« AnteriorContinua »
You shall not be my judge': for it is you
Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and me,
Which God's dew quench !-Therefore, I say again,
I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul
Refuse you for my judge; whom, yet once more,
I hold my most malicious foe, and think not
At all a friend to truth.
Wol. I do profess,
You speak not like yourself; who ever yet
Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects
Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom
O’er-topping woman's power. Madam, you do me wrong;
I have no spleen against you ; nor injustice
For you, or any; how far I have proceeded,
Or how far further shall, is warranted
By a commission from the consistory,
Yea, the whole consistory of Rome. You charge meg
That I have blown this coal: I do deny it:
The king is present: If it be known to him,
That I gainsay : my deed, how may he wound,
And worthily, my falfhood? yea, as much
As you have done my truth. If he know
That I am free of your report, he knows,
I am not of your wrong. Therefore in him
It lies, to cure me: and the cure is, to
Remove these thoughts from you: The which before
His highness shall speak in, I do beseech
You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking,
And to say so no more.
1-and make my challenge,
You shall not be my judge:] Challenge is here a verbum juris, a law
The criminal, when he refuses a juryman, says, I challenge
2 I utterly abhor, gea, from my soul .
Refuse you for my judge ;] These are not mere words of passion, but technical terms in the canon law.
Deteftor and Recuso. The former in the language of canonifts, signifies no more, than I protest against. BLACKSTONL.
The words are Holinthed's :-" and therefore openly protested that she did utterly abbor, refuse, and forsake such a judge." MALONE.
3-gain ay] i. e. deny. So, in lord Surrey's translation of the fourth book of the Æneid :
“ I hold thee not, nor yet gainsay thy words.” STFEVENS.
Q. Cath. My lord, my lord,
I am a simple woman, much too weak
To oppose your cunning. You are meek, and humble-
You sign your place and calling 4, in full seeming,
With meekness and humility: but your heart
Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride.
You have, by fortune, and his highness’ favours,
Gone slightly o’er low steps; and now are mounted,
Where powers are your retainers : and your words,
Domesticks to you, serve your wills, as't please
Yourself pronounce their office. I must tell you,
You tender more your person's honour, than
Your high profession 1piritual: That again
I do refuse you for my judge; and here,
Before you all, appeal unto the pope,
To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,
And to be judg’d by him.
[She curifies to the King, and offers to depart,
4 You sign your place and calling, &c.] I think, to fign, müft here
be to pow, to denote. By your outward meekness and humility, you
pow that you are of an holy order, but, &c. Johnson.
5 Wbere powers are your retainers; and
your words, Domesticks to you, serve your will,-) You have now got power at your beck, following in your retirue: ad words therefore are degraded to the servile state of performing any office which you ihall give them. In humbler and more common terms; Having now got power, you do pot regard your word. JOHNSON.
The word power, when used in the plural and applied to one person only, will not bear the meaning that Dr. Johnson wishes to give it. By powers are meant the emperor and the king of France, in the pay of one or the other of whom Wolley was constantly retained. MASON.
Whoever were pointed at by the word powers, Shakipeare, surely, does not mean to say that Wolley was retained by them, but that they were retainers, or subservient, to Wolsey. MALONI. I believe we should read:
“ Where powers are your retainers, and your wards,
“ Domesticks to you, &c."
The Queen rises naturally in her description. She paints the powers of
government depending upon Wolley under three images; as his ree
iainers, his wards, his domestick servants. TYRWHITT.
So, in Storer's Life and Death of Ibo.Wolfey, Cardinal, a poem, 1599
“ I must have notice where their wards must dwell;
“ I car'd not for the gentry, for I had
“ Yong nobles of the land, &c.” STEEVEN S.
Cam. The queen is obstinate,
Stubborn to justice, apt to accuse it, and
Disdainful to be try'd by it; 'tis not well.
She's going away.
King. Call her again.
Crier. Catharine, queen of England, come into the
Grif. Madam, you are call's back.
Q. Cath. What need you note it? pray you, keep your
way: When you are call’d, return.-Now the Lord help, 'They vex me past my patience !-pray you, pass on: I will not tarry ; no, nor ever more, Upon this business, my appearance make In any of their courts.
[Exeunt Queen, GRIFFITH, and her other Attendants,
King. Go thy ways, Kate:
That man i'the world, who shall report he has
A better wife, let him in nought be trusted,
For speaking false in that: Thou art, alone,
(If thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness,
Thy meekness faint-like, wife-like government,
Obeying in commanding,—and thy parts
Sovereign and pious elle, could speak thee out",)
The queen of earthly queens :—She is noble born;
And, like her true nobility, she has
Carried herself towards me.
