Imatges de pÓgina

double the value of this part of Africa. The recommend the perusal of this modest nearest town is Graaff-Reynét, which bids and intelligent pamphlet; and we sin fair to become a considerable

place. The cerely trust the author may be induced nearest sea-port is Algoa bay, where a jutty by its success to fulfil his promise, of is all that is required for making landing safe and easy. Here the emigrants shoulă drawing up, for the use and guidance disembark, and not at Cape Town.”

of emigrants, more detailed instruc

tions, accompanied by all the informaTo those of our readers who are in- tion and advice essentially necessary terested in such matters, we earnestly upon the subject.

LIFE OF ANTONIO LAMBERTACCI. From the Historie Memorabili della Citta di Bologna da Gaspare Bombaci."

( Continued from Vol. V. Page 59.) The narrative of the events which thing is difficult, made their path of followed immediately, or very shortly conduct more easy ; nor did the fear after, upon those last recorded, shall of exposing himself to the danger of a be pursued in the words of our histo- thousand accidents retard him; either rian.

because every one thinks, in such “Imelda Lambertacci, and Boniface cases, that he is the favourite of forGieremei, equal in birth, in the graces tune, or because the satisfaction of a of person, and in years, to each other, vehement passion appears the most became inspired by a reciprocal pas- important object to him who entersion; and the obstacles which the an- tains it, and because to evince, in the cient feud of their parents opposed to execution of his designs, less daring its gratification, proved only a greater than a woman, is deemed the greatest incitement to their amorous desires. disgrace, and the basest of infamy. The damsel, enflamed and agitated by At the time and hour resolved upon, the violence of her new passion, dis- Bonifacio was introduced, with the covered plainly to her lover her heart greatest possible secrecy, into the in her looks, and betrayed to him her chamber of Imelda.

The supreme most secret thoughts by the changes contentment, the ecstacy of joy, which of the colour in her cheek, as if they they experienced, may be more readily were painted on her countenance. imagined than it can be described; The youth, well understanding the and I shall say nothing more than signs of love, so much the more re- that they would not have exchanged joiced at these tokens of a reciprocal their then present condition for the affection, as she was the more precious highest state of felicity ever granted to him both by reason of her birth to be enjoyed on earth. But contemand of her beauty. He, at the same plate a little how easily the designs of time, felt the torment of not being human creatures are frustrated, and able to find means to obtain the entire with what close connexion pleasure possession of her, on account of the and misery are linked together! While mutual hatred of their families, rather they were thus engaged together, the smothered than extinguished; because brothers of the damsel, who were disalthough all occasion of offence was porting themselves for the evening at taken away by the reconciliation be- an entertainment in the house of their fore mentioned, nevertheless they (the neighbours, the Cacciaremici, received two rival families) still abhorred the information of the fact, as is probable, idea of union. Despairing, therefore, from some of those who were most to obtain her in the way of marriage, bound in honour and duty to have and judging, from the mutual tokens kept it secret ; and, immediately on they had interchanged, that it depend- being advertised of it, they silently ed only upon him to proceed farther, broke away from their company, and he devised the means of being with on reaching their own mansion, one her as soon as possible, not less in or- of them laid his hands on a poignard, der to satisfy the impatience of his the point of which he anointed with a own passion, than that he might not poisonous unguent, and altogether give time for the fickleness of the fe- softly and on tiptoe, approached the male sex to elude him. The

