Imatges de pÓgina
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The Sophists or Professors of Rhetoric.

The public professors and private lecturers generally aliens,

often men of wealth and rank

54

The story of Hippodromus to illustrate the knight errantry

of the Sophists .

56

The story of Marcus of Byzantium

57

Popular enthusiasm for the Sophists. Their vanity and

ostentation

58

Their professional gains

60

Their immunities from civil burdens

61

Examples of imperial caprice in the treatment of the Sophists 62

The interests of learning suffered from the whims of Caracalla 63

And in the third century from war and faction

64

Athens stormed by the Goths, who were routed by Dexippus 65

The fourth century a brilliant age for the University of

Athens

65

The endowed Chairs, and influence of the Provincial Governor 67

Official salaries varying like tithe rent charge. Lecture-

68

Jealousies of rival Sophists illustrated from Eunapius . 69

Another illustration of their bitter feeling and rhetorical

skill

71

The three great Sophists rather Asiatic than Hellenic in race 73

The general character of their educational influence

The personal ties between teacher and student were very

close, and desertion keenly felt by the lecturer

75

The evils of rivalry sometimes avoided by special unions 76

The position of the sub-professors in these is not attractive 77

Libanius called to account for neglect of professorial work 78

The Sophists' pride in the number of their pupils

79

The solemn language of Himerius to the freshmen

80

The course consisted of the study of the Classics, together

with the rules of rhetoric

81

Original compositions were required, and exercises in logic

and elocution,

83

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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.

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B.C. The death of Socrates .

399 Plato in the Academy

388 Antisthenes the Cynic.

f. 366 Speusippus, Head of the Academy

347-339 Xenocrates succeeded Speusippus

339 Isocrates wrote the Panegyr. 380

died † 338 Aristotle in the Lyceum

335 Crates the Cynic

A. 328 Theophrastus succeeded Aristotle in the Lyceum

322 Demetrius Phalereus, Governor of Athens

318 Polemon succeeded Xenocrates

315 Epicurus at Athens.

306 Straton succeeded Theophrastus .

about 287 Antigonus Gonatas

283-239 Zenon in the Porch

f. 278 Lycon succeeded Straton

272 Cleanthes succeeded Zenon

263 Chrysippus succeeded Cleanthes

born 280 + 207 Carneades, Ambassador of Athens

155 Siege of Athens by Sulla

87 Cicero at Athens

79 Horace at the University

A.D. Athens declined in reputation Dion Chrysostom

A. about 97 Epictetus

ft.

104 Plutarch.

115

ft.

.

47

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