Wol. Most gracious fir,
In humbleft manner I require your highness,
That it shall please you to declare, in hearing
Of all these ears, (for where I am robb’d and bound,
There must I be unloos’d; although not there
At once and fully satisfy’d?,) whether ever I
- could speak tbee oue)] If thy several qualities had tongues to speak thy praile. JOHNSON. 1- althougb not ibere
At once, and fully satisfied,)] The sense, which is encumbered with words, is no more than this. I must be loosed, though when so looled, I Mall not be satisfied fully and at once; that is, I shall not be im wediately satisfied." JOHNSON. 5
Did broach this business to your highness; or
Lay'd any scruple in your way, which might
Induce you to the queftion on't? or ever
Have to you,—but with thanks to God for such
A royal lady,--spake one the lealt word, that might
Be to the prejudice of her present ftate,
Or touch of her good person?
King. My lord cardinal,
I do excuse you ; yea, upon mine honour,
I free you from't. You are not to be taught
That you have many enemies, that know not
Why they are fo, but, like to village curs,
Bark when their fellows do : by some of these
The queen is put in anger. You are excus’d:
But will you be more justify'd ? you ever
Have with'd the sleeping of this business; never
Defir'd it to be ffirr'd; but oft have hinder’d; oft,
The passages made toward it :-on my honour,
I speak my good lord cardinal to this point,
And thus far clear him. Now, what mov'd me to't,
I will be bold with time, and your attention :-
Then mark the inducement. Thus it came ;-give heed
to't: My conscience first receiv'd a tenderness, Scruple, and prick", on certain speeches utter'd By the bishop of Bayonne, then French ambassador; Who had been hither sent on the debating A marriage', twixt the duke of Orleans and 8- on my bonour,
I speak my good lord cardinal to this poine,] The king, having for ft add:efíed to Wolsey, breaks oft; and declares upon his honour to the whole court, that he speaks the cardinal's sentiments upon the point in Suction; and clears him from any attempt, or will, to stir that bufi. Dess. THEOBALD,
9 Scruple and prick,-) Prick of conscience was the term in confeßion. JOHNSON
The expreffion is from Holinthed, where the king says: “ The special cause that moved me unto this matter was a certaine scrupulositie that pricked my conscience," &c. See Holinjhed, p. 907. STEEVENS. • A marriage,] Old Copy- And marriage. Corrected by Mr. Pope.
MALONE. Vol. VII,
Our daughter Mary : I'the progress of this business,
Ere a determinate resolution, he
(I mean, the bishop) did require a respite;
Wherein he might the king his lord advertise
Whether our daughter were legitimate,
Respecting this our marriage with the dowager,
Sometimes our brother's wife. This respite thook
The bosom of my conscience”, enter'd me,
Yea, with a splitting power, and made to iremble
The region of my breast; which forc'd such way,
That many maz'd considerings did throng,
And press'd in with this caution. First, methought,
I stood not in the smile of heaven ; who had
Commanded nature, that my lady's womb,
If it conceiv'd a male child by me, should
Do no more offices of life to't, than
The grave does to the dead: for her male issue
Or died where they were made, or shortly after
This world had air'd them : Hence I took a thought,
This was a judgment on me; that my kingdom,
Well worthy the best heir o'the world, should not
Be gladded in’t by me: Then follows, that
I weigh’d the danger which my realms stood in
By this my issue's tail; and that gave to me
Many a groaning throe. Thus hulling in
The wild sea 3 of my conscience, I did iteer
This respite fhook
The bosom of my conscience.m] Though this, reading be sense, yet, I verily believe, the poet wrote, I be bottom of my conscience, -:
Shakspeare, in all his historical plays, was a moft diligent observer of Hulinthed's Cbronicle. Now Holin shed, in the speech which he has given to king Henry upon this subject, makes him deliver himself thus: “ Which words, once conceived within the secret bortom of my conscience, ingendred such a scrupulous doubt, that my conscience was incontinently accombred, vexed, and disquicted." ' Vid. Life of Henry VIII. p. 907. THEOBALD. 3 –huiling in
Tbe wild jea-] That is, fcaling without guidance; toss'd here and the JOHNSON. The phrase belongs to navigation. A frip is said to bull, when the