agree- chamber-door ; on their opening which, ment of their wishes, to which no. Imelda, terrified, fled to the other end of the apartment, in order to conceal have excited compassion in any thing herself. · Bonifacio had scarce time to less inexorable than death itself; and feel the influence of fear, before he then, throwing upon him to kiss his found himself assailed on the sudden, envenomed wounds, and imbibe with and, pierced with many wounds, his life's blood whatever of his spirit breathed (as it were) his soul out in might yet linger amid the veins of the arms of his murderers, who threw its ancient habitation,-behold! on a the body into a water-course that ran sudden she felt herself wax faint and close by the walls of the house, while it feeble, and shortly thereafter lay reyet palpitated with the last gasp of life. clined insensible on the bosom of her It is even to be believed that they slaughtered lover, not suspecting, while would have done the same with their she breathed her last sigh, that she own sister, if it were not that either owed her so speedy dissolution to any they were troubled in their consciences other cause than the vehemence of her by reason of that which they had al- grief and passion. Next morning the ready committed, or else that, having event was made public, and related in sought her through the apartment, divers ways according to the interests they were unable to find her, and and attachments of the relators. Pub. therefore, not to lose time, hastily flew lic assemblies, and secret cabals, were to Bologna. As soon as they were spread throughout the city, and when departed, Imelda, who already trem- at last the truth became known, as the bled at the bare imaginations of the affair had really happened, some men event, repenting herself of having a- feared, and others hoped for, the combandoned to his fate the beloved ob- mencement of new contests, as, in each ject, without whom life could offer no- individual, a regard for his own prithing that is desirable to her imagina- vate advancement, or for the public tion, beating her bosom, and crying weal, was most predominant. Neverout upon herself as the cause of so theless no immediate rising or comgreat a calamity, followed the track of motion ensued, both because the acblood which led her to the spot where complices in the deed were at a disher unhappy lover had found, before tance, and because those of the Lamhis death, his place of sepulture. bertacci who remained were satisfied Thither having descended, and having with the vengeance taken by their abthere made discovery of the corpse, sent brethren, while the Gieremei which yet retained some portion of could not but entertain the reflection animal heat and motion, she knelt that the injury committed by Bonidown beside it, and as if it possessed facio was deserving of punishment; the power of sense to understand her and therefore suppose it probable that expressions, asked of it forgiveness they might not be able to excite any for her offence in deserting him while classes of men in favour of their quare alive, with so great tenderness, and rel.” şuch abundance of tears, that it would

(To be continued.)

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( Continued from Vol. V. p. 268.) 1.--The Author's Reflections on the surrendered themselves by degrees to Norman Conquest.

the influence of religion, and neglected

the use of arms; many of them asHERE then we may behold the la- suming the monastic habit; and, some mentable overthrow of the realm of at Rome, others in their own counEngland, my beloved country! whose try, exchanging their temporal for a kings, in the early ages of their first spiritual kingdom. Many, who still dominion, barbarous in person and continued in the world during their habit, warlike in manners, and hea- lives, founded churches and monasthen in their religion, led their sub- teries and treasuries for the poor, and jects to victory, and subdued their in short, completed all the good works enemies equally by their cunning and of charity. The whole island shines their valour. But, when they were so refulgent with the light of martyrs, converted to the faith of Christ, they confessors, and holy virgins, that you

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can hardly enter any considerable that the soul, when dismissed from the town without hearing the illustrious body, vanishes away into the air and is name of some new saint invoked within utterly dissolved; and Theologians, it. At length, however, charity grew holding a still different opinion concold, and the golden age was convert- cerning it, maintain that souls have ed into an age of clay: then the works three distinct mansions assigned them of religion fell into disuse, and (as after the dissolution of the body, one once before happened in the invasion in heaven, another in purgatory, and of the Danes, so now again in the ex- the third in hell; and that, as those pulsion of the English by the men of which are in hell shall in no wise be Normandy) the sins of the people saved, so those which are in purgadrew down their own destruction up- tory shall receive mercy. Now it fell on their heads. For the nobles of the out that, shortly after this mutual land, enslaved by their sensual appe- pledge was given and accepted, one of tites, no longer went early in the the friends departed on a sudden, morning into the churches as Chris- without having confessed, or received tians are wont, but, in their bed, the Viaticum. The other, who rechambers, and in the arms of their mained alive, thought continually of wives, heard the matin service and the promise made, but waited for its masses read over to them in haste by accomplishment till the end of the some careless priest, and the clerks thirty days in vain. After this time and those in orders were so destitute had expired, hopeless of the fulfilment of learning, that one who knew his of the promise, he had begun to apply grammar was an object of wonder to his mind again to other affairs, when all the rest. Their potations all made lo! the dead man appeared, and in common, and they wasted whole thus accosted him, “Dost thou know days and nights also, in that sort of me?” he asked. "I do know thee, study. They gorged themselves with answered his friend. “ Then," said food, and drank till they vomited at be, " Oh my friend ! my coming may their banquets. However, you are not (if thou choosest) be of the utmost to understand this of all men equally; importance to thee: to me it can avail it being well known that many among nothing. For the judgment of God that nation, of all condition and dig- hath gone out against me, and I am nities, were pleasing to God.

