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surrounding villages, and the press had of that day's sun, there would have reached the last audacity of wicked- been a confession on the part of governness, teeming with sedition and blas- ment by its authorities, that the power phemy. It is all very easy to say why of the populace was too formidable to were such things permitted ? that is be resisted, and that the laws must be not the question--they existed. Op left to their mercy. He was seized the 10th of March 1817, a meeting of and he was seized in the only way, the reformers was held in Manchester, and by the only power which could and the magistrates, deeming that have been effectual; entrenched as he meeting illegal, ordered the military was, within a phalanx of his rebellious to surround the hustings, and the subjects. constables to seize the orators--no re- But we must conclude. The dansistance was made, and, therefore, no ger that threatens the country has at bloodshed ensued. The thanks of last been acknowledged on all hands government were given to the magis- and by all parties; and such measures trates, and their conduct approved of have been adopted by the wisdom of by the whole country. There can be parliament, as we doubt not will, by no doubt that such determined con- suppressing, finally destroy the wicked duct at that time prevented a great spirit in which that danger is bred. deal of mischief. We know that in We shall probably, in our next Numother counties serious disturbances ber, take these measures into consibroke out--that many atrocities were deration, as by that time they will committed—and that blood had to have undergone the ordeal of public flow upon the scaffold.

opinion, and their real character made But bad as the popular spirit was in manifest. Meanwhile, before parting Manchester and the neighbourhood in with our readers for another month, 1817, in 1819 it was a thousand times we wish to say a very few words upon worse. The press had urged the re- what we conceive to be still the true former to take up arms, and to resist and native character of Englishmen, the government. That government was and what will soon exhibit itself, when represented, as existing only in a sa- the power of its wicked disturbers vage, but impotent tyranny-the pe- and destroyers is no more. riod was said to be close at hand, when, body of the English people are in with its destruction, there would be a their hearts disposed to look up with a freedom from all taxes, and an equali- natural respect to the gentlemen of zation of property. Even schools, it the country; and they deserve that reis well known, had been established, spect by their intelligence, their hom in which all religion was treated as a nour, their humanity, and their genemere name, and in which was incul- rous courage. Were the people of cated the defiance of government. The England not changed for a time into reformers had been long trained to the something abhorrent to their very nause of arms and had been accustomed ture, by wretches who seek to destroy to march in masses in the open day, in them those noble qualities which light, with banners flying, and with are a reproach to themselves, it would bands of music. Knowing all this, in be quite satisfaction enough for them what other light could the local autho- to know, that the administration of rities consider an assemblage of 50,000 their affairs was in the hands of that such people, but as a multitude met Body of men. They could wish them in open rebellion against the state. in no better-they certainly would not

The banners then raised were not wish them in their own. The fancies merely the banners of that day—but that are now abroad upon these subhad long been the insignia of rebellion jects are no natural birth of the hearts though, probably, some of the most of Englishmen. They would not, if atrocious character had been framed left to themselves, desire to see the by the hands of some fair female re- administration of the country's affairs former for that especial occasion, and under a responsibility to themselves. first consecrated by the spirit of se- They would look up to the higher ordition, delivered to the banels that ders, as their natural guardians, with on that day were to shake the govern- a frank and merited confidence. The ment of their tyrants. Had the ring- poisoners of the heart of the country leader of such a fierce democracy been may instil into them other feelingssuffered in liberty to see the setting but these are their own. Though un

