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King. The faireft hand I ever touch'd! O, beauty, Till now I never knew thee.

[Mufick. Dance. Wol. My lord,Cham. Your grace?

Wol. Pray, tell them thus much from me:
There should be one amongst them, by his person,
More worthy this place than myself; to whom,
If I but knew him, with my love and duty
I would surrender it.
Cham. I will, my lord.

[Cham. goes to the company, and returns.
Wol. What say they?
Cham, Such a one, they all confess,
There is, indeed; which they would have your grace
Find out, and he will take it.
Wol. Let me see then.-

[comes from his state. By all your good leaves, gentlemen ;-Here I'll make My royal choice.

King. You have found him, cardinal': [unmaking
You hold a fair assembly; you do well, lord:
You are a churchman, or, I'll tell you, cardinal,
I should judge now unhappily?.

Wol. I am glad,
Your grace is grown so pleasant,

King. My lord chamberlain,
Pry’thee, come hither : What fair lady's that?
Cham. An't please your grace, fir Thomas Bullen's

daughter, The Viscount Rochford, one of her highness' women.

King. By heaven, she is a dainty one.—Sweet heart,

- take it.] That is, take the chief place. JOHNSON.

You bave found bim, cardinal:] Holinthed says the cardinal mis. took, and pitched upon fir Edward Neville; upon which the king only laughed, and pulled off both his own mark and fir Edward's, Ed. ward's MSS. STEEVENS.

2 - unbappily.] That is, unluckily, misobievously. JOHNSON. So, in A merge Feft of a Man called Howleglas, bl. 1. no date:

« _« in such manner colde he cloke and hyde his unbappineffe and falsneffe." STEEVENS. See Vol. II. p. 234, n. 2. MALONE. D 3

I were

to take

I were unmannerly, to take you out,
And not to kiss you 3.-A health, gentlemen,
Let it go round,

Wol. Sir Thomas Lovel, is the banquet ready
I'the privy chamber?

Lov. Yes, my lord.

Wol. Your grace,
I fear, with dancing is a little heated 4.

King. I fear, too much.

Wol. There's fresher air, my lord, In the next chamber.

King. Lead in your ladics, every one.--Sweet partner. I must not yet forsake you :--Let's be merry ;Good my lord cardinal, I have half a dozen healths To drink to these fair ladies, and a measure To lead them once again ; and then let's dream Who's beft in favour, -Let the musick knock it *.

[Exeunt, with trumpets, 3 I were unmannerly,

you out, And not to kiss you.] A kiss was anciently the established fee of a lady's partner. So, in A Dialogue between Custom and Veririe, concerne ing ibe Use and Abuse of Dauncing and Minftrelfie, bl. I. no date. “ imprinted at London, at the long shop adjoining unto saint Mildred's church in the Pultrie, by John Allde,"

6. But some reply, what foole would daunce,

« If that when daunce is doon, " He may not have at ladyes lips

That which in daunce he woon??" STEEVENS. See Vol. I, p. 26, n. 1. MALONE.

4 - a little beared.] The king on being discovered and desired by Wolsey to take his place, said that he would “first go and thift him ; and, thereupon went into the Cardinal's bedchamber, where was a great fire prepared for him, and there he new appareled himselfe with rich and princely garments. And in the king's absence the dishes of the banquet were cleane taken away, and the tables covered with new and perfumed clothes. Then the king took his seat under the cloath of estate, commanding every person to fit ftill as before; and then came in a new banquet before his majestie of two bundred dishes, and so they paried the night in banqueting and dancing untill morning.” Cavendish's Life of Wolsey. MALONE.

Let tbe mufick knock it.] So, in Antonio and Mellida, P. I. 1602 ;

" Fla. Faith, the song will seem to come off hardly.
Carz. Troth, not a whit, if you seem to come off quickly.
$ Fla. Pert Catzo, knock is then." STELVENS,

ACT

А стІІ. SCENE I.

A Street. Enter two Gentlemen, meeting. 1. Gen. Whither away so fast?

2. Gen. 0,-God save you! Even to the hall, to hear what shall become Of the great duke of Buckingham. 1. Gen. I'll save

you
That labour, fir. All's now done, but the ceremony
Of bringing back the prisoner.

2. Gen. Were you there?
1. Gen. Yes, indeed, was I.
2. Gen. Pray, speak, what has happen'd?
1. Gen. You may guess quickly what.
2. Gen. Is he found guilty?
1. Gen. Yes, truly, is he, and condemn'd upon it.
2. Gen. I am sorry for't.
1. Gen. So are a number more.
2. Gen. But, pray, how pass’d it ?

