Imatges de pÓgina

O, 'tis a burden, Cromwell, 'tis a burden,
Too heavy for a man that hopes for heaven.

Crom. I am glad, your grace has made that right use of it,

Wol. I hope, I have: I am able now, methinks,
(Out of a fortitude of foul I feel,)
To endure more miseries, and greater far,
Than my weak-hearted enemies dare offer.
What news abroad?

Crom. The heaviest, and the worst,
Is your displeasure with the king.

Wol. God bless him !

Crom. The next is, that fir Thomas More is chosen
Lord chancellor in your place.

Wol. That's somewhat sudden:
But he's a learned man. May he continue
Long in his highness' favour, and do justice
For truth's sake, and his conscience ; that his bones,
When he has run his course, and sleeps in blessings,
May have a tomb of orphans' tears wept on 'em !
What more?

Crom. That Cranmer is return'd with welcome,
Install'd lord archbishop of Canterbury.

Wol. That's news indeed.

Crom. Last, that the lady Anne,
Whom the king hath in secrecy long marry'd,
This day was view'd in open, as his queen,
Going to chapel; and the voice is now
Only about her coronation.

7 – a tomb of orpbans' tears wept on 'em!] The chancellor is the general guardian of orphans. A romb of tears is very harsh. JOHNSON.

This idea will appear not altogether indefensible to those who recol. lect the following epigram of Martial :

Flentibus Heliadum ramis dum vipera serpit,

Fluxit in obstantem succina gutta feram:
Quæ dum miratur pingui se rore teneri,

Concreto riguit vincta repente gelu.
Ne tibi regali placeas, Cleopatra, sepulchro,

Vipera si tumulo nobiliore jacet.
The Heliades certainly wept a tomb of tears over the viper. STEEY.

The old copy bas-on bim. The error, which probably arose from fimilitude of lounds, was corrected by Mr. Steevens. Malone.


Wol. There was the weight that pull'd me down. O

The king has gone beyond me, all my glories
In that one woman I have lost for ever:
No sun shall ever user forth mine honours,
Or gild again the noble troops that waited
Upon my smiles. Go, get thee from me, Cromwell;
I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now
To be thy lord and master: Seek the king;
That sun, I pray, may never set! I have told him
What, and how true thou art: he will advance thee;
Some little memory of me will stir him,
(I know his noble nature,) not to let
Thy hopeful service perish too : Good Cromwell,
Neglect him not; make use now, and provide
For thine own future safety.

Crom. O my lord,
Must I then leave you ? muft I needs forego
So good, so noble, and so true a master?
Bear witness, all that have not hearts of iron,

8 Or gild again the noble troops tbat waited

Upon my /miles.] The number of persons who composed Cardinal Wolsey's houshold, according to the printed account, was eight hundred. '“ When (says Cavendish,) in his Life of Wolsey, shall we fee any more such subjects, that shall keepe such a noble house ?-Here is an end of his houthold. The number of persons in the cheyne-roll (check-roll) were eigbe burdred persons."

But Cavendish's work, though written in the time of Queen Mary, was not published till 1641; and it was then printed most unfaithfully, some passages deing interpolated, near half of the MI. being omitted, and the phraseology being modernised throughout, to make it more read. able at that time; the covert object of the publication probably having been, to render Laud odious, by thewing how far church-power had been extended by Wolsey, and how dangerous that prclate was, who, in the opinion of many, followed his example.-The persons who procured this publication, seem to have been little solicitous about the means they employed, if they could but obtain their end; and therefore among other unwarrantable sophistications, they took care that the number “of troops who waited on Wolsey's smiles," ihould be sufficiently magnified; and instead of one burdred and eigbry, which was the real number of his houshold, they printed eigbt bundred. This appears from two Mss. of this work in the Museum ; Mss. Harl. No. 428, and Mss. Birch, 42 33. MALONE.


With what a forrow Cromwell leaves his lord.
The king shall have my service; but my prayers
For ever, and for ever, shall be yours.

