Imatges de pÓgina
PDF
EPUB

THE

PICTORIAL FIELD-BOOK

OF

THE REVOLUTION;

OR,

ILLUSTRATIONS, BY PEN AND PENCIL, OF THE HISTORY, BIOG-
RAPHY, SCENERY, RELICS, AND TRADITIONS OF THE

WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE.

BY BENSON J. LOSSING.

WITH SEVERAL HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD, BY LOSSING AND BARRITT,

CHIEFLY FROM ORIGINAL SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

NEW YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

329 & 331 PEARL STREET,

FRANKLIN SQUARE.

208

288

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand

eight hundred and fifty, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District

of New York.

[graphic][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

CHAPTER 1.

of Governor Huntington-Tomb of General Jabez Hunting.

First unfurling of the Union Flag-Return of Colonel Knox ton-His five Sons- The old Burying-ground-Captain Per.

from the North with heavy Cannons and Howitzers—Plan kins-Old Men of Norwich-Greenville-Tory Hill-Letter

of Attack on Boston-Re-enforcement of the Army-Council

of General Williams-New London-Its Settlement-Forti.

of War-Number of Troops-Situation of Washington-Con- fications – The Harbor-Revolutionary Movements – Forts
dition of the British Troops in Boston-A Farce, and its Term. Griswold and Trumbull - Prizes - Clinton's Designs - Ar.

ination-Bombardment of Boston-Industry of Patriots—As- nold's Expedition--Naval Force of Connecticut-Landing of

tonishment of the British–Insecurity of the Fleet and Army the Enemy-March toward New London-Destruction of

- Preparations for bombarding Boston - Condition of the the Town—Property destroyed—“ Fire Lands" - Infamy of

Patriots there-Tacit Agreement to spare the Town-Can- Arnold-Attack on Fort Griswold-Its Defense and Capture

Donade renewed— Commission to plunder - Bad Conduct -Murder of Colonel Ledyard-Cruelties at Fort Griswold-

of the British Troops—The Embarkation-Entrance of the Fanny Ledyard-Departure of the Enemy-Events in 1813

Americans into the City-The Refugees-Condition of Bos. -Arnold's Dispatches—The Groton Monument– Inscription

ton after the Evacuation-Troops sent to New York-Linger- upon it,Ascent of its Stair-case-View from the Top-A

ing of British Vessels--Final Departure-Capture of Camp- Retrospect- The Pequots-English Expedition against them

bell and Store-ships-Effect of the Evacuation of Boston -Attack on their Fort-Pequot Hill-Destruction of the Fort

Medal awarded to Washington - Denunciations by John -Terrible Massacre-Departure of the English-Another In-

Wilkes—Boldness of Common Council-Governor Penn- vasion-Destruction of the Pequots—Mrs. Anna Bailey-Her

John Horne Tooke-Strength of the Americans - Political Husband at Fort Griswold-Her Mementoes and her Politics

Change in the London Common Council-Persecution of -Her Patriotism - Landing place of Arnold — Bishop Sea.

Stephen Sayre-Tenor of the King's Speech-His false Hopes bury's Monument—First Printing in Connecticut..Page 27-50

-Warm Debates in Parliament-Duke of Grafton in Opposi-

tion—The Colonies placed under martial Law-Augmenta-

CHAPTER III.

tion of the Army and Navy-Proposition to employ foreign Voyage to Rhode Island-Stonington-Arrival at Providence

Troops—Reasons for employing German Troops-Opposition -Roger Williams's Rock—" Water Lots"-Proposed Dese-

to it in Parliament-Terms on which the Mercenaries were cration-Arrival of Roger Williams-His Character-Narrow

hired-Parliament alarmed by a Rumor-French Emissary

Views of the Old Puritans—Zeal of Roger Williams—Dis-

in Philadelphia-Official Announcement of the evacuation of turbance at Salem--Williams arraigned for Treason — His

Boston-Royal approval of Howe's Course-Opinions of the Banishment-Flight to Seekonk-Landing at Providence-

People-Position of the Colonies-Count Rumford-Fortifi- Commencement of a Settlement-His Negotiations with the

cations – Boston Harbor — Remains of the Revolutionary Indians-Ingratitude of the Massachusetts Colony-March to

Fortifications around Boston—The " Convention Troops"- and Encampment of the French Army at Providence-Site

Their Parole of Honor—Picture of the Captives-Burgogne of the Encampment-Remains - Departure of the French

in Boston-Expedition against Penobscot-Its Failure-Gen- from Boston-Governor Cooke's Monument-La Fayette's

eral Phillips-General Wadsworth-Close of the Chronicles Head-quarters – Roger Williams's Spring - Old Tavern in

of Boston

..Page 9-26 Providence-Its Associations—Destruction of Tea in Market

Square-Rhode Island Historical Society–Valuable Manu.

