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Look into these affairs, see this main end", -
Suf. And free us from his slavery.
Nor. We had need pray,
Suf. For me, my lords,
Nor. Let's in;
Cham. Excuse me;
8 - see this main end,) Thus the old copy. All, &c. perceive this main end of these counsels, namely, the French king's fifter. The editor of the fourth folio and all the subsequent editors read-bis; but go or this were not likely to be confounded with bis. Besides, the king, not Wolsey, is the person last mentioned ; and it was the main end or object of Wolsey to bring about a marriage between Henry and the French king's fifter. End has already been used for cause, and may be fo here. See p. 40: “ The cardinal is the end of this." MALONE.
9 The French king's fifter.] i. e, the duchess of Alençon. STEEV.
1 From princes into pages: ] This may allude to the retinue of the car. dinal, who had several of the nobility among his menial servants. Johns.
2 lnto wbat pitch be please.] The mass must be fashioned into pircb or height, as well as into particular form. The meaning is, that the cardinal can, as he pleases, make high or low. JOHNSON.
The allusion seems to be to the 21st verse of the gth chapter of the Epiftle of St. Paul to the Romans : “ Hath not the potter power over the clay of the fame lump, to make one vessel unto honour, and an. other unto dishonour ?" COLLINS,
You'll find a moft unfit time to difturb him:
[Exit Lord Chamberlaid: Norfolk opens a folding-door. The king is discovered fitting,
and reading pensively 3. Suf. How sad he looks ! sure, he is much afflicted. King. Who's there? ha? Nori 'Pray God, he be not angry: King. Who's there, I say? How dare you thrust your.
Nor. A gracious king, that pardons all offences
King. You are too bold;
Enter Wolsey, and CAMPEIUS. Who's there ? my good lord cardinal?- my Wolsey, 3 The stage-direction in the old copy is a fingular one.
Exit Lord Chamberlain, and the King draws the curtain, and fits reading pensively,
STEEVENS This stage direction was calculated for, and ascertains precisely the ftate of, the theatre in Shakspeare's time. When a person was to be discovered in a different apartment from that in which the original 1peakers in the scene are exhibited, the artless mode of our author's time, was to place such person in the back part of the flage behind the curtains, which were occafionally suspended across it. These the person, who was to be discovered, (as Henry, in the present case,) drew back just at the proper time. Mr. Rowe, who seems to have looked no further than the modern stage, changed the direction thus: “ The scene opens, and discovers the king,” &c. but, besides the impropriety of in. troducing scenes, when there were none, such an exhibition would not be proper here, for Norfolk has just said " Let's in,”-and therefore should himself do some act, in order to visit the king. This indeed, in the simple state of the old stage, was not attended to; the king very civilly discovering himfelf. See An Account of our old Tbeatres, Vol. I, MALONE.
The quiet of my wounded conscience,
[To Wolsey. Wol. Sir, you cannot. I would, your grace would give us but an hour Of private conference. King. We are busy; go.
[T. Norf, and Suf. Nor. This priest has no pride in him? า
Suf. Not to speak of;
Suf. I another. [Excunt Nor, and SUF.J
Wol. Your grace has given a precedent of wisdom Above all princes, in committing freely Your scruple to the voice of Christendom: Who can be angry now? what envy reach you? The Spaniard, ty’d by blood and favour to her, Muft now confefs, if they have any goodness, The trial just and noble. All the clerks, I mean, the learned ones, in christian kingdoms, Have their free voices *, Rome, the nurse of judgment, Invited by your noble self, hath sent One general tongue unto us, this good man, This just and learned priest, cardinal Campeius; Whom, once more, 1 present unto your highness.
King. And, once more, in mine arms I bid him welcome, And thank the holy conclave for their loves ; They have sent me such a man I would have wilh'd for.
4 — bave great care
I be not found a talker.] I take the meaning to be, Let care be taken bat my promise be performed, ibat my professions of welcome be not found empty talk. JOHNSON.
S-lo fick -] That is, so fick as he is proud. Johnson.
:* Have ibeir free voices;] The construction is, have sent their free poices; the word sent, which occurs in the next line, being underfood here. MALONE, VOL. VII.
Cam. Your grace must needs deserve all ftrangers' loves, You are so noble: To your highness' hand I tender my commission ; by whose virtue, (The court of Rome commanding,)-you, my lord Cardinal of York, are join'd with me their servant, In the unpartial judging of this bufiness.
King. Two equal men. The queen shall be acquainted Forthwith, for what you come : Where's Gardiner?
Wol. I know, your majesty has always lov'd her
King. Ay, and the best, she shall have ; and my favour
[Exit Wolsey. Re-enter Wolsey, with GARDINER. Wol. Give me your hand; much joy and favour to you ; You are the king's now.
Gard. But to be commanded For ever by your grace, whose hand has rais’d me. [ Afde,
King. Come hither, Gardiner. [They converse apart,
Cam. My lord of York, was not one doctor Pace
Wol. Yes, he was.
Cam. Believe me, there's an ill opinion spread then
Wol. How! of me?
Cam. They will not stick to say, you envy'd him;
Wol. Heaven's peace be with him !
Kept him a foreign man fill:] Kept him out of the king's presence, csoployed in foreign embassies. JOHNSON.
For he would needs be virtuous: That good fellow,
Enter Anne BULLEN, and an old Lady.
Old L. Hearts of most hard temper
Anne. 0, God's will! much better,
MALONI. 7 To give ber tbe avauxil-) To send her away contemptuously; to pronounce against her a sentence of ejection. Johnson. B Tei, if ibar quarrel, fortune,-j She calls Fortune a quarrel or E 2