Imatges de pàgina

Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily 3
Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,
Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor
Pay'd ere he promis’d; whereby his suit was granted,
Ere it was ak’d;—but when the way was made,
And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd ;-
That he would please to alter the king's course,
And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know,
(As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardinal
Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases,
And for his own advantage.

Nor. I am sorry
To hear this of him; and could with, he were
Something mistaken in't 4.

Buck. No, not a fyllable;
I do pronounce him in that very shape,
He shall appear in proof.
Enter BRANDON; a Serjeant at arms before him, and tw.

or three of the guard, Bran. Your office, serjeant; execute it.

Ser;. Sir,
My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl
of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Of our moft sovereign king.

Buck. Lo you, my lord,
The net has fall’n upon me; I shall perish
Under device and practice.

Bran, I am sorrys
To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on
The business present: 'Tis his highness' pleasure,

3.- he privily-} He, which is not in the original copy, was added by the editor of the second folio. MALONE. 4 be were

Sometbing mistaken in'r.] That is, that he were something different from what he is taken or supposed by you to be. MALONE. 5 I am sorry

To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on

The business present:) I am sorry that I am obliged to be present and an eye-witness of your loss of liberty. JOHNSON. Vol. VII.



You shall to the Tower.

Buck. It will help me nothing, To plead mine innocence; for that dye is on me, Which makes my whitelt part black. The will of heaven Be done in this and all things I obey:O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well. Bran. Nay, he must bear you company The king

[to Aber Is pleas'd, you shall to the Tower, till you know How he determines further.

Aber. As the duke said,
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure
By me obey'd.

Bran. Here is a warrant from
The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the bodies
Of the duke's confessor, John de la Courto,
One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor?,

Buck. So, fo;
These are the limbs of the plot: No more, I hope,

Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux.
Buck. 0, Nicholas Hopkins
Bran. He.

Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great cardinal
Hath Thew'd him gold: my life is spann'd already':
I am the shadow of poor Buckingham;

Whose 6 Jobn de la Court,] The name of this monk of the Chartreux was fobn de la Car, alias de la Court. See Holinshed, p. 863. STEEVENS.

7 One Gilbert Peck, bis chancellor, ] Old Copy-counsellor. Corrected by Mr. Theobald. I believe the author wrote-And Gilbert, &c. MALONE.

Our poet himself, in the beginning of the second act, vouches for this correction :

At wbicb, appear'd againft bim bis surveyor,

Sir Gilbert Peck, bis chancellor. THEOBALD. Holinthed calls this person, “ Gilbert Perke priest, the duke's chan. cellor.' STEEVENS.

- Nicholas Hopkins ?] The old copy has Micbael Hopkins. Mr. Theobald made the emendation, conformably to the chronicle: “Nicholas Hopkins, a monk of an house of the Chartreux order, beside Bristow, called Henton." In the Ms. Nicbe only was probably set down, and mistaken for Mich.. MALONE.

9 - my life is spann'd already :] To Span is to gripe, or inclose in the band; to span is also to measure by the palm and fingers. The mean

Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on,
By dark’ning my clear sun'.-My lord, farewel. [Exeunt.

SCENE ing, therefore, may either be, that beld is taken of my life, my life is in ibe gripe of my enemies; or, that my rime is measured, ibe lergih of my life is now determined. JOHNSON.

1 I am tbe padow of poor Buckingbam;

Wbose figure even ibis inftant cloud puts on,

By dark ning my clear fun.] These lines have passed all the editors. Does the reader understand them? By me they are inexpli. cable, and must be left, I fear, to some happier sagacity. If the usage of our author's time could allow figure to be taken, as now, for dignity or importance, we might read :

Wbose figure even this infant cloud puts out. But I cannot please myself with any conjecture.

Another explanation may be given, somewhat harsh, but the best that occurs to me:

I am obe poadow of poor Buckingham,

Whose figure even this inftant cloud puts on, whose port and dignity is assumed by this cardinal, that overclouds and oppresses me, and who gains my place,

By dark’ning my clear fun. Johnson.
Perhaps Shaktpeare has expressed the same idea more clearly in Tbe
Two Gentlemen of Verona, Antony and Cleopatra, and King Jobn:

“ O, how this spring of love resembeleth
“ The uncertain glory of an April day,
“ Which now Mews all the beauty of the fun,

* And, by and by, a cloud takes all away." Antony remarking on the various appearances assumed by the flying va

now thy captain is
“ Even such a body: here I am Antony,

“ But cannot hold this visible thape, my knave." Or yet more appositely in King Jobn:

“ – being but the shadow of your fon,

" Becomes a fun, and makes your son a shadow." Such another thought appears in Tbe famous Hift. of Tbo. Soukely, 1605:

“ He is the substance of my shadowed love." We might, however, read-pouts on; i. e. look gloomily upon. So, in Coriolanus, A& V. sc.i.

“ We pour upon the morning, are unapt

“ To give, or to forgive."
Again, in Romeo and Juliet, Act III. sc. iii.

« Thou fout's upon thy fortune and thy love." STEEVENS. The following passage in Greene's Doraftus and Fownia, 1588, (a book which Shakspeare certainly had read,) adds support to Dr. John. Con's conjecture : « Fortune, envious of such happy successe, -turned her



pours, adds :


The Council-Chumber. Enter King Henry, Cardinal Wolsey, the Lords of the

Council, Sir Thomas Lovell, Officers, and Attendants, The King enters leaning on the Cardinal's shoulder.

King. My life itself, and the best heart of it, Thanks you for this great care : I stood i' the level Of a full-charg'd confederacy }, and give thanks To you that chok'd it.—Let be call'd before us That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person I'll hear him his confessions justify; And point by point the treasons of his matter He shall again relate. The King takes his state. The Lords of the Council take their

several places. "The Cardinal places himself under the

king's feet, on his right side. A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. Enter the wheele, and darkened their bright sunne of prosperitie with the mistie cloudes of mishap and misery."

Mr. Mafon has observed that Dr. Johnson did not do justice to his own emendation, referring the words wbose figure to Buckingham, when in fact they relate to fwadew. Sir W. Blackstone had already explained the pasiage in this manner. MALONE. By adopting Dr. Johnson's first conjecture, “puts out," for “ puts

a tolerable senfe may be given to these obscure lines. " I am buc the shadow of poor Buckingham: and even the figure or outline of this fhadow begins now to fade away, being extinguished by this impending cloud, which darkens (or interposes between me and) my clear fun; that is, the favour of my sovereign." BLACKSTONE.

2 - and i be beft heart of it,] Heart is not here taken for the great organ of circulation and life, but, in a common and popular sense, for the most valuable or precious part. Our author, in Hamlet, mentions the heart of begri. Exhausted and effete ground is said by the farmer to be oui of beart. The hard and inner part of the oak is called beart of oak. Johnson.

- flood i' tbe level

of a full-cbarg'd confederacy,] To stand in the level of a gun is to Hand in a line with its mourb, so as to be hit by the shot. Johnson. So, in our author's 117th Sonnet:

« Bring me within the level of your frown,

" But shoot not at me,” &c. See also Vol. IV. p. 160, n. 4; and p. 175, n. 7. MALONE.



Queen, ushered by the Dukes of Norfolk and Suf-
FOLK: she kneels. The King riseth from his state, takes
ber up, kifles, and placeth her by him.
Q. Cath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a suitor.

King. Arise, and take place by us :—Half yoursuit
Never name to us; you have half our power:
The other moiety, ere you ask, is giv’n;
Repeat your will, and take it.

Q. Cath. Thank your majesty.
That you would love yourself; and, in that love,
Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor
The dignity of your office, is the point
Of my petition.

King. Lady mine, proceed.

Q. Cath. I am solicited, not by a few,
And those of true condition, that your subjects
Are in great grievance : there have been commissions
Sent down among them, which hath flaw'd the heart
Of all their loyalties :- wherein, although,
My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches
Most bitterly on you, as putter-on
Of these exactions +, yet the king our master,
(Whose honour heaven shield from foil!) even he escapes not
Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks
The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
In loud rebellion.

Nor. Not almost appears,
It doth appear : for, upon these taxations,
The clothiers all, not able to maintain
The many to them 'longing', have put off

The 4 -as putter-on

Of tbese exa&tions,] The infiigator of these exa&tions; the person who suggested to the king the taxes complained of, and incited him to exact them from his subjects. So, in Macbeth:

66 - The powers above

" Put on their instruments." Again, in Hamlet :

of deaths put on by cunning and forc'd cause." MALONE. 5 The many to them longing,–] The many is the meiny, the train, the people. Dryden is, perhaps, the last that used this word:

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