Wol. Cromwell, I did not think to shed a tear
In all my miseries; but thou haft forc'd me,
Out of thy honest truth, to play the woman.
Let's dry our eyes: and thus far hear me, Cromwell a
And, when I am forgotten, as I shall be;
And sleep in dull cold marble, where no mention
Of me more must be heard of, - say, I taught thee,
Say, Wolsey,--that once trod the ways of glory,
And founded all the depths and moals of honour,-
Found thee a way, out of his wreck, to rise in ;
A sure and safe one, though thy inalter miss'd it.
Mark but my fall, and that that ruin'd me.
Cromwell, I charge thee, fing away ambition";
By that sin fell the angels, how can man then,
The image of his Maker, hope to win by't?
Love thylelf laft: cherish thote hearts that hate thee;
Corruption wins not more than honesty.
Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace,
To silence envious tongues. Be just, and fear not :
Let all the ends, thou aim'st at, be thy country's,
Thy God's, and truth’s; then if thou fall'it, o Cromwell,
Thou fall’At a blessed martyr. Serve the king;
And,-Prythee, lead me in :
There take an inventory of all I have,
To the lait penny; 'tis the king's : iny robe,
And my integrity to heaven, is all
I dare now call mine own. O Cromwell, Cromwell,
Had I but serv'd my God with half the zeal'

I serv'd 9 -fing away ambition;] Wolley does not mean to condemn every kind of ambition; for in a preceding line he says he will instruct Cromwell how to rise, and in the fubsequent lines he evidently conliders him as a man in office : “-then if thou fall"),&c. Ambitione here means a criminal and inordinate ambition, that endeavours to obtain honours by dishonest means. MALONE.

· Had I bui serv'd my God, &c.] This sentence was really uttered by Wolley. JOHNSON.

When Samrah, the deputy governor of Basorah, was deposed by Moawiyah the sixth caliph, he is reported to have express 'd himself in


I serv'd my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies.

Crom. Good fir, have patience.

Wol. So I have. Farewell
The hopes of court! my hopes in heaven do dwell.


Аст IV. SCENE 1.

A Street in Weftminster,

Enter two Gentlemen, meeting. 1. Gen. You are well met once again?. 2. Gen. So are you. 1. Gen. You come to take your stand here, and behold The lady Anne pass from her coronation ?

2. Gen. 'Tis all my business. At our last encounter, The duke of Buckingham came from his trial.

1. Gen. 'Tis very true: but that time offer'd sorrow; This, general joy.

2. Gen. 'Tis well: the citizens, I am sure, have shewn at full their royal minds 3; As, let them have their rights, they are ever forward


the same manner :-" If I had served God so well as I have served him, he would never have condemned me to all eternity." STEEVENS.

Antonio Perez, the favourite of Philip the Second of Spain, made the same pathetick complaint : « Mon zele etoit si grand vers ces bebigges puillances (la cour de Turin), que fi j'en eusle eu autant pour Dieu, je ne doubte point qu'il pe m'eut deja recompense de son paradis."

MALONE. This was a strange sentence for Wolsey to utter, who was disgraced for the baseft treachery to his king, in the affair of the divorce: but it thews how naturally men endeavour to palliate their crimes even to themselves. MASON. 2 - ace again.] Alluding to their former meeting in the second act.

JOHNSON 3-tbeir royal minds;] i. e. their minds well affected to their king. Mr. Pope unnecessarily changed this word to loyal. In K. Henry IV.P. II. we have os rosal faith," that is faith due to kings; which Sir T. Hanmer changed to loyal, and I too hastily followed Dr. Johnson and the late editions, in adopting the emendation. The recurrence of the fame


In celebration of this day 4 with thews,
Pageants, and fights of honour.

1. Gen. Never greater,
Nor, I'll assure you, better taken, fir.

2. Gen. May I be bold to ask what that contains, That paper in your hand?

1. Gen. Yes; 'tis the lift
Of those, that claim their offices this day,
By custom of the coronation.
The duke of Suffolk is the first, and claims
To be high steward ; next, the duke of Norfolk,
He to be earl marshal : you may read the rest.

2. Gen. I thank you, fir; had í not known those cuftoms, I should have been beholding to your paper. But, I beseech you, what's become of Catharine, The princess dowager? how goes her business? 1. Gen. That I can tell you too.

The archbishop
Of Canterbury, accompanied with other
Learned and reverend fathers of his order,
Held a late court at Dunstable, fix miles off
From Ampthill, where the princess lay; to which
She oft was cited by them, but appear'd not :
And, to be mort, for not appearance, and
The king's late scruple, by the main assent
Of all these learned men Mhe was divorc'd,
And the late marriage made of none effe&t :
Since which, she was removed to Kimboltori,
Where she remains now, fick.
2. Gen. Alas, good lady!

[Trumpets. The trumpets found: stand close, the queen is coming.

A lively flourish of trumpets ; tben, enter
I'wo judges.

Lord Chancellor, with the purse and mace before bin. expression, though it is not such a one as we should now use, convinces me that there is no error in the text in either place. MALONE.

4 Ibis day-1 Hanmer readsbese days; but Shakspeare meant fucb a day as ibis, a coronation-day. And such is the English idiom, which our authour commonly prefers to grammatical nicety. Johnson.







3. Chan

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