Imatges de pÓgina


not much akin to the spirit of remark the scene, but in the still, devoted, sad, or disquisition. Such has been the and unrequited tenderness of a Jewish mastery of the poet-such the perfect damsel-by far the most fine, and at working of the spell by which he has the same time the most romantic creacarried us with him back into his tion of female character the author troubled but majestic sphere of vision, has ever formed--and second, we susa that we feel as if we had just awaken- pect, to no creature of female characed from an actual dream of beauty and ter whatever that is to be found in the wonder, and have some difficulty in whole annals either of poetry or of resuming the consciousness—to say nothing of the more active functions of Wilfrid of Ivanhoe is the son of our own ordinary and prosaic life.- Cedric of Rotherwood, one of the last Never were the long-gathered stores of the Saxon nobles, who preserved, of most extensive erudition applied to under all the oppressions of Norman the purposes of imaginative genius tyranny, and in spite of all the attracwith so much easy, lavish, aud luxu- tions of Norman pomp, a faithful and rious power-never was the illusion of religious reverence for the customs fancy so complete made up of so many and manners of his own conquered minute elements,—and yet producing nation. Wilfrid, nevertheless, has de. such entireness of effect. It is as if parted from the prejudices of his fa. the veil of ages had been, in truth, ther and his kindred—he has followed swept back, and we ourselves had been, the banner of Cæur de Lion into the for a time, living, breathing, and move Holy Land, ing in the days of Caur DE LION

“ Where from Naphthaly's desert to Gali, days how different from our own ! the

lee's wave, hot-tempestuous- -chivalrous - pas- The sands of Senaar drank the blood of tie sionate-fierce Youth of Christendom.

brave" Every line in the picture is true to and he returns from thence covered the life-every thing in the words, in with all the glory of Norman and the gestures—every thing in the very Christian chivalry-exhibiting in his faces of the personages called up be- own person a specimen, without doubt fore us, speaks of times of energetic historically true, of the manner in volition - uncontrolled action — dis- which-prejudices on both sides being turbance — tumult — the storms and softened by community of dangers, adwhirlwinds of restless souls and ungo- ventures, triumphs, and interests the verned passions. It seems as if the elements of Saxon and Norman na atmosphere around them were all a- ture, like those of Saxon and Norman live with the breath of trumpets, and speech, were gradually melted into the neighing of chargers, and the echo English beneath the sway of the wiser of war-cries. And yet, with a true Plantagenets. This young man, howand beautiful skilfulness, the author ever, has been disinherited by his fahas rested the main interest of his sto- ther Cedric, in consequence of what ry, not upon these fiery externals, in appears to the old Saxon, his wicked themselves so full of attraction, and apostacy from the manners of his peoevery way so characteristic of the age ple. The love which he has conceivto which the story refers, but on the ed and expressed for Rowena, a prinworkings of that most poetical of cess of the blood of Alfred, has also passions which is ever deepest where given offence to his father-because it it is most calm, quiet, and delicate, interfered with a plan which had been and which, less than any other, is laid down for marrying this highchanged, even in its modes of manifes- born lady to another scion of Saxon tation, in conformity with the changes royalty, Athelstane, lord of Coningsof time, manners, and circumstances. burgh-which union, as had been For the true interest of this romance of fondly hoped, might have re-united the days of Richard is placed neither the attachments of their scattered and in Richard himself, nor in the knight depressed race, and so perhaps enabled of Ivanhoe, * the nominal hero—nor in their leaders to shake themselves free, any of the haughty templars or barons by some bold effort, from the yoke of who occupy along with them the front of the Norman prince. Ivanhoe, there

• For the benefit of our fair readers, be it mentioned, that this word means, in Anglo. Saxon (and very nearly in Modern German), the hill of joy.

Vol. VI.

2 K *

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fore, is in disgrace at home and his brutes running about on their four legs?' fate is quite uncertain at the period demanded Wamba. when the story opens-for Richard,

• • Swine, fool, swine,' said the herd, his favourite master, is a prisoner in

every fool knows that.' Austria, and neither Cedric nor Row

And swine is good Saxon,' said the ena have heard any later intelligence she is flayed, and drawn, and quartered, and

jester ; • but how call you the sow when in regard to the celebrated, but as yet hung up by the heels like a traitor ?' unfortunate exile.

