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MINISTRY, RITUAL, AND DOCTRINES
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH,
ADDRESSED TO THE
REV. WM. E. WYATT, D. D.
the University of Maryland,
Jn reply to a Sermon
EXHIBITING SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL DOCTRINES OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL
CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES.
BY JARED SPARKS, A. M.
MINISTER OF THE FIRST INDEPENDENT CHURCH OF BALTIMORE.
tions respecting any particular mode of church government-
On the ritual of the church.
firmation-These forms nearly the same as in the Catholic
LETTER III. On the authority of the church in controversies of faith. Our Saviour gave no authority to any man, or body of men, to judge others for their religious opinions-Christians have no other rule of faith than the Bible-Chillingworth-Athanasian creed--Historical sketch of the first conventions of the American episcopal church after the revolution-Injurious tendency of creeds and articles, both on the clergy and the people -Many christians cannot conscientiously worship according to the liturgy of the church-Inconsistency of holding to the authority of tradition, and rejecting infallibility_How creeds keep schism out of the church--Milton's opinion.
LETTER IV. On the doctrinal character of the thirty-nine articles. The fundamental doctrines of calvinism fully set forth in the ar
ticles and homilies—Ninth article-Homilies-Seventeenth article-Bishop Burnet's exposition-Opinions of the first reformers calvinistic-Nowel's catechism-Latimer's sermonsBishop's Bible-Oxford theses-Ridley's letter on election and predestination-Lambeth articles_Heylin-University of Cambridge-Synod of Dort-English delegates were all calvinists Strange doctrine of the eighteenth article-Arminian mode of interpreting the articles indefensible-Proposed summary of faith.
LETTER V. Doctrine of the trinity as held by the episcopal church, Litany-The worship it inculcates-Doctrine of the trinity
contained in the articles-Opinions of learned episcopalians _There is one true God-The Lord Jesus Christ is not this one true God, but a subordinate being-Doctrine of two natures, The Holy Spirit is not the true God—Jews had no conceptions of any threefold distinction in the Deity-Nor had the disciples of Jesus-Nor did the apostles preach any such doctrine after the ascension of Christ- The christians of the first century were principally, if not entirely, unitarians--Origin of the doctrine of the trinity.
LETTER VI. Exposition of certain texts of scripture supposed to favour the
doctrine of the trinity. Objections answered-Use of reason-Mysteries—Burgh's Reply
to Lindsey-Jones on the Trinity-His singular mode of interpreting the scriptures-All the texts considered in which Christ is called, or supposed to be called God-None of these prove him to be the Supreme Being-Texts, which are thought to ascribe such properties or powers to Christ, as could belong only to God-How Christ and the Father are one-Christ possessed the attributes of God in a limited degree-God the only object of religious homage-Form of baptism-Communion of the Holy Spirit-Concluding remarks.
REVEREND AND DEAR SIR,
When your late discourse on the ministry and doctrines of the Protestant Episcopal Church first appeared, I engaged with much interest in its perusal. The design you proposed of explaining at large the principal doctrines, and distinguishing characteristics of this church, led me to anticipate much pleasure and improvement from the execution. If I have been disappointed in some of my expectations, I could not fail to be gratified with the spirit of candour and good intention which pervades your discourse; and I hope I have not read it without profit, if I have without conviction.
In the remarks I am about to make, I have no design to point out intentional misrepresentations, or to question your motives. Nor is it so much your own private opinions with which I am concerned, as the doctrines and principles you have attempted to explain and defend, and wbich you represent as form. ing the most striking features of the church to which you belong. Among these I cannot but think there are many errors; and not a few, which can have no other than an injurious tendency on the cause of truth