doomed, miserable that I am, to ever-,

lasting torments." Then the living II.-The return of one from the Grave man promised that he would give all

to visit and admonish his Companion, his effects to the church and to the

Related under the year 1072. poor, and pass all his days and nights ABOUT this time, there lived in a in continual prayer and fasting, for town of Britanny, called Nantes, two the redemption of his departed friend; clerks, who from their boyhood had but the apparition answered him, been so knit together in the bonds of Nay, that which I have said is fixe friendship, that, if necessity required ed; for, because I departed this life it, either would have sacrificed his life without repentance, the judgments of for the other. One day they agreed "God are just, and by them I am together, that, whichever of the two plunged into the sulphureous gulf of should first die, he should appear hell, where, so long as the stars roll within thirty days to the survivor, round the pole, and the waves of the whether sleeping or waking, in order sea break upon the shore, I shall to certify to him the state of things continue to be tormented for my hereafter, and what is the condition of sins. Now, that thou mayest feelingsouls after their departure from the ly experience only one of my innu. body; so that, being sufficiently in- merable sufferings, stretch out thine formed hereof, he might thenceforth hand to receive a drop of my bloody know, which of the opinions main- sweat.” The living man did as he tained by philosophers, concerning the was directed, and thereby his skin soul, was fittest to be embraced. For and flesh were perforated as by a the Platonist hold that the death of burning caustic, and a hole was made the body doth not extinguish the soul, in them, large enough to receive a but dismisses it freed, as from a duna hazle nut; but, when he testified the geon, to God, from whom it sprung; greatness of his pain by his exclamawhile the Epicureans contrariwise assert tions, “This mark” resumed the apparition, “will remain with thee till the their several wrongs, of which they day of thy death, in dreadful remem- made their complaint, demanding rebrance of my misery; therefore ne- dress; but the Bishop arbitrarily reglect not this amazing remedy, but plied, that he would do them no jususe it as the means of salvation; while tice for any wrong of which they so thou art yet able, change thy garment, complained, until they should have and therewith change thy mind also, so paid down to him four hundred as thou mayest escape from the anger pounds of lawful money. Then one, of thy Creator.” To this the living speaking for the rest of them, asked man returning not a word, the spectre license of the bishop to consult tolooked upon him with a more stern gether about the bishop's demand, countenance, and said, “ miserable that they might return their answer wretch! if thou doubtest, turn thee the more advisedly; which license and read this writing”. And there being obtained, while they were conupon he stretched out his hand, which sulting together, one, on whose judgwas all over written with black cha- ment they had all great reliance, hastily racters, in which Satan and all the said, in the language of his country, legions of hell were made to return “ Short rede, good ręde, slea ye the thanks to the whole ecclesiastical or- byshoppe;" whereupon they all of der, for that, while they indulged one accord flew to arms, and the without restraint in their own plea- bishop was cruelly slain, with a hunsures, they only suffered the souls of dred men of his train, on a spot close such as were subjected to their care, by the river Tine, where this fatal through their neglect, to descend to court had been held by him. hell in such numbers that no former ages had ever seen the like. After IV.-Foundation of the Church of Linwhich, the apparition vanished. The coln by Saint Remigius. Anno 1085. living man immediately distributed By this time the Normans had acall his goods to the church and to the complished the will of God over the poor, and took upon him the holy habit whole English nation, and hardly one at the monastery of Saint Melan, ad- nobleman of English birth remained monishing all present of what he had in the kingdom, all being reduced to seen and heard; who, seeing his sud- a state of servitude, in such sort, that den conversion, exclaimed, “ Behold it became a disgrace to be called an what the hand of the most High hath Englishman. Then did unjust imwrought!"

posts and the worst customs spring up

over the land ; and, the more those III.-The Character and Death of in authority gave judgment according

Walter, Bishop of Durham. Under to law and justice, the greater was the the year 1075.