The great

questionably oppressed with ignorance, restore the stability of their condition. and fallen in too great a degree of late The charge that is laid upon the goyears from the old integrity of their vernment of the country by the state manners, the English are yet a sober- of the times, is beyond imagination (minded, wise, good, contented people. arduous, because in a danger which That severity of condition which is is of undefined extent, they are re annexed to their birth_labour--they quired to act with promptitude, debear with a hardy and cheerful spirit. cision, and certain effect, -and yet in The privations which belong to their a danger of which the present amount life they bear with a strong and unre- may be far less than the threatened pining heart. They are willing to ac- future, they are required to exceed as cept, and capable of enjoying the hap- little as possible the ordinary limits piness which falls within their condi- of freedom. They are required to tion; and least of any men do they entertain the most watchful apprewish to disturb the natural order of hension of danger, and yet in no dethings, by forcing themselves out of gree to be swayed by fear. But to it. Wo to those who would trouble the general body of those whose rank, their hearts with that ambition ! They or wealth, or instruction, gives them a like their labour, and wish for them- place of influence in society--the charge selves no more than a natural welfare, which is laid on them by the times, is according to the ordinary and possible in no respect arduous. It is to set courses of the world. Under great their own minds, and the language distress, unknown to those who do not will follow of course, in opposition to know them, they have exerted, and do what is pregnant with evil in the still exert, great fortitude and endur- spirit of the times; and the great laance. It is grievous, that in a time of bour and duty which they have to suffering, when their utmost patience perform and to fulfil, is to support and prudence are required for them- and to promulgate the principles and selves, they should be seduced, by mis- the blessings of legitimate governchievous persuasion, to shew them- ment. What their duty is, when the selves in any character but that most danger cannot be so met and removed, honourable one of their own.

is sufficiently understood. No ruler need wish to govern a no- It is to be hoped, that to a great bler people--no man whose own con- 'part of the country there is little need dition of life places him high in socie- to say any thing, except what might ty, need wish his lot to be cast among induce a more considerate and thoughta better. They have hearts open to ful temper as to the times. But there kindness, and will be bound to those are many undoubtedly, who, without who know how to lay obligations upon the obstinacy of party, have their them. Nothing can be easier than it minds held in subjection by opinions is in the higher classes in England to which belong to party. To them make indissoluble the union of the there is much to be said. For they lower orders of the people to their hold opinions which are false, by the country. With them lies the strength spirit in which they are conceived. of the community. They must un. They may have given them ready acderstand that the mind of the people ceptance through an open kindness of is by many causes disturbed, and that spirit which sees in the most fanciful with them it rests to replace it in its doctrines of rights only a more indulold and settled strength. This is a gent consideration of human happiprivate duty which every man owes to ness. But there is one thing they have the public welfare. He must discharge not considered, and that is our human it in privacy and silence around his condition. To turn their eyes upon own home-he must make himself this, and to constrain them to draw felt by the people to be their friend. from this principle their theory of goThis is neither difficult nor trouble vernment, would be to derange the some; for they are ready to believe whole temper of spirit in which they in any afiection that is sincere. He are used to reason, requiring them to must draw their hearts to the state by seek their knowledge not on the uniting them to himself-he must re- agreeable surface of life, but in its store the stedfast condition of their difficult and painful depths, and in all minds by giving his counsel, and some- its mournful necessities. But these times his exertion and his wealth to are subjects for future speculation.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

System of Geography That rude com. the Ochil Hills. We have just seen a pilation known under the title, Guthrie's proof impression of Mr Gardiner's view of Grammar, was for many years the only the Grampians about to be published. English work on geography. Pinkerton, The drawing admirable, and the execu. well known as an antiquarian, at the sug. tion of the engraving masterly. As a gestion of some London booksellers, under. whole, it much exceeds in beauty and getook the compilation of a work on geography: neral effect, the Swiss view from Mount He succeeded in constructing a popular and Rigi, so much celebrated on the Continent; mixed system of geography, far superior in and we have no doubt that the details are accuracy and extent of information to any given with the most scrupulous regard to hitherto published in the English language. accuracy. But we want a purely scientific system of Dr Barclay's Anatomical Plates-We geography, freed from all topographical have seen and examined the first Number details and extraneous discussions. How. of a beautiful series of anatomical plates, ever great the merits of Pinkerton's work are, published by Dr Barclay, lecturer on anatostill it cannot be considered as a scientific my in Edinburgh. The plates of the series, and pure philosophical system of geography. which represent parts of the human frame, are Although we do not pretend to be able to beautifully executed; but the figures which point out a satisfactory plan for such a have particularly arrested our attention, work, yet we think that attention to the fol- are those of objects of comparative anatolowing arrangement may assist in its exe- my, and these certainly display great mascution. A purely scientific geography tership both in the painter and the engraver. should contain no political geography; and We cannot, however, help expressing our the absurd natural history geography, so regret that Dr Barclay, who has devoted much the fashion on the Continent, parti. so many years to the successful cultivation cularly in France, must be rejected. The of comparative anatomy, should have enfirst grand division of the work might be riched this work with so few observations, arranged in the following manner : and the more particularly, as we know

