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It from the bearer, 'tis a sufferance, panging
As foul and body's fevering.

Old L. Alas, poor lady!
She's a stranger now again

Anne. So much the more
Muft pity drop upon her. Verily,
I swear, 'tis better to be lowly born,
And
range

with humble livers in content, Than to be perk'd up in a glistering grief, And wear a golden forrow.

Old L. Our content Is our best having

Anne, arrow, from her striking so deep and suddenly. Quarrel was a large are sow so called. Thus Fairfax:

-iwang dibe ftring, out flew tbe quarrel long. WARB. Such is Dr. Warburton's interpretation. Sir Thomas Hanmer reads :

- tbat quarreller, fortune, I think the poet may be easily supposed to use quarrel for quarreller, a murder for murderer, the act for the agent. JOHNSON. Dr. Johnson may be right. So, in Antory and Cleopatra:

U but that your royalty
" Holds idleness your subject, I should take you

For Idliness itself.Like Martial's—“ Non vitiofus bomo es, Zoile, fed Vitium.” We might, however, read

Yet if that quarrel fortune to divorce

It froin the bearer, "j. e. if any quarrel bappen or chance to divorce it from the bearer. To fortune is a verb used by Shakspeare :

" -l'll tell you, as we pais along,

" 'That you will wonder what hath fortuned." Again, in Spenser's Faery Queen, B. I. c. ji :

“ It fortuned (high heaven did so ordaine).” &c. STIEVENS, 9- franger now again.] Again an alien; not only no longer queen, but no longer an Englishwoman. Johnson.

It rather means, the is alienated from the king's affection, is a stranger to his bed; for the fill retained the rights of an English woman, and was princess dowager of Wales. So, in the second scene of the third acti

Catharine no more
“ Shall be callid queen; but princess dowager,

“ And widow to prince Arthur.” TOLLET.
Dr. Johnson's interpretation appears to me to be the true one.

MALONE. - our beff having.] That is, our best pofleffica. So, in Macberb:

Of

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Anne. By my troth, and maidenhead,
I would not be a queen.

Old L. Bethrew me, I would,
And venture maidenhead for't; and fo would you,
For all this spice of your hypocrisy:
You, that have fo fair parts of woman on you,
Have too a woman's heart; which ever yet
Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty ;
Which, to say sooth, are blessings: and which gifts
(Saving your mincing) the capacity
of your soft cheveril conscience would receive,
If you might please to stretch it.

Anne. Nay, good troth,-
Old L.Yes, troth, and troth,-You would not be a queen?
Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven.

Old L. 'Tis strange; a three-pence bow'd would hire me,
Old as I am, to queen it: But, I pray you,
What think you of a dutchess ? have you limbs
To bear that load of title?

Anne. No, in truth.

Old L. Then you are weakly made: Pluck off a little 3 ;
I would not be a young count in your way,
For more than blushing comes to : if your back
Cannot vouchsafe this burden, 'tis too weak
Ever to get a boy.

Anne. How you do talk !
I swear again, I would not be a queen
For all the world.

NSON.

3

Of noble having and of royal bope. In Spanish, bazienda. JOHNS

2 -cbeveril-) is kid skin, soft leather. Johnson. So, in Hiftriomaftix, 1610:

“ The cbeveril conscience of corrupted law." STEEVENS.

- Pluck off a little;] The old lady first questions Anne Bullen about being a queen, which she declares her aversion to ; she then proposes the title of a duecbess, and asks her if the thinks herself equal to the task of sustaining it; but as the itill declines the offer of greatness;

Pluck off a little, says she, i.e. let us descend lower, and more upon a level with your own quality; and then adds :

I would not be a young count in your way. which is ftill an inferior degree of honour to any yet spoken of. STEEV.

E 3

Old L,

Old L. In faith, for little England
You'd venture an emballing : I myself
Would for Carnarvonshire*, although there long'd
No more to the crown but that. Lo, who comes here?

Enter the Lord Chamberlain.
Cham. Good morrow, ladies.Whatwere't worth, to know
The secret of your conference?

Anne. My good lord,
Not your demand; it values not your asking:
Our mistress' sorrows we were pitying.

Cham. It was a gentle business, and becoming
The action of good women: there is hope,
All will be well.

Anne. Now I pray God, amen!
Cham. You bear a gentle mind, and heavenly blessings
4 In faith, for little England

You'd venture an emballing : I myself

Would for Carnarvonshire,-) Little England seems very properly opposed to all the world, but what has Carnarvonshire to do here? Does it refer to the birth of Edward II. at Carnarvon? or may not this be the allusion? By little England is meant, perhaps, that territory in Pembrokeshire, where the Flemings settled in Henry Ift's time, who speaking a language very different from the Welsh, and bearing some affinity to English, this fertile spot was called by the Britons, as we are told by Camden, Little England beyond Wales; and, as it is a very fruitful country, may be justly opposed to the mountainous and barren county of Carnarvon. WhaLLEY.

You'd venture an emballing :) You would venture to be distinguished by the ball, the enlign of royalty. JOHNSON.

This explanation cannot be right, because a queen-confort, such as Anne Bullen was, is not distinguished by the ball, the enlign of royalty, nor has the poet exprefled that she was to distinguished. TOLLET.

Shaklpeare did not probably consider so curiously this distinction be. tween a queen-confort and a queen-regent. Mason.

Might we read-You'd venture an empalling ; i. e. being invested with the pall or robes of Itate? The word occurs in the old tragedy of King Edrvard III 1596:

“ As with this armour I impall thy breast-."
and, in Macberb, the verb to pall is used in the sense of to enrobe :

“ And pail thee in the dunnest smoke of hell." MALONE. Might we not read~" an embalming? A queen confort is anointed at her coronation, and in K. Ricbard 11. the word is used in that fense:

“ With my own tears I wash away my balm.Dr. Johnson properly explains it ibe oil of confecration. WRALLEY.

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Follow sûch creatures. That you may, fair lady,
Perceive I speak fincerely, and high note's
Ta'en of your many virtues, the king's majesty
Commends his good opinion of you, and
Does purpose honour to you no less flowing
Than marchionefs of Pembroke; to which title
A thousand pound a year, annual support,
Out of his grace he adds.

Anne. I do not know,
What kind of my obedience I should tender ;
More than my all is nothing': nor my prayers
Are not words duly hallow'd', nor my wishes
More worth than empty vanities; yet prayers, and wishes,
Are all I can return. Beseech your lordship,
Vouchsafe to speak my thanks, and my obedience,
As from a blushing handmaid, to his highness ;
Whose health, and royalty, I pray for.

Cbam. Lady
I shall not fail to approve the fair conceiti,

* Commends bis good of inion of you,–] The words to you in the next line, must in construction be underitood here. The old copy, indeed, reads:

-Commends his good opinion of you to you, and but the metre shews that cannot be right. The words so you were probably accidentally omitted by the compofitor in the second line, and being marked by the corrector as out (to speak technically,) were inserted in the wrong place. The old error being again marked, the words that were wanting were properly inserted in the second line where they now ftand, and the new error in the first was overlooked. In the printinghouse this frequently happens. MALONE.

s More tban my all is not bing :) Not only my all is nothing, but if my all were more than it is, it were still nothing. Johnson. 0,- Er my prayers

Are not words duly ballow'd,] The double negative, it has been already observed, was commonly used in our author's time.

Fer my prayers, a reading introduced by Mr. Pope, even if such arbitrary changes were allowable, ought not to be admitted here ; this being a diftind proposition, not an illation from what has gone before. I know not, (says Anne,) what external acts of duty and obeisance, I ought to return for such unmerited favour. All I can do of that kind, and even more, if more were possible, would be insufficient : nor are any prayers that I can offer up for my benefactor fufficiently sanctified, nor any wishes that I can breathe for his happiness, of more value than the most worthless and empty vanities. MALONE.

? I fall not fail, &c.] I lhall not omit to strengthen by my commendation, the opinion which the king has formed. Johnson.

The king hath of you.--I have perus'd her well; [Afide.
Beauty and honour in her are so mingled,
That they have caught the king: and who knows yet,
But from this lady may proceed a gem,
To lighten all this isle?-I'll to the king,
And say, I spoke with you.

Anne. My honour'd lord. [Exit Lord Chamberlain.

Old L. Why, this it is; fee, fee!
I have been begging fixteen years in court,
(Am yet a courtier beggarly,) nor could
Come pat betwixt two early and too late,
For any fuit of pounds: and you, (O fate!)
A very fresh fish here, (fye, fye upon
This compell’d fortune !) have your mouth fill'd up,
Before you open it.

Anne. This is strange to me.

Old L. How tastes it? is it bitter? forty pence, no'. There was a lady once, ('tis an old story,) That would not be a queen, that would she not,

For 8 - I bave perus'd ber well; &c.] From the many artful strokes of address the poet has thrown in upon queen Elizabeth and her mother, it should seem, that this play was written and performed in his royal mistress's time: if so, some lines were added by him in the last scene, after the accession of her succefior, king James. THEOBALD.

To lig bien all this ise? ] Perhaps alluding to the carbuncle, a gem supposed to have intrinsick light, and to thine in the dark: any other gem may reflect light, but cannot give it. JOHNSON. So, in Tirus Andronicus:

“ A precious ring that ligbtens all the hole." STIEVENS.

- is ie bitter? forty pence, no.] Mr. Roderick, in his appendix to Mr. Edwards's book, proposes to read :

for two-pence. The old reading may, however, fand. Forty pence was in those days the proverbial expression of a small wager, or a small sum. Money was then reckoned by pounds, marks, and nobles. Forty pence is half a noble, or the fixth part of a pound. Forty pence, or three and four pence, still remains in many offices the legal and established fee. So, in K. Richard II. A&t V. sc. v:

“ The cheapest of us is ten groats too dear." Again, in All's wellikar Ends Will, Ad II. the clown says, As fit as ten groats for sbe band of an attorney. Again, in Green's Groundwork

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