oppression. They who were called In those days, Walter, Bishop of justiciaries were the authors of all inDurham, occupying himself in secular justice. To steal a deer or wild goat concerns to the prejudice of the Pon- was punished with the loss of sight; tifical Dignity, bought the Earldom nor was there any man to resist such of Northumberland of the King, and, oppressive laws. For this cruel king acting in the capacity of Sheriff of loved beasts of chase as if he had been the county, presided in the Courts of the father of them ; so that, at the Laical Jurisdiction, and violently ex- last, following his evil counsels, he torted immense sums of money out enacted that, even in towns where of all the inhabitants of his pro- men hold discourse together, and in vince, alike nobles and serfs; so that, the churches themselves which are at the last, the people, seeing them consecrated to the worship of God, selves reduced to extreme penury by wild deer and other animals should his extortions and those of his ser- be suffered to run about unrestrained. vants, became greatly indignant there. Whence it is proverbially asserted, at, and meeting together in secret that for thirty miles and more the council, unanimously ordained one fruitful country was converted into a and all to attend the county court, forest, and into the haunts of wild armed to repel injuries, should necesa, beasts. In the construction of castles, sity demand it. Shortly after, they also, this king exceeded all his precame to the court accordingly, with decessors. Normandy had come to spirits determined to exact justice for him by hereditary right; Maine he



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had acquired by the force of his arms; resolved to avenge the insult he had he had reduced Armorick Britain to received at the cost of multitudes of his vassalage ; he reigned alone in innocent persons. At last he burned England ; he held Scotland and the town of Mantes, and destroyed in Wales under his yoke; but he was the flames the church of the Blessed so great a lover of peace, that a maiden Virgin, together with two of the holy carrying a weight of gold might have Vestals (who remained within it, bewalked securely through the whole lieving that even in that extremity it island. A short time before this, he was not lawful for them to quit their had given the bishoprie of Dorchester habitation). The king, rejoicing in to Remigius, a monk of Fescamp; but the sight of this destruction, called to it displeased that bishop to have so his people to heap fuel upon the flames, inconsiderable a town assigned him and, approaching himself too near the for his see, when in the same diocese conflagration, contracted a fever from was the city of Lincoln, so much the violence of the fire added to the more worthy to be an Episcopal resi- unwholesome heats of the autumnal dence; wherefore, having purchased season. His disorder was further insome lands on the top of the hill, he creased by an internal rupture, ocbuilt a church on that spot. And al- casioned by leaping a ditch on horsethough the archbishop of York as- back, so that he returned to Rouen in serted that the city belonged to his great pain of sickness; and, as his fediocese, Remigius made little account ver grew worse from day to day, took of his claim, and pursued the work he at last to his bed, being compelled by had so commenced with such dili- the violence of the distemper. The gence that he completed it, and filled physicians who were consulted preit with a clergy most approved for dicted his fast approaching dissoludoctrine and morals. This Remigius tion from an inspection of his water. was low of stature, but great in mind; In an interval of strength, after having dark in colour, but not in works; received the viaticum, and performed once he had been accused of a con- the Christian duty of confession, he spiracy against the king, but one of bequeathed Normandy to his son Rohis servants undertaking the purga- bert; England, and his maternal postion of his lord by undergoing the sessions, together with his treasures, ordeal of red hot iron, he was thus to William Rufus. He commanded restored to the love of the king, and all prisoners to be released, and great wiped clean from the stain of ponti- sums of money to be distributed afical disgrace. Thus was founded the mong the churches. He assigned a modern church of Lincoln.

sufficiency for the repair of St Mary's

church, lately burned by fire; and, V.-Death of William the Conqueror. having thus duly settled all his afAnno 1087.

fairs, he died on the 8th of the ides of This same year, king William made September, in the twenty-second year his abode in Normandy for some time, of his reign as king of England, and during which he delayed the war the fifty-second as duke of Normandy, which he meditated against the king the fifty-ninth of his age, and the of France. But Philip abusing his 1088th of the holy incarnation. His patience, is reported to have scurri- body was conveyed down the river lously said, “ The king of England Seine to Caen, and there buried, akeeps his bed at Rouen, like a woman midst a large concourse of prelates of on childbed ; but when he comes the church. forth to his churching I will light Robert, the eldest son of the conhim to church with a hundred thou- queror, was in France, engaged in the sand candles.” The king, exasperated war against his father at the time of by this and other like sarcasms, in the his death; and William Rufus hastenensuing month of August, while the ed to England, while he was yet alive, corn was on the ground, the grapes in conceiving that it would be more for the vineyards, and the apples in the his advantage to undertake that voyorchards, in all the abundance of the age immediately than to wait and atseason, assembled a numerous army, tend his father's funeral. Henry alone, and made an inroad into France, of all his children, was present at that wasting and depopulating the country solemnity, and paid, of his own mothrough which he went. Nothing ney, 100 pounds of silver to a certain could appease his resentment, but he knight (whose patrimony extended to

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