1. General Physiognomy of the Earth's from our studies under this able teacher, surface.

the store of original dissections in compara2. General Meteorology.

tive anatomy which are in his portfolio. 3. General Hydrography.

Discovery in Norway of a sealed bottle 4. General Geology.

thrown out by the Discovery Ships. A 5. General Geography of Plants and priest, named Theling, at Ræde, has comAnimals.

municated to the Norwegian government, 6. General geography of Man.

that a sealed bottle was found, on the 21st The second grand division to be arranged of September, near the mouth of a river in the following order :

a little above Ræde. It contained a re1. Division of the Globe into grand na port from the captain of the ship Hecla, tural districts.

which is on an expedition to the Artic Pole. 2. Description of these districts in the The report is dated May 22d, 1819, in following order :

north latitude 59° 4', west longitude 6° 55' : General Panoramic View.

It adds, that the crew are in good health; b Developement of the various forms, and the commander requests, whenever the connexions, &c. of Mountains, Valleys, bottle is found, that it may be despatched and Plains.

to the admiralty, which has been done. c Description of Springs, Rivers, and The Human Race divided according to Lakes.

their Religious Professions. Estimating the d Geology.

population of the whole earth at a thoue Climate.

sand millions, the following is an enumef As connected with Climate, distriba, ration of them according to religious protion of Animals and Vegetables.

fession. Having premised this general descrip- 1. Christians.com.mmmmm 175,000,000 tion of the district, we might next dė- 2. Jews, (exaggerated) 9.000,000 scribe very shortly the individual parts or 3. Mahomedans.common. 150,000,000 provinces of the district, without however 4. Heathens, &comano 656,000,000 interfering with strictly topographical details, and without losing sight of the grand

1,000,000,000 plan of the work, which is to communi- Earthquake at Comrie. _Comrie, in cate a physical representation of the globe Perthshire, has been long famous for its and its inhabitants. Lastly, we must be earthquakes. Some geologists, from this careful so to arrange the details, that they circumstance, suspect that its mineralogical may appear as consistent parts of a grand structure must resemble that of those districts whole.

where volcanoes occur. We have examined Gardiner's View of the Grampians from 'Comrie and its vicinity, and find the pre

vailing rocks are clay slate; and therefore In the time of James I. Sir Thomas Monvery different from the trap and porphyry son is said to have given a thousand pounds rocks of volcanic districts, An earthquake, for a cast of hawks ; and in such esteem was we are informed, was felt at Comrie on that bird in the reign of Edward III., that Sunday the 28th November last. The it was made felony to steal a hawk; to take shock was accompanied with a hollow its eggs, even in a person's own ground, was rumbling noise, resembling the sound of punishable with imprisonment for a year distant - thunder, and continued for about and a day, together with a fine at the king's 10 seconds, occasioning, while passing, the will. crashing of the timber in houses, moving Splendid Work on Mammiferous Aniof the chairs, and jingling of the fire-irons, mals.-A splendid work is now publishing in glasses, &c. It was felt for several miles Paris, entitled The Natural History of around that village, and seemed to com- Mammiferous Animals; with original fimence in the north-west, passing by the gures, painted from living animals. The village, and its vicinity, in a south-easterly authors are, M. St Hillaire, professor of direction, when it ceased.