Pork,' answered the Swine-herd. The story opens with a view of the

I am very glad every fool knows that old English forest which in those days too, said Wamba, . and pork, I think, is covered the West Riding of York- good Norman French ; and so when the shire, and in the midst of which the brute lives, and is in the charge of a Saxon residence of Cedric the Saxon is si- slave, she goes by her Saxon name; but tuated. In one of the green and she is carried to the Castle-hall to feast a

becomes a Norman, and is called pork, when grassy glades of this forest, the Swine- mong the nobles ; what do'st thou think of herd' and the Fool of the Saxon this, friend Gurth, ha ?' Franklin, are seen conversing together “ . It is but too true doctrine, friend beneath the shadow of an oak, which Wamba, however it got into thy fool's pate.' might have grown there ever since the "Nay, I can tell you more,' said Wam. landing of Julius. Both of these per- ba, in the same tone; there is old Aldersonages are described at great length, man 0x continues to hold his Saxon epi. and it is fit they should be som

for thet, while he is under the charge of serfs much use is made of them in the se

and bondsmen such as thou, but becomes

Beef, a fiery French gallant, when he arquel of the story. One trait-the con

rives before the worshipful jaws that are cluding one in the picture of Gurth destined to consume him. Mynheer Calve, the Swineherd, is too remarkable to too, becomes Monsieur de Veau in the like be omitted.

manner; he is Saxon when he requires • One part of his dress only remains, but tendance, and takes a Norman name when it is too remarkable to be suppressed ; it

he becomes matter of enjoyment.' was a brass ring, resembling a dog's collar,

By St Dunstan,' answered Gurth, but without any opening, and soldered fast

• thou speakest but sad truths ; little is left round his neck, so loose as to form no im.

to us but the air we breathe, and that appediment to his breathing, yet so tight as to

pears to have been reserved, with much

hesitation, clearly for the purpose of enabe incapable of being removed, excepting by the use of the file. On this singular bling us to endure the tasks they lay upon gorget was engraved in Saxon characters, is for their board ; the loveliest is for their

our shoulders. The finest and the fattest an inscription of the following purport :• Gurth, the son of Beowulph, is the born foreign masters with soldiers

, and whiten

couch ; the best and bravest supply their thrall of Cedric of Rotherwood.''

distant lands with their bones, leaving few This Born-Thrall has some difficul

here who have either will or power to proty in getting together his herd, and

tect the unfortunate Saxon.' 53 asks the aid of i Wamba, the son of Witless, the thrall of Cedric of Rother

They are interrupted by a cavalcade wood"-for he too wears a collar, al. passing through the wood, which we though it is of more delicate materials.

shall quote, because it at once intro

duces our readers to some of the prin“Truly,' said Wamba, without stirring from the spot, *I have consulted my legs cipal characters of the story, and is, upon this matter, and they are altogether

of besides, one of the most beautifully opinion, that to carry my gay garments executed things in the whole book. through these sloughs, would be an act of

" Their numbers amounted to ten men, of unfriendship to my sovereign person and whom the two who rode foremost seemed to royal wardrobe ; wherefore, Ğurth, I advise be persons of considerable importance, and thee to call off Fangs, and leave the herd to the others their attendants. their destiny, which, whether they meet difficult to ascertain the condition and with bands of travelling soldiers, or of out

character of one of these personages. He laws, or of wandering pilgrims, can be little was obviously an ecclesiastic of high rank; else than to be converted into Normans be- his dress was that of a Cistercian Monk, fore morning, to thy no small ease and com- but composed of materials much finer than fort.'

those which the rule of that order admitted. “! The swine turned Normans into my His mantle and hood were of the best comfort !' quoth Gurth ; . expound that to

Flanders cloth, and fell in ample, and not me, Wamba, for my brain is too dull, and ungraceful folds around a handsome though my mind too vexed, to read riddles.' somewhat corpulent person.