CHAPTER II.

scripts—A telescopic Peep at the Moon and Stars—Bryant's

Departure from Boston-Scenery on the Route-Cochituate- "Song of the Stars"-Voyage to Gaspee Point, The Gaspee

The Quinebaug–Tradition of Mashapaug- Arrival at Nor. - Conduct of her Commander-Sketch of Gaspee Point-
wich-A literary Friend - Indian History of Norwich-Uncas Governor Wanton-Montague's insolent Letter-Wanton's
and Miantonomoh-Surrender of Miantonomoh to the En. Rejoinder-Captain Lindsey's Packet chased by the Gaspee
glish - Unjust Decision-Murder of Miantonomoh - Settle- -Expedition against the Gaspee-Her Destruction- Efforts
ment of New London-Settlement of Norwich - Mohegan to discover the Incendiaries-The Commissioners-Return
Cemetery–Uncas's Monument-Revolutionary Spirit-Owa. to Providence – Visit to Mr. John Howland — His military
neko-Norwich Liberty Tree-Celebration under it-Hon. Career in the Revolution-Departure for Newport-Appear
ors to John Wilkes-Patriotic town Meeting-Benevolence ance of Rhode Island - Mansion of Governor Gibbs - Old
of the People-March of Militia to Boston-General Hunting. Tower at Newport-Its former Appearance- Attempt to de.
ton—The French Officers-Benjamin Huntington - A pre- stroy it-Obecurity of its Origin-First Wind mill at New.
cious Heir-loom-The Road to Lebanon-Bozrah and Fitch- port-Inquiries respecting the Tower-"* Antiquitates Amer.
ville-Situation of Lebanon-Governor Trumbull–His

Char. icana"-Inscription on Dighton Rock-Prescott's Head-quar-
acter and Services-His Dwelling and War Office-Settle. ters at Newport-Old Cemetery-Perry's Monument-Runic
ment of Lebanon-Lauzun—The Alden Tavern-General Inscriptions elsewhere — 'Tonomy Hill — Hubbard's House
Prescott horsewhipped there - The Williams House - The and Mill-Inscription on Perry's Monument-Oppression of
Trumbull Vault - Return to Norwich - Destruction of the the Whigs by Prescott-View from 'Tonomy Hill-Mrs. Hut-
Yantic Falls—Birth-place of Arnold – Inscription upon the chinson and Sir Henry Vane-Persecution of Mrs. Hutchin-
Trumbull Monument - Arnold's early Years — Attempt to son and her Friends-Settlement of Rhode Island--Its first
commit Murder-A Ringleader in Mischief-His Mother- Constitution-Royal Charter-Toleration in Rhode Island-
-Scorching Acrostic-Residence of Governor Huntington- Separation and Reunion of the Plantations-Newport-De.
Unpublisbed Letter written by Washington-Family Vault struction of the Sloop Liberty-Admiral Wallace in Narra

170739

ganset Bay-Disarming of the Tories—Skirmish in the Har. Fishkill Village-Escape of Crosby-His Exploits at Teller's
bor-Engagement at Sea-Continued Hostilities in Newport Point-A very old Man and rejected Lorer-Trinity Church
Harbor --Privateers-Arrival of a large British Force-Con. -Printing of the first Constitution of the State of New York
duct of the Enemy ...

..Page 51-73

-Head-quarters of Baron Steuben-Anecdote of the Barou

- The Society of the Cincinnati-Final Proceedings in the
CHAPTER IV.

Organization of the Institution-Plan and Name of the So.
Condition of Rhode Island in 1777– Re-encampment of the ciety of the Cincinnati-The Constitution-Opposition of

British-General Prescott-His Character and bad Conduct Judge Burke and others, Certificate of Membership of the
-Colonel Barton's Plan for capturing him- -- Biographical Cincinnati-The Design and Engraving - Alteration of the
Sketch of Barton-Expedition to capture Prescott-Preg. Plate- The Order of the Society - The successive Presidenta
cott's Quarters - A Sentinel deceived --Names of Barton's General-Departure for West Point .. ..Page 98-129
Men-Entrance to Prescott's Room-Seizure of the Gen-
eral and his Aid-de-camp—Barton rewarded by Congress-