1. Gen. I'll tell you in a little. The great duke
Came to the bar; where, to his accusations,
He pleaded fill, not guilty, and alledg'd
Many sharp reasons to defeat the law.
The king's attorney, on the contrary,
Urg'd on the examinations, proofs, confessions
Of divers witnesses; which the duke desir'd
To him brought, viva voce, to his face :
At which appear'd against him, his surveyor ;
Sir Gilbert Peck his chancellor; and John Court,
Confessor to him; with that devil-monk,
Hopkins, that made this mischief.

2. Gen. That was he,
That fed him with his prophecies?

1. Gen. The same, All these accus'd him strongly; which he fain Would have flung from him, but, indeed, he could not: And so his peers, upon this evidence, Have found him guilty of high treason. Much D4

He

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VIII. He spoke, and learnedly, for life; but all Was either pitied in him, or forgottens.

2. Gen. After all this, how did he bear himfelf?

1. Gen. When he was brought again to the bar,-to hear
His knell rung out, his judgment,- he was stirr'd
With such an agony, he sweat extremely
And something spoke in choler, ill, and hasty:
But he fell to himlelf again, and, sweetly,
In all the rest thew'd a most noble patience.

2. Gen. I do not think, he fears death,

1. Gen. Sure, he does not, He never was so womanish; the cause He may a little grieve at.

2. Gen. Certainly,
The cardinal is the end of this.

1. Gen. 'Tis likely,
By all conjectures: First, Kildare's attainder,
Then deputy of Ireland; who remov'd,
Earl Surrey was sent thither, and in haste too,
Left he should help his father.

2. Gen. That trick of state Was a deep envious one.

1. Gen. At his return,
No doubt, he will requite it. This is noted,
And generally; whoever the king favours,
The cardinal'instantly will find employment,
And far enough from court too:

2. Gen. All the commons
Hate him perniciously, and, o' my conscience,
With him ten fathom deep: this duke as much
They love and dote on; call him, bounteous Buckingham,
The mirrour of all courtesy ;-

I. Gen. Stay there, fir,
And see the noble ruin'd man you speak of.

5 Was either pitied in bim, or forgotten.] Either produced no effect, or produced only ineffectual pity. MALONE.

- be sweat extremely, ] This circumftance is taken from Holin. shed :-“ After he was found guilty, the duke was brought to the bar, fore-chafing, and sweat marveloufly." STLEVENS.

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Enter

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Enter BUCKINGHAM from his arraignment ; Tipftaves

before him, the axe with the edge towards him; halberds
cu carb fide: with him, Sir Thomas Lovel, Sir Nicholas
Vaux, Sir William SANDS?, and common people.
2. Gen. Let's stand close, and behold him.

Buck. All good people,
You that thus

far have come to pity me,
Hear what I say, and then go home and lose me.
I have this day receiv'd a traitor's judgment,
And by that name must die ; Yet, lieaven bear witness,
And, if I have a conscience, let it sink me,
Even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful!
The law I bear no malice for my death,
It has done, upon the premises, but justice ;
But those, that sought it, I could with more christians :
Be what they will, I heartily forgive them :
Yet let them look they glory not in mischief,
Nor build their evilss on the graves of great men;
For then my guiltless blood must cry against them.
For further life in this world I ne'er hope,
Nor. will I sae, although the king have mercies
More than I dare make faults. You few that lov'd me,
And dare be bold to weep for Buckingham,
His noble friends, and fellows, whom to leave
Is only bitter to him, only dying,
Go with me, like good angels, to my end;

? Sir William Sards,] The old copy readsSir Walter. STIEV.

The correction is justified by Holin lhed's Chronicle, in which it is said, that Sir Nicholas Vaux, and Sir William Sands received Buck. ingham at the Temple, and accompanied him to the Tower. Sir W. Sands was at this time, (May 1521,) only a baronet, not being created Lord Sands till April 27, 1527. Shakspeare' probably did not know that he was the lame person whom he has already introduced with that title. He fell into the error by placing the king's visit to Wolley, (at which time Sir William was Lord Sands,) and Buckingham's condemnation in the same year; whereas that visit was made some years afterwards. MALONE.

Nor build obeir evils — ] The word evil appears to have been sometimes used in our author's time in the sense of forica. ec Vol. II. P. 44, n. 1. Malone.

9 - You few ibat lov'd me, &c.] These lines are remarkably tender and pathetick. JOHN'SON.

And

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