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CHAPTER XIII.

FEB. ), May 30, Sept. 28. * Though I speak with the 1 « Whatever powers of persuasion tongues of men and of angels, I have, all is vain without charity,

viz. love to God and love to man for and have not charity, I am

his sake.” become as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal. And

? The highest spiritual advantages

profit not, if this charity be wanting. though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge ; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am no

3 Even almsdeeds, in themselves thing. And though I be- however excellent ; nay, martyrdom stow all my goods to feed the itself, however noble, profits nothing poor, and though I give my

where there is not charity. body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envious, nor proud, nor vain.

Charity is neither impatient, nor envieth not; charity vaunteth

5 It is courteous, unselfish, gentle, not itself, is not puffed up, unsuspicious. s doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; rejoiceth not in in

6 Yet it excuses not wrong : it reiquity, but rejoiceth in the joiceth only in what is right. truth; 'beareth all things, 7 Unrepining, confiding, hopeful, believeth all things, hopeth

firm of heart. things, endureth all things. eth ; it shall company us in sickness;

8 This heavenly feeling never fail* Charity never faileth: but and sorrow, and death. We shalí whether there be prophecies, bear it with us to another and a betthey shall fail; whether there ter world. be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.

9 It may reconcile us to the appaknow in part, and we pro- rent unequal distribution of good and phesy in part. But when

But when ill in this life, to remember that we that which is perfect is come,

now know as little, nay less, of what then that which is in part counsels of a wise and mature man

shall be, than a child knoweth of the shall be done away.

When

hood. I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child : but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly ; but then face to face : now I know in part; but then shall I

13 Hereafter, faith will be lost in know even as also I am

certainty, and hope in enjoyment ; known. 13 And now abideth but love of God and our fellow crea

9 For we

faith, hope, charity, these tures will survive, and constitute three ; but the greatest of part of that felicity which reigns for

ever in heaven. these is charity.

CHAPTER XIV.

FEB. 2, May 31, SEPT. 29. MONDAY IN WHTSUN-WEEK, evening, to ver. 26. * Follow after charity, and 1 To prophesy, was not only to foredesire spiritual gifts, but ra

tell events, but to instruct in boly

things. ther that ye may prophesy.

2 Edification being the proper ob? For he that speaketh in an ject of a teacher, let him so speak unknown tongue speaketh not as to be understood ; or his teaching unto men, but unto God : for is vain. no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort. He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church. I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied : for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive 6“ Except I so speak that you can edifying. Now, brethren, comprehend me, how can you be if I come unto you speaking profited ?” with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine ? And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known 8 Hence the plain speaking of your what is piped or harped ? For minister. if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle? So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken ? for ye shall speak into the air. There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification. 11 Therefore if I know not

11 In the darker ages of the Church

the word was read and the prayers the meaning of the voice, I

were offered up in an unknown shall be unto him that speak- tongue. Now, blessed be God! *we eth a barbarian, and he that do hear” the stewards of God's mys

teries « speaketh shall be a barbarian

speak in our own tongue,

wherein we were born." unto me. Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church. Wherefore let him that

speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret. For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruit- 15 Let the understanding confirm ful. " What is it then? I what the heart dictates. will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also : I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 16 Else

16 What more delightful sound in when thou shalt bless with

the house of God than the solemn the spirit, how shall he that “ Amen” of an assembled congregaoccupieth the room of the tion * ! unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest ? For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified. I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all : yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue. Brethren, be not children in understanding : howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men. In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people ; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord. Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesy serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe. 23 If

23 These, and many of the precepts therefore the whole church here laid down, refer to the peculiar be come together into one

state of the Corinthian Church at place, and all speak with

the time they were written. tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: and thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest ; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

Ver. 26. How is it then, brethren ? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course ;

* It is much to be desired that all the congregation would pronounce the “ Amen" audibly; and also, with their voices, clearly and distinctly repeat such other parts of the service, as the rubric points out to them. Adopt the practice for yourself. It will very much tend to animate your devotions and sustain your attention during the hours of worship.

and let one interpret. But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church ; and let him speak to himself, and to God. Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted. And the spirits of the prophets are

33 How admirably our Church resubject to the prophets. 33 For

minds us of this comforting truth; God is not the author of con- teaching us to rejoice in God as the fusion, but of peace, as in all author of peace and lover of con. churches of the saints. Let cord.” What must that God think

of divisions ! your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home : for it is a shame for women to speak in the church. 36 What? came

36 As St. Paul taught the Corinthe word of God out from

thians the word of God, and not they you ? or came it unto you him, the authority which was to only? If any man think him- regulate the Church he established self to be a prophet, or spiri

among them, was to “come out from

him. tual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant. Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.

40 This precept is of universal obliall things be done decently gation in the Church of Christ ; apand in order.

plicable to it in all ages, and under all circumstances.

40 Let

CHAPTER XV.

FEB. 3, JUNE 1, SEPT. 30.

TUESDAY IN EASTER-WEEK, evening. Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. 3 For I delivered unto you 3 “ According to the Scriptures” of first of all that which I also the Old Testament *.

* Is. lii. ; also Ps. xvi. 10, which St. Peter (Acts ü. 31) specially applies to Christ ; and Jonah (i. 17), which our Lord hath himself taught us to consider as a typical prophecy of his resurrection.

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received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day accorling to the

5 Peter was called Cephas. scriptures : Sand that he was seen of Cephas, then of the

6 Strong testimony this to the truth

of any fact-five hundred witnesses ! twelve : after that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren •at once ; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. And last of all

8 St. Paul's conversion took place he was seen of me also, as of two years after our Lord's ascenone born out of due time. sion *.

For I am the least of the 9 A dignified humility pervades this apostles, that am not meet to

self-drawn character of St. Paul. be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. But by the grace of God I am what I am : and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain ; but I laboured more abundantly than they all : yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye be

12 At Corinth, the Sadducees among lieved.

12 Now if Christ be the Jews, and the Philosophers preached that he rose from among its citizens, denied the resurthe dead, how say some among

rection, you that there is no resurrec- 13 The reasoning from this verse to tion of the dead ? But if the 19th is equally strong, clear, and

unanswerable t. there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: and if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ : whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised : and if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain ; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are 19 How true this is, the children of perished. "If in this life sorrow best can tell. only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 20 But now is Christ

20 Glorious tidings to the mourner! risen from the dead, and be- Thou hast lost the loved one. Lo !

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* St. Paul speaks of his heavenly vision (ch. ix. 1).

+ The argument is this. Christ rose from the dead. The resurrection therefore is possible. The promise is, that in like manner we shall be raised from the dead. To doubt the power in one case is to render vain our belief in the other.

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