CHAPTER VI.
Predatory Excursions-French Fleet for America -- Count West Point and its Associationg—Mrs. Faugeres-Sufferings of
D'Estaing-France and England-Excitement in Parliament Mrs. Bleeker-Scenery around West Point - The military
- The King's Speech - Boldness of the Opposition - The Establishment - Wood's Monument - Interesting Relics-
British and French Fleets-Sandy Hook and Amboy Bay- Size of the Mortars and Chain-Position of the Chain in the
General Spencer's Expedition against Rhode Island - His River-Other Relics-Kosciuszko's Monument- His Garden
Resignation — French Fleet off Newport - American Land -Other Localities - Fort Arnold-Fort Putnam-View from
Forces_Destruction of British Vessels--Landing of Ameri. the Ruins of Fort Putnam-Names of the Highland Peaks-
cans on Rhode Island - Naval Battle-Great Storm-State Drake's “ Culprit Fay"-Fortitications in the Highlands or.
of the American Troops-Refusal of the French to co-operate dered— Action of the New York Assembly-Fort Constitu-
- They sail for Boston-Protests—Retreat of the Americans tion-New Forts in the Highlands proposed-West Point se-

to Butts's Hill--Battle of Quaker Hill-Scene of the Engage. lected — Radière and other Engineers from France-West

ment--Loss of the Belligerents-Evacuation of Rhode Island Point in 1780—Construction of the great Chain- History of

by the Americans-Return of La Fayette from Boston-Ex. the Work — Map of West Point-- The Chain weakened by

pedition against New Bedford – Murmurings against the Arnold-Importance of West Point, Establishment of the

French-Evacuation of Rhode Island by the British--Severe military Academy there-Forts Webb, Wyllys, and Putnam

Winter-Sir Robert Pigot-Return of La Fayette to France - Visit to Constitution Island-Remains of Fort Constitution

-His Zeal and Success_Washington appointed Lieutenant -Buttermilk Falls—A venerable Boatman - Beverly Dock

General by the French King -Good Tidings brought by La and Robinson House-Arnold's Willow - Arnold in Phila-

Fayette-Their F.ffect--Arrival of the Allies-Encampment delphia-His Extravagance_Marriage with Mies Shippen-

at Newport-British blockade of Narraganset Bay--Clinton's Memoir of Beverly Robinson-Arnold's Residence and style

Expedition-Death of Ternay-Washington in Newport- of Living-His fraudulent Dealings-Charge of Malfeasance

Property destroyed in Newport-Ride to Butts's Hill-Hos- preferred against him-Arnold ordered to be tried by a Court.

pitality-Fort on Butts's Hill-View of the Battle-ground- martial-His Trial, Verdict, and Punishment-Its Effects-

North View from Butts's Hill—The Narraganset Country Interview with Luzerne-His Wife and Major Andrè-Sym.

Massasoit and his sons–King Philip-His Jealousy-Treaties pathy of Schuyler and Livingston - Visit to the American

with the Whites-Curtailinent of his Domaine-His chief Camp-Washington deceived by him — Obtains the Com.

Captains-John Elliot--Enlightenment of the Indians--Sassa- mand at West Point-Correspondence of Arnold and Andrè

mon--Rising of the New England Tribes—Daniel Gookin- --Proposed Plan of the British to gain Possession of West

Philip's Appeal-Condition of the Indians—Commencement Point-Andrè appointed to confer with Arnold-An Inter.

of Hostilities--Canonchet-Mather's Magnalia-Indian Meth- view proposed by the Traitor-Letter to Colonel Sheldon-

od of Warfare-Destruction of New England Villages-Ter. Effect of Andre's Letter to Sheldon-Arnold's attempted In.

rible Retaliation by the Whites-Decimation of the Indians terview with André-His Letter to Washington-Joshua II.

-Strifes among them-Philip a Fugitive--His Death-His Smith-Further arrangements for an Interview - Arnold's
Bon-Captain Church-Sutferings of the Colonists—A happy Correspondence with Beverly Robinson-Washington on his
Change-Capture of the Pigot by Talbot-His Promotion- Journey-Again deceived by Arnold's Duplicity-Smith em.
Departure from Newport-Adieu to New England-Halleck's ployed to bring Andrè from the Vulture-His Difficulties--
Counecticut

.74-97 Refusal of the Colquhons to accompany Smith-Final Com.

pliance--Landing of Andrè, and his first Interview with Ar-
CHAPTER V.

nold- Arrival of the Conspirators at Smith's House-The

The Hudson Highlands-Newburgh-The Indian Summer-Its Vulture fired upon-Plan of Operations arranged-Colonel

Character-The “ Hasbrouck House" and Vicinity-Its in. Livingston- The Papers taken from Andrè's Boot-“ Artillery

terior Construction--Purchased by the State-Ceremonies Orders"-Forces at West Point-Villefranche's Estimate

at its Dedication-Washington's Dining hall-Anecdote con. Return of the Ordnance in the different Forts at West Point

cerning it — Lady Washington's Gardening-Settlement of -Arnold's Description of the Works-His Pass-Smith's Re-

Newburgh - First Settlements in Orange County – Indian fusal to take Andre back to the Vulture-His insufficient Ex.