His counWhy, how call you these grunting tenance bore as little the marks of self-de

It was not

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nial, as his habit indicated contempt of was therefore fully displayed, and its exworldly splendour. His features might have pression was calculated to impress a degree been called good, had there not lurked un- of awe, if not of fear, upon strangers. der the pent-house of his eye, that sly High features, naturally strong and powerepicurean twinkle which indicates the cau- fully expressive, had been burnt almost tious voluptuary. In other respects, his into Negro blackness by constant exposure profession and situation had taught him a to the tropical sun, and might, in their orready command over his countenance, dinary state, be said to slumber after the which he could contract at pleasure into storm of passion had passed away; but the solemnity, although its natural expression projection of the veins of the forehead, the was that of good-humoured social indul. readiness with which the upper lip and its gence. In defiance of conventual rules, thick black moustaches quivered upon the and the edicts of popes and councils, the slighest emotion, plainly intimated that the sleeves of this dignitary were lined and tempest might be again and easily awaken. turned up with rich furs, his mantle se- ed. His keen, piercing, dark eyes, told cured at the throat with a golden clasp, in every glance a history of difficulties suband the whole dress proper to his order as dued, and dangers dared, and seemed to much refined upon and ornamented, as challenge opposition to his wishes, for the that of a quaker beauty of the present day, pleasure of sweeping it from his road by who, while she retains the garb and cose à determined exertion of courage and of tume of her sect, continues to give to its will ; a deep scar on his brow gave addi. sin plicity, by the choice of materials and tional sternness to his countenance, and a the mode of disposing them, a certain air sinister expression to one of his eyes, which of coquettish attraction, savouring but too had been slightly injured upon the same much of the vanities of the world.

occasion, and of which the vision, though “ This worthy churchman rode upon a perfect, was in a slight and partial degree well-fed ambling mule, whose furniture was distorted. highly decorated, and whose bridle, accord. “ The upper dress of this personage To. ing to the fashion of the day, was orna. sembled that of his companion in shape, mented with silver bells. In his seat he being a long monastic mantle, but the had nothing of the awkwardness of the colour being scarlet, shewed that he did convent, but displayed the easy and habi. not belong to any of the four regular or. tual grace of a well-trained horseman. In ders of monks. On the right shoulder of deed, it seemed that so humble a convey. the mantle there was cut, in white cloth, a ance as a mule, in however good case, and cross of a peculiar form. This upper robe however well broken to a pleasant and ac- concealed what at first view seemed rather commodating amble, was only used by the inconsistent with its form, a shirt, na

namely, gallant monk for travelling on the road. of linked mail, with sleeves and gloves of A lay brother, one of those who followed the same, curiously plaited and interwoven, in the train, had, for its use upon other oc- as flexible to the body as those which are casions, one of the most handsome Spanish now wrought in the stocking loom, and of jennets ever bred in Andalusia, which mer. less obdurate materials. The fore-part of chants used at that time to import, with his thighs, where the folds of his mantle great trouble and risk, for the use of per- permitted them to be seen, were also cosons of wealth and distinction. The saddle vered with linked mail; the knees and feet and housings of this superb palfrey were were defended by splints, or thin plates of covered by a long foot-cloth, which reached steel, ingeniously jointed upon each other ; nearly to the ground, and on which were and mail hose reaching from the ancle to richly embroidered, mitres, crosses, and other the knee, effectually protected the legs, and ecclesiastical emblems. Another lay brother completed the rider's defensive armour. In led a sumpter mule, loaded probably with his girdle he wore a long and double-edged his superior's baggage ; and two monks of dagger, which was the only offensive weapon his own order, of inferior station, rode to about his person. gether in the rear, laughing and conyersing ** He rode not a mule, like his companion, with each other, without taking much no- but a strong hackney for the road, to save tice of the other members of the cavalcade. his gallant war-horse, which a squirę led

“ The companion of the church digni. behind, fully accoutred for battle, with # tary was a man past forty, thin, strong, chamfrom or plaited head-piece upon his tall, and muscular; an athletic figure, head, having a short spike projecting froma, which long fatigue and constant exercise the front. On one side of the saddle hung seemed to have left none of the softer part a short battle-axe, richly inlaid with Da. of the human form, having reduced the mascene carving; on the other the rider's whole to brawn, bones, and sinews, which plumed head-piece and hood of mail, with had sustained a thousand toils, and were a long two-handled sword, used by the ready to dare a thousand more. His head chivalry of the period. A second squire was covered with a scarlet cap, faced with held aloft his master's lance, from the exfur,--of that kind which the French call tremity of which fluttered a small bandemortier, from its resemblance to the shape role, or streamer, bearing & cross of the of an inverted mortar, His countenance same form with that embroidered upor his



cloak. He also carried his small triangular assembled some poorer way-farers, not shield, broad er sugh at the top to protect admitted even to that measure of hothe breast, and from thence diminishing to a point. It was covered with a scarlet cloth, and apparently a very poor one; who,

Among these is an ager! Jew, vhich prevented the device from being seen. “ These two squires were followed by two

in the sequel, turns out to be a near ttendants, whose dark visages, white tur

kinsman to that celebrated Jew of bans, and the oriental form of their gar. York, that had so many teeth pulled ments, shewed them to be natives of some dis out of his jaws by King John ; he altant eastern country. The whole appearance so is so far on his way to Ashby, of this warrior and his retinue was wild and there to seek his profit among the nuoutlandish; the dress of his squires was gor- merous actors or attendants of the apgeous, and his eastern attendants wore sil. proaching festival. Another lonely ver collars round their throats, and bracelets of the same metal upon their swarthy legs of a Palmer.

guest wears the scallop-shell and cloak

He is Ivanhoe, unand arms, of which the former were naked from the elbow, and the latter from mid-leg known and unregarded in the hall

of to ancle. Silk and embroidery distinguish


At night, however, he ed their dresses, and marked the wealth and is sent for by Rowena, whose questions importance of their master ; forming, at . concerning the holy shrines the Palthe same time, a striking contrast with the mer has visited, betray the object on martial simplicity of his own attire. They whom most of her imagination centre. were armed with crooked sabres, having the The Palmer does not reveal himself hilt and baldrick inlaid with gold, and he too is on his way to the tournament, matched with Turkish daggers of yet more costly workmanship. Each of them bore at

and hopes to have there some nobler his saddle-bow a bundle of darts or javelins, opportunity of making himself known about four feet in length, having sharp to his mistress and his kindred. The steel heads, a weapon much in use among suspected wealth of the Jew in the the Saracens, and of which the memory is meantime has excited the curiosity of yet preserved in the martial exercise called the fierce templar Bois-Guilbert, and El Jerrid, still practised in the eastern coun- his Moslem slaves have received setries.

cret orders, in an oriental tongue, of “ The singular appearance of this caval which, it is well for Isaac, the Palmer cade not only attracted the curiosity of Wamba, but excited even that of his less has acquired some knowledge. The volatile companion. The monk he instant

Jew is informed of his danger, and ly knew to be the Prior of Jorvaulx Abbey, assisted and accompanied early in the well known for many miles around as a morning in his escape by Ivanhoe, lover of the chase, of the banquet, and, if who takes Gurth also in his train. fame did him not wrong, of other worldly These three enter Ashby together, pleasures still more inconsistent with his where the kindness and protection of monastic vows.

the knight are repaid by the Jew's These personages are all on their offer to equip him with horse and arms way to a great passage of arms or tour- for the tourney. nament, about to be held by Prince

The description of this tournament John, the cruel and traitorous vice- is by far the most elaborate--and cerroy of his brother, at Ashby-de-la- tainly one of the most exquisite pieces Zouche. They choose to take up of writing to be found in the whole their quarters for the night at the of these novels. It possesses all the abode of Cedric, where they arrive in truth and graphic precision of Froisspite of the wilful misdirections of sart—all the splendour and beauty of Gurth and Wamba; and although Ariostom and some of its incidents are not over welcome, are treated with all impregnated with a spirit of power and the abundant hospitality of the age. pathos, to which no one that ever beÀ strange group are assembled this fore described such a scene was caevening in the hall of the old Franklin. pable of conceiving any thing comIn addition to the personages already parable. noticed, there is the stately Saxon But the extent to which the present Princess Rowena, on the right hand description is carried, must prevent us of the master of the feast, and her from quoting it entire and it would train of damsels. The retainers of the be quite useless to quote a part of that household occupy their places at the which produces its happiest effect onsame table, but of course “ below the ly by reason of the skill with which salt,”-while around the hearth, at things innumerable are made to bear the nether extremity of the hall, are all upon one point. Prince John pre

sides at the lists—wanton- luxurious tened on account of the heat, which some-insolent-mean-but still a prince thing enlarged the prospect to which we al. and a Plantagenet. The lady, the lude.

A diamond necklace, with pendants queen of the day, is the beautiful of inestimable value, were by this means Rowena--she owes that eminence to

also made more conspicuous. The feather the election of the victorious knight, agraffe set with brilliants, was another dis

of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an whose casque, being taken off at the con

tinction of the beautiful Jewess, scoffed and clusion of the jousting, exposes to her sneered at by the proud dames who sat agaze and that of all that are present, bove her, but secretly envied by those who the pale and blood-stained features of affected to deride them.” young Ivanhoe. This champion has The appearance and behaviour of been successful in all the single com- Ivanhoe, the protector of her father, bats; but at the conclusion of the day, makes an impression on this radiant there has been a mingled onset, where- creature not the less profound, that, in, being opposed to overwhelming even for this its beginning, her love is numbers, he must have been over- one of hopelessness. After the purcome, but for the timely assistance of ney is over, she has the wounded Ivana knight in black armour, bearing a hoe conveyed to the house where her fetter-lock on his shield, who very father and she are lodged, in order singularly disappears immediately af, that she may have an opportunity of terwards—thus leaving the prize and exerting, in his behalf, that medical honours of the field to the disinherit- skill which was at this period well ed son of Cedric, and the Lover of nigh confined to those of her nation, Rowena. This knight, as the reader and of which she was already celebratsoon begins to suspect, is no other ed, for possessing a far more than orthan Richard himself; and henceforth dinary portion. Here she nurses him, the whole incidents of the tale are during the night, with a mysterious made to bear upon the approaching tenderness, that makes her far more resumption of his rights, by the too than his physician; and next day, long captive monarch.

when it is necessary that her father But although Rowena be the queen and she should return to York, she of the tourney, and acknowledged by insists on taking him with them in a all to be, both by station and beauty, litter that his cure may not be left unworthy of her high place, there is one finished. They travel in company present on whom many eyes look with with Cedric the Saxon, who little suswarmer admiration, and on whom the pects that his son is the sick man in sympathies of the reader are soon fixed the litter. Their journey lies through with far intenser interest. This is another part of the same mighty forest Rebecca, the beautiful Jewess, the —the scene at this period of innumerdaughter of old Isaac, whom Ivanhoe able acts of violence and on their protected on his journey to Ashby-de- way, the party is surrounded by a set la-Zouche.

of bravos, clad like outlaws of the “ Her form was exquisitely symmetrical, wood, who convey the whole of them and was shewn to advantage by a sort of to Torquillstone, an ancient Saxon Eastern dress, which she wore according to castle, and in the possession of the the fashion of the females of her nation.- Norman Baron Front-de-Bæuf. The Her turban of yellow silk suited well with appearance of the place to which they the darkness of her complexion. The brilhancy of her eyes, the superb arch of her their captors are not mere outlaws,

are carried provokes a suspicion that eyebrows, her well-formed aquiline nose, her teeth as white as pearl, and the profu- stimulated by the ordinary desire of sion of her sable tresses, which, each ar. booty; nor is it long ere their suspiranged in its own little spiral of twisted cions are confirmed and darkened. curls, fell down upon as much of a snow- The master of the band is no other white neck and bosom as a simarre of the than Brian de Bois-Guilbert, the fierce richest Persian silk, exhibiting flowers in Templar. His object is not bootytheir natural colours embossed upon a pur- but the Jewess, Rebecca, whose charms ple ground, permitted to be visible—all these have filled the whole of his passionate constituted a combination of loveliness, which yielded not to the loveliest of the soul ever since he saw her at the lists maidens who surrounded her. It is true,

of Ashby. But he is furnished with that of the golden and pearl-studded clasps, the means of seizing her by Fronte-dewhich closed her vest from the throat to the Bauf, who is anxious to get hold of waist, the three uppermost were left unfas. Isaac of York, that he may deal with

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