zoology in the Museum of Natural HistoMenges Tour in Iceland.-Mr Menge, ry, &c. and M. Cuvier, superintendant of a German mineralogist, has just returned the Royal Menagerie. from Iceland, where he has spent several Four numbers have appeared in folio, months in investigating its mineralogy. It with six plates to each number. No other is said, he has made a more complete collection but the museum presents such and extensive series of observations than an assemblage of circumstances favourable any preceding traveller. Already we have to the undertaking. seen a very interesting account of the The text in these numbers is by M. CuGeyser hot springs, by this naturalist, vier. Thirteen of the figures represent which has been read before the Natural animals well known : three belong to speHistory Society of Wetteran. An abstract of cies which have been drawn from subjects this account has appeared in the New Month- not living, and eight represent animals that ly Magazine, to which we refer our Readers. have never been pourtrayed. The de

Chesnut Wood used in Tanning and Dye- scriptions embrace what is known relative ing.Chesnut wood has recently been suc- to the exterior organs, and the use made cessfully applied to the purposes of dyeing of them, with that degree of intelligence and tanning, thus forming a substitute for which is peculiar to the individual. The logwood and oak bark. Leather tanned by it females and the young are accurately deis declared by those who have made the ex- scribed ; and every circumstance connected periments, to be superior to that tanned with with the reproduction of the species is careoak bark; and in dyeing, its affinity for fully noted. Particulars of this kind are wool is said to be greater than that of either fully detailed with respect to the Moufflon galls or shumac, and consequently, the dye of Corsica, the Macako of Buffon, the Maki given more permanent. It also makes ad- with a white forehead, and the Stag of mirable ink.

Louisiana. Nero Musical Contrivance.—Major P. Hawker has invented a moveable apparatus (so small that it may be car- There is a very curious work now handried in the pocket), which must preserve a ing about in literary circles, which is said to correctly formed hand while passing the have been undertaken at the instance of the thumb on the keys of a piano forte, and Portuguese government, by a Nobleman of by which it is impossible to play the scales distinguished eminence in Brazil, in the of that instrument otherwise than in a ma- hope of arousing his countrymen from that thematical true position.

state of apathy, with regard to literary subMode of Detecting Base Coin.-Base jects, in which they have so long been im. coin may be immediately discovered on mersed. It is highly honourable to Englooking at the head : if counterfeit, the lish literature, that the subject chosen for ear is very imperfect; it is not so much this purpose should be the production of a raised or indented as the sterling coin by a genius of our own. Pope's Essay on Man great deal. There is a similar difference in is the basis on which this illustrious transthe lock of hair represented on the cheek- lator has erected a fabric of moral and pobone. Those conversant with base coin litical science, adapted to the wants of the never sound them, a sight of the head is Portuguese, and composed of materials dequite sufficient.

rived from the stores of all nations. The Revival of Falconry by Lord Gage. notes are voluminous, learned, and interestFalconry is about to be revived as a field ing, and are interspersed with short pieces amusement in several parts of the kingdom. translated from other languages. The press, Lord Gage has introduced it at Ferle, in pencil, and graver of England have contriSussex. His Lordship is attended by a buted in all their excellence to the embelFalconer, whose command over the hawks lishment of this private publication, of which when in the pursuit of the game, has asto- we understand only a few copies will be sufnished all who have witnessed it.

fered to circulate in this country.

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

LONDON. The entire works of Aristophanes ; trans- years 1818-19. 2. Neglected Biography, lated by Mr Thomas Mitchell, with nu- with biographical notices and anecdotes,

and merous illustrative notes. In 3 vols 8vo. original letters. 3. Analysis of recent Bio

Principles of Political Economy ; by Mr graphical Works. 4. A Biographical List Malthus.

of Persons who have died within the British Germany and the Revolution; by Professor dominions. Goerres, late Editor of the Rhenish Mercury. A new edition of the Confessions of

Memoirs of the Life of the late Richard Rousseau ; translated from the French. Lovell Edgeworth ; by his daughter Maria An Essay on Human Motives ; by the Edgeworth. In 2 vols. 8vo.

