Imatges de pÓgina


A Hat is a convenient place to carry A CHART OF MAINE, A Gay Chief in Russia.

though seldom worn by The Night hides every fish's FIN until a storm makes him Hide or Dive for Sea-room. From the word Hat standing for 1, being the first word in the Nomenclature Table, and CHART OF MAINE, the Homophonic Analogy, we see that the first King must have been Charlemagne. "Gay Chief in Russia," stands for 768, the date, and 46, the number of years the reign continued. In the next formula, the word Night gives us 21 for the number of the Sovereign in the succession, FIN gives us Philip II., and "Hide or Dive for Sea-room," gives the date, 1180, and the years of the reign, 43. If a certain King in the succession is wanted, like the 10th., the word Woods as the 10th. word of the Table, and beginning the 10th. formula, will call to mind RABBIT, for Robert I., and "Open Den," for 921, the date, and 2, the years of the reign. If the reign of a particular Sovereign is wanted, for example, John II., the word JUNE as its Homophonic is recollected, when, if our formulas are well committed to memory, we shall remember Meadow as commencing the formula, giving us 31, as the number of the Sovereign, and the closing phrase, "Meal or Straw," gives us 1350, the date, and 14 years for the length of the reign.

Though there is apparently more matter to commit to memory in this way, than to go to work and learn the Table of the Kings, their dates, and all at once, on pages 134 and 135, yet the student need not think it more difficult. On the other hand, it is far easier to learn the Nomenclature Table, Homophonics and Formulas; and when once thor. oughly learned, it will not be readily forgotten. As an encouragement to the student, we will mention, what is true, that in a very extensive acquaintance we have never known but two persons who had ever learned the dates and succes. sions of the reigns of either the French or the English

Kings, by the usual method of study. These were two la dies, and they assured us they devoted several weeks hard study to them. Now we have known hundreds learn both the French and English Sovereigns by Mnemotechny, and by only three or four hours' study for each line of Sovereigns. It may be well to mention that CHARLEMAGNE, though inserted here as the first Sovereign of France, was not the first one in reality. He was the first Sovereign of any distinction, having enlarged his dominions extensively by conquest, and in the year 800 was crowned "Emperor of the West." The Kingdom of the Franks was founded by Pharamond, in the year 420, and twenty-three Kings reigned previous to Charlemagne, but they occupy a very unimportant portion of French History, and on that account are omitted.

The uses of this Nomenclature Table, besides the assistance it renders in learning this line of Sovereigns, are more than could be illustrated in a score of pages. Some of these will be explained here. By the aid of this Table, a list of words, or proper names of persons or places, of a hundred in number, can be committed to memory by hearing or reading them but once. They can also be recited backward as well as forward, and any one, like the forty-seventh, or sixty-fourth, can be recalled at pleasure. One example will show how it is done. A few names will serve for an illus. tration, as well as many. We will try the following: 1. Dr. Franklin; 2. Tree; 3. Europe; 4. Mississippi; 5. Buffalo. To learn them, we associate each one with the words of the Nomenclature Table in the order they come. We will say to ourselves, when Franklin's name is mentioned, that Franklin doubtless wore a Hat. Then for a Tree, we will say Honey is often found in a Tree. Europe, the 3rd. word, is associated with Home, the 3rd. word of the Table. Europe is a Home for millions of people. Missis sippi, the 4th., we will say, is a state where farmers use the Harrow. The word Buffalo is the 5th., and consequently must be imagined on the Hill, the 5th. word of the Table.

By a reference to the Nomenclature Table, it will be observed that the five words given were associated with the first five words of that Table. Then to recite the list, let the mind run on the Nomenclature words, which must have been committed to memory previously. Hat will call up Dr. Franklin, as we said that Franklin wore a hat; Honey recals the word Tree; Home gives us Europe; Harrow, Mississippi; and Hill, Buffalo. If we wish to say them backward, let the mind go from Hill to Hat, reversing the order. Then if any one of them is wanted, like the 3rd.; the word Home, being the third word in the Table, will call up Europe. If one of the words is mentioned, like Buffalo, we shall know the number of it in the succession to be 5, because it is associated with Hill, the 5th. word of the Table. Practice will make this very easy; so that 50 or 100 words or names can be learned as easy as five. If more than 100 Names are to be learned, use other Nomenclature Tables. To learn a list of figures from hearing them but once, the learner must hear two of the figures at a time, turn them into a word that shall represent them by translation; then associate the word with the first word of the Table, and so on till all the figures are associated, two at a time. For example, we will take the figures 4, 0, 9, 5, 2, 1, 5, 1. Now, having heard or read the two figures 4, 0, we think of the articulations that represent them, which are re, ze. From those two articulations we can make the word Rose. We will imagine the Rose to be in the Hat. Next, 9, 5, would be articulated be, le, which can be changed to Bowl. As Honey is the 2nd. word in the Table, we will have a Bowl of Honey. For 2, 1, we have ne, te, which can be represented in Night. A Night is usually spent at Home. The figures 5, 1, will articulate le, te, or le, de. We will take the word Lad, and as it is the fourth couplet of figures, we must associate Lad with Harrow, the fourth word in the Table. Then to recite the figures from memory, let the mind run on the Nomenclature words, Hat, Honey, Home,

Harrow. The first one, Hat, will call to mind the word Rose, which articulates re, ze, standing for 4, 0. The word Honey gives us Bowl, or be, le; 9, 5. The word Home gives us Night, or ne, te; 2, 1. Harrow gives us Lad, or le, de; 5, 1; being altogether 4, 0, 9, 5, 2, 1, 5, 1, the same as the original list. To recite them backward, we begin at Harrow, and go back to Hat, translating each word backward. To give any figure, for instance, the sixth one in the list; knowing that it must be the last one in the third couplet, we find it in the word associated with Home, being Night. The last articulation being te, the sixth figure must be 1. The seventh figure must be the first one in the fourth couplet, and of course will be found in the word associated with Harrow. The word is Lad, which gives us le, or 5, for the seventh figure. By having two figures given at a time, and a few moments to make each association, a list of fifty, one hundred, or five hundred figures can be learned in a few minutes, and recited accurately and fluently both forward and backward. The utility of this method of learning names and figures may be questioned by some, on a first examination, but a little practice will show its great advantage over the ordinary method of learning. It may be asked, "Will these impressions be durable, and never be forgotten?" Never is a long word. There are circumstances occurring daily, where names or figures are to be remembered for only a short time; perhaps a few hours, or a day or two. When we remember them for the time required, the object for which they were learned being accomplished, we naturally lose the impression on our minds, as we might wish to. Where a permanent impression is required, by repeating a few times, and charging our minds with the subject, we can make a permanent impression, as in the Tables of the Sovereigns of France or England. Another method of learning a long list of figures will be shown in a future lesson: also other uses of this Nomenclature Table.

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