Wars-Sufferings of the People— Attack on Minisink - Intem. cuse- Andrè's Exchange of Conts-- He and Smith cross the

perate Zeal of the Volunteers-Unwise Decision-Battle of Hudson-Smith's Letter to his Brother--Ambiguous Mem.

Minisink-Its Location-The Massacre - Brant's Defense- orandum

130-156

Effect of the Massacre-Salvation of Major Wood-Interment

of the Remains of the Slain-Monument-Cantonment of the

CHAPTER VII.

Army near Newburgh-Head-quarters of the Officers— Nico Arnold's Composure in presence of his Aids-Washington's re-

la's Proposition to Washington-Washington's Letter of Re. turn from Hartford-His Approach to Arnold's Quarters-

buke to Nicola-- Patriotism of the Chief Discontents in the His Delay in reaching Arnold's Quarters--Announcement

Army-Memorial to Congress - Resolutions of Congress re. of Andre's Arrest-Flight of Arnold-His Wife and Son-His

specting Claims— The Army still dissatistied-Action of the Passage to the Vulture-Treatment of his Oarsmen-Wash.

Officers - Major Armstrong-Meeting of Officers privately ington's Visit to West Point, Discovery of the Treason-

called - Anonymous Address to the Army-Dangerous Tend. His presence of Mind-Condition of Mrs. Arnold-Attempts

ency of its Recommendations-Bold Tone of the Address- to "head" the Traitor- His Letters from the Vulture-Bev.

Similar Opinions held by Hanilton-Washington's Counter. erly Robinson's Letter to Washington-- The Army at Tappan

action - Second anonymous Address — Meeting called by put in Motion-Andrè ordered to West Point-Ride to Fort

Washington – Major Burnet's Recollections_Washington's Montgomery-Mrs. Rose- A speculating Daughter-Sites of

Address to the Officerg-Action of the Meeting of Officers- Forts Clinton and Montgomery-Lake Sinnipink-Beverly

A strong Resolution-Record of Proceedings sent to Con. Garrison--His Recollections - Captain Molly"-Character

gress-Washington's Opinion of Armstrong's Motives-His of Forts Clinton and Montgomery - Chevaux-de-frise-Con.

farewell Address-His Tour to the Northern Battlefields- dition of the British Forces-Putnam's intended Expedition

Called to Princeton-A Statue ordered by Congress-Gen. -Sir Henry Clinton's Stratagem-Landing of British Troops

eral Clinton - A very little Maiden - Her Dignity -- Plum -Governor Clinton informed of the Landing of the British

Point-Fortifications there-An Acrostic-Redoubt on Plum -A reconnoitering Party – Skirmish near Doodletown

Point -- Chevaux.de frise - Anecdote – Head quarters of Treachery of a Messenger – Putnam deceived – Skirmish

Greene and Knox-Ball at the Quarters of Greene and Knox near Fort Montgomery-Forts ordered to be surrendered-

-Signatures of young Ladies-Washington on Dancing - Attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery -- Flight of the

The Square-A Spy in the American Camp-Dispatch in a Americans-Destruction of Vessels and the Chevaux.de frise

silver Bullet-Name and Fate of the Spy-Site and probable -Evening Voyage in a Fisherman's Shallop—Anthony's Nose

Form of the Temple-View from it-The Camp Ground and --Peekskill—Situation of the Village— The Birdsall House-

Vicinity-The Temple, as described by Major Burnet--Two An Octogenarian-Oak Hill-Van Cortlandt Mansion--Philip

living Patriots-- Visit to Major Burnet-Public Life of Major Van Cortlandt-Paulding's Monument, and St. Peter's Church

Burnet and Sergeant Knapp-Washington's Letter to Greene --Gallow. Hill-Execution Place of a Spy-Putnam's laconic

- The Commander-in-chief's Guard-Its Organization, Char. Letter - View from Galluws Hill – Relative importance of

acter, and Uniform-Its Officers—Sergeant Knapp-Return Peekskill — Stratagem of Sir William Howe - Invasion of
to Newburgh-Departure for Fishkill — Return of the Com. Peekskill-Destruction of Stores--Destruction of Continental
mander-in-chief's Guard-Fishkill Village-The “Wharton Village-Peekekill possessed by the Americans-The Sol.
House"--Enoch Crosby—The “Spy Unmasked"-Exploits dier's Spring-Verplanck's Point--Hudson and the Indians-
of Crosby-locidents of his Life ---Ancient Dutch Church- Fortifications at Verplauck's Point-Capture of Fort Fayette

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinua »