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of Aztecs, by cunning and bravery, managed by making them face east where they forto establish themselves in spite of oppression, merly looked west, and so on, is what we and at last wrest the sceptre from their mas- will probably ascertain during the coming ters. They had ruled only one brief century, year. when they fell before the mightier empire of the Spaniards. Mr. Bancroft shows us, how. LIBRARY Notes. By A. P. Russell. New ever, that their tyranny and bloody rites had
York: Hurd & Houghton. For sale by already made their fall a speedy probability A. Roman & Co. at the hands of oppressed neighbors, and This compilation is unquestionably unique that the coming of the Spaniards probably in structure and original in conception. It rather retarded than hastened their fate. is constructed somewhat on the principle
of Southey's Commonplace Book. In it
we discern the book - maker rather than the TALES OF THE ARGONAUTS, AND OTHER
author. Mr. Russell displays his architectSKETCHES. By Bret Harte. Boston: J. ural endowments, and his facility for conR. Osgood & Co. For sale by A. Roman structing a comely edifice from a great varie& Co.
ty of materials. The sketches, eight in number, comprised No mere review could convey an adequate in the above-named collection, have already conception of the work before us. Mr. Rusappeared in various magazines. The ver- sell has evidently been a careful reader, a dict of the reading public has been given in student of the best English literature. He their favor, and the honest critic can but ap- has not failed, in his extensive reading, to prove the finding. No American author has make a note of what he deemed most choice ever excelled Mr. Harte in the particular and valuable. There is an affluent profusion line of writing covered by the book before of quotation from manifold authors, grouped us. The characters have a clearly defined under the several heads of “Insufficiency,” individuality which impresses the most care- “Extremes,” “Disguises," “Standards,” less reader; nor does it break the force of “ Rewards," “Limits," “Incongruity,'' this fact to admit, what has been urged by “Mutations,” “Paradoxes,” “Contrasts,' some critics, that this or that delineation is “Types,” “Conduct,” “Religion.” In overdrawn.
the scope of the thirteen prolific characters, The skill with which the material of the we catch a glint of several hundred authors, sketches is handled is worthy of admiration. and it is assuredly something novel to be The author runs over the entire gamut of hu- privileged with a bird's-eye view of such a man passion, from broad farce to deep trag. sweeping panorama in “a moment of time." edy. We laugh, we are filled with a noble There is multum in parvo, but it is kaleido. scorn, we rage, we feel sarcastic contempt, scopic, and the reader must be quite content we overflow with tender pity, we weep, at to flit from Sir Isaac Newton to John Brown. the will of the narrator. And the smooth. But what matters it? The reader has exactness of the strokes of satire is scarcely equal. ly what he bargains for. The very title of ed save by that storied executioner whose the book is its best interpreter. It does not victims did not know they were struck until purport to be a stately disquisition on the they tumbled their heads off by attempting science of the universe, but merely Library to nod.
Notes. The simple question is: Has the Having thus spoken in commendation of author fulfilled the pledge implied in his ti. the sketches named, we must add that they tle? We think he has. In repressing his are not such as an author can rely upon for own individuality, Mr. Russell has failed to establishing a permanent literary reputation. mortise the frame - work of his structure to. What Mr. Harte is really capable of in the gether as neatly as a master-mechanic in litdomain of fiction on an extended scale is a erature should strive to do. A little more of problem yet in obscurity. Whether he has the well-tempered mortar of his own intui. the ability to group new characters in fresh tive skill would have added much to the scenes, or merely to re-arrange his puppets symmetry and durability of his work.
VOL, 15. -- 38.
