Imatges de pÓgina

By this so ficken'd their eftates, that never
They shall abound as formerly.

Buck. 0, many
Have broke their backs with laying manors on them
For this great journey. What did this vanity,
But minister communication of
A most poor issue ?

Nor. Grievingly I think,
The peace between the French and us not values
The cost that did conclude it.

Buck. Every man,
After the hideous form that follow'd, was?

A thing

5 Have broke their backs with laying manors on them

For tbis great journey.) In the ancient Interlude of Nature, bl. 1. no date, but apparently printed in the reign of king Henry VIII. there feems to have been a similar stroke aimed at this expenfive expeditions

Pryde. I am unhappy, I se it well,
« For ibexpence of myne apparell
Towardys tbis vyage,
“ What in horses and other aray,
« Hath compelled me for to lay

All my land to morigage." STEEVENS: So, in King Jobn:

“ Raih inconsiderate firy voluntaries,
" Have fold their fortunes at their native homes,
Bearing tbeir birtborigbrs proudly or obeir backs,

" To make a hazard of new fortunes here." We meet with a similar expression in Marlowe's King Edward II. 1598:

• While soldiers mutiny for want of pay,

" He wears a lord's revenue on his back." Again, in Camden's Remains, 1605: “ There was a nobleman merri. ly conceited, and riotously given, that having lately fold a mannor of an hundred tenements, came ruffling into the court, saying, am not I a mighty man that beare an hundred houses on my backe. ?” MALONE.

See also Dodsley' Colle&tion of Old Plays, edit. 1780, Vol. V. p. 26; Vol. XII. p. 395. REED. 6 - Wbat did ibis vanity

But minister ? &c.] What effect had this pompous fhew but the production of a wretched conclusion. JOHNSON. 7 Every man,

After tbe bideous form tbat follow'd, &c.] From Holin shed: « Monday the xviii. of June was such an bideous forme of wind and weather, that many conjectured it did prognosticaic trouble and hatred


A thing inspir’d; and, not consulting, broke
Into a general prophecy,--That this tempeft,
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboaded
The sudden breach on't.

Nor. Which is budded out;
For France hath Aaw'd the league, and hath attach'd
Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.

Aber. Is it therefore
The ambassador is filenc'd 8?

Nor. Marry, is't.

Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purchas'd At a superfluous rate!

Buck. Why, all this business Our reverend cardinal carry'd.

Nor. Like it your grace, The state takes notice of the private difference Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you, (And take it from a heart that wilhes towards you Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read The cardinal's malice and his potency Together: to confider further, that What his high hatred would effect, wants not A minister in his power: You know his nature, That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and, it may be said, It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend, Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that rock', That I advise your funning. thortly after to follow between princes."-Dr. Warburton has quoted a fimilar passage from Hall, whom he calle Shakspeare's author; but Ho. linshed, and not Hall, was his author; as is proved here by the words which I have printed in Italicks, which are not found so combined in Hall's Chronicle. This fact is indeed proved by various cir. cumftances. See Vol. V. p. 459, n. 3. MALONE.

8. The ambassador is filenc'd?) The French ambassador refiding in England, by being refused an audience, may be said to be filenc'd.

Johnson. 9 A proper title of a peace;] A fine name of a peace. Ironically.

JOHNSON. 1 comes sbat rock,] To make the rock come is not very jutt. Johns.


Enter Cardinal WOLSEY, (the pirse borne before him,) cera

tain of the guard, and two Secretaries with papersa The Cardinal in his paffage fixeth his eye on Buckingham, and Buckingham on bim, both full of disdain.

Wd. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor? ha? Where's his examination ?

į Secr. Here, so please you.
Wol. Is he in person ready?
i Secr. Ay, please your grace.

W!. Well, we shall then know more; and Buckingham Shall lessen this big look. [Exeunt Wolsey, and train.

Buck. This butcher's cur2 is venom-mouth'd, and I
Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore, best
Not wake him in his flumber. A beggar's book
Out-worths a noble's blood 3.

Nor. What, are you chaf'd ?
Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance only,
Which your disease requires.

Buck. I read in his looks
Matter againit me; and his eye revillid
Me, as his abject object: at this inftant
He bores me with some trick 4: He's gone to the king;
I'll follow, and out fiare him.