Rev. John Penrose. The first number of a Gazetteer, of the The first number of the Second Tour of Colonies and Colonial Establishments of Dr Syntax; from the same pen and pencil Great Britain, will be published in January. as produced the First : will appear on the To be completed in 12 monthly parts. 1st. of January next.

Mr Dawson Turner of Yarmouth, is pre- Mr Andrew Horn will publish in Japaring for the press, his Tour through nuary, a work on the insufficiency of Nature Normandy, illustrated with a variety of and Reason, and the Necessity of Revelaetchings; by Mrs T. and his daughters who tion, to demonstrate the Existence and Peraccompanied him.

fections of the Deity. Memoirs of the Protector Oliver Crom. A reprint of the two upplementary vowell, and his sons Richard and Henry, lumes of Vitruvius Britannicus ; by Woolf illustrated by original letters, and other and Gaudon. family papers; by Oliver Cromwell, esq. a In the press, Christianity no canninglydescendant of the family; ornamented with devised Fable ; being six discourses on the portraits from original pictures.

evidences of Christianity ; by the Rev. H. Journal of a Tour through part of the C. O‘Donnoghue, A.M. snowy range of the Himala mountains; by An octavo edition of M‘Diarmid's Lives J. B. Fraser, esq; and twenty views in the of British Statesmen. Himala mountains, uniform with Daniel's A Synopsis of British Mollusca, being an Oriental Scenery, and Salts Views in Abys- arrangement of bivalve and univalve shells, sinia ; by the same.

with plates ; by Dr W. E. Leach. Travels in various Countries of the East; The last . number of Batty's Italian being a continuation of Memoirs relating to Scenery, will appear on the 1st. of February European and Asiatic Turkey, &c. ; by next. Robert Walpole, M.A. This volume will A natural arrangement of British Plants, contain, among other papers, observations with figures ; by S. F. Gray. In 2 vomade by the late Mr Browne in parts of the lumes. 8vo. Turkish empire ; a Biographical Memoir A new edition of Fitzstephen's description of him ; also, an account of a journey from of London, with notes ; by Dr Pegge. Suez to Mount Sinai : of another, through Le Croix's Algebra ; translated from the part of Persia to the ancient Susa; the French. Arabic inscriptions discovered by Belzoni An Easy and Expeditious Method of in the Pyramid of Cephrenes ; travels in Solving the Roots of all Equations ; by Mr Syria, Asia Minor, and Greece, and in the Holdred. islands of the Archipelago ; with remarks Memoirs of John Tobin, author of the on the natural history, antiquities, manners, Honey-moon, &c. &c. ; with a selection and customs, of those countries.

from his unpublished manuscripts, are preThe first Quarterly Number of Mr Nash's paring by Miss Benger, author of Memoirs Views in the city of Paris, will be published of Mr Hugh Hamilton. in February. The literary department to Letters on Profane History; by the be conducted by Mr John Scott, author of author of Letters on Sacred History. Travels in France and Italy.

A new edition of Crantz's History of Shortly will be published, Memoirs of Greenland ; with additions, notes, &c. the Life of John Wesley, the founder of the The Age of Christian Reason ; being a English Methodists; by Robert Southey, complete refutation of Paine, Volney, &c. esq. in two volumes octavo, illustrated by A History of the Crusades for the Recoportraits of Wesley and Whitefield. very and Possession of the Holy Land, is

Miss Burney's Country Neighbours; announced by Charles Mills, esq. author of forming the continuation of her " Tales of a History of Muhammedanism." In Fancy.”

2 vols. 8vo. Plain and Practical Sermons; by the A new edition of Mr Chamber's Arithmetic. Rev. George Hughes.

The second volume of Sir William OuseThe Annual Biography and Obituary, ley's Travels in the East, and in Persia, with silhoutte portraits, for 1819, is in the will be ready soon after Christmas. press, containing: 1. Memoirs of those A volume of Sermons; by the late Rex. celebrated Men who have died within the James Stillingfleet.

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