We intended to indulge in numerous quota. lic is obliged to assert, what ought to have tions, but space will not permit. It is true been settled long ago in the mind of every that dilettant critics may sit in severe judg. American freeman as axiomatic, and almost ment upon the questionable propriety and apologize to the public for the existence of aptness of some of the matter grouped under his office? When, as estimated by the comthe several heads, and the pertinency of missioner, the annual expenditures of the some of the quotations to the subject indicat people of the nation reach $100,000,000 for ed may be justly called in question ; but educational purposes, it would seem that the very nature and plan of the work pre- there should be no question of the utility or supposes an olla podrida, and we get just need of some compendium of facts, like the this and nothing more. Mr. Russell has report before us, to teach the people of one done his work judiciously, and deserves the section what experiments have been tried grateful recognition of those who enjoy disastrously in another, what plans of schoolchoice flowers and exotics, and who are best houses have been found most economical and pleased to have the skilled forist cull, cut, healthful, and what methods of discipline and arrange the fragrant blossoms for them. and instruction have been found most effiThis Mr. Russell has done with the charming cient in producing the best results. grace of a skilled connoisseur, notwithstand. It ought to be impressed on the public ing the foibles apparent to the critical eye. mind that there is genius in educators as well Of his own scholarship he permits us to catch as among inventors, and that the discoveries little hint, but as an interpreter of scholars of this genius should be known, to secure at he has placed us under tribute, and he has the earliest moment the most solid advan. our thanks. His book will be welcomed in tages to the thousands rapidly coming on the all educated households. The elaborate and stage as parents and responsible citizens of carefully collated index greatly enhances the the republic. The discoverer of new combi. value of the book for the library table. nations in mechanics gets out a patent and is
interested in disseminating his discoveries,
and will make them useful for pecuniary REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF EDUCA- profit. The educator has no patent-office to
TION FOR 1874. By John Eaton, Commis- which to apply for reward for discoveries as sioner. Washington : Government Prints to the best modes of obtaining the most desi. ing Office.
rable educational results, and as he ought We confess to a feeling of national humil. not to be expected to furnish advertisements iation in seeing that General Eaton has made gratis, as well as brains and experience, the an argument in the outset for the existence least thing the Government can do is to disof the bu of which he is the worthy tribute such information to the people withhead. Yet we fear it is necessary, on account out the burden of patent-office profits. This of a vicious sentiment that can tolerate better it is doing through the Bureau of Education. the lavish expenditure of millions upon worth- Leaving out of the count the advantages less specimens of naval architecture, and oth- gained by a knowledge of what the experier frauds in the war, navy, and Indian sery. ence of the best instructors has discovered, ice, than the useful employment of a few so as to avoid the experiments that have rethousands in disseminating information rela. sulted in failures, the mere publication of the tive to the best modes of educating and statistics which are gathered in the volume thereby elevating the people. Have we is of incalculable benefit to the friends of edcome to this, that there is such an indiffer- ucation, and notably to those communities ence to education on the part of those who that are behind and require an educational uphold the social and political fabric, or impulse to bring them up in rank. The state. blindness to the fact that intelligence less- ment alone that the ratio of attendance in ens pauperism, disease, and crime, increases New Jersey is 192 days against sixty-five in the sum of human happiness, and lengthens Georgia and but fifty in North Carolina, is life by teaching man how to live, that the worth the cost of the Bureau of Education, Commissioner of Education of a great repub- because the fact being made public will nat
urally arouse a State pride in the laggard discipline, or unusual sorrow. In the vol. States to wipe away in the future such a dis- ume before us it is evidently the writer's ob. graceful exhibition of ignorance.
ject to wed this class of hymns to the pecul. The report contains more than 900 iar experiences that gave them inspiration, pages, and, like all works devoted large and so interpret the personal and local alluly to statistical information, no comprehen- sions that enter so largely into their compo. sive or even proximative idea can be given, sition. in a review of ordinary length, of the mass- The work is on a less extended scale than es of valuable matter within its cover. If that of Miller in his Songs and Singers of the asked the question, What does the volume Church, who purports to give a succinct hiscontain? we could only reply, Everything tory of the origin of all the hymns in general bearing on education, in all its phases and Mr. Butterworth proposes to deal only applications. It is to be hoped that every with the crême de la crême of sacred song. school library is supplied with a copy, and No well-considered work could embody all that every educator reads it.
good hymns and keep within any endurable As heretofore, the Californian part of the limits. The hymns contained in this work book, employing twenty-three pages, is prin- are of standard excellence. The compiler cipally furnished by Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, deserves credit for the good judgment diswhose enlarged culture and abounding zeal played in selection. For when it is rememfor the elevation of mankind are so well bered that in a single catalogue of hymns, known to the readers of the OVERLAND, and published by an English writer, no less than fit her for any work in which she may en- 618 authors are represented, and that Sir gage.
Roundell Palmer estimates that the hymns
of Watts, Browne, Doddridge, Wesley, NewTHE STORY OF THE HYMNS. By Hezekiah ton, Bedd ne, Kelly, and Montgomery
Butterworth. New York: American Tract alone number upward of 6,000, we can form Society.
some estimate of the labor of selection, and The author of this volume does not claim the good judgment necessary to a judicious to give anything like a complete history of preparation of such a work. the origin of all hymns in common use, but Mr. Butterworth has produced an exceed. only of such as are the result of some pecul. ingly interesting and readable book. He iar circumstances or special religious experi- does not assume to be a critic of art or a can
onist of poetry, but simply a historian of That story or recital takes deepest hold of song. He tells the story of the hymns, and the human heart which carries along with it that is all that he proposed to do in the outthe unmistakable evidence of personal expe. set. Those who wish to study up the differrience and reality. There is an omnipotence ent schools of poetry, and analyze the indiin naturalness. It is likewise true, as the vidual characteristics of each, must consult author suggests, that the hymns that human Devey in his Comparative Estimate of Mod. hearts best love and most sacredly preserve ern English Poets, where they will find a are, for the most part, the fruit of eventful serviceable classification and exemplification lives, luminous religious experiences, severe of the different schools.
BOOKS OF THE MONTH.
From A. Roman & Co., San Francisco: THE INTERNATIONAL REVIEW. November - December, 1875. New York: A. S. Barnes
& Co. HOME PASTORALS, BALLADS, AND LYRICS. By Bayard Taylor. Boston: J. R. Osgood &
Co. The Big BROTHER. By George C. Eggleston. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. OUT OF THE DEEP. By Mrs. Henry Wood. Boston: W. F. Gill & Co. A HERO OF THE PEN. By E. Werner. Boston: W. F. Gill & Co. Herbert CARTER'S LEGACY ; OR, THE INVENTOR's Son. By Horatio Alger, Jr. Bos
ton: A. K. Loring. ST. GEORGE AND St. Michael. By George Macdonald. New York: J. B. Ford & Co.
From A. L. Bancroft & Co., San Francisco: THE PEEP-Show. Amusement and Instruction for the Young. London : Strahan & Co. LITTLE WIDE-AWAKE, FOR THE YEAR 1876. New York: Geo. Routledge & Sons. THE HISTORY OF THE ROBINS. By Mrs. Trimmer. New York: T. Nelson & Sons. THE CHILDREN'S PASTIME. By Lisbeth G. Séguin. New York: T. Nelson & Sons. NiNE LITTLE GOSLINGS. By Susan Coolidge. Boston : Roberts Bros. WATER AND WATER SUPPLY. By Dr. W. H. Corfield. New York: D. Van Nostrand. JACK'S WARD; OR, The Boy GUARDIAN. By Horatio Alger, Jr. Boston: A. K. Loring. HERBERT CARTER'S LEGACY; or, THE INVENTOR'S SON. By Horatio Alger, Jr. Bos
ton: A. K. Loring. From Payot, Upham & Co., San Francisco : SEWERAGE AND SEWAGE UTILIZATION. By Dr. W. H. Corfield. New York: D. Van
FOREIGN NATIONS FOR THE YEARS 1873–74.
cott & Co. NOTES ON THE MANUFACTURE OF POTTERY AMONG SAVAGE RACES. By Ch. Fred. Hartt,
A.M. Rio de Janeiro: The Author. THE STORY OF THE HYMNS. By Hezekiah Butterworth. New York: American Tract
Society. REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1875. Washington : Gov.
ernment Printing Office. Camp LIFE IN FLORIDA. Compiled by Charles Hallock. New York: Forest and Stream
NEW MUSIC RECEIVED.
From Matthias Gray, San Francisco: THE SONG OF THE CANE. From Princess of Trebizonde. Arranged by Ad. Dorn. Love me, DARLING, LOVE ME. Song and chorus. Composed by D. P. Hughes. THE HARP THAT ONCE THRO' Tara's Halls. Words by Thomas Moore. WAITING FOR THE Rain. Words by Annie A. Fitzgerald. Composed by D. B. Moody. LA SIMPATIA MAZURCA. Compuesta por A. Ynfante.