Nor. Stay, my lord,
And let your reason with your choler question

- burcber's cur -] Wolfey is said to have been the fon of a butcher 1 ot Ipswich). JOHNSON.

Dr. Grey observes, that when the death of the duke of Buckinghami was reported to the emperor Charles V. he said, “ The first buck of England was worried to ceath by a butcher's dog.” Skelton, whose fatire is of the grofleft kind, in WZy come you not to Court, has the same reflection on the m“annels of cardinal Wolfey's blith :

“ For drede of the boucher's dog,

“ Wold wirry then like an hog." STEEVENS. 3 - Abeggar's book

Out-woribs a noble blood.] That is, the literary qualifications of a bookish beggar are more priced than the high descent of hereditary greatness. This is a contemptuous exclamation very naturally put into the mouth of one of the antient, unietter'd, martial nobility. Johnson.

4 He bores me with some trick:] He itabs or wounds me by some artifice or fi&tion. JOHNSON. So, in the Life and Death of tbe Lord Cromwell, 1602 : “ One that hath guld'd you, that hath cor'd you, fir.” STEEV:


What 'tis you go about: To climb steep hills,
Requires low pace at first: Anger is like
A full-hot horse', who being allow'd his way,
Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England
Can advise me like you: be to yourself
As you would to your friend.

Buck. I'll to the king ;
And from a mouth of honour quite cry down
This Ipswich fellow's infolence; or proclaim,
There's difference in no persons.

Nor. Be advis'd;
Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot?
That it do finge yourself: We may out-run,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
And lose by over-running. Know you not,
'The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run o'er,
In seeming to augment it, waftes it? Be advis'd:
I say again, there is no English foul
More itronger to direct you than yourself;
If with the lap of reason you would quench,
Or but allay, the fire of paflion.

Buck, Sir,
I am thankful to you; and I'll go along
By your prescription:—but this top-proud fellow,
(Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but
From fincere motions 8,) by intelligence,
And proofs as clear as founts in Júly, when

Anger is like
A full bot borse, &c.] So, in our author's Rape of Lucrece:

« Till, like a jade, jelf-will himself doth dire." MALONE. So, Maffinger, in the Unnatural Combat:

Let pasion work, and, like a bee-rein'd borse,

" "Twiil quickly tire itself.STEEVENS. 6- from a mouth of bonour -] I will crush this

bafeborn fellow, by the due influence of my rank, or say that all distinctions of persons is at an end. JOHNSON.

7 Heat not a furnace, &c.) Might not Shakspeare allude to Dan. iii. 32 ? « Therefoie becaufe the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of fire new those men that took ap Sbadrack, M phai, and Abednego." STEEVENS.

- fincere morions,] Honeft indignation; warmth of tegrity. Perhaps neme not, thould be blame not. JOHNSON.



We see each grain of gravel, I do know
To be corrupt and treasonous.

Nor. Say not, treasonous.

Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my vouch as strong As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox, Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous', As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief, As able to perform it: his mind and place Infecting one another', yea, reciprocally,) Only to Thew his pomp as well in France As here at home, suggests the king our master* To this last costly treaty, the interview, That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass Did break i' the rinsing.

Nor. 'Faith, and so it did.

Buck. Pray, give me favour, fir. This cunning cardinal The articles o' the combination drew, As himself pleas'd; and they were ratify'd, As he cry'd, Thus let be: to as much end, As give a crutch to the dead : But our count-cardinal* Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wolsey, Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy To the old dam, treason,)-Charles the emperor, Under pretence to see the queen his aunt, (For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came To whisper Wolsey,) here makes vifitation: His fears were, that the interview, betwixt England and France, might, through their amity, Breed him some prejudice ; for from this league

9 - for be is equal ravenous,] Equal for equally. Shakspeare frequently uses adjectives adverbially. See K. Jobn, Vol. IV. p. 565, n. 6.

MALONI 1 bis mind and place

Infeeling one anorber,-] This is very satirical. His mind he represents as highly corrupt; and yet he supposes the contagion of the place of first minister as adding an infection to it. WARBURTON.

- suggefts tbe king our master-) suggests, for excites. WARB.

our count.cardinal-) Wolley is afterwards called final. Mr. Pope and the fublequent editors read-court-cardinal.



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