") Dr. GRAY. I therefore retract my note on this paffage.

P. 7. Sam. I will bite my "thumb_at_them, which is a difgrace to them, if they bear it.] So it fignifies in Randolph's Mufes Looking-Glofs, act iii. fc. ii. p. 43.

Orgylus. "To bite his thumb

06 at me.

Argus." Why fhould not a man "bite his own thumb? Org.

"At me? were I fcorn'd, to fee men bite their "thumbs; "Rapiers and daggers, he's "the fon of a whore."

Dr. GRAY. P. 17. Ben. Take thou fome

new infection to thy eye, And the rank poifon of the old

will die.

Romeo. Your plantain leaf is

excellent for that,] Tackius tells us, that a toad, before the

Dr. GRAY. (Venus) purblind

When King Cophetua lov'd

the beggar-maid.] As the commentators are agreed that Cupid is here called Adam, in allufion to the famous archer Adam Bell, the hero of many an ancient ballad :So I believe, I can refer you to the ballad of King Cephetua, &c. In the first of the 3 vols. 12mo. p. 141. is an old fong of a king's falling in love with a beggar maid, which I take to be the very ballad in queftion, altho' the name of the king is no longer found in it, which will be no objection, to any one who has compared old

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P. 68. Spread thy clofe cur

tain love performing night, That Run-aways eyes may wink.] I am no better fatisfied with Dr. Warburton's emendation than the prefent editor, but tho' I have none I have a good opinion of, to propofe in its room, will yet offer at an explanation.

Juliet wishes the night may be fo dark, that none of thofe who are obliged to run away in it, on fome account or other, may meet with Romeo, and know his perfon, but that he may

Leap to her arms untalk'd of and unfeen.

copies of ballads with thofe now


The third stanza begins thus: "The blinded boy that shoots "fo trim,

"Did to his clofet windowfteal, " And drew a dart and shot "at him,

"And made him foon his power feel," &c.

I fhould rather read as in Shakespeare, The purblind boy. If this is the fong alluded to by Shakespeare, thefe fhould feem to be the very lines he had in his eye; and therefore I should fuppofe the lines in Romeo and Juliet, &c. were originally. “Her purblind fon and " heir, "Young Adam Cupid, he that "fhot so trim, "When, &c."


This word trim, the first editors, confulting the general fenfe of the paffage, and not perceiving the allufion, would naturally alter to true: yet the former feems the more humourous expreffion, and, on account of its quaintnefs, more likely to have been used by the droll Mercutio. Mr. PERCY. P. 50. Serv. Save me a piece of march-pane.] A confection made of Pifiacho nuts, almonds, fugar, &c. and in high efteem in Shakespeare's time; as appears from the account of Queen Elizabeth's Entertainment in Cambridge. 'Tis faid that the Univerfity prefented Sir William Cecyl, their Chancellor, with two pair of gloves, a march-pane, and two fugar loaves. Peck's Defiderata Curiofa, vol. 2. p. 29. Dr. GRAY.


The run-away in this place cannot be the fun, who must have been effectually gone before night could spread its curtain, and fuch a wish must have taken place before the eyes of these run-aways could be fuppofed to wink.

The Revifal reads, That Rumour's eyes may wink, and he might have fupported his conjecture from the figure of Fame, i. e. Rumour, as described by Virgil.

Tot vigiles oculi fubter, &c. And yet this is but a conjecturé, though a very ingenious one.

Mr. STEEVENS. P. 86. For I madam, read ay madam.

P. 117. N. 6. I am forry to fay that the foregoing note is an inftance of difingenuity, as well as inattention, in Mr. Theobald, who, relying on the scarcity of the old quartos, very frequently makes them answerable for any thing he thinks proper to affert.

The quarto in 1599, was not the first, it was preceded by one in 1597, and though Mr. T. deLI


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